Genome-wide association mapping of seed oligosaccharides in chickpea

Article


Elango, Dinakaran, Wang, Wanyan, Thudi, Mahender, Sebastiar, Sheelamary, Ramadoss, Bharathi Raja and Varshney, Rajeev K.. 2022. "Genome-wide association mapping of seed oligosaccharides in chickpea." Frontiers in Plant Science. 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.1024543
Article Title

Genome-wide association mapping of seed oligosaccharides in chickpea

ERA Journal ID200524
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsElango, Dinakaran, Wang, Wanyan, Thudi, Mahender, Sebastiar, Sheelamary, Ramadoss, Bharathi Raja and Varshney, Rajeev K.
Journal TitleFrontiers in Plant Science
Journal Citation13
Article Number1024543
Number of Pages13
Year2022
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN1664-462X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.1024543
Web Address (URL)https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2022.1024543/full
Abstract

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is one of the major pulse crops, rich in protein, and widely consumed all over the world. Most legumes, including chickpeas, possess noticeable amounts of raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs) in their seeds. RFOs are seed oligosaccharides abundant in nature, which are non-digestible by humans and animals and cause flatulence and severe abdominal discomforts. So, this study aims to identify genetic factors associated with seed oligosaccharides in chickpea using the mini-core panel. We have quantified the RFOs (raffinose and stachyose), ciceritol, and sucrose contents in chickpea using high-performance liquid chromatography. A wide range of variations for the seed oligosaccharides was observed between the accessions: 0.16 to 15.13 mg g-1 raffinose, 2.77 to 59.43 mg g-1 stachyose, 4.36 to 90.65 mg g-1 ciceritol, and 3.57 to 54.12 mg g-1 for sucrose. Kabuli types showed desirable sugar profiles with high sucrose, whereas desi types had high concentrations RFOs. In total, 48 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified for all the targeted sugar types, and nine genes (Ca_06204, Ca_04353, and Ca_20828: Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; Ca_17399 and Ca_22050: Remorin proteins; Ca_11152: Protein-serine/threonine phosphatase; Ca_10185, Ca_14209, and Ca_27229: UDP-glucose dehydrogenase) were identified as potential candidate genes for sugar metabolism and transport in chickpea. The accessions with low RFOs and high sucrose contents may be utilized in breeding specialty chickpeas. The identified candidate genes could be exploited in marker-assisted breeding, genomic selection, and genetic engineering to improve the sugar profiles in legumes and other crop species.

Keywordsspecialty chickpeas; anti-nutritional factors (ANF); flatus potentia; marker trait associations,; prebiotics; raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs)
Byline AffiliationsIowa State University, United States
Pennsylvania State University, United States
Centre for Crop Health
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, India
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India
Indian Council of Agricultural Research, India
Agriculture and Agri-Food, Canada
Murdoch University
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