Trajectories of Change in an Open-access Internet-Based Cognitive Behavior Program for Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety: Open Trial

Article


March, Sonja, Batterham, Philip J., Rowe, Arlen, Donovan, Caroline, Calear, Alison L. and Spence, Susan H.. 2021. "Trajectories of Change in an Open-access Internet-Based Cognitive Behavior Program for Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety: Open Trial." JMIR Mental Health. 8 (6). https://doi.org/10.2196/27981
Article Title

Trajectories of Change in an Open-access Internet-Based Cognitive Behavior Program for Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety: Open Trial

ERA Journal ID210773
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMarch, Sonja (Author), Batterham, Philip J. (Author), Rowe, Arlen (Author), Donovan, Caroline (Author), Calear, Alison L. (Author) and Spence, Susan H. (Author)
Journal TitleJMIR Mental Health
Journal Citation8 (6)
Article Numbere27981
Number of Pages12
Year18 Jun 2021
Place of PublicationCanada
ISSN2368-7959
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.2196/27981
Web Address (URL)https://mental.jmir.org/2021/6/e27981
Abstract

Background: Although evidence bolstering the efficacy of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for treating childhood anxiety has been growing continuously, there is scant empirical research investigating the timing of benefits made in iCBT programs (eg, early or delayed).

Objective: This study aims to examine the patterns of symptom trajectories (changes in anxiety) across an iCBT program for anxiety (BRAVE Self-Help).

Methods: This study’s participants included 10,366 Australian youth aged 7 to 17 years (4140 children aged 7-12 years; 6226 adolescents aged 12-17 years) with elevated anxiety who registered for the BRAVE Self-Help program. Participants self-reported their anxiety symptoms at baseline or session 1 and then at the commencement of each subsequent session.

Results: The results show that young people completing the BRAVE Self-Help program tend to fall into two trajectory classes that can be reliably identified in terms of high versus moderate baseline levels of anxiety and subsequent reduction in symptoms. Both high and moderate anxiety severity trajectory classes showed significant reductions in anxiety, with the greatest level of change being achieved within the first six sessions for both classes. However, those in the moderate anxiety severity class tended to show reductions in anxiety symptoms to levels below the elevated range, whereas those in the high symptom group tended to remain in the elevated range despite improvements.

Conclusions: These findings suggest that those in the high severity group who do not respond well to iCBT on a self-help basis may benefit from the additional support provided alongside the program or a stepped-care approach where progress is monitored and support can be provided as necessary.

KeywordsiCBT; child; adolescent; anxiety; online; trajectories of change
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420302. Digital health
420313. Mental health services
520302. Clinical psychology
Byline AffiliationsCentre for Health Research
Australian National University
Griffith University
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Funding source
NHMRC
Grant ID
APP1179490
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Hill, Claire, Creswell, Cathy, Vigerland, Sarah, Nauta, Maaike, March, Sonja, Donovan, Caroline, Wolters, Lidewij, Spence, Susan H., Martin, Jennifer L., Wozney, Lori, McLellan, Lauren, Kreuze, Leonie, Gould, Karen, Jolstedt, Maral, Nord, Martina, Hudson, Jennifer L., Utens, Elisabeth, Ruwaard, Jeroen, Albers, Casper, ..., Kendall P.C.. 2018. "Navigating the development and dissemination of internet cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for anxiety disorders in children and young people: A consensus statement with recommendations from the #iCBTLorentz Workshop Group." Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.02.002
Geographic disparities in previously diagnosed health conditions in colorectal cancer patients are largely explained by age and area level disadvantage
Goodwin, Belinda C., March, Sonja, Ireland, Michael J., Crawford-Williams, Fiona, Ng, Shu-Kay, Baade, Peter D., Chambers, Suzanne K., Aitken, Joanne F. and Dunn, Jeff. 2018. "Geographic disparities in previously diagnosed health conditions in colorectal cancer patients are largely explained by age and area level disadvantage." Frontiers in Oncology. 8, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2018.00372
Health literacy and the health status of men with prostate cancer
Goodwin, Belinda C., March, Sonja, Zajdlewicz, Leah, Osborne, Richard H., Dunn, Jeff and Chambers, Suzanne K.. 2018. "Health literacy and the health status of men with prostate cancer." Psycho-Oncology: journal of the psychological, social and behavioral dimensions of cancer. 27 (10), pp. 2374-2381. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.4834
Interventions for prostate cancer survivorship: a systematic review of reviews
Crawford-Williams, Fiona, March, Sonja, Goodwin, Belinda C., Ralph, Nicholas, Galvao, Daniel A., Newton, Robert U., Chambers, Suzanne K. and Dunn, Jeff. 2018. "Interventions for prostate cancer survivorship: a systematic review of reviews." Psycho-Oncology: journal of the psychological, social and behavioral dimensions of cancer. 27 (10), pp. 2339-2348. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.4888
Geographical Variations in the Clinical Management of Colorectal Cancer in Australia: A Systematic Review
Crawford-Williams, Fiona, March, Sonja, Ireland, Michael J., Rowe, Arlen, Goodwin, Belinda, Hyde, Melissa K., Chambers, Suzanne K., Aitken, Joanne F. and Dunn, Jeff. 2018. "Geographical Variations in the Clinical Management of Colorectal Cancer in Australia: A Systematic Review." Frontiers in Oncology. 8, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2018.00116
Collaborative development of an open online course: A-Skills online
Brownlow, Charlotte, Dowe, Amelia, March, Sonja, Abawi, Ding, Harrison, Jessica, Ducat, Jacob and Morris, Hillary. 2017. "Collaborative development of an open online course: A-Skills online." USQ Learning and Teaching Celebration (2017). Toowoomba, Australia Dec 2017
A-Skills online: supportive peer mentoring in higher education
Dowe, Amelia, Harrison, Jessica, Brownlow, Charlotte, March, Sonja, Thompson, Donna-Marie, O'Dwyer, John, Abawi, Ding, Ducat, Jacob and Morris, Hillary. 2017. "A-Skills online: supportive peer mentoring in higher education." Asia Pacific Autism Conference (APAC17). Sydney, Australia 07 - 09 Sep 2017
Cancer care in regional Australia from the health professional's perspective
Crawford-Williams, Fiona, Goodwin, Belinda, March, Sonja, Ireland, Michael J., Hyde, Melissa K., Chambers, Suzanne K., Aitken, Joanne F. and Dunn, Jeff. 2018. "Cancer care in regional Australia from the health professional's perspective." Supportive Care in Cancer. 26 (10), pp. 3507-3515. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-018-4218-x
Attitudes Toward e-Mental Health Services in a Community Sample of Adults: Online Survey
March, Sonja, Day, Jamin, Ritchie, Gabrielle, Rowe, Arlen, Gough, Jeffrey, Hall, Tanya, Yuen, Chin Yan Jackie, Donovan, Caroline Leanne and Ireland, Michael. 2018. "Attitudes Toward e-Mental Health Services in a Community Sample of Adults: Online Survey." Journal of Medical Internet Research. 20 (2). https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.9109
The Interactive Child Distress Screener: development and preliminary feasibility testing
March, Sonja, Day, Jamin, Zieschank, Kirsty and Ireland, Michael. 2018. "The Interactive Child Distress Screener: development and preliminary feasibility testing." JMIR mHealth and uHealth. 6 (4), pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.2196/mhealth.9456
What’s the Worry with Social Anxiety? Comparing Cognitive Processes in Children with Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Anxiety Disorder
Hearn, Cate S., Donovan, Caroline L., Spence, Susan H., March, Sonja and Holmes, Monique C.. 2017. "What’s the Worry with Social Anxiety? Comparing Cognitive Processes in Children with Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Anxiety Disorder." Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 48 (5), pp. 786-795. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-016-0703-y
Can we improve parent attitudes and intentions to access computer-based therapies for their children and adolescents?
Sweeney, Grace M., Donovan, Caroline L., March, Sonja and Laurenson, Sandra D.. 2017. "Can we improve parent attitudes and intentions to access computer-based therapies for their children and adolescents?" Child and Adolescent Mental Health. 22 (3), pp. 155-162. https://doi.org/10.1111/camh.12180
Psychosocial interventions for managing occupational stress and burnout among medical doctors: a systematic review
Clough, Bonnie A., March, Sonja, Chan, Raymond J., Casey, Leanne M., Phillips, Rachel and Ireland, Michael J.. 2017. "Psychosocial interventions for managing occupational stress and burnout among medical doctors: a systematic review." Systematic Reviews. 6, pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-017-0526-3
Efficacy of an internet-based CBT program for children with comorbid High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder and anxiety: A randomised controlled trial
Conaughton, Rebecca J., Donovan, Caroline L. and March, Sonja. 2017. "Efficacy of an internet-based CBT program for children with comorbid High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder and anxiety: A randomised controlled trial." Journal of Affective Disorders. 218, pp. 260-268. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.04.032
Generic versus disorder specific cognitive behavior therapy for social anxiety disorder in youth: A randomized controlled trial using internet delivery
Spence, Susan H., Donovan, Caroline L., March, Sonja, Kenardy, Justin A. and Hearn, Cate S.. 2017. "Generic versus disorder specific cognitive behavior therapy for social anxiety disorder in youth: A randomized controlled trial using internet delivery." Behaviour Research and Therapy. 90, pp. 41-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2016.12.003
Farmers tell us how to help improve their mental health help-seeking
Vayro, C., Brownlow, C., Ireland, M. and March, S.. 2017. "Farmers tell us how to help improve their mental health help-seeking." 9th Australian Rural and Remote Mental Health Symposium. Albury, Australia 11 - 13 Oct 2017 Nerang, Qld, Australia.
Evidence for retarded extinction of aversive learning in anxious children
Liberman, Lisa C., Lipp, Ottmar V., Spence, Susan H. and March, Sonja. 2006. "Evidence for retarded extinction of aversive learning in anxious children." Behaviour Research and Therapy. 44 (10), pp. 1491-1502. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2005.11.004
The feasibility and outcome of clinic plus internet delivery of cognitive–behavior therapy for childhood anxiety
Spence, Susan H., Holmes, Jane M., March, Sonja and Lipp, Ottmar V.. 2006. "The feasibility and outcome of clinic plus internet delivery of cognitive–behavior therapy for childhood anxiety." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 74 (3), pp. 614-621. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.74.3.614
Logging into therapy: Adolescent perceptions of online therapies for mental health problems
Sweeney, Grace M., Donovan, Caroline L., March, Sonja and Forbes, Yvette. 2019. "Logging into therapy: Adolescent perceptions of online therapies for mental health problems." Internet Interventions. 15, pp. 93-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2016.12.001
Do worry and its associated cognitive variables alter following CBT treatment in a youth population with Social Anxiety Disorder? Results from a randomized controlled trial
Hearn, Cate S., Donovan, Caroline L., Spence, Susan H. and March, Sonja. 2018. "Do worry and its associated cognitive variables alter following CBT treatment in a youth population with Social Anxiety Disorder? Results from a randomized controlled trial." Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 53, pp. 46-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2017.11.005
Socio-demographic factors drive regional differences in participation in the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program – An ecological analysis
Sun, Jiandong, March, Sonja, Ireland, Michael J., Crawford-Williams, Fiona, Goodwin, Belinda, Hyde, Melissa K., Chambers, Suzanne K., Aitken, Joanne F. and Dunn, Jeff. 2018. "Socio-demographic factors drive regional differences in participation in the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program – An ecological analysis." Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 42 (1), pp. 92-97. https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12722
A systematic review of geographical differences in management and outcomes for colorectal cancer in Australia
Ireland, Michael J., March, Sonja, Crawford-Williams, Fiona, Cassimatis, Mandy, Aitken, Joanne F., Hyde, Melissa K., Chambers, Suzanne K., Sun, Jiandong and Dunn, Jeff. 2017. "A systematic review of geographical differences in management and outcomes for colorectal cancer in Australia." BMC Cancer. 17 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-017-3067-1
A randomized controlled trial of an audio-based treatment program for child anxiety disorders
Infantino, Alyssa, Donovan, Caroline L. and March, Sonja. 2016. "A randomized controlled trial of an audio-based treatment program for child anxiety disorders." Behaviour Research and Therapy. 79, pp. 35-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2016.02.007
Development of the SOSS-D: a scale to measure stigma of occupational stress and burnout in medical doctors
Clough, Bonnie A., Ireland, Michael J. and March, Sonja. 2018. "Development of the SOSS-D: a scale to measure stigma of occupational stress and burnout in medical doctors." Journal of Mental Health. 28 (1), pp. 26-33. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2017.1370642
Farmers are not seeking help: what does service provision have to do with it?
Vayro, C., Brownlow, C., Ireland, M. and March, S.. 2017. "Farmers are not seeking help: what does service provision have to do with it?" 14th World Rural Health Conference (Wonca 2017). Cairns, QLD 29 Apr - 02 May 2017
Farmers aren't seeking help for mental health: their partners tell us why
Vayro, Caitlin, Brownlow, Charlotte, Ireland, Michael and March, Sonja. 2017. "Farmers aren't seeking help for mental health: their partners tell us why." Coleman, Leanne (ed.) 14th National Rural Health Conference. Cairns, Australia 26 - 29 Mar 2017 Canberra, Australia.
Stories from Queensland farmers: 'why we don't seek help for mental health'
Vayro, Caitlin, Brownlow, Charlotte, Ireland, Michael and March, Sonja. 2016. "Stories from Queensland farmers: 'why we don't seek help for mental health'." 8th Rural and Remote Mental Health Symposium (2016). Kingscliff, Australia 03 - 04 Nov 2016
Online therapy for youth anxiety works! An overview of the evidence for brave-online and predictors of therapy outcome
March, S., Donovan, C., Spence, S., Anderson, R., Prosser, S. and Kenardy, J.. 2012. "Online therapy for youth anxiety works! An overview of the evidence for brave-online and predictors of therapy outcome." Garralda, Elena and Raynaud, Jean-Philippe (ed.) 20th World Congress of the International Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Allied Professionals (IACAPAP 2012): Brain, Mind and Development. Paris, France 21 - 25 Jul 2012 Cedex, France. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neurenf.2012.05.554
Online therapy for youth anxiety works, but does diagnostic profile predict outcome?
March, S., Spence, S., Donovan, C., Anderson, R., Prosser, S. and Kenardy, J.. 2012. "Online therapy for youth anxiety works, but does diagnostic profile predict outcome?" Hirakis, Eliana (ed.) 35th National Conference of the Australian Association for Cognitive and Behaviour Therapy (AACBT 2012): Innovations in Self-Care and Resiliency: Promoting Empowerment and Well Being. Gold Coast, Australia 17 - 21 Oct 2012 Georges Hall, Australia.
Internet-based therapies for child and adolescent emotional and behavioural problems
Spence, Susan H., March, Sonja, Vigerland, Sarah and Serlachius, Eva. 2016. "Internet-based therapies for child and adolescent emotional and behavioural problems." Lindefors, Nils and Andersson, Gerhard (ed.) Guided internet-based treatments in psychiatry. Switzerland. Springer. pp. 197-217
Pilot randomized controlled trial of a novel web-based intervention to prevent posttraumatic stress in children following medical events
Kassam-Adams, Nancy, Marsac, Meghan L., Kohser, Kristen L., Kenardy, Justin, March, Sonja and Winston, Flaura K.. 2016. "Pilot randomized controlled trial of a novel web-based intervention to prevent posttraumatic stress in children following medical events." Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 41 (1), pp. 138-148. https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsv057
Feasibility of a screening program for at-risk children following accidental injury
March, Sonja, Kenardy, Justin A., Cobham, Vanessa E., Nixon, Reginald D. V., McDermott, Brett and De Young, Alexandra. 2015. "Feasibility of a screening program for at-risk children following accidental injury." Journal of Traumatic Stress. 28 (1), pp. 34-40. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21981
Systematic, theoretically grounded development and feasibility testing of an innovative, preventive web-based game for children exposed to acute trauma
Marsac, Meghan L., Winston, Flaura K., Kohser, Kristen L., Kenardy, Justin, Hildenbrand, Aimee K., March, Sonja and Kassam-Adams, Nancy. 2015. "Systematic, theoretically grounded development and feasibility testing of an innovative, preventive web-based game for children exposed to acute trauma." Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology. 3 (1), pp. 12-24. https://doi.org/10.1037/cpp0000080
A new method for assessing content validity in model-based creation and iteration of ehealth interventions
Kassam-Adams, Nancy, Marsac, Meghan L., Kohser, Kirsten L., Kenardy, Justin A., March, Sonja and Winston, Flaura K.. 2015. "A new method for assessing content validity in model-based creation and iteration of ehealth interventions." Journal of Medical Internet Research. 17 (4). https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.3811
Australian mental health worker attitudes towards cCBT: what is the role of knowledge? Are there differences? Can we change them?
Donovan, Caroline L., Poole, Catherine, Boyes, Natasha, Redgate, Jennie and March, Sonja. 2015. "Australian mental health worker attitudes towards cCBT: what is the role of knowledge? Are there differences? Can we change them?" Internet Interventions. 2 (4), pp. 372-381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2015.09.001
Logging into therapy: parent attitudes and intentions to use computer-based therapies for youth mental health
Sweeney, Grace M., Donovan, Caroline L., March, Sonja and Laurenson, Sandra D.. 2015. "Logging into therapy: parent attitudes and intentions to use computer-based therapies for youth mental health." Internet Interventions. 2 (4), pp. 437-445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2015.11.001
Innovative mental health solutions for regional well-being and resilience
March, Sonja, Ireland, Michael, Brownlow, Charlotte, Goh, Hong Eng, Antonio, Amy, Tehan, Gerry and Keppell, Mike. 2014. "Innovative mental health solutions for regional well-being and resilience." Keppell, Mike and Reushle, Shirley (ed.) 2nd Digital Rural Futures Conference 2014. Toowoomba, Australia 25 - 27 Jun 2014 Toowoomba, Australia.
Computer-based treatment programs for youth anxiety: a systematic review
Donovan, Caroline L. and March, Sonja. 2014. "Computer-based treatment programs for youth anxiety: a systematic review." Psychopathology Review. 1 (1), pp. 130-156. https://doi.org/10.5127/pr.033613
Child and adolescent characteristics that impact on therapy
Donovan, Caroline L. and March, Sonja. 2014. "Child and adolescent characteristics that impact on therapy." Sbularti, Elizabeth S.., Lyneham, Heidi J., Schniering, Carolyn A. and Rapee, Ronald M. (ed.) Evidence-based CBT for anxiety and depression in children and adolescents: a competencies based approach. London, United Kingdom. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 49-62
Assessing trauma-related symptoms in children and adolescents
March, Sonja, De Young, Alexandra, Dow, Belinda and Kenardy, Justin. 2012. "Assessing trauma-related symptoms in children and adolescents." Beck, J. Gayle and Sloan, Denise M. (ed.) The Oxford handbook of traumatic stress disorders. New York, NY. United States. Oxford University Press. pp. 262-281
Internet treatment of youth
March, Sonja, Spence, Susan H. and Donovan, Caroline L.. 2014. "Internet treatment of youth." Emmelkamp, Paul and Ehring, Thomas (ed.) The Wiley handbook of anxiety disorders. Chichester, West Sussex. United Kingdom. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 1297-1309
The efficacy of a group-based, disorder-specific treatment program for childhood GAD: a randomized controlled trial
Holmes, Monique C., Donovan, Caroline L., Farrell, Lara J. and March, Sonja. 2014. "The efficacy of a group-based, disorder-specific treatment program for childhood GAD: a randomized controlled trial." Behaviour Research and Therapy. 61, pp. 122-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2014.08.002
Online CBT in the treatment of child and adolescent anxiety disorders: Issues in the development of BRAVE-ONLINE and two case illustrations
Spence, Susan H., Donovan, Caroline L., March, Sonja, Gamble, Amanda, Anderson, Renee, Prosser, Samantha, Kercher, Amy, Kenardy, Justin, Spence S., Donovan C., March S., Gamble A., Anderson R., Prosser S., Kercher A. and Kenardy J.. 2008. "Online CBT in the treatment of child and adolescent anxiety disorders: Issues in the development of BRAVE-ONLINE and two case illustrations." Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 36 (4), pp. 411-430. https://doi.org/10.1017/S135246580800444X
The efficacy of an internet-based cognitive-behavioral therapy intervention for child anxiety disorders
March, Sonja, Spence, Susan H. and Donovan, Caroline L.. 2009. "The efficacy of an internet-based cognitive-behavioral therapy intervention for child anxiety disorders." Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 34 (5), pp. 474-487. https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsn099
Protocol for a randomised controlled trial of risk screening and early intervention comparing child- and family-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy for PTSD in children following accidental injury
Kenardy, Justin, Cobham, Vanessa, Nixon, Reginald D. V., McDermott, Brett and March, Sonja. 2010. "Protocol for a randomised controlled trial of risk screening and early intervention comparing child- and family-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy for PTSD in children following accidental injury." BMC Psychiatry. 10, pp. 92-100. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-10-92
A randomized controlled trial of online versus clinic-based CBT for adolescent anxiety
Spence, Susan H., Donovan, Caroline L., March, Sonja, Gamble, Amanda, Anderson, Renee E., Prosser, Samantha, Kenardy, Justin, Spence S.H., Donovan C.L., March S., Gamble A., Anderson R.E., Prosser S. and Kenardy J.. 2011. "A randomized controlled trial of online versus clinic-based CBT for adolescent anxiety." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 79 (5), pp. 629-642. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024512
Working alliance in online cognitive behavior therapy for anxiety disorders in youth: Comparison with clinic delivery and its role in predicting outcome
Anderson, Renee E. E., Spence, Susan H., Donovan, Caroline L., March, Sonja, Prosser, Samantha, Kenardy, Justin, Anderson R.E.E., Spence S.H., Donovan C.L., March S., Prosser S. and Kenardy J.. 2012. "Working alliance in online cognitive behavior therapy for anxiety disorders in youth: Comparison with clinic delivery and its role in predicting outcome." 5th Scientific Meeting of the International Society for Research on Internet Interventions (ISRII 2012). Sydney, Australia 06 - 08 Apr 2011 Toronto, ON. Canada. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.1848
Online CBT for preschool anxiety disorders: a randomised control trial
Donovan, Caroline L. and March, Sonja. 2014. "Online CBT for preschool anxiety disorders: a randomised control trial." Behaviour Research and Therapy. 58, pp. 24-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2014.05.001
Application of an internet-based game for secondary prevention of posttraumatic stress following acute medical events
Marsac, Meghan, Kohser, Kristen, Kenardy, Justin, March, Sonja, Winston, Flaura and Kassam-Adams, Nancy. 2014. "Application of an internet-based game for secondary prevention of posttraumatic stress following acute medical events." Society of Pediatric Psychology Annual Conference (2014). Philadelphia, United States 27 - 29 Mar 2014
Does diagnostic profile predict outcome for online CBT for youth anxiety?
March, Sonja, Spence, Sue, Donovan, Caroline and Kenardy, Justin. 2013. "Does diagnostic profile predict outcome for online CBT for youth anxiety?" 6th Scientific Meeting of International Society for Research on Internet Interventions. Chicago, United States 16 - 18 May 2013
Using a web-based game to prevent posttraumatic stress in children following medical events: design of a randomized controlled trial
Marsac, Meghan L., Kohser, Kristen L., Winston, Flaura K., Kenardy, Justin, March, Sonja and Kassam-Adams, Nancy. 2013. "Using a web-based game to prevent posttraumatic stress in children following medical events: design of a randomized controlled trial." European Journal of Psychotraumatology. 4, p. 21311. https://doi.org/10.3402/ejpt.v4i0.21311
Using new technologies to deliver cognitive behaviour therapy with children and adolescents
Donovan, Caroline L., Spence, Susan H. and March, Sonja. 2013. "Using new technologies to deliver cognitive behaviour therapy with children and adolescents." Graham, Philip and Reynolds, Shirley (ed.) Cognitive behaviour therapy for children and families. Cambridge, United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press. pp. 351-370
Does diagnostic complexity predict response to online interventions for youth anxiety?
March, Sonja, Spence, Susan, Donovan, Caroline and Kenardy, Justin. 2013. "Does diagnostic complexity predict response to online interventions for youth anxiety?" Mohr, David C. (ed.) 6th International Society for Research on Internet Interventions Conference (ISRII 2013): Behavioral Intervention Technologies for a Healthy Future: From Design to Dissemination. Chicago, United States 16 - 18 May 2013 Charlottesville, VA. United States.
Online CBT for youth anxiety: extending BRAVE-ONLINE into the UK context
March, S., Spence, S. and Donovan, C.. 2012. "Online CBT for youth anxiety: extending BRAVE-ONLINE into the UK context." Essau, Cecilia A. (ed.) 7th International Conference on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology: Open Spaces, Open Minds. London, United Kingdom 16 - 18 Jul 2012 London, United Kingdom.
Involving parents in indicated early intervention for childhood PTSD following accidental injury
Cobham, Vanessa E., March, Sonja, De Young, Alexandra, Leeson, Fiona, Nixon, Reginald, McDermott, Brett and Kenardy, Justin. 2012. "Involving parents in indicated early intervention for childhood PTSD following accidental injury." Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review. 15 (4), pp. 345-363. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10567-012-0124-9