Phonological effects in forward and backward serial recall: qualitative and quantitative differences

Article


Ritchie, Gabrielle, Tolan, Georgina Anne, Tehan, Gerald, Goh, Hong Eng, Guerard, Katherine and Saint-Aubin, Jean. 2015. "Phonological effects in forward and backward serial recall: qualitative and quantitative differences." Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology. 69 (1), pp. 95-103. https://doi.org/10.1037/cep0000028
Article Title

Phonological effects in forward and backward serial recall: qualitative and quantitative differences

ERA Journal ID6165
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsRitchie, Gabrielle (Author), Tolan, Georgina Anne (Author), Tehan, Gerald (Author), Goh, Hong Eng (Author), Guerard, Katherine (Author) and Saint-Aubin, Jean (Author)
Journal TitleCanadian Journal of Experimental Psychology
Journal Citation69 (1), pp. 95-103
Number of Pages9
Year2015
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1196-1961
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1037/cep0000028
Web Address (URL)https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2014-52299-001
Abstract

Forward serial recall is affected by a diverse range of phonological factors that are readily replicated and relatively well understood. In contrast with backward recall, these phonological effects are not consistently replicable in that some studies show that the effects are present and some show the effects are absent or severely attenuated. Moreover at the theoretical level there is no consensus about how participants perform backward recall. The current research was aimed at understanding the differences between forward and backward recall by using meta-analytic techniques on 16 previously published experiments that examined the effects of benchmark phonological factors on both forward and backward recall. In each of the studies, recall was decomposed into 2 components, the first 2 items output and the remaining later responses. A consistent pattern emerged in the data. Each effect was present in both the early and late output positions in forward recall. The effects were present in the late output positions in backward recall, but the effects were weaker than in forward recall. The phonological variables had little impact on early output in backward recall (with the exceptions of articulatory suppression). The presence of qualitative differences between forward and backward recall and quantitative differences between studies have implications for the theoretical understanding of direction of recall in immediate memory tasks.

Keywordsserial recall; forward recall; backward recall; short-term memory; irrelevant speech; phonological similarity; meta-analysis
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520499. Cognitive and computational psychology not elsewhere classified
470409. Linguistic structures (incl. phonology, morphology and syntax)
520105. Psychological methodology, design and analysis
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Byline AffiliationsAustralian Catholic University
School of Psychology and Counselling
University of Moncton, Canada
University of Moncton, Canada
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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