Anaerobic digestion and biogas potential: simulation of lab and industrial-scale processes

Article


Hamawand, Ihsan and Baillie, Craig. 2015. "Anaerobic digestion and biogas potential: simulation of lab and industrial-scale processes." Energies. 8 (1), pp. 454-474. https://doi.org/10.3390/en8010454
Article Title

Anaerobic digestion and biogas potential: simulation of lab and industrial-scale processes

ERA Journal ID123161
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsHamawand, Ihsan (Author) and Baillie, Craig (Author)
Journal TitleEnergies
Journal Citation8 (1), pp. 454-474
Number of Pages21
Year2015
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationBasel, Switzerland
ISSN1996-1073
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/en8010454
Web Address (URL)http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/8/1/454
Abstract

In this study, simulation was carried out using BioWin to test the capability of the software in predicting biogas potential for two different anaerobic systems. The two scenarios included; 1) a laboratory scale batch reactor and 2) an industrial scale anaerobic continuous lagoon digester. Measured data relating to operating conditions, reactor design parameters, and chemical properties of influent wastewater were entered into BioWin. A sensitivity analysis was carried out to identify the sensitivity of the most important default parameters in the software's models. BioWin was then calibrated by matching the predicted data with measured data and used to simulate other parameters which were unmeasured or deemed uncertain. In addition, statistical analyses were carried out using evaluation indices such as coefficient of determination (R-squared), correlation coefficient (r) and its significance (P value), general standard deviation (SD) and Willmott index of agreement to evaluate the agreement between the software prediction and the measured data. The results have shown that after calibration, BioWin can be used reliably to simulating both small scale batch reactors and industrial scale digesters with an absolute relative error less than 10% and very good indexes' values. Also, by changing the default parameters in BioWin, which is a way of calibrating the models in the software as well, it may provide information about the performance of the digester. Furthermore, the results of this study showed there may be an over estimation for biogas generated from industrial scale digesters. More sophisticated analytical devices may be required for reliable measurements of biogas quality and quantity.

Keywordswastewater; anaerobic digestion; biogas; BioWin; meat industry; simulation
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400403. Chemical engineering design
400402. Chemical and thermal processes in energy and combustion
400410. Wastewater treatment processes
Public Notes

This publication is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for the purposes of study, research, or review, but is subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source. Made available through Creative Commons Attribution License.

Byline AffiliationsNational Centre for Engineering in Agriculture
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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Hamawand, Ihsan. 2013. "Drying steps under superheated steam: a review and modeling." Energy and Environment Research. 3 (2), pp. 107-125. https://doi.org/10.5539/eer.v3n2p107
A case study for biogas generation from covered anaerobic ponds treating abattoir wastewater: investigation of pond performance and potential biogas production
McCabe, Bernadette K., Hamawand, Ihsan, Harris, Peter, Baillie, Craig and Yusaf, Talal. 2014. "A case study for biogas generation from covered anaerobic ponds treating abattoir wastewater: investigation of pond performance and potential biogas production." Applied Energy. 114, pp. 798-808. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.10.020
Development of EnergyCalc - a tool to assess cotton on-farm energy uses
Chen, Guangnan and Baillie, Craig. 2007. Development of EnergyCalc - a tool to assess cotton on-farm energy uses. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Opportunities to enhance energy efficiency and minimise greenhouse gases in Queensland's intensive agricultural sector
Chen, Guangnan, Kupke, Paul and Baillie, Craig. 2008. Opportunities to enhance energy efficiency and minimise greenhouse gases in Queensland's intensive agricultural sector. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Energy and carbon accounting case study on Keytah (NEC0901)
Baillie, Craig. 2009. Energy and carbon accounting case study on Keytah (NEC0901) . Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Within block spatial variation in CCS: another potentially important consideration in the application of precision agriculture to sugarcane production
Bramley, R. G. V., Panitz, J. H., Jensen, T. A. and Baillie, C. P.. 2012. "Within block spatial variation in CCS: another potentially important consideration in the application of precision agriculture to sugarcane production." Bruce, R. C. (ed.) 34th Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ASSCT 2012). Palm Cove, Australia 01 - 04 May 2012 Mackay, Australia.
An assessment of sugarcane yield monitoring concepts and techniques from commercial yield monitoring systems
Jensen, T. A., Baillie, C., Bramley, R. G. V. and Panitz, J. H.. 2012. "An assessment of sugarcane yield monitoring concepts and techniques from commercial yield monitoring systems." Bruce, R. C. (ed.) 34th Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ASSCT 2012). Palm Cove, Australia 01 - 04 May 2012 Mackay, Australia.
Sustainable biomass supply chain for the Mallee woody crop industry
Schmidt, Erik, Giles, Rick, Davis, Rod, Baillie, Craig, Jensen, Troy, Sandell, Gary and Norris, Chris. 2012. Sustainable biomass supply chain for the Mallee woody crop industry. Canberra, Australia. Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation.
Preliminary evaluation of shape and colour image sensing for automated weed identification in sugarcane
McCarthy, Cheryl, Rees, Steven and Baillie, Craig. 2012. "Preliminary evaluation of shape and colour image sensing for automated weed identification in sugarcane." Bruce, R. C. (ed.) 34th Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ASSCT 2012). Palm Cove, Australia 01 - 04 May 2012 Australia.
Opportunities for reducing on-farm energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in sugarcane
Baillie, Craig and Chen, Guangnan. 2012. "Opportunities for reducing on-farm energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in sugarcane." Bruce, R. C. (ed.) 34th Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ASSCT 2012). Palm Cove, Australia 01 - 04 May 2012 Mackay, Australia.
Review of precision irrigation technologies and their application
Smith, R. J., Baillie, J. N., McCarthy, A. C., Raine, S. R. and Baillie, C. P.. 2010. Review of precision irrigation technologies and their application. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Opportunities for reducing on-farm energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in sugarcane
Baillie, Craig and Chen, Guangnan. 2012. "Opportunities for reducing on-farm energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in sugarcane." International Sugar Journal: a technical and commercial periodical devoted entirely to the sugar and sweetener industry. 114 (1366), pp. 725-730.
Potential technologies to measure sugarcane quality in the field
Nawi, Nazmi Mat, Chen, Guangnan, Jensen, Troy and Baillie, Craig. 2012. "Potential technologies to measure sugarcane quality in the field." 2012 International Conference of Agricultural Engineering (CIGR-AgEng 2012). Valencia, Spain 08 - 12 Jul 2012 Valencia, Spain.
Prediction of sugar content along the height of sugarcane internodes using VisNIR
Nawi, Nazmi Mat, Chen, Guangnan, Jensen, Troy and Baillie, Craig. 2012. "Prediction of sugar content along the height of sugarcane internodes using VisNIR." 2012 International Conference of Agricultural Engineering (CIGR-AgEng 2012). Valencia, Spain 08 - 12 Jul 2012 Valencia, Spain.
Development and evaluation of a prototype precision spot spray system using image analysis to target guinea grass in sugarcane
Rees, S. J., McCarthy, C. L., Baillie, C. P., Burgos-Artizzu, X. P. and Dunn, M. T.. 2011. "Development and evaluation of a prototype precision spot spray system using image analysis to target guinea grass in sugarcane." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 8 (2), pp. 97-106.
Monitoring the performance of covered anaerobic ponds in the treatment of abattoir waste
McCabe, B. K., Pittaway, P., Baillie, C. and Harris, P.. 2011. "Monitoring the performance of covered anaerobic ponds in the treatment of abattoir waste." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
Transferring technology of measuring sugarcane quality from the laboratory to the field: what is possible?
Nawi, Nazmi Mat, Chen, Guangnan, Jensen, Troy and Baillie, Craig. 2011. "Transferring technology of measuring sugarcane quality from the laboratory to the field: what is possible?" Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
The application of spectroscopic methods to predict sugarcane quality based on stalk cross-sectional scanning
Nawi, Nazmi Mat, Jensen, Troy, Chen, Guangnan and Baillie, Craig. 2011. "The application of spectroscopic methods to predict sugarcane quality based on stalk cross-sectional scanning." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
Energy, greenhouse gas emissions and irrigated agriculture
Baillie, C. P. and Chen, G.. 2011. "Energy, greenhouse gas emissions and irrigated agriculture." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
Strategies for maximising sugarcane yield with limited water - improving irrigation system performance and crop response
Baillie, Craig Peter. 2008. Strategies for maximising sugarcane yield with limited water - improving irrigation system performance and crop response. Saarbrucken, Germany. VDM Verlag Dr. Muller.
Assessing various techniques to monitor yield in sugarcane
Jensen, T. A., Fokkema, B. and Baillie, C.. 2011. "Assessing various techniques to monitor yield in sugarcane ." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
Energy uses for cotton ginning in Australia
Ismail, Siti A., Chen, Guangnan, Baillie, Craig and Symes, Troy. 2011. "Energy uses for cotton ginning in Australia." Biosystems Engineering. 109 (2), pp. 140-147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2011.02.010
Machine vision-based weed spot spraying: a review and where next for sugarcane?
McCarthy, Cheryl, Rees, Steven and Baillie, Craig. 2010. "Machine vision-based weed spot spraying: a review and where next for sugarcane?" Bruce, R. C. (ed.) 32nd Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ASSCT 2010). Bundaberg, Australia 11 - 14 May 2010 Australia.
Energy usage for cotton ginning in Australia
Ismail, S. A., Chen, G., Baillie, C. and Symes, T.. 2010. "Energy usage for cotton ginning in Australia." 17th World Congress of the International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (CIGR 2010): Sustainable Biosystems Through Engineering. Quebec City, Canada 13 - 17 Jun 2010 Quebec City, Canada.
Precision agriculture technologies - relevance and application to sugarcane production
Davis, R. J., Baillie, Craig and Schmidt, Erik. 2009. "Precision agriculture technologies - relevance and application to sugarcane production." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 16 Sep 2009 Brisbane, Australia.
Managing direct energy use now and in the future
Baillie, Craig Peter and Pyke, Bruce. 2010. "Managing direct energy use now and in the future." 15th Australian Cotton Conference: Fashioning the Future. Broadbeach, Qld, Australia 10 - 12 Aug 2010 Narrabri, NSW, Australia.
Assessment of sugarcane yield monitoring technology for precision agriculture
Jensen, T., Baillie, C., Bramley, R., Di Bella, L., Whiteing, C. and Davis, R.. 2010. "Assessment of sugarcane yield monitoring technology for precision agriculture." Bruce, R. C. (ed.) 32nd Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ASSCT 2010). Bundaberg, Australia 11 - 14 May 2010 Brisbane, Australia.
Energy and greenhouse gas emissions of Australian cotton: from field to fabric
Khabbaz, Borzoo Ghareei, Chen, Guangnan and Baillie, Craig. 2010. "Energy and greenhouse gas emissions of Australian cotton: from field to fabric." 17th World Congress of the International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (CIGR 2010): Sustainable Biosystems Through Engineering. Quebec City, Canada 13 - 17 Jun 2010 Quebec, Canada.
Evaluation of energy usage for cotton ginning processes
Ismail, Siti Amni, Chen, Guangnan, Baillie, Craig and Symes, Troy. 2009. "Evaluation of energy usage for cotton ginning processes." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 16 Sep 2009 Brisbane, Queensland.
Agricultural applications: energy uses and audits
Chen, Guangnan and Baillie, Craig. 2009. "Agricultural applications: energy uses and audits." Capehart, Barney L. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Energy Engineering and Technology. London, United Kingdom. Taylor & Francis. pp. 1-5
Development of a prototype precision spot spray system using image analysis and plant identification technology
Rees, Steven, McCarthy, Cheryl, Artizzu, X. P. B., Baillie, Craig and Dunn, Mark. 2009. "Development of a prototype precision spot spray system using image analysis and plant identification technology." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 16 Sep 2009 Brisbane, Australia.
A methodology for on farm energy assessment
Baillie, Craig Peter and Chen, Guangnan. 2009. "A methodology for on farm energy assessment." 2009 RIRDC Life Cycle Assessment Workshop. Canberra, Australia 13 May 2009 Barton, A.C.T..
Evaluating on-farm energy performance in agriculture
Chen, Guangnan, Baillie, Craig Peter and Kupke, Paul. 2009. "Evaluating on-farm energy performance in agriculture." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 7 (1), pp. 55-62.
A web-based system for scheduling irrigation in sugarcane
Inman-Bamber, N. G., Attard, S. J., Verrall, S. A., Webb, W. A. and Baillie, C.. 2007. "A web-based system for scheduling irrigation in sugarcane." 2007 International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists Congress. Durban, South Africa Mauritius.
Understanding irrigation decisions: from enterprise planning to the paddock
Montagu, Kelvin, Thomas, Ben, Thomas, Geoff, Christen, Evan, Hornbuckle, John, Baillie, Craig, Linehan, Chris, Smith, Peter, Gallo, Fabian, North, Sam, Meyer, Wayne, Stirzaker, Richard and Cornish, Peter. 2006. Understanding irrigation decisions: from enterprise planning to the paddock. Canberra, Australia. Land and Water Australia.
Forecasting water allocations for Bundaberg sugarcane farmers
Everingham, Yvette, Baillie, Craig, Inman-Bamber, Geoff and Baillie, Justine. 2008. "Forecasting water allocations for Bundaberg sugarcane farmers." Climate Research. 36 (3), pp. 231-239. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr00743
Reducing energy input costs and associated greenhouse gas emissions in cotton
Baillie, Craig Peter and Chen, Guangnan. 2008. "Reducing energy input costs and associated greenhouse gas emissions in cotton." 14th Australian Cotton Conference: New Beginnings – Cotton in a Climate of Change. Gold Coast, Australia 12 - 14 Aug 2008 Narrabri, NSW, Australia.
Development of a framework and tool to assess on-farm energy uses of cotton production
Chen, Guangnan and Baillie, Craig. 2009. "Development of a framework and tool to assess on-farm energy uses of cotton production." Energy Conversion and Management. 50 (5), pp. 1256-1263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2009.01.022
Evaporation, seepage and water quality management in storage dams: a review of research methods
Craig, Ian, Aravinthan, Vasantha, Baillie, Craig Peter, Beswick, Alan, Barnes, Geoff, Bradbury, Ron, Connell, Luke, Cooper, Paul, Fellows, Christopher, Fitzmaurice, Li, Foley, Joseph P., Hancock, Nigel, Lamb, David, Morrison, Pippa, Mossad, Ruth, Misra, R. K., Pittaway, Pam, Prime, Emma, Rees, Steve, ..., Turnbull, David. 2007. "Evaporation, seepage and water quality management in storage dams: a review of research methods." Environmental Health. 7 (3), pp. 84-97.
Strategies for maximising sugarcane yield with limited water in the Bundaberg district
Baillie, Craig Peter. 2004. Strategies for maximising sugarcane yield with limited water in the Bundaberg district. Masters Thesis Master of Engineering. University of Southern Queensland.
Strategies for maximizing sugarcane yield with limited water in the Bundaberg district
Baillie, Craig Peter and Raine, Steven R.. 2005. "Strategies for maximizing sugarcane yield with limited water in the Bundaberg district." Annual Australian National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage (ANCID) Conference. Mildura, Australia 23 - 26 Oct 2005 Mildura, Australia.