Fear-potentiated startle: a review from an aviation perspective

Article


Martin, Wayne L., Murray, Patrick S., Bates, Paul R. and Lee, Paul S. Y.. 2015. "Fear-potentiated startle: a review from an aviation perspective." The International Journal of Aviation Psychology. 25 (2), pp. 97-107. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508414.2015.1128293
Article Title

Fear-potentiated startle: a review from an aviation perspective

ERA Journal ID6308
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMartin, Wayne L. (Author), Murray, Patrick S. (Author), Bates, Paul R. (Author) and Lee, Paul S. Y. (Author)
Journal TitleThe International Journal of Aviation Psychology
Journal Citation25 (2), pp. 97-107
Number of Pages11
Year2015
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1050-8414
1532-7108
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/10508414.2015.1128293
Web Address (URL)http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10508414.2015.1128293
Abstract

Pilot performance following unexpected critical events has been either ineffective or inappropriate in some recent aircraft accidents. The deleterious effects of startle have been identified as causal or contributory in these events. The startle reflex, fight or flight reaction, and stress response are discussed. Threat has the effect of potentiating startle effects and has significant deleterious effects on cognition. This could contribute to poor performance following an unexpected critical event in aviation. Training strategies for improved performance, which would expose pilots to unexpected critical events more often, and develop greater self-efficacy, are discussed.

Keywordsstartle; surprise; simulator training
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020529999. Other psychology not elsewhere classified
Public Notes

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Byline AffiliationsSchool of Commerce
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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