Face-to-face or Facebook: can social connectedness be derived online?

Article


Grieve, Rachel, Indian, Michaelle, Witteveen, Kate, Tolan, G. Anne and Marrington, Jessica. 2013. "Face-to-face or Facebook: can social connectedness be derived online? " Computers in Human Behavior. 29 (3), pp. 604-609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2012.11.017
Article Title

Face-to-face or Facebook: can social connectedness be derived online?

ERA Journal ID6198
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsGrieve, Rachel (Author), Indian, Michaelle (Author), Witteveen, Kate (Author), Tolan, G. Anne (Author) and Marrington, Jessica (Author)
Journal TitleComputers in Human Behavior
Journal Citation29 (3), pp. 604-609
Number of Pages6
Year2013
Place of PublicationOxford, United Kingdom
ISSN0747-5632
1873-7692
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2012.11.017
Abstract

Previous research has identified the importance of social connectedness in facilitating a number of positive outcomes, however, investigation of connectedness in online contexts is relatively novel. This research aimed to investigate for the first time social connectedness derived from the use of Facebook. Study 1 investigated whether offline social connectedness and Facebook connectedness were separate constructs. Participants were Facebook users (N = 344) who completed measures of offline social connectedness and Facebook social connectedness. Factor analysis (Maximum Likelihood analysis with Oblimin rotation) revealed Facebook connectedness to be distinct from offline social connectedness. Study 2 examined the relationship between Facebook social connectedness and anxiety, depression, and subjective well-being in a second sample of Facebook users (N = 274) in a cross-sectional design. Results suggest that Facebook use may provide the opportunity to develop and maintain social connectedness in the online environment, and that Facebook connectedness is associated with lower depression and anxiety and greater satisfaction with life. Limitations and future directions are considered. It is concluded that Facebook may act as a separate social medium in which to develop and maintain relationships, providing an alternative social outlet associated with a range of positive psychological outcomes.

KeywordsFacebook; Facebook connectedness; online relationships; social connectedness; social networking sites
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020460806. Human-computer interaction
520599. Social and personality psychology not elsewhere classified
470102. Communication technology and digital media studies
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Byline AffiliationsAustralian Catholic University
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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