Plant-wide model-based analysis of iron dosage strategies for chemical phosphorus removal in wastewater treatment systems

Article


Kazadi Mbamba, C., Lindblom, E., Flores-Alsina, X., Tait, S., Anderson, S., Saagi, R., Batstone, D. J., Gernaey, K. V. and Jeppsson, U.. 2019. "Plant-wide model-based analysis of iron dosage strategies for chemical phosphorus removal in wastewater treatment systems." Water Research. 155, pp. 12-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2019.01.048
Article Title

Plant-wide model-based analysis of iron dosage strategies for chemical phosphorus removal in wastewater treatment systems

ERA Journal ID4694
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsKazadi Mbamba, C. (Author), Lindblom, E. (Author), Flores-Alsina, X. (Author), Tait, S. (Author), Anderson, S. (Author), Saagi, R. (Author), Batstone, D. J. (Author), Gernaey, K. V. (Author) and Jeppsson, U. (Author)
Journal TitleWater Research
Journal Citation155, pp. 12-25
Number of Pages14
Year2019
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0043-1354
1879-2448
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2019.01.048
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0043135419301046?via%3Dihub
Abstract

Stringent phosphorus discharge standards (i.e. 0.15–0.3 g P.m−3) in the Baltic area will compel wastewater treatment practice to augment enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) with chemical precipitation using metal salts. This study examines control of iron chemical dosing for phosphorus removal under dynamic loading conditions to optimize operational aspects of a membrane biological reactor (MBR) pilot plant. An upgraded version of the Benchmark Simulation Model No. 2 (BSM2) with an improved physico-chemical framework (PCF) is used to develop a plant-wide model for the pilot plant. The PCF consists of an equilibrium approach describing ion speciation and pairing, kinetic minerals precipitation (such as hydrous ferric oxides (HFO) and FePO4) as well as adsorption and co-precipitation. Model performance is assessed against data sets from the pilot plant, evaluating the capability to describe water and sludge lines across the treatment process under steady-state operation. Simulated phosphorus differed as little as 5–10% (relative) from measured phosphorus, indicating that the model was representative of reality. The study also shows that environmental factors such as pH, as well operating conditions such as Fe/P molar ratios (1, 1.5 and 2), influence the concentration of dissolved phosphate in the effluent. The time constant of simultaneous precipitation in the calibrated model, due to a step change decrease/increase in FeSO4 dosage, was found to be roughly 5 days, indicating a slow dynamic response due to a multi-step process involving dissolution, oxidation, precipitation, aging, adsorption and co-precipitation. The persistence effect of accumulated iron-precipitates (HFO particulates) in the activated sludge seemed important for phosphorus removal, and therefore solids retention time plays a crucial role according to the model. The aerobic tank was deemed to be the most suitable dosing location for FeSO4 addition, due to high dissolved oxygen levels and good mixing conditions. Finally, dynamic model-based analyses show the benefits of using automatic control when dosing chemicals.

Keywordsiron, membrane bioreactors, phosphorus removal, chemical precipitation, plant-wide model, wastewater treatment
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401102. Environmentally sustainable engineering
Public Notes

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Byline AffiliationsRISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Sweden
Lund University, Sweden
Technical University of Denmark, Denmark
Centre for Agricultural Engineering
Stockholm Vatten, Sweden
University of Queensland
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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