Application of Sentinel-2 Satellite Data to Map Forest Cover in Southeast Sri Lanka through the Random Forest Classifier

Article


Gunawansa, Thakshila, Perera, Kithsiri, Apan, Armando and Hettiarachchi, Nandita. 2022. "Application of Sentinel-2 Satellite Data to Map Forest Cover in Southeast Sri Lanka through the Random Forest Classifier." Journal of Advances in Engineering and Technology. I (I), pp. 049-1 to 049-10.
Article Title

Application of Sentinel-2 Satellite Data to Map Forest Cover in Southeast Sri Lanka through the Random Forest Classifier

Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsGunawansa, Thakshila, Perera, Kithsiri, Apan, Armando and Hettiarachchi, Nandita
Journal TitleJournal of Advances in Engineering and Technology
Journal CitationI (I), pp. 049-1 to 049-10
Number of Pages10
Year2022
PublisherSri Lanka Institute of Information Technology (SLIIT)
Place of PublicationSri Lanka
Web Address (URL)https://www.sliit.lk/blog/engineering-news/the-journal-of-advances-in-engineering-and-technology-jaet/
Abstract

Sentinel-2 satellite data has been used for forest cover monitoring for almost five years. Mapping with Sentinel data will be a cost-effective solution for Sri Lanka, where the lack of updated land cover maps with high spatial resolution is a significant challenge in the land resource management of the country. A study area of about 5,000 km2 located in southeast Sri Lanka was selected for this study. Agricultural lands, forests including Yala national park, and villages with perennial crops make up the region. A Level-2A Sentinel-2 image with less than 10 percent cloud cover was used in the European Space Agency's (ESA) SNAP software version 8.0.0 for image processing and the forest cover of the study area was mapped through the Random Forest classifier (RFC). Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) is also calculated as a Sentinel product to support RFC output. For RFC, ground truth
data were collected through the reference of Google Earth high-resolution data. The classification accuracy was assessed using the Google Earth image as the reference dataset. Furthermore, RFC results were compared with NVDI greenness values. The classification accuracy was calculated using a confusion matrix (error matrix) through randomly selected 100 sample points. The overall accuracy of the land cover map was 85 percent, with a 96 percent accuracy for forest cover identification. The study found RFC as an effective method to isolate forest cover in Sri Lanka.

KeywordsSentinel-2, Random Forest Classifier, Land cover classification, Land cover mapping, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index.
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401304. Photogrammetry and remote sensing
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Byline AffiliationsUva Wellassa University, Sri Lanka
School of Surveying and Built Environment
Centre for Sustainable Agricultural Systems
University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka
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Perera, Kithsiri, Herath, Srikantha, Apan, Armando and Tateishi, Ryutaro. 2013. "Application of Modis data to assess the latest forest cover changes of Sri Lanka." Ogleby, Cliff (ed.) 22nd Annual Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Science Congress (ISPRS 2012): Imaging a Sustainable Future. Melbourne, Australia 25 Aug - 01 Sep 2012 Australia. Copernicus GmbH. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsannals-I-7-165-2012
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Pathirana, Sumith, Perera, Kithsiri and Hobeichi, Sanaa. 2015. "Impact of climate change on water resources in MENA countries: an assessment of temporal changes of land cover/land use and water resources using multi-temporal MODIS and Landsat data and GIS techniques." International Symposium on Remote Sensing (ISRS 2015). Tainan, Taiwan 22 - 24 Apr 2015
Detection of phenoxy herbicide dosage in cotton crops through the analysis of hyperspectral data
Suarez, L. A., Apan, Armando and Werth, J.. 2017. "Detection of phenoxy herbicide dosage in cotton crops through the analysis of hyperspectral data." International Journal of Remote Sensing. 38 (23), pp. 6528-6553. https://doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2017.1362128
Delineation of management zones using multiple crop yield data
Basnet, Badri, Kelly, Rob, Jensen, Troy, Strong, Wayne, Apan, Armando and Butler, David. 2003. "Delineation of management zones using multiple crop yield data." 16th Triennial Congress of the International Soil Tillage Research Organisation (ISTRO 2003). Brisbane, Australia 13 - 18 Jul 2003 Brisbane, Australia.
Correlating high resolution aerial imagery with wheat yield and protein content
Apan, A., Kelly, R., Jensen, T., Strong, W. and Butler, D.. 2004. "Correlating high resolution aerial imagery with wheat yield and protein content." Smith, Richard and Dawbin, Ken (ed.) 12th Australasian Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Conference (ARSPC 2004): To Measure is to Manage. Fremantle, Australia 18 - 22 Oct 2004 Adelaide, Australia.
Spectral discrimination and classification of sugarcane varieties using EO-1 hyperion hyperspectral imagery
Apan, Armando, Held, Alex, Phinn, Stuart and Markley, John. 2004. "Spectral discrimination and classification of sugarcane varieties using EO-1 hyperion hyperspectral imagery." 25th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing (ACRS 2004). Chiang Mai, Thailand 22 - 26 Nov 2004 China.
Application of aerial imagery to analyse on-farm trials
Basnet, B., Kelly, R., Jensen, T., Kane, T., Apan, A. and Butler, D.. 2002. "Application of aerial imagery to analyse on-farm trials." 11th Australasian Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Conference (ARSPC2002): Images to Information. Brisbane, Australia 02 - 06 Sep 2002 Australia.
Capturing of remotely sensed images to advance the use of yield maps and other spatial information to improve crop management and forecasting
Jensen, T., Apan, A., Young, F. and Zeller, L.. 2002. "Capturing of remotely sensed images to advance the use of yield maps and other spatial information to improve crop management and forecasting." 11th Australasian Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Conference (ARSPC2002): Images to Information. Brisbane, Australia 02 - 06 Sep 2002 Adelaide, Australia.
Spectral discrimination and separability analysis of agricultural crops and soil attributes using ASTER imagery
Apan, Armando, Kelly, Rob, Jensen, Troy, Butler, David, Strong, Wayne and Basnet, Badri. 2002. "Spectral discrimination and separability analysis of agricultural crops and soil attributes using ASTER imagery." 11th Australasian Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Conference (ARSPC2002): Images to Information. Brisbane, Australia 02 - 06 Sep 2002 Adelaide, Australia.
Quantifying landscape fragmentation in the Lockyer Valley Catchment, Queensland: 1973 – 1997
Apan, Armando A., Raine, Steven R. and Paterson, Mark S.. 2000. "Quantifying landscape fragmentation in the Lockyer Valley Catchment, Queensland: 1973 – 1997." AURISA 2000 Conference (AURISA 2000). Coolum, Australia 20 - 24 Nov 2000
Image analysis techniques for assessing landscape structural change: a case study of the Lockyer Valley Catchment, Queensland
Apan, Armando A., Raine, Steven R. and Paterson, Mark S.. 2000. "Image analysis techniques for assessing landscape structural change: a case study of the Lockyer Valley Catchment, Queensland." 10th Australasian Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Conference (ARSPC 2000). Adelaide, Australia 21 - 25 Aug 2000
Assisting mitigation of bushfire threat in regional Australia through MODIS imagery based media GIS
Perera, Kithsiri, Tateishi, Ryutaro and Herath, Srikantha. 2015. "Assisting mitigation of bushfire threat in regional Australia through MODIS imagery based media GIS." 23rd CEReS International Symposium, the 18th Symposium on Environment Remote Sensing, the 3rd Symposium on Microsatellites for Remote Sensing 2015. Chiba, Japan 01 - 02 Dec 2015 Chiba, Japan.
Vulnerability assessment and interdependency analysis of critical infrastructures for climate adaptation and flood mitigation
Espada Jr., Rodolfo, Apan, Armando and McDougall, Kevin. 2015. "Vulnerability assessment and interdependency analysis of critical infrastructures for climate adaptation and flood mitigation." International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment. 6 (3), pp. 313-346. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDRBE-02-2014-0019
MODIS data based semi-real time media GIS contents to support natural disaster mitigation
Perera, Kithsiri and Tateishi, Ryutaro. 2014. "MODIS data based semi-real time media GIS contents to support natural disaster mitigation." International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies. 1 (2).
Assessing land use of lower Mekong basin using multi-temporal MODIS imagery
Perera, Kithsiri, Herath, Srikantha and Tateishi, Ryutaro. 2014. "Assessing land use of lower Mekong basin using multi-temporal MODIS imagery." 57th Autumn Conference of the Remote Sensing Society of Japan (RSSJ 2014). Kyoto, Japan 06 - 07 Nov 2014 Tokyo, Japan.
Prioritising carbon sequestration areas in southern Queensland using time series MODIS net primary productivity (NPP) imagery
Apan, A., Suarez Cadavid, L. A., Richardson, L. and Maraseni, T.. 2014. "Prioritising carbon sequestration areas in southern Queensland using time series MODIS net primary productivity (NPP) imagery." Dadhwal, V. K., Seshasai, M. V. R., Hakeem, A., Diwakar, P. G. and Raju, P. L. N. (ed.) Technical Commission 8th Mid-Term Symposium (ISPRS 2014). Hyderabad, India 09 - 12 Dec 2014 Goettingen, Germany. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-8-549-2014
Spectral discrimination of bulloak (Allocasuarina luehmannii) and associated woodland for habitat mapping of the endangered bulloak jewel butterfly (Hypochrysops piceata) in southern Queensland
Zainol Abdullah, Wan Nor Zanariah, Apan, Armando A., Maraseni, Tek N. and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2014. "Spectral discrimination of bulloak (Allocasuarina luehmannii) and associated woodland for habitat mapping of the endangered bulloak jewel butterfly (Hypochrysops piceata) in southern Queensland." Journal of Applied Remote Sensing. 8 (1), pp. 083561-1. https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.8.083561
Spatial modelling of natural disaster risk reduction policies with Markov decision processes
Espada Jr., Rodolfo, Apan, Armando and McDougall, Kevin. 2014. "Spatial modelling of natural disaster risk reduction policies with Markov decision processes." Applied Geography. 53, pp. 284-298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.06.021
The impact of varying statutory arrangements on spatial data sharing and access in regional NRM bodies
Paudyal, D. R., McDougall, K. and Apan, A.. 2014. "The impact of varying statutory arrangements on spatial data sharing and access in regional NRM bodies." ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. II (8), pp. 193-197. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsannals-II-8-193-2014
Mapping Mekong River Basin land cover to support food production
Perera, Kithsiri, Herath, Srikantha and Tateishi, Ryutaro. 2013. "Mapping Mekong River Basin land cover to support food production." 55th Autumn Conference of the Remote Sensing Society of Japan. Fukushima, Japan 21 - 22 Nov 2013
Effects of spatial resolution on measurement of landscape function using the landscape leakiness calculator
Dunwoody, Ernest, Apan, Armando and Liu, Xiaoye. 2013. "Effects of spatial resolution on measurement of landscape function using the landscape leakiness calculator." Surveying and Spatial Sciences Conference (SSSC 2013): Collect, Connect, Capitalise. Canberra, Australia 17 - 19 Apr 2013 Canberra, Australia.
Application of MODIS data to assess the latest forest cover changes of Sri Lanka
Perera, Kithsiri. 2013. "Application of MODIS data to assess the latest forest cover changes of Sri Lanka." Asian Journal of Geoinformatics. 13 (1), pp. 1-8.
Developing spatial information sharing strategies across natural resource management communities
Paudyal, Dev Raj, McDougall, Kevin and Apan, Armando. 2013. "Developing spatial information sharing strategies across natural resource management communities." Onsrud, Harlan and Rajabifard, Abbas (ed.) Spatial Enablement in Support of Economic Development and Poverty Reduction: Research, Development and Education Perspectives. Needham, MA, USA. GSDI Association Press. pp. 141-168
Using spatial modelling to develop flood risk and climate adaptation capacity metrics for vulnerability assessments of urban community and critical water supply infrastructure
Espada Jr., Rodolfo, Apan, Armando and McDougall, Kevin. 2013. "Using spatial modelling to develop flood risk and climate adaptation capacity metrics for vulnerability assessments of urban community and critical water supply infrastructure." Featherstone, Jeffrey (ed.) 49th World Congress of the International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP 2013): Frontiers of Planning: Evolving and Declining Models of City Planning Practice. Brisbane, Australia 01 - 04 Oct 2013 Netherlands.
Adaptation and resilience in two flood-prone Queensland communities
King, David, Apan, Armando, Keogh, Diane and Thomas, Melanie. 2013. "Adaptation and resilience in two flood-prone Queensland communities." Boulter, Sarah, Palutikof, Jean, Karoly, David John and Guitart, Daniella (ed.) Natural disasters and adaptation to climate change. New York, NY. United States. Cambridge University Press. pp. 95-106
Using spatial modelling to develop flood risk and climate adaptation capacity metrics for assessing urban community and critical electricity infrastructure vulnerability
Espada Jr., R., Apan, A. and McDougall, K.. 2013. "Using spatial modelling to develop flood risk and climate adaptation capacity metrics for assessing urban community and critical electricity infrastructure vulnerability." Piantadosi, J., Anderssen, R. S. and Boland, J. (ed.) 20th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation (MODSIM2013). Adelaide, Australia 01 - 06 Dec 2013 Canberra, Australia. Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand .
Understanding the January 2011 Queensland flood: the role of geographic interdependency in flood risk assessment for urban community
Espada Jr., Rodolfo, Apan, Armando and McDougall, Kevin. 2013. "Understanding the January 2011 Queensland flood: the role of geographic interdependency in flood risk assessment for urban community." Australian and New Zealand Disaster and Emergency Management Conference (ANZDMC 2013): Earth: Fire and Rain. Brisbane, Australia 28 - 30 May 2013 Gold Coast, Australia.
Satellite data based semi-real time media contents to support natural disasters mitigation
Perera, Kithsiri and Tateishi, Ryutaro. 2013. "Satellite data based semi-real time media contents to support natural disasters mitigation." Australian and New Zealand Disaster and Emergency Management Conference (ANZDMC 2012): Earth: Fire and Rain. Brisbane, Australia 16 - 18 Apr 2012 Gold Coast, Australia.
Rice monitoring in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
Lam-Dao, Nguyen, Le-Toan, Thuy, Apan, Armando, Huth, Juliane and Hoang-Phi, Phung. 2013. "Rice monitoring in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam." 33rd Asian Conference on Remote Sensing (ACRS 2012): Aiming Smart Space Sensing. Pattaya, Thailand 26 - 30 Nov 2012 Tokyo, Japan.
Spatial modelling of adaptation strategies for urban built infrastructures exposed to flood hazards
Espada Jr., Rodolfo, Apan, Armando and McDougall, Kevin. 2012. "Spatial modelling of adaptation strategies for urban built infrastructures exposed to flood hazards." Queensland Surveying and Spatial Conference: The Future of Surveying and Spatial Science is Open (QSSC 2012). Brisbane, Australia 13 - 14 Sep 2012 Brisbane, Australia.
Fine-scale habitat modelling of wildlife species using spatial information tools
Zainol Zanariah, W. N., Apan, A., Le Brocque, A. F. and Maraseni, T. N.. 2012. "Fine-scale habitat modelling of wildlife species using spatial information tools." 2nd Malaysian Postgraduate Conference (MPC 2012). Gold Coast, Australia 07 - 09 Jul 2012 Sydney, Australia.
Exploring the application of volunteered geographic information to catchment management: a survey approach
Paudyal, D. R., McDougall, K. and Apan, A.. 2012. "Exploring the application of volunteered geographic information to catchment management: a survey approach." ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. I (4), pp. 275-280. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsannals-I-4-275-2012
Spatially enablement of NRM communities through spatial knowledge and information network development
Paudyal, Dev Raj, McDougall, Kevin and Apan, Armando. 2012. "Spatially enablement of NRM communities through spatial knowledge and information network development." Rajabifard, Abbas and Coleman, David (ed.) Spatially enabling government, industry and citizens: research and development perspectives. Needham, MA, United States. GSDI Association Press. pp. 81-102
Assessing spatial information access, use and sharing for catchment management in Australia
Paudyal, Dev Raj, McDougall, Kevin and Apan, Armando. 2011. "Assessing spatial information access, use and sharing for catchment management in Australia." Hock, Barbara (ed.) 2011 Surveying and Spatial Sciences Conference: Innovation in Action: Working Smarter (SSSC 2011). Wellington, New Zealand 21 - 25 Nov 2011 Rotorua, New Zealand.
Analysing the effect of drought on net primary productivity of tropical rainforests in Queensland using MODIS satellite imagery
Shiba, Sipho S.T. and Apan, Armando. 2011. "Analysing the effect of drought on net primary productivity of tropical rainforests in Queensland using MODIS satellite imagery." Hock, Barbara (ed.) 2011 Surveying and Spatial Sciences Conference: Innovation in Action: Working Smarter (SSSC 2011). Wellington, New Zealand 21 - 25 Nov 2011 Rotorua, New Zealand.
Phenological assessment of Darling River claypan lakes using satellite imagery
Perera, Kithsiri and Tateishi, Ryutaro. 2011. "Phenological assessment of Darling River claypan lakes using satellite imagery." Autumn Scientific Conference of the Japan Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (JSPRS 2011) . Oita, Japan 20 - 21 Oct 2011 Tokyo, Japan.
Standardizing Australian semi-urban land cover mapping through FAO land cover classification system
Perera, Kithsiri, Moore, David, Apan, Armando and McDougall, Kevin. 2011. "Standardizing Australian semi-urban land cover mapping through FAO land cover classification system." Hock, Barbara (ed.) 2011 Surveying and Spatial Sciences Conference: Innovation in Action: Working Smarter (SSSC 2011). Wellington, New Zealand 21 - 25 Nov 2011 Rotorua, New Zealand.
Evaluation of photo imaging methods for vegetation condition assessment
Apan, Armando, Baral, Govinda, Dunwoody, Ernest, Richardson, Lucy and McDougall, Kevin. 2011. "Evaluation of photo imaging methods for vegetation condition assessment." 2011 Surveying and Spatial Sciences Conference: Innovation in Action: Working Smarter (SSSC 2011). Wellington, New Zealand 21 - 25 Nov 2011 Adelaide, Australia.
Estimating winter crop area across seasons and regions using time-sequential MODIS imagery
Potgieter, Andries, Apan, Armando, Hammer, Graeme and Dunn, Peter. 2011. "Estimating winter crop area across seasons and regions using time-sequential MODIS imagery." International Journal of Remote Sensing. 32 (15), pp. 4281-4310. https://doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2010.486415
Identifying the spatial variability of soil constraints using multi-year remote sensing
Dang, Y. P., Pringle, M. J., Schmidt, M., Dalal, R. C. and Apan, A.. 2011. "Identifying the spatial variability of soil constraints using multi-year remote sensing." Field Crops Research. 123 (3), pp. 248-258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2011.05.021
Resilience, vulnerability and adaptive capacity of an inland rural town prone to flooding: a climate change adaptation case study of Charleville, Queensland, Australia
Keogh, Diane U., Apan, Armando, Mushtaq, Shahbaz, King, David and Thomas, Melanie. 2011. "Resilience, vulnerability and adaptive capacity of an inland rural town prone to flooding: a climate change adaptation case study of Charleville, Queensland, Australia." Natural Hazards. 59 (2), pp. 699-723. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-011-9791-y
Applying the global standard FAO LCCS to map land cover of rural Queensland
Perera, Kithsiri, Apan, Armando, McDougall, Kevin and Samarakoon, Lal. 2011. "Applying the global standard FAO LCCS to map land cover of rural Queensland." Asian Journal of Geoinformatics. 11 (3).
The use of an unmanned aerial vehicle as a remote sensing platform in agriculture
Jensen, T. A., Zeller, L. C. and Apan, A. A.. 2011. "The use of an unmanned aerial vehicle as a remote sensing platform in agriculture." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 8 (2), pp. 139-146.
The regional economic impacts of introducing dual function forestry into an agricultural landscape
Cockfield, Geoff, Chalmers, Linden, Apan, Armando and Thompson, David. 2011. "The regional economic impacts of introducing dual function forestry into an agricultural landscape." Australasian Journal of Regional Studies. 17 (2), pp. 146-173.
The 2008 floods in Queensland: a case study of vulnerability, resilience and adaptive capacity
Apan, Armando, Keogh, Diane, King, David, Thomas, Melanie, Mushtaq, Shahbaz and Baddiley, Peter. 2010. The 2008 floods in Queensland: a case study of vulnerability, resilience and adaptive capacity. Gold Coast, Australia. National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF).
Discrimination of remnant tree species and regeneration stages in Queensland, Australia using hyperspectral imagery
Apan, Armando, Phinn, Stuart and Maraseni, Tek. 2009. "Discrimination of remnant tree species and regeneration stages in Queensland, Australia using hyperspectral imagery." Luo, Bin (ed.) WHISPERS 2009: Evolution in Remote Sensing. Grenoble, France 26 - 28 Aug 2009 Piscataway, NJ. United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/WHISPERS.2009.5288981
Effects of changing rice cultural practices on C-band synthetic aperture radar backscatter using Envisat advanced synthetic aperture radar data in the Mekong River Delta
Lam-Dao, Nguyen, Le-Toan, Thuy, Apan, Armando, Bouvet, Alexandre, Young, Frank R. and Le-Van, Trung. 2009. "Effects of changing rice cultural practices on C-band synthetic aperture radar backscatter using Envisat advanced synthetic aperture radar data in the Mekong River Delta." Journal of Applied Remote Sensing. 3 (1), pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1117/1.3271046
Analysing biomass fluctuations in Mitchell grassland, Australia, in wet and dry rainy months using MODIS data
Perera, Kithsiri and Apan, Armando. 2009. "Analysing biomass fluctuations in Mitchell grassland, Australia, in wet and dry rainy months using MODIS data." Ostendorf, Bertram, Baldock, Penny, Bruce, David, Burdett, Michael and Corcoran, Paul (ed.) 2009 Surveying and Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial International Conference (SSC 2009): Spatial Diversity. Adelaide, Australia 28 Sep - 02 Oct 2009 Adelaide, Australia.
Experiment for mapping land cover and it’s change in southeastern Sri Lanka utilizing 250 m resolution MODIS imageries
Perera, Kithsiri and Tsuchiya, Kiyoshi. 2009. "Experiment for mapping land cover and it’s change in southeastern Sri Lanka utilizing 250 m resolution MODIS imageries." Advances in Space Research. 43 (9), pp. 1349-1355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2008.12.016
Degree of site suitability measurement in a GIS: the effect of standardisation method
Basnet, B. B. and Apan, A. A.. 2007. "Degree of site suitability measurement in a GIS: the effect of standardisation method." Oxley, Les and Kulasiri, Don (ed.) 17th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation (MODSIM07). Christchurch, New Zealand 10 - 13 Dec 2007 Australia. Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand .
Selecting sites suitable for animal waste application using a raster GIS
Basnet, Badri Bahadur, Apan, Armando and Raine, Steven R.. 2001. "Selecting sites suitable for animal waste application using a raster GIS." Environmental Management (New York): an international journal for decision-makers, scientists and environmental auditors. 28 (4), pp. 519-531. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002670010241
Analysis of spacing for spotted gum plantations for maximising merchantable logs' volume in South East Queensland, Australia
Maraseni, Tek Narayan, Cockfield, Geoff and Apan, Armando. 2007. "Analysis of spacing for spotted gum plantations for maximising merchantable logs' volume in South East Queensland, Australia." Harrison, Steve, Herbohn, John and Bosch, Annerine (ed.) IUFRO 3.08 Conference: Improving The Triple Bottom Line Returns From Small-scale Forestry. Ormoc City, The Philippines 17 - 21 Jun 2007 Queensland, Australia.
Mapping and analysis of changes in the riparian landscape structure of the Lockyer Valley Catchment, Queensland, Australia
Apan, Armando, Raine, Steven R. and Paterson, Mark. 2002. "Mapping and analysis of changes in the riparian landscape structure of the Lockyer Valley Catchment, Queensland, Australia." Landscape and Urban Planning. 59 (1), pp. 43-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(01)00246-8
Spatial prioritisation of revegetation sites for dryland salinity management: an analytical framework using GIS
Apan, Armando, Raine, Steven R., Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Cockfield, Geoff. 2004. "Spatial prioritisation of revegetation sites for dryland salinity management: an analytical framework using GIS." Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 47 (6), pp. 811-825. https://doi.org/10.1080/0964056042000284848
Detecting sugarcane 'orange rust' disease using EO-1 Hyperion hyperspectral imagery
Apan, Armando, Held, Alex, Phinn, Stuart and Markley, John. 2004. "Detecting sugarcane 'orange rust' disease using EO-1 Hyperion hyperspectral imagery." International Journal of Remote Sensing. 25 (2), pp. 489-498. https://doi.org/10.1080/01431160310001618031
Mapping and spatio-temporal analysis of flooded and inundated areas in the Lower Balonne floodplain, Queensland, Australia
Apan, Armando and Sternes, Phil. 2006. "Mapping and spatio-temporal analysis of flooded and inundated areas in the Lower Balonne floodplain, Queensland, Australia." WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development. 2 (4), pp. 360-367.
Analysis of spacing for spotted gum plantations for maximizing merchantable logs' volume in Southeast Queensland, Australia
Maraseni, Tek N., Cockfield, Geoff and Apan, Armando. 2011. "Analysis of spacing for spotted gum plantations for maximizing merchantable logs' volume in Southeast Queensland, Australia." Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 30 (7), pp. 619-636. https://doi.org/10.1080/10549811.2010.550548
Spatial data infrastructure convergence: building spatial data infrastructure bridges to address climate change
Paudyal, Dev Raj, McDougall, Kevin and Apan, Armando. 2011. "Spatial data infrastructure convergence: building spatial data infrastructure bridges to address climate change." Joshi, P. K. and Singh, T. P. (ed.) Geoinformatics for climate change studies. New Delhi, India. TERI Press. pp. 377-392
Can offsets really compensate for habitat removal? The case of the endangered red-tailed black-cockatoo
Maron, Martine, Dunn, Peter K., McAlpine, Clive A. and Apan, Armando. 2010. "Can offsets really compensate for habitat removal? The case of the endangered red-tailed black-cockatoo." Journal of Applied Ecology. 47 (2), pp. 348-355. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01787.x
Early-season crop area estimates for winter crops in NE Australia using MODIS satellite imagery
Potgieter, A. B., Apan, A., Hammer, G. and Dunn, P.. 2010. "Early-season crop area estimates for winter crops in NE Australia using MODIS satellite imagery." ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. 65 (4), pp. 380-387. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2010.04.004
Resilience, vulnerability and adaptive capacity of an inland rural town prone to flooding: a climate change adaptation case study of Charleville, Queensland, Australia
Keogh, D., Apan, A. and Mushtaq, S.. 2010. "Resilience, vulnerability and adaptive capacity of an inland rural town prone to flooding: a climate change adaptation case study of Charleville, Queensland, Australia." Climate Adaptation Futures: Preparing for the Unavoidable Impacts of Climate Change (2010). Gold Coast, Australia 29 Jun - 01 Jul 2010 Brisbane, Australia.
Production of semi real time media-GIS contents using MODIS imagery
Perera, Kithsiri. 2010. "Production of semi real time media-GIS contents using MODIS imagery." Queensland Surveying and Spatial Conference 2010 (QSSC 2010). Brisbane, Australia 01 - 03 Sep 2010 Brisbane, Australia.
Resilience to climate change impacts: a review of flood mitigation policy in Queensland, Australia
Thomas, Melanie, King, David, Keogh, Diane U., Apan, Armando and Mushtaq, Shahbaz. 2011. "Resilience to climate change impacts: a review of flood mitigation policy in Queensland, Australia." The Australian Journal of Emergency Management. 26 (1), pp. 8-17.
A regional collaborative network to improve spatial information sharing in Australia
Paudyal, Dev Raj, McDougall, Kevin and Apan, Armando. 2010. "A regional collaborative network to improve spatial information sharing in Australia." 12th Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Association World Conference (GSDI 12). Singapore 19 - 22 Oct 2010 Melbourne, Australia.
Applying the global standard FAO LCCS to map rural Queensland land cover
Perera, Kithsiri, Moore, David, Apan, Armando and McDougall, Kevin. 2010. "Applying the global standard FAO LCCS to map rural Queensland land cover." Queensland Surveying and Spatial Conference 2010 (QSSC 2010). Brisbane, Australia 01 - 03 Sep 2010 Brisbane, Australia.
Mapping Mekong land cover at 250m resolution without in situ observations
Perera, Kithsiri, Herath, Srikantha, Apan, Armando and Samarakoon, Lal. 2010. "Mapping Mekong land cover at 250m resolution without in situ observations." Asian Journal of Geoinformatics. 10 (4), pp. 31-41.
Application of Modis 250m images without in situ observations for mapping Mekong River Basin land cover
Perera, Kithsiri, Herath, Srikantha, Apan, Armando and Samarakoon, Lal. 2010. "Application of Modis 250m images without in situ observations for mapping Mekong River Basin land cover." Kajiwara, Koji, Muramatsu, Kanako, Soyama, Noriko, Endo, Takahiro, Ono, Akiko and Akatsuka, Shin (ed.) ISPRS Technical Commission VIII Symposium (ISPRS 2010): Networking the World with Remote Sensing. Kyoto, Japan 09 - 12 Aug 2010 London, United Kingdom.
Mapping Queensland land cover according to FAO LCCS using multi-source spatial data
Perera, Kithsiri, Moore, David, Tateishi, Ryutaro, Apan, Armando and McDougall, Kevin. 2010. "Mapping Queensland land cover according to FAO LCCS using multi-source spatial data." Kajiwara, Koji, Muramatsu, Kanako, Soyama, Noriko, Endo, Takahiro, Ono, Akiko and Akatsuka, Shin (ed.) ISPRS Technical Commission VIII Symposium (ISPRS 2010): Networking the World with Remote Sensing. Kyoto, Japan 09 - 12 Aug 2010 London, United Kingdom.
Mapping habitat of threatened reptiles in Western Downs, Queensland: a spatial modelling approach using 'presence-only' occurrence data
Apan, Armando, Phinn, Stuart, McAlpine, Clive and Kath, Jarrod. 2010. "Mapping habitat of threatened reptiles in Western Downs, Queensland: a spatial modelling approach using 'presence-only' occurrence data." Queensland Surveying and Spatial Conference 2010 (QSSC 2010). Brisbane, Australia 01 - 03 Sep 2010 Brisbane, Australia.
Prospects for regional sustainability: land use change in the eastern Darling Downs, 1975-2001
Zammit, Charlie, Apan, Armando, Cockfield, Geoff, Le Brocque, Andrew F. and Bouldin, Michelle. 2002. "Prospects for regional sustainability: land use change in the eastern Darling Downs, 1975-2001." 11th Australasian Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Conference (ARSPC2002): Images to Information. Brisbane, Australia 02 - 06 Sep 2002
Formulation and assessment of narrow-band vegetation indices from EO-1 hyperion imagery for discriminating sugarcane disease
Apan, Armando, Held, Alex, Phinn, Stuart and Markley, John. 2003. "Formulation and assessment of narrow-band vegetation indices from EO-1 hyperion imagery for discriminating sugarcane disease." 2003 Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial Conference: Spatial Knowledge Without Boundaries (SSC2003). Canberra, Australia 22 - 27 Sep 2003 Canberra, Australia.
Relating satellite imagery with grain protein content
Basnet, Badri Bahadur, Apan, Armando, Kelly, Rob, Jensen, Troy, Strong, Wayne and Butler, David. 2003. "Relating satellite imagery with grain protein content." 2003 Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial Conference: Spatial Knowledge Without Boundaries (SSC2003). Canberra, Australia 22 - 27 Sep 2003 Canberra, Australia.
Tsunami disaster of Sri Lanka, its uniqueness, affect, and some damage mitigation possibilities
Perera, L. Kithsiri. 2005. "Tsunami disaster of Sri Lanka, its uniqueness, affect, and some damage mitigation possibilities." Asian Journal of Geoinformatics. 5 (3), pp. 112-118.
Leyte disaster, background and some clues to upgrade disaster mitigation plans
Perera, L. Kithsiri and Furuya, Takahiko. 2006. "Leyte disaster, background and some clues to upgrade disaster mitigation plans." Asian Journal of Geoinformatics. 6 (2), pp. 23-28.
The role of MODIS data in visualizing flood disaster information for mass media
Perera, L. Kithsiri and Pathirana, Assela. 2006. "The role of MODIS data in visualizing flood disaster information for mass media." Asian Journal of Geoinformatics. 6 (3).
Grain crop attributes detected using digital imagery acquired from a low-altitude helium balloon
Jensen, T., Apan, A., Young, F. and Zeller, L.. 2005. "Grain crop attributes detected using digital imagery acquired from a low-altitude helium balloon." Stafford, John V. (ed.) 5th European Conference on Precision Agriculture. Uppsala, Sweden 09 - 12 Jun 2005 Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Hyperspectral remote sensing (special feature)
Apan, Armando and Phinn, Stuart. 2006. "Hyperspectral remote sensing (special feature)." Journal of Spatial Science. 52 (2), pp. 47-48.
Assessing the relationship between shire winter crop yield and seasonal variability of the MODIS NDVI and EVI images
Fontana, Denise C., Potgieter, Andries B. and Apan, Armando. 2007. "Assessing the relationship between shire winter crop yield and seasonal variability of the MODIS NDVI and EVI images." Applied Geographic Information Systems (GIS). 3 (7), pp. 1-16.
Hyperspectral remote sensing of remnant tree species and regeneration stages in the Darling Downs region of Queensland, Australia
Apan, Armando, Phinn, Stuart and Maraseni, Tek Narayan. 2008. "Hyperspectral remote sensing of remnant tree species and regeneration stages in the Darling Downs region of Queensland, Australia." 14th Australasian Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Conference Incorporating the North Australian Remote Sensing and GIS Conference. Darwin, Australia 29 Sep - 03 Oct 2008 Australia.
Use of airborne hyperspectral imagery to determine quality of sorghum crops
Wells, Natasha, Kelly, Rob, Phinn, Stuart, Apan, Armando, Jensen, Troy, Cooper, John and Strong, Wayne. 2004. "Use of airborne hyperspectral imagery to determine quality of sorghum crops." 12th Australasian Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Conference (ARSPC 2004): To Measure is to Manage. Fremantle, Australia 18 - 22 Oct 2004 Adelaide, South Australia.
Detecting tsunami damage from satellite data in Sri Lanka
Perera, Kithsiri and Herath, Srikantha. 2005. "Detecting tsunami damage from satellite data in Sri Lanka." Asian Journal of Geoinformatics. 5 (2), pp. 38-44.
Rice crop mapping using radar imagery: comparison of classification accuracy of different Envisat ASAR modes and classifiers
Lam-Dao, Nguyen, Apan, Armando, Le-Toan, Thuy, Bouvet, Alexandre, Young, Frank and Le-Van, Trung. 2009. "Rice crop mapping using radar imagery: comparison of classification accuracy of different Envisat ASAR modes and classifiers." Ostendorf, Bertram, Baldock, Penny, Bruce, David, Burdett, Michael and Corcoran, Paul (ed.) 2009 Surveying and Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial International Conference (SSC 2009): Spatial Diversity. Adelaide, Australia 28 Sep - 02 Oct 2009 Adelaide, Australia.
Simulating spatial variability of cereal yields from historical yield maps and satellite imagery
Dang, Y. P., Apan, Armando, Dalal, R. C., Darr, Shawn Geoffrey, Schmidt, M. and Pringle, M.. 2009. "Simulating spatial variability of cereal yields from historical yield maps and satellite imagery." Ostendorf, Bertram, Baldock, Penny, Bruce, David, Burdett, Michael and Corcoran, Paul (ed.) 2009 Surveying and Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial International Conference (SSC 2009): Spatial Diversity. Adelaide, Australia 28 Sep - 02 Oct 2009 Adelaide, Australia.
Crop maturity mapping using a low-cost low-altitude remote sensing system
Jensen, Troy, Apan, Armando and Zeller, Les. 2009. "Crop maturity mapping using a low-cost low-altitude remote sensing system." Ostendorf, Bertram, Baldock, Penny, Bruce, David, Burdett, Michael and Corcoran, Paul (ed.) 2009 Surveying and Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial International Conference (SSC 2009): Spatial Diversity. Adelaide, Australia 28 Sep - 02 Oct 2009 Adelaide, Australia.
Characterising land ownership patterns in a salt-affected catchment: key implications for revegetation
Apan, Armando, Raine, Steven R., Cockfield, Geoff and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2003. "Characterising land ownership patterns in a salt-affected catchment: key implications for revegetation." 2003 Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial Conference: Spatial Knowledge Without Boundaries (SSC2003). Canberra, Australia 22 - 27 Sep 2003 Canberra, Australia.
Spatial data infrastructure for catchment management: a case study of Condamine Catchment, Australia
Paudyal, Dev Raj, McDougall, Kevin and Apan, Armando. 2009. "Spatial data infrastructure for catchment management: a case study of Condamine Catchment, Australia." Indian Cartographer. 28, pp. 439-444.
Comparison of soil carbon in scrubland, cropping land, pasture land and spotted gum land in low rainfall area of Southeast Queensland
Maraseni, Tek Narayan, Mathers, Nicole, Cockfield, Geoff, Apan, Armando and Harms, Ben. 2006. "Comparison of soil carbon in scrubland, cropping land, pasture land and spotted gum land in low rainfall area of Southeast Queensland." World Resource Review. 18 (3), pp. 412-412.
Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) mission, sensor and image characteristics
Perera, Kithsiri. 2009. "Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) mission, sensor and image characteristics." Imagery Products and Applications of Moderate and Hyperspectral Remote Sensing 2009. Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 04 - 06 Nov 2009 Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Quantifying biomass fluctuations in Mitchell grassland, Queensland, using multi-temporal MODIS data
Perera, Kithsiri and Tateishi, Ryutaro. 2009. "Quantifying biomass fluctuations in Mitchell grassland, Queensland, using multi-temporal MODIS data." 47th Autumn Conference of the Remote Sensing Society of Japan. Nagoya, Japan 26 - 27 Nov 2009 Nagoya, Japan.
Analysing sex ratio variables in Nepal
Maraseni, Tek Narayan, Cockfield, Geoff, Nooriafshar, Mehryar and Apan, Armando. 2006. "Analysing sex ratio variables in Nepal." Burge, Andrew (ed.) 5th Annual Hawaii International Conference on Statistics, Mathematics and Related Fields. Honolulu, Hawaii 16 - 18 Jan 2006 Hawaii, USA.
The use of a UAV as a remote sensing platform in agriculture
Jensen, Troy, Apan, Armando and Zeller, Leslie. 2009. "The use of a UAV as a remote sensing platform in agriculture." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 16 Sep 2009 Brisbane, Australia.
Building SDI bridges for catchment management
Paudyal, Dev Raj, McDougall, Kevin and Apan, Armando. 2009. "Building SDI bridges for catchment management." van Loenen, B., Besemer, J. W. J. and Zevenbergen, J. A. (ed.) SDI convergence: research, emerging trends, and critical assessment. Delft, Netherlands. Netherlands Geodetic Commission. pp. 265-279
Accounting approaches for valuing forest non-market carbon, soil and medicinal outputs changes in developing countries
Maraseni, Tek Narayan, Cockfield, Geoff and Apan, Armando. 2009. "Accounting approaches for valuing forest non-market carbon, soil and medicinal outputs changes in developing countries." Austrian Journal of Forest Science. 126 (1-2), pp. 77-99.
Predictive mapping of blackberry in the Condamine Catchment using logistic regression and spatial analysis
Apan, Armando, Wells, N., Reardon-Smith, Kathryn, Richardson, L., McDougall, Kevin and Basnet, Badri Bahadur. 2008. "Predictive mapping of blackberry in the Condamine Catchment using logistic regression and spatial analysis." McDougall, Kevin (ed.) Queensland Spatial Conference 2008. Surfers Paradise, Australia 17 - 19 Jul 2008 Brisbane, Australia.
Comparing and predicting soil carbon quantities under different land use systems on the red ferrosol soils of southeast Queensland
Maraseni, Tek Narayan, Mathers, Nicole J., Harms, Ben, Cockfield, Geoff, Apan, Armando and Maroulis, Jerry. 2008. "Comparing and predicting soil carbon quantities under different land use systems on the red ferrosol soils of southeast Queensland." Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. 63 (4), pp. 250-256. https://doi.org/10.2489/jswc.63.4.250
Digital elevation model accuracy requirements for catchment management
McDougall, Kevin, Liu, Xiaoye, Basnet, Badri Bahadur and Apan, Armando. 2008. "Digital elevation model accuracy requirements for catchment management." McDougall, Kevin (ed.) Queensland Spatial Conference 2008. Surfers Paradise, Australia 17 - 19 Jul 2008 Brisbane, Australia.
Evaluation of current DEM accuracy for Condamine Catchment
McDougall, Kevin, Liu, Xiaoye, Basnet, Badri Bahadur and Apan, Armando. 2008. "Evaluation of current DEM accuracy for Condamine Catchment." Li, Deren, Ge, Yong and Foody, Giles M. (ed.) Accuracy in geomatics. Liverpool, England. World Academic Union.
Estimation of taper rates and volume of smaller-sized logs in spotted gum saw timber plantations in Southeast Queensland, Australia
Maraseni, T. N., Cockfield, G. and Apan, A.. 2007. "Estimation of taper rates and volume of smaller-sized logs in spotted gum saw timber plantations in Southeast Queensland, Australia." Southern Forests: a journal of forest science. 69 (3), pp. 169-173. https://doi.org/10.2989/SHFJ.2007.69.3.6.356
Rice monitoring using ENVISAT-ASAR data: preliminary results of a case study in the Mekong River Delta, Vietnam
Lam-Dao, Nguyen, Apan, Armando, Young, Frank R., Le-Van, Trung, Le-Toan, Thuy and Bouvet, Alexandre. 2007. "Rice monitoring using ENVISAT-ASAR data: preliminary results of a case study in the Mekong River Delta, Vietnam." 28th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing (ACRS 2007). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 12 - 16 Nov 2007 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.
Future scenarios for endangered species habitat in an intensifying agricultural landscape
Apan, Armando, Maron, Martine and Dunn, Peter. 2007. "Future scenarios for endangered species habitat in an intensifying agricultural landscape." ESA 2007: Adapting to Change. Perth, Australia 25 - 30 Nov 2007 Perth, Australia. Ecological Society of Australia.
Detecting the attributes of a wheat crop using digital 3D imagery acquired from a low-altitude platform
Jensen, T., Apan, A., Young, F. and Zeller, L.. 2007. "Detecting the attributes of a wheat crop using digital 3D imagery acquired from a low-altitude platform." Computers and Electronics in Agriculture. 59 (1-2), pp. 66-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2007.05.004
Continent-scale pattern in temporal dynamics of avian assemblages
Apan, Armando, Maron, Martine and Dunn, Peter K.. 2007. "Continent-scale pattern in temporal dynamics of avian assemblages." Bunce, R., Jongman, Rob, Hojas, L. and Weel, S. (ed.) IALE 2007: 25 Years Landscape Ecology: Scientific Principles in Practice. Wageningen, Netherlands 08 - 12 Jul 2007 Wageningen, Netherlands.
Quantifying hail damage for crop loss assessment: techniques using remote sensing and geographic information systems
Chandler, Owen, Apan, Armando, Pullinger, Rod and Bullen, Ken. 2003. "Quantifying hail damage for crop loss assessment: techniques using remote sensing and geographic information systems." 11th Australasian Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Conference (ARSPC2002): Images to Information. Brisbane, Australia 02 - 06 Sep 2002 Adelaide, Australia.
Valuing ecosystem services from forests: a multidisplinary field-based approach
Maraseni, Tek Narayan, Cockfield, Geoff and Apan, Armando. 2005. "Valuing ecosystem services from forests: a multidisplinary field-based approach." IUFRO World Congress: Forests in the Balance: Linking Tradition and Technology (2005). Brisbane, Australia 08 - 13 Aug 2005
Estimation of shrub biomass: development and evaluation of allometric models leading to innovative teaching methods
Maraseni, Tek Narayan, Cockfield, Geoff, Apan, Armando and Mathers, Nicole. 2005. "Estimation of shrub biomass: development and evaluation of allometric models leading to innovative teaching methods." International Journal of Business and Management Education.
A comparison of greenhouse gas emissions from inputs into farm enterprises in Southeast Queensland, Australia
Maraseni, Tek N., Cockfield, Geoff and Apan, Armando. 2007. "A comparison of greenhouse gas emissions from inputs into farm enterprises in Southeast Queensland, Australia." Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A: Toxic Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering. 42 (1), pp. 11-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/10934520601015354
Distance, multimedia and web delivery in surveying and GIS courses at the University Of Southern Queensland
McDougall, Kevin, Apan, Armando, Wolski, Ivan and Young, Frank R.. 2001. "Distance, multimedia and web delivery in surveying and GIS courses at the University Of Southern Queensland." Higgins, Matthew (ed.) 42nd Australian Surveyors Congress 2001: A Spatial Odyessy. Brisbane, Australia 25 - 28 Sep 2001 Brisbane, Australia.
Estimating crop area using seasonal time series of Enhanced Vegetation Index from MODIS satellite imagery
Potgieter, Andries B., Apan, Armando, Dunn, Peter K. and Hammer, Graeme L.. 2007. "Estimating crop area using seasonal time series of Enhanced Vegetation Index from MODIS satellite imagery." Crop and Pasture Science. 58 (4), pp. 316-325. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR06279
Detection of sclerotinia rot disease on celery using hyperspectral data and partial least squares regression
Huang, J-F. and Apan, Armando. 2006. "Detection of sclerotinia rot disease on celery using hyperspectral data and partial least squares regression." Journal of Spatial Science. 51 (2), pp. 129-142.
Quantifying changes in the spatial pattern and extent of flooded-inundated areas using imagery and landscape metrics
Apan, Armando and Sternes, Phil. 2006. "Quantifying changes in the spatial pattern and extent of flooded-inundated areas using imagery and landscape metrics." Markatos, N., Stamou, A., Helmis, C., Rigas, F., Dasenakis, M., Zouboulis, A. I., Hatzopoulou, A. and Georgi, J. (ed.) 2006 IASME/WSEAS International Conference on Energy, Environment, Ecosystems and Sustainable Development (EEESD'06). Athens, Greece 11 - 13 Jul 2006 Athens.
Nepalese non-timber forest products: an analysis of the equitability of profit distribution across a supply chain to India
Maraseni, Tek Narayan, Shivakoti, Ganesh P., Cockfield, Geoff and Apan, Armando. 2006. "Nepalese non-timber forest products: an analysis of the equitability of profit distribution across a supply chain to India." Small-Scale Forestry. 5 (2), pp. 191-206.
Assessing grain crop attributes using digital imagery acquired from a low-altitude remote controlled aircraft
Jensen, Troy, Apan, Armando, Young, Frank R., Zeller, Leslie Charles and Cleminson, Ken. 2003. "Assessing grain crop attributes using digital imagery acquired from a low-altitude remote controlled aircraft." 2003 Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial Conference: Spatial Knowledge Without Boundaries (SSC2003). Canberra, Australia 22 - 27 Sep 2003 Canberra, Australia.
Predicting grain protein content in wheat using hyperspectral sensing of in-season crop canopies and partial least squares regression
Apan, Armando, Kelly, Rob, Phinn, Stuart, Strong, Wayne, Lester, David, Butler, David and Robson, Andrew. 2006. "Predicting grain protein content in wheat using hyperspectral sensing of in-season crop canopies and partial least squares regression." International Journal of Geoinformatics. 2 (1), pp. 93-108.
Operational infrastructure for quality distance and online geospatial programs
McDougall, K., Young, F. R. and Apan, A.. 2003. "Operational infrastructure for quality distance and online geospatial programs." Cartography. 32 (1), pp. 25-38. https://doi.org/10.1080/00690805.2003.9714232
Crop hail damage: insurance loss assessment using remote sensing
Young, Frank R., Apan, Armando and Chandler, Owen. 2004. "Crop hail damage: insurance loss assessment using remote sensing." Annual Conference of the Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society (2004). Aberdeen, United Kingdom 07 - 10 Sep 2004 London, UK.
Mapping olive varieties and within-field spatial variability using high resolution QuickBird imagery
Apan, Armando, Young, Frank R., Phinn, Stuart, Held, Alex and Favier, Jason. 2004. "Mapping olive varieties and within-field spatial variability using high resolution QuickBird imagery." 12th Australasian Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Conference (ARSPC 2004): To Measure is to Manage. Fremantle, Australia 18 - 22 Oct 2004 Australia.
Community based forest management systems in developing countries and eligibility for clean development mechanism
Maraseni, Tek Narayan, Cockfield, Geoff and Apan, Armando. 2005. "Community based forest management systems in developing countries and eligibility for clean development mechanism." Journal of Forest and Livelihood. 4 (2), pp. 31-42.
Assessing the relationship between shire winter crop yield and multi-temporal MODIS NDVI and EVI images
Fontana, Denise C., Potgieter, Andries B. and Apan, Armando. 2005. "Assessing the relationship between shire winter crop yield and multi-temporal MODIS NDVI and EVI images." Bellman, Chris, Cartwright, William and Shortis, Mark (ed.) 2005 Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial Conference: Spatial Intelligence, Innovation and Praxis (SSC2005). Melbourne, Australia 12 - 16 Sep 2005 Melbourne, Australia.
Spying on the winter wheat crop - generating objective planted area and crop production estimates using MODIS imagery
Potgieter, Andries B., Apan, Armando, Hammer, Graeme L. and Dunn, Peter K.. 2005. "Spying on the winter wheat crop - generating objective planted area and crop production estimates using MODIS imagery." Bellman, Chris, Cartwright, William and Shortis, Mark (ed.) 2005 Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial Conference: Spatial Intelligence, Innovation and Praxis (SSC2005). Melbourne, Australia 12 - 16 Sep 2005
Detection of pests and diseases in vegetable crops using hyperspectral sensing: a comparison of reflectance data for different sets of symptoms
Apan, Armando, Datt, B. and Kelly, Rob. 2005. "Detection of pests and diseases in vegetable crops using hyperspectral sensing: a comparison of reflectance data for different sets of symptoms." Bellman, Chris, Cartwright, William and Shortis, Mark (ed.) 2005 Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial Conference: Spatial Intelligence, Innovation and Praxis (SSC2005). Melbourne, Australia 12 - 16 Sep 2005 Melbourne, Australia.
Opportunities and limitations of remote sensing for crop loss (hail damage) assessment in the insurance industry
Apan, Armando, Chandler, Owen, Young, Frank R. and Maraseni, Tek Narayan. 2005. "Opportunities and limitations of remote sensing for crop loss (hail damage) assessment in the insurance industry." Bellman, Chris, Cartwright, William and Shortis, Mark (ed.) 2005 Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial Conference: Spatial Intelligence, Innovation and Praxis (SSC2005). Melbourne, Australia 12 - 16 Sep 2005 Melbourne, Australia.
Assessment of hail damage to crops using satellite imagery and hand held hyperspectral data
Chandler, Owen, Young, Frank R. and Apan, Armando. 2004. "Assessment of hail damage to crops using satellite imagery and hand held hyperspectral data." 12th Australasian Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Conference (ARSPC 2004): To Measure is to Manage. Fremantle, Australia 18 - 22 Oct 2004 Fremantle, Australia.
Probing tropical deforestation: The use of GIS and statistical analysis of georeferenced data
Apan, Armando A. and Peterson, James A.. 1998. "Probing tropical deforestation: The use of GIS and statistical analysis of georeferenced data." Applied Geography. 18 (2), pp. 137-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0143-6228(98)00004-6
Land cover mapping for tropical forest rehabilitation planning using remotely-sensed data
Apan, A. A.. 1997. "Land cover mapping for tropical forest rehabilitation planning using remotely-sensed data." International Journal of Remote Sensing. 18 (5), pp. 1029-1049. https://doi.org/10.1080/014311697218557
Creating a global 4-minute grid land cover dataset
Tateishi, R., Wen, C. and Perera, L. Kithsiri. 1997. "Creating a global 4-minute grid land cover dataset." Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. 36 (4), pp. 62-74. https://doi.org/10.4287/jsprs.36.4_62
Tropical landscape characterization and analysis for forest rehabilitation planning using satellite data and GIS
Apan, Armando A.. 1996. "Tropical landscape characterization and analysis for forest rehabilitation planning using satellite data and GIS." Landscape and Urban Planning. 34 (1), pp. 45-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-2046(95)00201-4
Land suitability assessment by GIS for paddy cultivation in Sri Lanka. With a concern on environmental protection
Perera, L. Kithsiri, Kajiwara, Koji and Tateishi, Ryutaro. 1993. "Land suitability assessment by GIS for paddy cultivation in Sri Lanka. With a concern on environmental protection." IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS '93). Tokyo, Japan 18 - 21 Aug 1993 Piscataway, United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.1993.322346
Land Suitability Assessment for Reforestation in Southern Sri Lanka
Perera, L. Kithsiri, Kajiwara, K. and Tateishi, R.. 1993. "Land Suitability Assessment for Reforestation in Southern Sri Lanka." Journal of the Japan Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. 32 (5), pp. 4-12. https://doi.org/10.4287/jsprs.32.5_4
Vegetation Distribution Obtained from Landsat MSS Data in Central Southern Sri Lanka
Perera, L. Kithsiri, Tsuchiya, K. and Toyota, H.. 1992. "Vegetation Distribution Obtained from Landsat MSS Data in Central Southern Sri Lanka." Journal of Geography. 101 (4), pp. 7-10. https://doi.org/10.5026/jgeography.101.4_Plate7
Identification of Forest Cover Changes by Landsat MSS Data and Environmental Effects of Such Changes in Central South Sri Lanka
Perera, Kithsiri, Tsuchiya, Kiyoshi and Toyota, Hiromichi. 1992. "Identification of Forest Cover Changes by Landsat MSS Data and Environmental Effects of Such Changes in Central South Sri Lanka." Journal of Geography. 101 (4), pp. 307-318. https://doi.org/10.5026/jgeography.101.4_307
Geographic information system based manure application plan
Raine, Steven R., Basnet, Badri B. and Apan, Armando A.. 2002. "Geographic information system based manure application plan." Journal of Environmental Management. 64 (2), pp. 99-113. https://doi.org/10.1006/jema.2001.0484