Needleless electrospinning of uniform nanofibers using spiral coil spinnerets

Article


Wang, Xin, Niu, Haitao, Wang, Xungai and Lin, Tong. 2012. "Needleless electrospinning of uniform nanofibers using spiral coil spinnerets." Journal of Nanomaterials. 2012, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/785920
Article Title

Needleless electrospinning of uniform nanofibers using spiral coil spinnerets

ERA Journal ID201083
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsWang, Xin (Author), Niu, Haitao (Author), Wang, Xungai (Author) and Lin, Tong (Author)
Journal TitleJournal of Nanomaterials
Journal Citation2012, pp. 1-9
Number of Pages9
Year2012
Place of PublicationNew York, NY. United States
ISSN1687-4110
1687-4129
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/785920
Abstract

Polyvinyl alcohol nanofibers were prepared by a needleless electrospinning technique using a rotating spiral wire coil as spinneret. The influences of coil dimension (e.g., coil length, coil diameter, spiral distance, and wire diameter) and operating parameters (e.g., applied voltage and spinning distance) on electrospinning process, nanofiber diameter, and fiber productivity were examined. It was found that the coil dimension had a considerable influence on the nanofiber production rate, but minor effect on the fiber diameter. The fiber production rate increased with the increased coil length or coil diameter, or the reduced spiral distance or wire diameter. Higher applied voltage or shorter collecting distance also improved the fiber production rate but had little influence on the fiber diameter. Compared with the conventional needle electrospinning, the coil electrospinning produced finer fibers with a narrower diameter distribution. A finite element method was used to analyze the electric field on the coil surface and in electrospinning zone. It was revealed that the high electric field intensity was concentrated on the coil surface, and the intensity was highly dependent on the coil dimension, which can be used to explain the electrospinning performances of coils. In addition, PAN nanofibers were prepared using the same needleless electrospinning technique to verify the improvement in productivity.

Keywordsapplied voltages; coil dimensions; diameter distributions; electrospinning process; electrospinning techniques; fiber diameters; fiber production; fiber productivity; high electric fields; operating parameters; production rates; spinning distance; spiral coils; wire diameter; wire-coils
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020340306. Polymerisation mechanisms
401413. Textile technology
401805. Nanofabrication, growth and self assembly
Public Notes

Copyright © 2012 Xin Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Byline AffiliationsWuhan University of Science and Engineering, China
Deakin University
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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