Phenotypic profiling of lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) accessions enabled identification of promising lines for use in breeding for high yield, early flowering and desirable traits

Article


Naik, Yogesh Dashrath, Sharma, Vinay Kumar, Ask, Muraleedhar Sidaram, Rangari, Sagar Krushnaji, Kumar, Raj, Dikshit, Harsh Kumar, Sangita, Sahani, Kant, Ravi, Mishra, Gyan, Mir, Reyazul Rouf, Kudapa, Himabindu, Elango, Dinakaran, Zwart, Rebecca S., Varshney, Rajeev Kumar and Thudi, Mahendar. 2024. "Phenotypic profiling of lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) accessions enabled identification of promising lines for use in breeding for high yield, early flowering and desirable traits ." Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization. 22 (2), pp. 69-77. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1479262124000042
Article Title

Phenotypic profiling of lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) accessions enabled identification of promising lines for use in breeding for high yield, early flowering and desirable traits

ERA Journal ID5365
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsNaik, Yogesh Dashrath, Sharma, Vinay Kumar, Ask, Muraleedhar Sidaram, Rangari, Sagar Krushnaji, Kumar, Raj, Dikshit, Harsh Kumar, Sangita, Sahani, Kant, Ravi, Mishra, Gyan, Mir, Reyazul Rouf, Kudapa, Himabindu, Elango, Dinakaran, Zwart, Rebecca S., Varshney, Rajeev Kumar and Thudi, Mahendar
Journal TitlePlant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization
Journal Citation22 (2), pp. 69-77
Number of Pages9
Year2024
PublisherCambridge University Press
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0952-3863
1479-2621
1479-263X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1017/S1479262124000042
Web Address (URL)https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/plant-genetic-resources/article/phenotypic-profiling-of-lentil-lens-culinaris-medikus-accessions-enabled-identification-of-promising-lines-for-use-in-breeding-for-high-yield-early-flowering-and-desirable-traits/54601881518ADA545844EE742002270A
AbstractIn the face of climate change, developing resilient crops is crucial for global food security in the 21st century to feed a growing population. Lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) plays a vital role in ensuring global food and nutritional security. Traits like early flowering enable the crop to mature faster, thereby shortening the growing window and reducing yield losses caused by moisture and heat stresses during the reproductive phase. However, issues like limited genetic diversity in this trait remain unaddressed. To address this gap, our study aims to comprehensively assess genetic variability and trait associations in 158 lentil accessions. In the present study, we observed significant variations for days to 50% flowering (67–90 days), days to maturity (109–122 days) and 100 seed weight (1.69–2.68 g) throughout a period of two consecutive years (2020–2021 and 2021–2022). The observed variability in these traits offers a valuable avenue for the improvement of lentil yield through targeted selection and hybridization. Additionally, correlation analysis showed negative correlation between days to 50% flowering and grain yield per plant, while plant height had a significant (P < 0.01) positive correlation with all traits except yield per plant. Furthermore, we identified specific germplasm with exceptional traits that hold significant potential for future breeding programmes. The genotypes EC 223197-A and EC 267696 were identified for early flowering with high yield, and other genotypes that were identified for various traits would serve as breeding material for the introgression of these traits into elite cultivars.
Keywordsdiversity; early flowering; heat and drought stresses; trait-specific germplasm; lentil
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300409. Crop and pasture protection (incl. pests, diseases and weeds)
Byline AffiliationsDr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, India
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), India
Indian Council of Agricultural Research-Indian Institute of Pulses Research (IIPR), India
Indian Agricultural Research Institute, India
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology (SKUAST), India
Iowa State University, United States
Centre for Crop Health
Murdoch University
Dr. Fort Valley State University, United States
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