Methodological considerations related to nurse researchers using their own experience of a phenomenon within phenomenology

Article


Johnston, Colleen M., Wallis, Marianne, Oprescu, Florin I. and Gray, Marion. 2017. "Methodological considerations related to nurse researchers using their own experience of a phenomenon within phenomenology." Journal of Advanced Nursing. 73 (3), pp. 574-584. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13198
Article Title

Methodological considerations related to nurse researchers using their own experience of a phenomenon within phenomenology

ERA Journal ID14101
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsJohnston, Colleen M. (Author), Wallis, Marianne (Author), Oprescu, Florin I. (Author) and Gray, Marion (Author)
Journal TitleJournal of Advanced Nursing
Journal Citation73 (3), pp. 574-584
Number of Pages11
Year2017
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0309-2402
1365-2648
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13198
Web Address (URL)https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jan.13198
Abstract

Aims: This paper summarises phenomenology and discusses how nurses can use their own experiences as data and maintain rigour within the method. It explores how data from researchers experiencing the phenomenon of interest could be used to explicate assumptions and pre-understandings and may also be used as data. Background: Whilst the ethnographic concept of insider research has gained popularity, the notion of researcher as participant in phenomenology is relatively new. The lived experience of a phenomenon is unique to each person and utilisation of the nurse researcher's experiences of the phenomenon should be considered for inclusion as data. Design: Discussion paper. Data sources: Articles from 2001-2015 in the CINAHL and PubMed databases were identified using keywords such as 'insider research', 'phenomenology', 'bracketing' and 'qualitative research'. Additionally, reference lists from articles used were examined to identify additional literature. Implications for Nursing Phenomenology is a valuable research method. Usability, credibility, trustworthiness and auditability of data collected must be considered to ensure rigour and maintain orientation to the phenomenon under investigation. Nurse researchers may be interviewed as participants if these four principles are considered and methods used are made explicit. Utilising appropriate research methods is as important as getting clinical practice correct to advance knowledge and benefit those under our care. Conclusion: We recommend using the researchers' experience as a data source to gain a complete picture of the phenomenon under investigation. Using the approach proposed here, nurses can ensure they are incorporating all data sources available while maintaining research rigour.

Keywordsnursing research; qualitative research; phenomenology; heuristic inquiry; hermeneutics; trustworthiness; auditability; lived experience; bracketing; insider research; Nursing
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020500310. Phenomenology
420599. Nursing not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of the Sunshine Coast
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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