Comparative Approach of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Restrictions in Controlled Airspaces

Article


McTegg, Stephen, Kurdi, Fayez, Simmons, Shane and Gharineiat, Zahra. 2022. "Comparative Approach of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Restrictions in Controlled Airspaces." Remote Sensing. 14 (4), pp. 1-30. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14040822
Article Title

Comparative Approach of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Restrictions in Controlled Airspaces

ERA Journal ID201448
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMcTegg, Stephen (Author), Kurdi, Fayez (Author), Simmons, Shane (Author) and Gharineiat, Zahra (Author)
Journal TitleRemote Sensing
Journal Citation14 (4), pp. 1-30
Article Number822
Number of Pages30
Year2022
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN2072-4292
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14040822
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/14/4/822
Abstract

Recent public discourse regarding unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) usage and regulation is focused around public privacy and safety. Most authorities have employed key guidelines and licensing procedures for piloting UAVs, however there is marginal consensus amongst regulators and a limited view towards unified procedures. This paper aims to analyze the key challenges that affect the use of UAVs and to determine if the current rules address those challenges. For this purpose: privacy, safety, security, public nuisance and trespass are tested. A set of criteria are developed to perform a comparative analysis against the existing UAV regulations to determine how they are meeting the specified criteria. Within this framework, five countries are selected: Australia, Canada, European Union (EU), United Kingdom (UK) and the United States of America (USA), with usage data and length of time between regulatory reviews ensuring any analysis is realized on updated protocols. The regulations of each country are then compared against the developed criteria. The findings show there are shortfalls with the majority of regulations failing to meet some criteria and the results confirm that key issues fail to be addressed. Finally, recommendations are suggested for filling the gaps in the regulations.

KeywordsDrone; Privacy; Regulations; Restrictions; Safety; Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401304. Photogrammetry and remote sensing
Byline AffiliationsSchool of Surveying and Built Environment
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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