Teaching for transfer in EAP: hugging and bridging revisited

Article


Green, Jonathan H.. 2015. "Teaching for transfer in EAP: hugging and bridging revisited." English for Specific Purposes. 37, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esp.2014.06.003
Article Title

Teaching for transfer in EAP: hugging and bridging revisited

ERA Journal ID20435
Article CategoryArticle
Authors
AuthorGreen, Jonathan H.
Journal TitleEnglish for Specific Purposes
Journal Citation37, pp. 1-12
Number of Pages12
Year2015
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0889-4906
1873-1937
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esp.2014.06.003
Web Address (URL)http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0889490614000398
Abstract

While transfer of learning is an explicit goal of EAP, this end is sometimes neglected. To foster transfer, Salomon and Perkins (1989) advocated ‘hugging’ – creating learning experiences that are similar to the target applications – and ‘bridging’ – promoting more abstract conceptual associations between the initial learning and its ultimate implementation. Although these strategies have enjoyed currency in general education, they merit further attention in EAP. This study (N = 39) revisited the hugging–bridging framework to explore the relationship between EAP instructors' methods and transfer of learning to the disciplines in an undergraduate programme in Thailand. Data from a self-report questionnaire indicated a significant moderate relationship between students' perceptions of both EAP instructors' combined hugging and bridging methods and of transfer of writing skills to the disciplines; however, the methods accounted for only 12% of the variance in the transfer. While the findings support the development of instructional strategies to foster transfer of learning, recommendations are also made for further studies that examine the validity of the theory in relation to sociocultural factors, and for the development of a general model that takes into account both instructional and ecological factors, so that EAP may attend more fully to its purposes.

Keywordstransfer of learning; higher education; english for academic purposes
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520102. Educational psychology
390108. LOTE, ESL and TESOL curriculum and pedagogy
470401. Applied linguistics and educational linguistics
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Byline AffiliationsMahidol University, Thailand
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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