Psychological health of medical and dental students in Saudi Arabia: a longitudinal study

Article


Aboalshamat, Khalid, Hou, Xiang-Yu and Strodl, Esben. 2014. "Psychological health of medical and dental students in Saudi Arabia: a longitudinal study." Public Health Research. 4 (5), pp. 179-184. https://doi.org/10.5923/j.phr.20140405.05
Article Title

Psychological health of medical and dental students in Saudi Arabia: a longitudinal study

ERA Journal ID211270
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsAboalshamat, Khalid (Author), Hou, Xiang-Yu (Author) and Strodl, Esben (Author)
Journal TitlePublic Health Research
Journal Citation4 (5), pp. 179-184
Number of Pages6
Year2014
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN2167-7247
2167-7263
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.5923/j.phr.20140405.05
Abstract

Introduction: Many studies have indicated the poor psychological health of medical and dental students. However, few studies have assessed the longitudinal trajectory of that psychological health at different times in an academic year. Aim: To evaluate the positive and negative aspects of psychological health among preclinical medical and dental students in Saudi Arabia prospectively. Methods: A total of 317 preclinical medical and dental students were recruited for a longitudinal study design from second and third-year students at Umm Al-Qura University in the 2012-2013 academic year. The students were assessed at the middle of the first term and followed up after 3-monthes at the beginning of the second term. Questionnaires included assessment of depression, anxiety, stress, self-efficacy, and satisfaction with life. Results: Depression, anxiety, stress, and satisfaction with life were improved significantly at the beginning of the second term, whereas self-efficacy did not change significantly. The medical, female, and third-year student subgroups had the most significant changes. Depression and stress were significantly changed at the beginning of the second term in most demographic subgroups. Conclusion: Preclinical medical and dental students have different psychological health levels at different times of the same academic year. It is recommended to consider time of data collection when analyzing the results of such studies.

Keywordspsychological health, university students, Saudi Arabia, Longitudinal Study
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420201. Behavioural epidemiology
420210. Social epidemiology
Byline AffiliationsQueensland University of Technology
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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