Using past behaviour and spontaneous implementation intentions to enhance the utility of the theory of planned behaviour in predicting exercise

Article


Brickell, Tracey A., Chatzisarantis, Nikos L. D. and Pretty, Grace. 2006. "Using past behaviour and spontaneous implementation intentions to enhance the utility of the theory of planned behaviour in predicting exercise." British Journal of Health Psychology. 11 (2), pp. 249-262. https://doi.org/10.1348/135910705X52471
Article Title

Using past behaviour and spontaneous implementation intentions to enhance the utility of the theory of planned behaviour in predicting exercise

ERA Journal ID6156
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsBrickell, Tracey A. (Author), Chatzisarantis, Nikos L. D. (Author) and Pretty, Grace (Author)
Journal TitleBritish Journal of Health Psychology
Journal Citation11 (2), pp. 249-262
Number of Pages13
Year2006
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1359-107X
2044-8287
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1348/135910705X52471
Web Address (URL)http://www.bpsjournals.co.uk/journals/bjhp/
Abstract

This study examined the utility of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), past behaviour, and spontaneous implementation intentions in predicting exercise behaviour. The psychological correlates of spontaneous implementation intentions and the moderating effects of intention, perceived behavioural control, past behaviour, and implementation intentions at various time points were also examined. Design. Data collection occurred over three phases with a 2- and 3-week interval. The attrition rate was 35.97% leaving a total of 162 participants (63 males, 99 females). In the first wave, participants completed measures of TPB, spontaneous implementation intentions, and past behaviour. Behaviour was assessed in the second and third waves, and a follow-up measure of spontaneous implementation intentions was completed in Phase 3. Results. Several regression analyses were conducted. Attitude towards exercise and perceived behavioural control made a significant contribution to the prediction of intention. Intention made a significant contribution to the prediction of implementation intentions. Spontaneous implementation intentions reduced the effect of intention and past behaviour for behaviour at 2 weeks and when indexed over a 5-week period. When behaviour was measured for a 3-week period (following an initial 2-week period), the variance that intention and past behaviour accounted for in exercise behaviour decreased, and spontaneous implementation intentions were no longer a significant predictor of behaviour. Spontaneous implementation intentions were found to interact with past behaviour, such that implementation intentions predicted exercise behaviour only among participants who did not exercise frequently in the past. Conclusions. Implications and future research directions are discussed.

Keywordsintention; human behavior; regression analysis, exercise; mathematical statistics; multivariate analysis
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520107. Sport and exercise psychology
520399. Clinical and health psychology not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsBack in Motion Physiotherapy, Canada
University of Exeter, United Kingdom
Department of Psychology
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