An invitation to grieve: reconsidering critical incident responses by support teams in the school setting

Article


O'Brien, Patrick, Mills, Katrina, Fraser, Amanda and Andersson, John. 2011. "An invitation to grieve: reconsidering critical incident responses by support teams in the school setting." Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling. 21 (1), pp. 60-73.
Article Title

An invitation to grieve: reconsidering critical incident responses by support teams in the school setting

Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsO'Brien, Patrick (Author), Mills, Katrina (Author), Fraser, Amanda (Author) and Andersson, John (Author)
Journal TitleAustralian Journal of Guidance and Counselling
Journal Citation21 (1), pp. 60-73
Number of Pages14
Year2011
Place of PublicationCambridge, UK
ISSN1037-2911
Web Address (URL)https://search.informit.org/doi/10.3316/INFORMIT.210231110130157
Abstract

This article proposes that consideration could be given to an invitational intervention rather than an expectational intervention when support personnel respond to a critical incident in schools. Intuitively many practitioners know that it is necessary for guidance/counselling personnel to intervene in schools in and following times of trauma. Most educational authorities in Australia have mandated the formulation of a critical incident intervention plan. This article defines the term critical incident and then outlines current intervention processes, discussing the efficacy of debriefing interventions. Recent literature suggests that even though it is accepted that a planned intervention is necessary, there is scant evidence as to the effectiveness of debriefing interventions in stemming later symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. The authors of this article advocate for an expressive therapy intervention that is invitational rather than expectational, arguing that not all people respond to trauma in the same way and to expect that they will need to recall and retell what has happened is most likely a dangerous assumption. A model of invitation using Howard Gardner's (1983) multiple intelligences is proposed so that students are invited to grieve and understand emotionally what is happening to them following a critical incident.

Keywordscritical incidents; debriefing; expressive therapies; multiple intelligence; counselling
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520102. Educational psychology
390404. Educational counselling
520399. Clinical and health psychology not elsewhere classified
Public Notes

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Byline AffiliationsFaculty of Education
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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