Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) based COVID-19 health impact assessment: A systematic review

Article


Gebeyehu, Daniel Teshome, East, Leah, Wark, Stuart and Islam, Md Shahidul. 2023. "Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) based COVID-19 health impact assessment: A systematic review." BMC Public Health. 23. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-15239-0
Article Title

Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) based COVID-19 health impact assessment: A systematic review

ERA Journal ID13449
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsGebeyehu, Daniel Teshome, East, Leah, Wark, Stuart and Islam, Md Shahidul
Journal TitleBMC Public Health
Journal Citation23
Article Number334
Number of Pages13
Year2023
PublisherBioMed Central Ltd.
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1471-2458
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-15239-0
Web Address (URL)https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-023-15239-0
Abstract

Background
The emergence of COVID-19 has resulted in health, socio-economic, and political crises. The overall health impact of this disease can be measured by disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) which is the sum of the life years lost due to disability (YLDs) and the years life lost due to premature death (YLLs). The overarching objective of this systematic review was to identify the health burdens of COVID-19 and summarise the literature that can aid health regulators to make evidence-based decisions on COVID-19 mitigation strategies.

Methods
This systematic review was conducted using the PRISMA 2020 guidelines. DALYs-based primary studies were collected from databases, manual searches, and included studies’ references. The primary studies published in English language, conducted since the emergence of COVID-19, and using DALYs or its subsets (years life lost due to disability and/or years life lost due to premature death) as health impact metrics, were the inclusion criteria. The combined disability and mortality health impact of COVID-19 was measured in DALYs. The risk of bias due to literature selection, identification, and reporting processes was assessed using the Joanna Bridges Institute critical appraisal tool for cross-sectional studies, and the certainty of evidence was assessed using the GRADE Pro tool.

Result
Of the 1459 identified studies, twelve of them were eligible for inclusion in the review. The years life lost due to COVID-19 related mortality was dominant over the years life lost due to COVID-19 related disability (disability times from the onset of COVID-19 to recovery, from diseases occurrence to mortality, and the long-term consequences of COVID-19) in all included studies. The long-term consequence disability time and the pre-death disability time were not assessed by most of the reviewed articles.

Conclusion
The impact of COVID-19 on both the length and quality of life has been substantial and has been causing considerable health crises worldwide. The health burden of COVID-19 was greater than other infectious diseases. Further studies focussing on issues examining increasing preparedness for future pandemics, public sensitization, and multi-sectorial integration are recommended.

KeywordsDisability-adjusted life years; COVID-19; health impact assessment
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020429999. Other health sciences not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of New England
Wollo University, Ethiopia
School of Nursing and Midwifery
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