Effects of organic and conventional fertilizer treatments on host selection by the aphid parasitoid Diaeretiella rapae

Article


Pope, T. W., Girling, R. D., Staley, J. T., Trigodet, B., Wright, D. J., Leather, S. R., van Emden, H. F. and Poppy, G. M.. 2012. "Effects of organic and conventional fertilizer treatments on host selection by the aphid parasitoid Diaeretiella rapae." Journal of Applied Entomology. 136 (6), pp. 445-455. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.2011.01667.x
Article Title

Effects of organic and conventional fertilizer treatments on host selection by the aphid parasitoid Diaeretiella rapae

ERA Journal ID2923
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsPope, T. W., Girling, R. D., Staley, J. T., Trigodet, B., Wright, D. J., Leather, S. R., van Emden, H. F. and Poppy, G. M.
Journal TitleJournal of Applied Entomology
Journal Citation136 (6), pp. 445-455
Number of Pages11
Year2012
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Place of PublicationGermany
ISSN0931-2048
1439-0418
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.2011.01667.x
Web Address (URL)https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1439-0418.2011.01667.x
AbstractThe type and quantity of fertilizer supplied to a crop will differ between organic and conventional farming practices. Altering the type of fertilizer a plant is provided with can influence a plant’s foliar nitrogen levels, as well as the composition and concentration of defence compounds, such as glucosinolates. Many natural enemies of insect herbivores can respond to headspace volatiles emitted by the herbivores’ host plant in response to herbivory. We propose that manipulating fertilizer type may also influence the headspace volatile profiles of plants, and as a result, the tritrophic interactions that occur between plants, their insect pests and those pests’ natural enemies. Here, we investigate a tritrophic system consisting of cabbage plants, Brassica oleracea, a parasitoid, Diaeretiella rapae, and one of its hosts, the specialist cabbage aphid Brevicoryne brassicae. Brassica oleracea plants were provided with either no additional fertilization or one of three types of fertilizer: Nitram (ammonium nitrate), John Innes base or organic chicken manure. We investigated whether these changes would alter the rate of parasitism of aphids on those plants and whether any differences in parasitism could be explained by differences in attractivity of the plants to D. rapae or attack rate of aphids by D. rapae. In free-choice experiments, there were significant differences in the percentage of B. brassicae parasitized by D. rapae between B. oleracea plants grown in different fertilizer treatments. In a series of dual-choice Y-tube olfactometry experiments, D. rapae females discriminated between B. brassicae-infested and undamaged plants, but parasitoids did not discriminate between similarly infested plants grown in different fertilizer treatments. Correspondingly, in attack rate experiments, there were no differences in the rate that D. rapae attacked B. brassicae on B. oleracea plants grown in different fertilizer treatments. These findings are of direct relevance to sustainable and conventional farming practices.
Keywordsparasitism; olfactometer; Brevicoryne brassicae; braconid; cabbage aphid; attack rate
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020310301. Behavioural ecology
300804. Horticultural crop protection (incl. pests, diseases and weeds)
300801. Field organic and low chemical input horticulture
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Southampton, United Kingdom
Imperial College London, United Kingdom
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, United Kingdom
University of Reading, United Kingdom
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Girling, R.D., Hassall, M., Turner, J.G. and Poppy, G.M.. 2006. "Behavioural responses of the aphid parasitoid Diaeretiella rapae to volatiles from Arabidopsis thaliana induced by Myzus persicae." Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 120 (1), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00423.x
Analysis and manipulation of odor-plume structure from a piezo-electric pheromone release system and its effects on upwind flight of male moths to pheromone
Girling, R.D. and Cardé, R.T.. 2006. "Analysis and manipulation of odor-plume structure from a piezo-electric pheromone release system and its effects on upwind flight of male moths to pheromone." International Society of Chemical Ecology Annual Meeting 2006. Barcelona, Spain 15 - 19 Jul 2006 Spain.
Analysis of the Courtship Behavior of the Navel Orangeworm, Amyelois transitella (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), with a Commentary on Methods for the Analysis of Sequences of Behavioral Transitions
Girling, Robbie D. and Cardé, Ring T.. 2006. "Analysis of the Courtship Behavior of the Navel Orangeworm, Amyelois transitella (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), with a Commentary on Methods for the Analysis of Sequences of Behavioral Transitions." Journal of Insect Behavior. 19 (4), pp. 497-520. https://doi.org/https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10905-006-9041-4
Mating and mate finding behavior of the navel orangeworm
Girling, Robbie and Cardé, Ring T.. 2005. "Mating and mate finding behavior of the navel orangeworm." Entomological society of america pacific branch 89th annual meeting. Pacific Grove, California, United States 27 Feb - 02 Mar 2005 United States.
Responses of Diaeretiella rapae to volatiles induced by aphids from Arabidopsis thaliana mutants
Girling, R.D., Hassall, M., Poppy, G.M. and Turner, J.G.. 2003. "Responses of Diaeretiella rapae to volatiles induced by aphids from Arabidopsis thaliana mutants ." Royal Entomological Society’s 22nd Annual Meeting. Reading, UK 2003 - 2004
‘Handedness’ in the 7-spot ladybird beetle, Coccinella septempunctata: a problem for y-tube olfactometry
Girling, Robbie and Hassall, Mark. 2002. "‘Handedness’ in the 7-spot ladybird beetle, Coccinella septempunctata: a problem for y-tube olfactometry." International Society of Chemical Ecology Annual Meeting 2002. Hamburg, Germany 03 - 07 Aug 2002 Germany.