Training Interventions for Managing Startle During Unexpected Critical Events

Paper


Martin, W.L. and Murray P.S.. 2013. "Training Interventions for Managing Startle During Unexpected Critical Events." 66th Annual International Air Safety Seminar 2013. Washington, United States 13 - 29 Oct 2013 United States. Flight Safety Foundation. pp. 116-125
Paper/Presentation Title

Training Interventions for Managing Startle During Unexpected Critical Events

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsMartin, W.L. and Murray P.S.
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings of the 66th International Air Safety Seminar 2013
Journal Citationpp. 116 - 125
Page Range116-125
Number of Pages10
Year2013
PublisherFlight Safety Foundation
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN0270-5176
ISBN9781629936765
Web Address (URL) of Conference Proceedingshttps://flightsafety.org/asw-article/iass-2013/
Conference/Event66th Annual International Air Safety Seminar 2013
Event Details
66th Annual International Air Safety Seminar 2013
Delivery
In person
Event Date
13 to end of 29 Oct 2013
Event Location
Washington, United States
Abstract

The prevalence of startle during unexpected critical events has been shown to adversely affect flight safety in a number of high profile accidents over recent years. Additionally, flight simulator startle experiments conducted by the authors, showed approximately one-third of pilots were significantly affected by startle during an instrument approach, leading to undesired aircraft states in a critical phase of flight. Training interventions for managing startle have been largely uncoordinated to date, however a holistic program of prevention and recovery training is proposed. Prevention strategies include improved training and attention in situational awareness skill sets, and particularly pilot monitoring skills, developing greater expectation and efficacy for managing unexpected critical events, and greater awareness of startle effects. Recovery strategies include more focus on evidence based training, improved training on avoidance, recognition and management of undesired aircraft states, and exposure to unexpected critical events during training. Adopting holistic training interventions for managing startle will have other benefits including improved threat and error management, and improved prevention of, and recovery from, undesired aircraft states.

KeywordsAircraft; Aircraft accidents; Flight simulators; Recovery
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Byline AffiliationsGriffith University
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