Policy and practice impacts of applied research: a case study analysis of the New South Wales Health Promotion Demonstration Research Grants Scheme 2000–2006

Article


Milat, Andrew J., Laws, Rachel, King, Lesley, Newson, Robyn, Rychetnik, Lucie, Rissel, Chris, Bauman, Adrian E., Redman, Sally and Bennie, Jason. 2013. "Policy and practice impacts of applied research: a case study analysis of the New South Wales Health Promotion Demonstration Research Grants Scheme 2000–2006." Health Research Policy and Systems. 11 (5), pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4505-11-5
Article Title

Policy and practice impacts of applied research: a case study analysis of the New South Wales Health Promotion Demonstration Research Grants Scheme 2000–2006

ERA Journal ID41017
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMilat, Andrew J. (Author), Laws, Rachel (Author), King, Lesley (Author), Newson, Robyn (Author), Rychetnik, Lucie (Author), Rissel, Chris (Author), Bauman, Adrian E. (Author), Redman, Sally (Author) and Bennie, Jason (Author)
Journal TitleHealth Research Policy and Systems
Journal Citation11 (5), pp. 1-15
Number of Pages15
Year2013
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1478-4505
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4505-11-5
Web Address (URL)https://health-policy-systems.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1478-4505-11-5
Abstract

Background

Intervention research provides important information regarding feasible and effective interventions for health policy makers, but few empirical studies have explored the mechanisms by which these studies influence policy and practice. This study provides an exploratory case series analysis of the policy, practice and other related impacts of the 15 research projects funded through the New South Wales Health Promotion Demonstration Research Grants Scheme during the period 2000 to 2006, and explored the factors mediating impacts.

Methods

Data collection included semi-structured interviews with the chief investigators (n = 17) and end-users (n = 29) of each of the 15 projects to explore if, how and under what circumstances the findings had been used, as well as bibliometric analysis and verification using documentary evidence. Data analysis involved thematic coding of interview data and triangulation with other data sources to produce case summaries of impacts for each project. Case summaries were then individually assessed against four impact criteria and discussed at a
verification panel meeting where final group assessments of the impact of research projects were made and key influences of research impact identified.

Results

Funded projects had variable impacts on policy and practice. Project findings were used for agenda setting (raising awareness of issues), identifying areas and target groups for interventions, informing new policies, and supporting and justifying existing policies and programs across sectors. Reported factors influencing the use of findings were: i) nature of the intervention; ii) leadership and champions; iii) research quality; iv) effective partnerships; v) dissemination strategies used; and, vi) contextual factors.

Conclusions

The case series analysis provides new insights into how and under what circumstances intervention research is used to influence real world policy and practice. The findings highlight that intervention research projects can achieve the greatest policy and practice impacts if they address proximal needs of the policy context by engaging end-users from the inception of projects and utilizing existing policy networks and structures, and using a range of strategies to disseminate findings that go beyond traditional peer review publications.

KeywordsGovernment; Health promotion; Intervention research; Policy
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020440706. Health policy
429999. Other health sciences not elsewhere classified
420603. Health promotion
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Sydney
Sax Institute, Australia
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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Freeston, Jonathan, Gale, Joanne, Mavros, Yorgi, Bennie, Jason A., Pedisic, Zeljko, Bauman, Adrian E. and Stamatakis, Emmanuel. 2017. "Associations between multiple indicators of socio-economic status and muscle-strengthening activity participation in a nationally representative population sample of Australian adults." Preventive Medicine. 102, pp. 44-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.06.020
Participation trends in holistic movement practices: a 10-year comparison of yoga/pilates and t’ai chi/qigong use among a national sample of 195,926 Australians
Vergeer, Ineke, Bennie, Jason A., Charity, Melanie J., Harvey, Jack T., van Uffelen, Jannique G. Z., Biddle, Stuart J. H. and Eime, Rochelle M.. 2017. "Participation trends in holistic movement practices: a 10-year comparison of yoga/pilates and t’ai chi/qigong use among a national sample of 195,926 Australians." BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies. 17 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-017-1800-6
Assessment and monitoring practices of Australian fitness professionals
Bennie, Jason A., Wiesner, Glen H., van Uffelen, Jannique G. Z., Harvey, Jack T., Craike, Melinda J. and Biddle, Stuart J. H.. 2018. "Assessment and monitoring practices of Australian fitness professionals." Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 21 (4), pp. 433-438. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2017.07.010
The descriptive epidemiology of total physical activity, muscle-strengthening exercises and sedentary behaviour among Australian adults - results from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey
Bennie, Jason A., Pedisic, Zeljko, van Uffelen, Jannique G. Z., Gale, Joanne, Banting, Lauren K., Vergeer, Ineke, Stamatakis, Emmanuel, Bauman, Adrian E. and Biddle, Stuart J. H.. 2016. "The descriptive epidemiology of total physical activity, muscle-strengthening exercises and sedentary behaviour among Australian adults - results from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey." BMC Public Health. 16 (73). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-2736-3
Pumping iron in Australia: prevalence, trends and sociodemographic correlates of muscle strengthening activity participation from a national sample of 195,926 adults
Bennie, Jason A., Pedisic, Zeljko, van Uffelen, Jannique G. Z., Charity, Melanie J., Harvey, Jack T., Banting, Lauren K., Vergeer, Ineke, Biddle, Stuart J. H. and Eime, Rochelle M.. 2016. "Pumping iron in Australia: prevalence, trends and sociodemographic correlates of muscle strengthening activity participation from a national sample of 195,926 adults." PLoS One. 11 (4), pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153225
Too much sitting and cardio-metabolic risk: an update of epidemiological evidence
Bauman, Adrian E., Chau, Josephine Y., Ding, Ding and Bennie, Jason. 2013. "Too much sitting and cardio-metabolic risk: an update of epidemiological evidence." Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports. 7 (4), pp. 293-298. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12170-013-0316-y
Total and domain-specific sitting time among employees in desk-based work settings in Australia
Bennie, Jason A., Pedisic, Zeljko, Timperio, Anna, Crawford, David, Dunstan, David, Bauman, Adrian, van Uffelen, Jannique and Salmon, Jo. 2015. "Total and domain-specific sitting time among employees in desk-based work settings in Australia." Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 39 (3), pp. 237-242. https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12293
Levels and correlates of domain-specific physical activity in university students: cross-sectional findings from Croatia | [Razina i korelati tjelesne aktivnosti u razliĉitim domenama kod studenata: Rezultati transverzalnog istraẑivanja iz Hrvatske]
Pedisic, Zeljko, Rakovac, Marija, Bennie, Jason, Jurakic, Danijel and Bauman, Adrian E.. 2014. "Levels and correlates of domain-specific physical activity in university students: cross-sectional findings from Croatia | [Razina i korelati tjelesne aktivnosti u razliĉitim domenama kod studenata: Rezultati transverzalnog istraẑivanja iz Hrvatske]." Kinesiology. 46 (1), pp. 12-22.
The prevalence and correlates of sitting in European adults - a comparison of 32 Eurobarometer-participating countries
Bennie, Jason A., Chau, Josephine Y., van der Ploeg, Hidde P., Stamatakis, Emmanuel, Do, Anna and Bauman, Adrian. 2013. "The prevalence and correlates of sitting in European adults - a comparison of 32 Eurobarometer-participating countries." International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 10 (107), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-10-107
Workplace Sitting Breaks Questionnaire (SITBRQ): an assessment of concurrent validity and test-retest reliability
Pedisic, Zeljko, Bennie, Jason A., Timperio, Anna F., Crawford, David A., Dunstan, David W., Bauman, Adrian E. and Salmon, Jo. 2014. "Workplace Sitting Breaks Questionnaire (SITBRQ): an assessment of concurrent validity and test-retest reliability." BMC Public Health. 14 (1), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1249
Unaccustomed eccentric contractions impair plasma K+ regulation in the absence of changes in muscle Na+,K+-ATPase content
Goodman, Craig A., Bennie, Jason A., Leikis, Murray J. and McKenna, Michael J.. 2014. "Unaccustomed eccentric contractions impair plasma K+ regulation in the absence of changes in muscle Na+,K+-ATPase content." PLoS One. 9 (6), pp. e101039-1. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101039
Sitting behaviour is not associated with incident diabetes over 13 years: The Whitehall II cohort study
Stamatakis, Emmanuel, Pulsford, Richard M., Brunner, Eric J., Britton, Annie R., Bauman, Adrian E., Biddle, Stuart J. H. and Hillsdon, Melvyn. 2017. "Sitting behaviour is not associated with incident diabetes over 13 years: The Whitehall II cohort study." British Journal of Sports Medicine. 51 (10), pp. 818-823. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096723
Self-reported health-enhancing physical activity recommendation adherence among 64,380 finnish adults
Bennie, J. A., Pedisic, Z., Suni, J. H., Tokola, K., Husu, P., Biddle, S. J. H. and Vasankari, T.. 2017. "Self-reported health-enhancing physical activity recommendation adherence among 64,380 finnish adults." Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. 27 (2), pp. 1842-1853. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12863
Variations in area-level disadvantage of Australian registered fitness trainers usual training locations
Bennie, Jason A., van Uffelen, Jannique G. Z., Banting, Lauren K., Biddle, Stuart J. H. and Thornton, Lukar E.. 2016. "Variations in area-level disadvantage of Australian registered fitness trainers usual training locations." BMC Public Health. 16, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3250-3
Too much sitting and all-cause mortality: is there a causal link?
Biddle, Stuart J. H., Bennie, Jason A., Bauman, Adrian E., Chau, Josephine Y., Dunstan, David, Owen, Neville, Stamatakis, Emmanuel and van Uffelen, Jannique G. Z.. 2016. "Too much sitting and all-cause mortality: is there a causal link?" BMC Public Health. 16, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3307-3
Associations between social ecological factors and self-reported short physical activity breaks during work hours among desk-based employees
Bennie, Jason A., Timperio, Anna F., Crawford, David A., Dunstan, David W. and Salmon, Jo L.. 2011. "Associations between social ecological factors and self-reported short physical activity breaks during work hours among desk-based employees." Preventive Medicine. 53 (1-2), pp. 44-47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.05.015