How fungi’s knack for networking boosts ecological recovery after bushfires

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Frew, Adam, Le Brocque, Andy, Nimmo, Dale, Egidi, Eleonora, Price, Jodi and Greenwood, Leanne. 2020. "How fungi’s knack for networking boosts ecological recovery after bushfires." The Conversation. 20 March 2020, pp. 1-8.
Article Title

How fungi’s knack for networking boosts ecological recovery after bushfires

Article CategoryBlog
AuthorsFrew, Adam (Author), Le Brocque, Andy (Author), Nimmo, Dale (Author), Egidi, Eleonora (Author), Price, Jodi (Author) and Greenwood, Leanne (Author)
Publication TitleThe Conversation
Journal Citation20 March 2020, pp. 1-8
Number of Pages8
Year2020
Place of PublicationParkville, Australia
Web Address (URL)https://theconversation.com/how-fungis-knack-for-networking-boosts-ecological-recovery-after-bushfires-132587
Abstract

The unprecedented bushfires that struck the east coast of Australia this summer killed an estimated one billion animals across millions of hectares.

Scorched landscapes and animal corpses brought into sharp relief what climate-driven changes to wildfire mean for Australia’s plants and animals.

Yet the effects of fire go much deeper, quite literally, to a vast and complex underground world that we know stunningly little about, including organisms that might be just as vulnerable to fire, and vital to Australia’s ecological recovery: the fungi.

Keywordsarbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi; bushfires; ecological recovery; Australia
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020410603. Soil biology
410407. Wildlife and habitat management
310703. Microbial ecology
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Southern Queensland
Charles Sturt University
Western Sydney University
Open access urlhttps://theconversation.com/how-fungis-knack-for-networking-boosts-ecological-recovery-after-bushfires-132587
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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Reardon-Smith, Kathryn, Le Brocque, Andrew F. and House, Alan. 2008. "Riparian woodlands in crisis? Disturbance ecology on the Condamine floodplain." 11th International Riversymposium: A Future of Extremes. Brisbane, Australia 01 - 04 Sep 2008 Brisbane, Australia.
Spatial prioritisation of revegetation sites for dryland salinity management: an analytical framework using GIS
Apan, Armando, Raine, Steven R., Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Cockfield, Geoff. 2004. "Spatial prioritisation of revegetation sites for dryland salinity management: an analytical framework using GIS." Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 47 (6), pp. 811-825. https://doi.org/10.1080/0964056042000284848
Molecular identification of the primary root fungal endophytes of Dipodium hamiltonianum (Orchidaceae)
Dearnaley, John and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2006. "Molecular identification of the primary root fungal endophytes of Dipodium hamiltonianum (Orchidaceae)." Australian Journal of Botany. 54 (5), pp. 487-491. https://doi.org/10.1071/BT05149
Effects of local-scale management on herbaceous plant communities in Brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) agroecosystems of southern Queensland, Australia
Collard, Stuart J., Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Zammit, Charlie. 2011. "Effects of local-scale management on herbaceous plant communities in Brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) agroecosystems of southern Queensland, Australia." Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 142 (3-4), pp. 176-183. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2011.05.001
Riparian woodland dysfunction is driven by groundwater decline in a northern Murray-Darling intensive production landscape
Reardon-Smith, Kate, Le Brocque, Andy and House, Alan. 2010. "Riparian woodland dysfunction is driven by groundwater decline in a northern Murray-Darling intensive production landscape." 2010 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2010). Canberra, Australia 06 - 10 Dec 2010 Australia. Ecological Society of Australia.
Four years of sheep exclusion shows no changes in understorey composition in grazed woodlands of southern Queensland
Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Zammit, Charlie. 2010. "Four years of sheep exclusion shows no changes in understorey composition in grazed woodlands of southern Queensland." 2010 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2010). Canberra, Australia 06 - 10 Dec 2010 Australia.
How resilient are poplar box (E. populnea) woodlands in production landscapes?
Fritz, Lisa, Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Maron, Martine. 2010. "How resilient are poplar box (E. populnea) woodlands in production landscapes?" 2010 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2010). Canberra, Australia 06 - 10 Dec 2010 Australia.
Different landscape factors explain establishment and persistence of river red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) in agricultural landscapes of southeast Queensland
Kath, Jarrod, Le Brocque, Andrew F., Miller, Craig, Leyer, Ilona and Mosner, Eva. 2010. "Different landscape factors explain establishment and persistence of river red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) in agricultural landscapes of southeast Queensland." Lonsdale, Mark (ed.) 2010 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2010). Canberra, Australia 06 - 10 Dec 2010 Alice Springs, Australia. Ecological Society of Australia.
Chalk and cheese or something in between: comparisons between remnant and regrowth Acacia harpophylla communities, western Darling Downs, Queensland
Wagner, Peter M. and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2010. "Chalk and cheese or something in between: comparisons between remnant and regrowth Acacia harpophylla communities, western Darling Downs, Queensland." 2010 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2010). Canberra, Australia 06 - 10 Dec 2010 Australia.
Eco-hydrology of dynamic wetlands in an Australian agricultural landscape: a whole of system approach for understanding climate change impacts
Kath, Jarrod, Le Brocque, Andrew and Miller, Craig. 2010. "Eco-hydrology of dynamic wetlands in an Australian agricultural landscape: a whole of system approach for understanding climate change impacts." BALWOIS 2010: Water Observation and Information System for Decision Support. Ohrid, Macedonia 25 - 29 May 2010 Macedonia.
Wetland hydrology in an agricultural landscape: implications for biodiversity
Kath, Jarrod, Le Brocque, Andrew and Miller, Craig. 2010. "Wetland hydrology in an agricultural landscape: implications for biodiversity." BALWOIS 2010: Water Observation and Information System for Decision Support. Ohrid, Macedonia 25 - 29 May 2010 Macedonia.
Molecular identification of mycorrhizal fungi in Australian threatened plant species
Dearnaley, John D. W., Downie, Alex F., Murray, Andrew J. and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2008. "Molecular identification of mycorrhizal fungi in Australian threatened plant species." Schenk, Peer (ed.) 1st International Conference on Biotic Plant Interactions (ICBPI 2008). Brisbane, Australia 27 - 29 Mar 2008 Brisbane, Australia.
Sydney deepwater outfall monitoring program: water quality component. Consultancy report to NSW Environment Protection Authority
Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 1994. Sydney deepwater outfall monitoring program: water quality component. Consultancy report to NSW Environment Protection Authority . Sydney, Australia. NSW Environment Protection Authority.
Report on stage 2 of the task 5 pilot survey for Basincare M305 Project: an investigation into the methodology, costs and logistics involved in the collection of floristic data within the Murray-Darling Basin
Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Benson, John. 1995. Report on stage 2 of the task 5 pilot survey for Basincare M305 Project: an investigation into the methodology, costs and logistics involved in the collection of floristic data within the Murray-Darling Basin. Sydney, Australia. Sydney Royal Botanic Gardens.
Review of vegetation management for fire contingency at Helidon Explosives Facility. Report to Helidon Explosives Facility, Qld Department of Minerals & Energy, Helidon
Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2000. Review of vegetation management for fire contingency at Helidon Explosives Facility. Report to Helidon Explosives Facility, Qld Department of Minerals & Energy, Helidon. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Morphometric differentiation of Vespadelus finlaysoni and V. troughtoni in Queensland
Ford, Greg and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2000. "Morphometric differentiation of Vespadelus finlaysoni and V. troughtoni in Queensland." 9th Australasian Bat Society Conference. Hunter Valley, Australia Apr 2000 Australia.
Bats in the Bunyas: habitat preferences of microchiropteran bats in the Bunya Mountains, Queensland
Baker, Nick and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2002. "Bats in the Bunyas: habitat preferences of microchiropteran bats in the Bunya Mountains, Queensland." 2002 Australian Mammal Society Annual Conference. Albury, Australia Jul 2002 Australia .
Small mammal habitat preferences in Ravensbourne National Park, south-east Queensland
Page, Skye, Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Withers, Kerry. 2002. "Small mammal habitat preferences in Ravensbourne National Park, south-east Queensland." 2002 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2002). Cairns, Australia 02 - 06 Dec 2002 Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Patterns of land use change in the eastern Darling Downs, 1975-2001: status of remnants
Zammit, Charlie and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2003. "Patterns of land use change in the eastern Darling Downs, 1975-2001: status of remnants." Rural Landscapes: Vegetation Planning and Design Forum, CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, Land Use Research Centre (USQ), Land & Water Australia, University of Southern Queensland (2003). Toowoomba, Australia 26 - 27 Feb 2003 Toowoomba, Australia.
Habitat preferences of small ground-dwelling mammals
Page, Skye, Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Withers, Kerry. 2003. "Habitat preferences of small ground-dwelling mammals ." Partners in Parks: 2003 Collaborative Research Forum, Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service . Brisbane, Australia 02 Oct 2003 Brisbane, Australia.
Multivariate relationships between floristic composition and stand structure in vegetation of Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, New South Wales
Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Buckney, Rodney T.. 1997. "Multivariate relationships between floristic composition and stand structure in vegetation of Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, New South Wales." Australian Journal of Botany. 45 (6), pp. 1033-1044.
Vegetation management, grazing and invertebrate assemblages in the Traprock region
Attwood, Simon J., Le Brocque, Andrew F., Cockfield, Geoff and Schumacher, Roslyn. 2006. Vegetation management, grazing and invertebrate assemblages in the Traprock region . Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Prospects for regional sustainability: land use change in the eastern Darling Downs, 1975-2001
Zammit, Charlie, Apan, Armando, Cockfield, Geoff, Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Bouldin, Michelle. 2002. "Prospects for regional sustainability: land use change in the eastern Darling Downs, 1975-2001." 11th Australasian Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Conference (ARSPC2002): Images to Information. Brisbane, Australia 02 - 06 Sep 2002
Assessing landscape change in the eastern Darling Downs, Queensland, 1975-2001
Zammit, Charlie and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2003. "Assessing landscape change in the eastern Darling Downs, Queensland, 1975-2001." Oliver, Ian, Kristiansen, Paul and Silberbauer, Letitia (ed.) 2003 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2003). Armidale, Australia 08 - 10 Dec 2003 Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Richness, complexity & condition of remnants in the eastern Darling Downs, Queensland
Le Brocque, Andrew F., Zammit, Charlie and Reardon-Smith, Kathryn. 2003. "Richness, complexity & condition of remnants in the eastern Darling Downs, Queensland." Oliver, Ian, Kristiansen, Paul and Silberbauer, Letitia (ed.) 2003 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2003). Armidale, Australia 08 - 10 Dec 2003 Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Ecological Society of Australia.
The contribution of bird communities to ecological services in agricultural lands surrounding Brigalow remnants
Collard, Stuart J., Zammit, Charlie and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2003. "The contribution of bird communities to ecological services in agricultural lands surrounding Brigalow remnants." Oliver, Ian, Kristiansen, Paul and Silberbauer, Letitia (ed.) 2003 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2003). Armidale, Australia 08 - 10 Dec 2003 Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
An assessment of some improved techniques for estimating the abundance (frequency) of sedentary organisms
Morrison, David A., Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Clarke, Peter J.. 1995. "An assessment of some improved techniques for estimating the abundance (frequency) of sedentary organisms." Vegetatio. 120 (2), pp. 131-145. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00034343
Characterising land ownership patterns in a salt-affected catchment: key implications for revegetation
Apan, Armando, Raine, Steven R., Cockfield, Geoff and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2003. "Characterising land ownership patterns in a salt-affected catchment: key implications for revegetation." 2003 Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial Conference: Spatial Knowledge Without Boundaries (SSC2003). Canberra, Australia 22 - 27 Sep 2003 Canberra, Australia.
The mycorrhizal fungal associations of the vunerable Sophora fraseri (Fabaceae)
Downie, A. F., Le Brocque, A. F. and Dearnaley, J. D. W.. 2008. "The mycorrhizal fungal associations of the vunerable Sophora fraseri (Fabaceae)." Australasian Mycologist. 27 (2), pp. 57-65.
Resilience in production landscapes: comparisons between remnant and regrowth Acacia harpophylla (Brigalow) and related ecosystems
Wagner, Peter M. and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2008. "Resilience in production landscapes: comparisons between remnant and regrowth Acacia harpophylla (Brigalow) and related ecosystems." 2008 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2008). Sydney, Australia 01 - 05 Dec 2008 Australia.
Landscape ecology theory does not apply to recruitment in Eucalyptus populnea woodlands
Batterham, Megan C., Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Reardon-Smith, Kathryn. 2008. "Landscape ecology theory does not apply to recruitment in Eucalyptus populnea woodlands." 2008 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2008). Sydney, Australia 01 - 05 Dec 2008 Australia. Ecological Society of Australia.
Resilience of ephemeral wetlands in production landscapes
Kath, Jarrod, Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Miller, Craig. 2008. "Resilience of ephemeral wetlands in production landscapes." McArthur, Clare (ed.) 2008 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2008). Sydney, Australia 01 - 05 Dec 2008 Canberra, Australia. Ecological Society of Australia.
Lantana invades the soil too! Effects of Lantana camara on soil fungal dominance
Case, Heidi, Dearnaley, John and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2008. "Lantana invades the soil too! Effects of Lantana camara on soil fungal dominance." 2008 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2008). Sydney, Australia 01 - 05 Dec 2008 Australia. Ecological Society of Australia.
Change is the new stability: disturbance and riparian woodlands in a production landscape
Reardon-Smith, Kathryn, Le Brocque, Andrew F. and House, Alan. 2008. "Change is the new stability: disturbance and riparian woodlands in a production landscape." 2008 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2008). Sydney, Australia 01 - 05 Dec 2008 Australia. Ecological Society of Australia.
Retaining trees in a grazing landscape: impacts on ground cover in sheep-grazing agro-ecosystems in southern Queensland
Le Brocque, Andrew F., Goodhew, Kellie A. and Cockfield, Geoff. 2008. "Retaining trees in a grazing landscape: impacts on ground cover in sheep-grazing agro-ecosystems in southern Queensland." Veg Futures 08: Australia's National Vegetation Conference 2008. Toowoomba, Australia 20 - 23 Oct 2008 Toowoomba, Qld, Australia.
Resilience of temporary wetlands in production landscapes and potential impacts of climate change
Kath, Jarrod, Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Miller, Craig. 2009. "Resilience of temporary wetlands in production landscapes and potential impacts of climate change." James, Craig D. (ed.) INTECOL 2010: Ecology in a Changing Climate: Two Hemispheres, One Globe. Brisbane, Australia 16 - 21 Aug 2009 Australia.
Bird assemblages in fragmented agricultural landscapes: the role of small brigalow remnants and adjacent land uses
Collard, Stuart, Le Brocque, Andrew and Zammit, Charlie. 2009. "Bird assemblages in fragmented agricultural landscapes: the role of small brigalow remnants and adjacent land uses." Biodiversity and Conservation. 18 (6), pp. 1649-1670. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-008-9548-4
Vegetation changes following the exclusion of grazing in the Traprock region
Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Cockfield, Geoff. 2008. Vegetation changes following the exclusion of grazing in the Traprock region. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland, Australian Centre for Sustainable Catchments / Traprock Wool Association Inc..
Technical report: vegetation changes following the short-term exclusion of grazing in the Traprock region
Goodhew, Kellie A. and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2006. Technical report: vegetation changes following the short-term exclusion of grazing in the Traprock region. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Vegetation management, grazing and arthropod assemblages in the Traprock region: interim report
Attwood, Simon J., Le Brocque, Andrew F., Cockfield, Geoff and Schumacher, Roslyn. 2005. Vegetation management, grazing and arthropod assemblages in the Traprock region: interim report. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Technical report: effect of vegetation management on woodland communities in the Traprock region
Le Brocque, Andrew F., Goodhew, Kellie A. and Cockfield, Geoff. 2005. Technical report: effect of vegetation management on woodland communities in the Traprock region. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Endophytic fungi associated with Australian orchids
Dearnaley, John and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2006. "Endophytic fungi associated with Australian orchids." Australasian Plant Conservation: Bulletin of the Australian Network for Plant Conservation. 15 (2), pp. 7-9.
Trees in a grazing landscape: vegetation patterns in sheep-grazing agro-ecosystems in Southern Queensland
Le Brocque, Andrew F., Cockfield, Geoff and Goodhew, Kellie A.. 2006. "Trees in a grazing landscape: vegetation patterns in sheep-grazing agro-ecosystems in Southern Queensland." Timmins, Susan (ed.) 3rd Joint Conference of the New Zealand Ecological Society and the Ecological Society of Australia. Wellington, New Zealand 28 Aug - 01 Sep 2006 Wellington, New Zealand.
Vegetation community responses to altered flow regimes and weed invasion in reparian woodlands of the upper condamine floodplain, Eastern Australia
Reardon-Smith, Kathryn, Le Brocque, Andrew F., House, Alan and Zammit, Charlie. 2005. "Vegetation community responses to altered flow regimes and weed invasion in reparian woodlands of the upper condamine floodplain, Eastern Australia." Miller, Craig (ed.) 2005 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2005). Brisbane, Australia 28 Nov - 02 Dec 2005 Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Ecological Society of Australia.
Vegetation management and woodland communities in the traprock sheep grazing region of Southern Queensland
Goodhew, Kellie A., Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Zammit, Charlie. 2005. "Vegetation management and woodland communities in the traprock sheep grazing region of Southern Queensland." Miller, Craig (ed.) 2005 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2005). Brisbane, Australia 28 Nov - 02 Dec 2005 Brisbane, Queensland.
Ecosystem functioning across vegetation - production boundaries in brigalow (Acacia Harpophylla) in Southern Queensland
Collard, Stuart, Zammit, Charlie and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2005. "Ecosystem functioning across vegetation - production boundaries in brigalow (Acacia Harpophylla) in Southern Queensland." Miller, Craig (ed.) 2005 Conference of the Ecological Society of Australia (ESA 2005). Brisbane, Australia 28 Nov - 02 Dec 2005 Brisbane, Queensland.