Development of a prototype precision spot spray system using image analysis and plant identification technology

Paper


Rees, Steven, McCarthy, Cheryl, Artizzu, X. P. B., Baillie, Craig and Dunn, Mark. 2009. "Development of a prototype precision spot spray system using image analysis and plant identification technology." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 16 Sep 2009 Brisbane, Australia.
Paper/Presentation Title

Development of a prototype precision spot spray system using image analysis and plant identification technology

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsRees, Steven (Author), McCarthy, Cheryl (Author), Artizzu, X. P. B. (Author), Baillie, Craig (Author) and Dunn, Mark (Author)
EditorsBanhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C.
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings of the 2009 CIGR International Symposium of the Australian Society for Engineering in Agriculture (SEAg 2009)
Number of Pages7
Year2009
Place of PublicationBrisbane, Australia
ISBN9780858259096
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttp://search.informit.com.au/fullText;dn=641962740372785;res=IELENG
Conference/EventSEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate
Event Details
SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate
Event Date
13 to end of 16 Sep 2009
Event Location
Brisbane, Australia
Abstract

A project funded by the Australian Sugar Research and Development Corporation aimed to increase sugarcane production through cost effective automated precision weed spraying. The project developed a precision imaging system that could be integrated with current spraying systems to specifically target difficult to control weeds such as guinea grass/green panic. The technology is capable of differentiating weeds from sugarcane in the row area and actuating a spray solenoid so that only the weeds are sprayed with herbicide in a single pass and with minimal over-spraying of the crop. The precision imaging and spot spraying technology demonstrated proof-of-concept and a cost benefit analysis of the new weed control system indicated potential grower savings.
This paper will report on a review of appropriate technologies, description of the prototype sugarcane image analysis system and algorithms, assessment of accuracy of weed identification and an evaluation of system costs and performance.

Keywordssugarcane; precision agriculture; image analysis; plant identification; precision spraying; technology
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400799. Control engineering, mechatronics and robotics not elsewhere classified
300409. Crop and pasture protection (incl. pests, diseases and weeds)
460306. Image processing
Public Notes

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Byline AffiliationsNational Centre for Engineering in Agriculture
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia
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Baillie, C. P. and Chen, G.. 2011. "Energy, greenhouse gas emissions and irrigated agriculture." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
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Cronin, G. M., Borg, S. S. and Dunn, M. T.. 2008. "Using video image analysis to count hens in cages and reduce egg breakage on collection belts." Animal Production Science. 48 (7), pp. 768-772. https://doi.org/10.1071/EA07404
Strategies for maximising sugarcane yield with limited water - improving irrigation system performance and crop response
Baillie, Craig Peter. 2008. Strategies for maximising sugarcane yield with limited water - improving irrigation system performance and crop response. Saarbrucken, Germany. VDM Verlag Dr. Muller.
Automated internode length measurement of cotton plants under field conditions
McCarthy, C. L., Hancock, N. H. and Raine, S. R.. 2009. "Automated internode length measurement of cotton plants under field conditions." Transactions of the ASABE. 52 (6), pp. 2093-2103.
On-the-go machine vision sensing of cotton plant geometric parameters: first results
McCarthy, Cheryl, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven. 2008. "On-the-go machine vision sensing of cotton plant geometric parameters: first results." Billingsley, John and Bradbeer, Robin (ed.) 13th Annual Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice. (M2VIP 2006). Toowoomba, Australia 05 - 07 Dec 2006 Germany. pp. 305-312 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-74027-8_26
Field testing of vision based macadamia yield monitoring
Dunn, Mark, Billingsley, John and Bell, David. 2005. "Field testing of vision based macadamia yield monitoring." Billingsley, John (ed.) 12th Annual Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (M2VIP 2005). Manila, Philippines 29 Nov - 01 Dec 2005 Hertfordshire, England.
Assessing various techniques to monitor yield in sugarcane
Jensen, T. A., Fokkema, B. and Baillie, C.. 2011. "Assessing various techniques to monitor yield in sugarcane ." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
Energy uses for cotton ginning in Australia
Ismail, Siti A., Chen, Guangnan, Baillie, Craig and Symes, Troy. 2011. "Energy uses for cotton ginning in Australia." Biosystems Engineering. 109 (2), pp. 140-147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2011.02.010
Applied machine vision of plants: a review with implications for field deployment in automated farming operations
McCarthy, C. L., Hancock, N. H. and Raine, S. R.. 2010. "Applied machine vision of plants: a review with implications for field deployment in automated farming operations." Intelligent Service Robotics. 3 (4), pp. 209-217. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11370-010-0075-2
Machine vision-based weed spot spraying: a review and where next for sugarcane?
McCarthy, Cheryl, Rees, Steven and Baillie, Craig. 2010. "Machine vision-based weed spot spraying: a review and where next for sugarcane?" Bruce, R. C. (ed.) 32nd Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ASSCT 2010). Bundaberg, Australia 11 - 14 May 2010 Australia.
Strain specific differences in parameters of energy balance are related to the onset of diet-induced obesity in young male mice
Hesse, Deike, Dunn, Mark, Billingsley, John, Withers, Kerry, Klingenspor, Martin and Rozman, Jan. 2007. "Strain specific differences in parameters of energy balance are related to the onset of diet-induced obesity in young male mice." 15th European Congress on Obesity. Budapest, Hungary 22 - 25 Apr 2007 London, United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803597
Energy usage for cotton ginning in Australia
Ismail, S. A., Chen, G., Baillie, C. and Symes, T.. 2010. "Energy usage for cotton ginning in Australia." 17th World Congress of the International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (CIGR 2010): Sustainable Biosystems Through Engineering. Quebec City, Canada 13 - 17 Jun 2010 Quebec City, Canada.
Apparatus and infield evaluations of a prototype machine vision system for cotton plant internode length measurement
McCarthy, Cheryl, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2010. "Apparatus and infield evaluations of a prototype machine vision system for cotton plant internode length measurement." Journal of Cotton Science. 14 (4), pp. 221-232.
Precision agriculture technologies - relevance and application to sugarcane production
Davis, R. J., Baillie, Craig and Schmidt, Erik. 2009. "Precision agriculture technologies - relevance and application to sugarcane production." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 16 Sep 2009 Brisbane, Australia.
Managing direct energy use now and in the future
Baillie, Craig Peter and Pyke, Bruce. 2010. "Managing direct energy use now and in the future." 15th Australian Cotton Conference: Fashioning the Future. Broadbeach, Qld, Australia 10 - 12 Aug 2010 Narrabri, NSW, Australia.
Applied machine vision in agriculture at the NCEA
McCarthy, Cheryl and Billingsley, John. 2009. "Applied machine vision in agriculture at the NCEA." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 16 Sep 2009 Brisbane, Australia.
Assessment of sugarcane yield monitoring technology for precision agriculture
Jensen, T., Baillie, C., Bramley, R., Di Bella, L., Whiteing, C. and Davis, R.. 2010. "Assessment of sugarcane yield monitoring technology for precision agriculture." Bruce, R. C. (ed.) 32nd Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ASSCT 2010). Bundaberg, Australia 11 - 14 May 2010 Brisbane, Australia.
Cattle liveweight estimation using machine vision assessment of objective body measurements: first results
McCarthy, C., Billingsley, J., Finch, N., Murray, P. and Gaughan, J.. 2010. "Cattle liveweight estimation using machine vision assessment of objective body measurements: first results." 28th Biennial Australian Society of Animal Production Conference. Armidale, Australia 11 - 15 Jul 2010 Brisbane, Australia.
Energy and greenhouse gas emissions of Australian cotton: from field to fabric
Khabbaz, Borzoo Ghareei, Chen, Guangnan and Baillie, Craig. 2010. "Energy and greenhouse gas emissions of Australian cotton: from field to fabric." 17th World Congress of the International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (CIGR 2010): Sustainable Biosystems Through Engineering. Quebec City, Canada 13 - 17 Jun 2010 Quebec, Canada.
Evaluation of energy usage for cotton ginning processes
Ismail, Siti Amni, Chen, Guangnan, Baillie, Craig and Symes, Troy. 2009. "Evaluation of energy usage for cotton ginning processes." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 16 Sep 2009 Brisbane, Queensland.
Agricultural applications: energy uses and audits
Chen, Guangnan and Baillie, Craig. 2009. "Agricultural applications: energy uses and audits." Capehart, Barney L. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Energy Engineering and Technology. London, United Kingdom. Taylor & Francis. pp. 1-5
Behavioural mechanisms affecting energy regulation in mice prone or resistant to diet-induced obesity
Hesse, Deike, Dunn, Mark, Heldmaier, Gerhard, Klingenspor, Martin and Rozman, Jan. 2010. "Behavioural mechanisms affecting energy regulation in mice prone or resistant to diet-induced obesity." Physiology and Behavior. 99 (3), pp. 370-380. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2009.12.001
A methodology for on farm energy assessment
Baillie, Craig Peter and Chen, Guangnan. 2009. "A methodology for on farm energy assessment." 2009 RIRDC Life Cycle Assessment Workshop. Canberra, Australia 13 May 2009 Barton, A.C.T..
Evaluating on-farm energy performance in agriculture
Chen, Guangnan, Baillie, Craig Peter and Kupke, Paul. 2009. "Evaluating on-farm energy performance in agriculture." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 7 (1), pp. 55-62.
Automated macadamia nut orchard yield monitoring
Dunn, Mark and Billingsley, John. 2005. "Automated macadamia nut orchard yield monitoring." Billingsley, John (ed.) 12th Annual Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (M2VIP 2005). Manila, Philippines 29 Nov - 01 Dec 2005 Hertfordshire, England.
A preliminary field evaluation of an automated vision-based plant geometry measurement system
McCarthy, Cheryl, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2007. "A preliminary field evaluation of an automated vision-based plant geometry measurement system." Prusinkiewicz, Przemyslaw, Hanan, Jim S. and Lane, Brendan (ed.) 5th International Workshop on Functional Structural Plant Models (FSPM07). Napier, New Zealand 04 - 09 Nov 2007
A web-based system for scheduling irrigation in sugarcane
Inman-Bamber, N. G., Attard, S. J., Verrall, S. A., Webb, W. A. and Baillie, C.. 2007. "A web-based system for scheduling irrigation in sugarcane." 2007 International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists Congress. Durban, South Africa Mauritius.
Understanding irrigation decisions: from enterprise planning to the paddock
Montagu, Kelvin, Thomas, Ben, Thomas, Geoff, Christen, Evan, Hornbuckle, John, Baillie, Craig, Linehan, Chris, Smith, Peter, Gallo, Fabian, North, Sam, Meyer, Wayne, Stirzaker, Richard and Cornish, Peter. 2006. Understanding irrigation decisions: from enterprise planning to the paddock. Canberra, Australia. Land and Water Australia.
Forecasting water allocations for Bundaberg sugarcane farmers
Everingham, Yvette, Baillie, Craig, Inman-Bamber, Geoff and Baillie, Justine. 2008. "Forecasting water allocations for Bundaberg sugarcane farmers." Climate Research. 36 (3), pp. 231-239. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr00743
Automated machine vision sensing of plant structural parameters
McCarthy, C. L., Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2007. "Automated machine vision sensing of plant structural parameters." Biological Sensorics 2007: Critical Technologies for Future Biosystems. Minneapolis, Australia 15 - 17 Jun 2007 St. Joseph, MI, United States.
Reducing energy input costs and associated greenhouse gas emissions in cotton
Baillie, Craig Peter and Chen, Guangnan. 2008. "Reducing energy input costs and associated greenhouse gas emissions in cotton." 14th Australian Cotton Conference: New Beginnings – Cotton in a Climate of Change. Gold Coast, Australia 12 - 14 Aug 2008 Narrabri, NSW, Australia.
Development of a framework and tool to assess on-farm energy uses of cotton production
Chen, Guangnan and Baillie, Craig. 2009. "Development of a framework and tool to assess on-farm energy uses of cotton production." Energy Conversion and Management. 50 (5), pp. 1256-1263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2009.01.022
Robotics in agriculture and forestry
Billingsley, John, Visala, Arto and Dunn, Mark. 2008. "Robotics in agriculture and forestry." Siciliano, Bruno and Khatib, Oussama (ed.) Springer handbook of robotics. Berlin, Germany. Springer. pp. 1065-1077
The use of machine vision for assessment of fodder quality
Dunn, Mark T. and Billingsley, John. 2007. "The use of machine vision for assessment of fodder quality." Bradbeer, Robin and Ku, Kenneth (ed.) 14th Annual Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision In Practice (M2VIP 2007). Xiamen, China 03 - 05 Dec 2007 Hong Kong. https://doi.org/10.1109/MMVIP.2007.4430739
Evaporation, seepage and water quality management in storage dams: a review of research methods
Craig, Ian, Aravinthan, Vasantha, Baillie, Craig Peter, Beswick, Alan, Barnes, Geoff, Bradbury, Ron, Connell, Luke, Cooper, Paul, Fellows, Christopher, Fitzmaurice, Li, Foley, Joseph P., Hancock, Nigel, Lamb, David, Morrison, Pippa, Mossad, Ruth, Misra, R. K., Pittaway, Pam, Prime, Emma, Rees, Steve, ..., Turnbull, David. 2007. "Evaporation, seepage and water quality management in storage dams: a review of research methods." Environmental Health. 7 (3), pp. 84-97.
Vision based macadamia yield assessment
Billingsley, John, Dunn, Mark and Bell, David. 2006. "Vision based macadamia yield assessment." Sensor Review. 26 (4), pp. 312-317. https://doi.org/10.1108/02602280610692024
Using machine vision classification to control access of animals to water
Finch, N. A., Murray, P. J., Dunn, M. T. and Billingsley, J.. 2006. "Using machine vision classification to control access of animals to water." Animal Production Science. 46 (6-7), pp. 837-839. https://doi.org/10.1071/EA05325
Control of watering point access using machine vision classification of animals
Finch, Neal A., Murray, Peter J., Dunn, Mark T. and Billingsley, John. 2006. "Control of watering point access using machine vision classification of animals." Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society. 42, pp. 16-19.
Machine vision system for counting macadamia nuts
Dunn, Mark and Billingsley, John. 2003. "Machine vision system for counting macadamia nuts." Roberts, Jonathan and Wyeth, Gordon (ed.) 2003 Australasian Conference on Robotics and Automation (ACRA 2003). Brisbane, Australia 01 - 03 Dec 2003 Brisbane, Australia.
On-the-go machine vision sensing of cotton plant geometric parameters: first results
McCarthy, Cheryl, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2006. "On-the-go machine vision sensing of cotton plant geometric parameters: first results." Billingsley, John (ed.) 13th Annual Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice. (M2VIP 2006). Toowoomba, Australia 05 - 07 Dec 2006 Berlin, Heidelberg.
A preliminary evaluation of machine vision sensing of cotton nodes for automated irrigation control
McCarthy, Cheryl, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2006. "A preliminary evaluation of machine vision sensing of cotton nodes for automated irrigation control." Irrigation Australia 2006: Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference and Exhibition. Brisbane, Australia 09 - 11 May 2006 Brisbane.
Strategies for maximising sugarcane yield with limited water in the Bundaberg district
Baillie, Craig Peter. 2004. Strategies for maximising sugarcane yield with limited water in the Bundaberg district. Masters Thesis Master of Engineering. University of Southern Queensland.
Application of machine vision technology to identification of oestrous in the Julia Creek dunnart (Sminthopsis douglasi)
Bjursell, A., Dunn, M., Withers, K., Senior, G., Lundie-Jenkins, G. and Billingsley, J.. 2005. "Application of machine vision technology to identification of oestrous in the Julia Creek dunnart (Sminthopsis douglasi)." Cree, Alison (ed.) 22nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry (ANZSCPB 2005). Dunedin, New Zealand 09 - 11 Dec 2005 New Zealand.
Machine vision classification of animals
Dunn, Mark, Billingsley, John and Finch, Neal. 2003. "Machine vision classification of animals." Billingsley, John (ed.) 10th Annual Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (MViP 2003). Perth, Australia 09 - 11 Dec 2003 Research Studies Press.
Strategies for maximizing sugarcane yield with limited water in the Bundaberg district
Baillie, Craig Peter and Raine, Steven R.. 2005. "Strategies for maximizing sugarcane yield with limited water in the Bundaberg district." Annual Australian National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage (ANCID) Conference. Mildura, Australia 23 - 26 Oct 2005 Mildura, Australia.
Unusual vision - machine vision applications at the NCEA
Billingsley, John and Dunn, Mark. 2005. "Unusual vision - machine vision applications at the NCEA." Sensor Review. 25 (3), pp. 202-208. https://doi.org/10.1108/02602280510606480