Global Diversity and Distribution of Rhizosphere and Root-Associated Fungi in Coastal Wetlands: A Systematic Review

Article


Lumibao, Candice Y., Harris, Georgia and Birnbaum, Christina. 2024. "Global Diversity and Distribution of Rhizosphere and Root-Associated Fungi in Coastal Wetlands: A Systematic Review." Estuaries and Coasts. 47 (4), pp. 905-916. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12237-024-01343-w
Article Title

Global Diversity and Distribution of Rhizosphere and Root-Associated Fungi in Coastal Wetlands: A Systematic Review

ERA Journal ID34586
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsLumibao, Candice Y., Harris, Georgia and Birnbaum, Christina
Journal TitleEstuaries and Coasts
Journal Citation47 (4), pp. 905-916
Number of Pages12
Year2024
PublisherSpringer
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1559-2723
1559-2731
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12237-024-01343-w
Web Address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12237-024-01343-w
Abstract

Coastal wetlands have been long recognized for their importance to biodiversity and many biogeochemical processes including carbon sequestration; however, our understanding of plant-microbe interactions that govern many processes in these ecosystems remains elusive. Fungal communities are known to play critical roles in coastal wetlands, particularly due to their close relationships with plants, yet, systematic understanding of their distributional patterns and the factors shaping these patterns in natural coastal wetland environments has been rarely assessed. We synthesized existing published literature from fifty-one studies spanning 60 years to examine global fungal distributional patterns in coastal wetlands, draw linkages between fungi, the plant communities, and their environment, and identify gaps in fungal research and suggest future research directions. We focused on studies that reported root-associated fungi and fungi from the plant rhizosphere (i.e., soil surrounding roots) in coastal dunes, intertidal flats, salt marshes, and tidal wetlands. Our synthesis has revealed that (1) 203 fungal species were reported from salt marshes, 59 fungal species from coastal dunes, 32 from tidal wetlands, and ten from intertidal flats; (2) rhizosphere fungal communities were more species-rich and reported more often for all ecosystems except in salt marshes; and (3) nineteen different fungal guilds, which are predominantly arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. We conclude that more research is needed to better understand root-associated fungal diversity in less studied ecosystems reviewed here. We have identified knowledge gaps in reported data and outlined suggestions to facilitate future plant-fungal research in these declining, but important, coastal ecosystems.

KeywordsRhizosphere and endosphere fungi ; Coastal ecosystems; Global patterns ; Synthesis
Article Publishing Charge (APC) FundingResearcher
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020310304. Freshwater ecology
310305. Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology)
310703. Microbial ecology
Byline AffiliationsTexas A&M University, United States
School of Agriculture and Environmental Science
Centre for Crop Health
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