Integrated breeding approaches to enhance the nutritional quality of food legumes

Article


Jha, Rintu, Yadav, Hemant Kumar, Raiya, Rahul, Singh, Rajesh Kumar, Jha, Uday Chand, Sathee, Lekshmy, Singh, Prashant, Thudi, Mahendar, Singh, Anshuman, Chaturvedi, Sushil Kumar and Tripathi, Shailesh. 2022. "Integrated breeding approaches to enhance the nutritional quality of food legumes." Frontiers in Plant Science. 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.984700
Article Title

Integrated breeding approaches to enhance the nutritional quality of food legumes

ERA Journal ID200524
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsJha, Rintu, Yadav, Hemant Kumar, Raiya, Rahul, Singh, Rajesh Kumar, Jha, Uday Chand, Sathee, Lekshmy, Singh, Prashant, Thudi, Mahendar, Singh, Anshuman, Chaturvedi, Sushil Kumar and Tripathi, Shailesh
Journal TitleFrontiers in Plant Science
Journal Citation13
Article Number984700
Number of Pages19
Year2022
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN1664-462X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.984700
Web Address (URL)https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2022.984700/full
Abstract

Global food security, both in terms of quantity and quality remains as a challenge with the increasing population. In parallel, micronutrient deficiency in the human diet leads to malnutrition and several health-related problems collectively known as “hidden hunger” more prominent in developing countries around the globe. Biofortification is a potential tool to fortify grain legumes with micronutrients to mitigate the food and nutritional security of the ever-increasing population. Anti-nutritional factors like phytates, raffinose (RFO’s), oxalates, tannin, etc. have adverse effects on human health upon consumption. Reduction of the anti-nutritional factors or preventing their accumulation offers opportunity for enhancing the intake of legumes in diet besides increasing the bioavailability of micronutrients. Integrated breeding methods are routinely being used to exploit the available genetic variability for micronutrients through modern “omic” technologies such as genomics, transcriptomics, ionomics, and metabolomics for developing biofortified grain legumes. Molecular mechanism of Fe/Zn uptake, phytate, and raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs) biosynthesis pathways have been elucidated. Transgenic, microRNAs and genome editing tools hold great promise for designing nutrient-dense and anti-nutrient-free grain legumes. In this review, we present the recent efforts toward manipulation of genes/QTLs regulating biofortification and Anti-nutrient accumulation in legumes using genetics-, genomics-, microRNA-, and genome editing-based approaches. We also discuss the success stories in legumes enrichment and recent advances in development of low Anti-nutrient lines. We hope that these emerging tools and techniques will expedite the efforts to develop micronutrient dense legume crop varieties devoid of Anti-nutritional factors that will serve to address the challenges like malnutrition and hidden hunger.

Keywordslegumes; micronutrients; hidden hunger; anti-nutritional factors; biofortification
Byline AffiliationsBanaras Hindu University, India
Indian Agricultural Research Institute, India
Indian Institute of Pulses Research, India
Centre for Crop Health
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, India
Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Rani Lakshmi Bai Central Agricultural University, India
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