Different mycorrhizal fungal communities differentially affect plant phenolic-based resistance to insect herbivory

Article


Frew, Adam and Wilson, Bree A. L.. 2021. "Different mycorrhizal fungal communities differentially affect plant phenolic-based resistance to insect herbivory." Rhizosphere. 19, pp. 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rhisph.2021.100365
Article Title

Different mycorrhizal fungal communities differentially affect plant phenolic-based resistance to insect herbivory

ERA Journal ID214095
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsFrew, Adam (Author) and Wilson, Bree A. L. (Author)
Journal TitleRhizosphere
Journal Citation19, pp. 1-4
Article Number100365
Number of Pages4
Year2021
PublisherElsevier BV
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN2452-2198
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rhisph.2021.100365
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2452219821000616
Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are ubiquitous symbionts of most terrestrial plants that can augment plant defences against insect herbivores. A clearer understanding of the mechanisms underpinning community-specific effects of AM fungi on plant resistance to herbivores is needed. Here, we report how plant (Triticum aestivum) phenolic-based resistance to an insect herbivore is differentially affected by inoculation with different AM fungal communities. Plants inoculated with four AM fungal species or with a field-sourced AM fungal community had significantly greater foliar phenolics than plants inoculated with a single AM fungal species (Rhizophagus irregularis) or with no AM fungi. Correspondingly, herbivore performance (relative growth rate) was lowest when feeding on those plants with greater phenolic concentrations. Furthermore, there was a negative correlation between foliar phenolics and herbivore growth. We propose that AM fungal community assembly can drive insect herbivore performance by affecting phenolic-based resistance mechanisms.

KeywordsArbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; Helicoverpa punctigera; Herbivory; Multitrophic interactions; Plant defence
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020310399. Ecology not elsewhere classified
310302. Community ecology (excl. invasive species ecology)
310899. Plant biology not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsSchool of Sciences
Centre for Crop Health
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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