Rational Design of Graphene Derivatives for Electrochemical Reduction of Nitrogen to Ammonia

Article


Majumder, Mandira, Saini, Haneesh, Dědek, Ivan, Schneemann, Andreas, Chodankar, Nilesh R., Ramarao, Viswanatha, Santosh, Mysore Sridhar, Nanjundan, Ashok Kumar, Kment, Štěpán, Dubal, Deepak, Otyepka, Michal, Zbořil, Radek and Jayaramulu, Kolleboyina. 2021. "Rational Design of Graphene Derivatives for Electrochemical Reduction of Nitrogen to Ammonia." ACS Nano. 15 (11), pp. 17275-17298. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.1c08455
Article Title

Rational Design of Graphene Derivatives for Electrochemical Reduction of Nitrogen to Ammonia

ERA Journal ID35029
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMajumder, Mandira, Saini, Haneesh, Dědek, Ivan, Schneemann, Andreas, Chodankar, Nilesh R., Ramarao, Viswanatha, Santosh, Mysore Sridhar, Nanjundan, Ashok Kumar, Kment, Štěpán, Dubal, Deepak, Otyepka, Michal, Zbořil, Radek and Jayaramulu, Kolleboyina
Journal TitleACS Nano
Journal Citation15 (11), pp. 17275-17298
Number of Pages24
Year2021
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1936-0851
1936-086X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.1c08455
Web Address (URL)https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsnano.1c08455
AbstractThe conversion of nitrogen to ammonia offers a sustainable and environmentally friendly approach for producing precursors for fertilizers and efficient energy carriers. Owing to the large energy density and significant gravimetric hydrogen content, NH3 is considered an apt next-generation energy carrier and liquid fuel. However, the low conversion efficiency and slow production of ammonia through the nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) are currently bottlenecks, making it an unviable alternative to the traditional Haber–Bosch process for ammonia production. The rational design and engineering of catalysts (both photo- and electro-) represent a crucial challenge for improving the efficiency and exploiting the full capability of the NRR. In the present review, we highlight recent progress in the development of graphene-based systems and graphene derivatives as catalysts for the NRR. Initially, the history, fundamental mechanism, and importance of the NRR to produce ammonia are briefly discussed. We also outline how surface functionalization, defects, and hybrid structures (single-atom/multiatom as well as composites) affect the N2 conversion efficiency. The potential of graphene and graphene derivatives as NRR catalysts is highlighted using pertinent examples from theoretical simulations as well as machine learning based performance predictive methods. The review is concluded by identifying the crucial advantages, drawbacks, and challenges associated with principal scientific and technological breakthroughs in ambient catalytic NRR.
Keywordsdefects; graphene; nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR); electrocatalyst; doping; hybrid; graphene derivative; machine learning
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020340604. Electrochemistry
Public NotesFiles associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Byline AffiliationsIndian Institute of Technology, India
Palacky University Olomouc, Czech Republic
Dresden University of Technology, Germany
Dongguk University, Korea
Jyothy Institute of Technology, India
Queensland University of Technology
Technical University of Ostrava, Czech Republic
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