CFD study of the hydraulic performance of large-diameter gated fluming

Article


Koech, Richard, Mossad, Ruth, Smith, Rod and Gillies, Malcolm. 2015. "CFD study of the hydraulic performance of large-diameter gated fluming." Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. 141 (2), pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)IR.1943-4774.0000795
Article Title

CFD study of the hydraulic performance of large-diameter gated fluming

ERA Journal ID4234
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsKoech, Richard (Author), Mossad, Ruth (Author), Smith, Rod (Author) and Gillies, Malcolm (Author)
Journal TitleJournal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
Journal Citation141 (2), pp. 1-7
Number of Pages7
Year2015
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN0733-9437
1943-4774
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)IR.1943-4774.0000795
Web Address (URL)http://ascelibrary.org/doi/pdf/10.1061/%28ASCE%29IR.1943-4774.0000795
Abstract

The hydraulic performance of large-diameter gated fluming, commonly used in furrow irrigation, was investigated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The continuity and the momentum equations governing the fluid in the system were solved numerically for a steady incompressible and turbulent flow using a realizable software model. The CFD results were compared with the laboratory measured results and those obtained using a hydraulic simulation model. The CFD results showed a good correlation with the measured data and those generated using the software. The velocity head in the pipeline had no influence on the magnitude of the outflows possibly due to the unique shape of the outlet. The pressure head recovery across the outlets was greater than the energy loss along the pipe; hence, the pressure and discharge increased towards the downstream end. The CFD approach was found to be an appropriate tool for detailed analysis of the hydraulic characteristics of gated irrigation pipelines.

Keywordscomputational fluid dynamics; CFD; furrow irrigation; gated fluming; hydraulics
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401213. Turbulent flows
401204. Computational methods in fluid flow, heat and mass transfer (incl. computational fluid dynamics)
300201. Agricultural hydrology
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of New England
School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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Khatri, K. L. and Smith, R. J.. 2006. "Simulation of performance for a simple real time control system of furrow irrigation." Lorenzini, G. (ed.) 1st International Conference on Sustainable Irrigation Management, Technologies and Policies. Bologna, Italy 05 - 07 Sep 2006 England. WIT Press. https://doi.org/10.2495/SI060021
Real-time prediction of soil infiltration characteristics for the management of furrow irrigation
Khatri, Kanya L. and Smith, R. J.. 2006. "Real-time prediction of soil infiltration characteristics for the management of furrow irrigation." Irrigation Science. 25 (1), pp. 33-43. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00271-006-0032-1
Effect of water quality on soil structure and infiltration under furrow irrigation
Emdad, Mohammad R., Raine, Steven R., Smith, Rod J. and Fardad, Hossein. 2004. "Effect of water quality on soil structure and infiltration under furrow irrigation." Irrigation Science. 23 (2), pp. 55-60. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00271-004-0093-y
Irrigation application efficiency and deep drainage potential under surface irrigated cotton
Smith, R. J., Raine, Steven R. and Minkevich, John. 2005. "Irrigation application efficiency and deep drainage potential under surface irrigated cotton." Agricultural Water Management. 71 (2), pp. 117-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2004.07.008
Numerical simulation of open refrigerated display cabinets
Mossad, Ruth, Schillak, Thomas and Malli, Mike. 2005. "Numerical simulation of open refrigerated display cabinets." 3rd International Conference on Energy Research and Development (ICERD-3). Kuwait City, Kuwait 21 - 23 Nov 2005 Kuwait.
Gas sampling efficiencies and aerodynamic characteristics of a laboratory wind tunnel for odour measurement
Sohn, J. H., Smith, R. J., Hudson, N. A. and Choi, H. L.. 2005. "Gas sampling efficiencies and aerodynamic characteristics of a laboratory wind tunnel for odour measurement." Biosystems Engineering. 92 (1), pp. 37-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2005.05.010
Infiltration parameters from surface irrigation advance and run-off data
Gillies, Malcolm H. and Smith, R. J.. 2005. "Infiltration parameters from surface irrigation advance and run-off data." Irrigation Science. 24 (1), pp. 25-35. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00271-005-0004-x
Numerical prediction of air flow in a sharp 90 degree elbow
Mossad, Ruth, Yang, William and Schwarz, M. Philip. 2009. "Numerical prediction of air flow in a sharp 90 degree elbow ." Witt, P. J. and Schwarz, M. P. (ed.) 7th International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics in the Minerals and Process Industries (CFD 2009). Melbourne, Australia 09 - 11 Dec 2009 Melbourne, Australia.
Automation and control in surface irrigation systems: current status and expected future trends
Koech, Richard, Smith, Rod and Gillies, Malcolm. 2010. "Automation and control in surface irrigation systems: current status and expected future trends." Goh, Steven C. and Wang, Hao (ed.) 2010 Southern Region Engineering Conference (SREC 2010). Toowoomba, Australia 11 - 12 Nov 2010 Toowoomba, Australia.
Simulation modelling in surface irrigation systems
Koech, Richard, Gillies, Malcolm and Smith, Rod. 2010. "Simulation modelling in surface irrigation systems." Goh, Steven C. and Wang, Hao (ed.) 2010 Southern Region Engineering Conference (SREC 2010). Toowoomba, Australia 11 - 12 Nov 2010 Toowoomba, Australia.
Defining precision irrigation: a new approach to irrigation management
Smith, Rod and Baillie, Justine. 2009. "Defining precision irrigation: a new approach to irrigation management." Irrigation Australia 2009: Irrigation Australia Irrigation and Drainage Conference: Irrigation Today - Meeting the Challenge. Swan Hill, Australia 18 - 21 Oct 2009 Sydney, Australia.
Head ditch hydraulics and the variability of inflows to irrigation furrows
Smith, R. J. and Gillies, M. H.. 2010. "Head ditch hydraulics and the variability of inflows to irrigation furrows." Irrigation and Drainage. 59 (4), pp. 442-452. https://doi.org/10.1002/ird.495
Droplet evaporation losses during sprinkler irrigation: an overview
Uddin, Jasim, Smith, Rod, Hancock, Nigel and Foley, Joseph P.. 2010. "Droplet evaporation losses during sprinkler irrigation: an overview." Montagu, Kelvin (ed.) Australian Irrigation Conference and Exibition 2010: One Water Many Futures. Sydney, Australia 08 - 10 Jun 2010 Sydney, Australia.
Hydraulic characteristics of large diameter gated flexible fluming
Koech, R. K., Smith, R. J. and Gillies, Malcolm H.. 2010. "Hydraulic characteristics of large diameter gated flexible fluming ." Montagu, Kelvin (ed.) Australian Irrigation Conference and Exibition 2010: One Water Many Futures. Sydney, Australia 08 - 10 Jun 2010 Sydney, Australia.
Furrow irrigation in the Australian cotton industry: alternative water delivery systems and their potential for automation
Koech, R. K., Smith, R. J. and Gillies, Malcolm H.. 2010. Furrow irrigation in the Australian cotton industry: alternative water delivery systems and their potential for automation. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
The effect of irrigation non-uniformity on carrot production
Koech, Richard and Raine, Steven R.. 2010. "The effect of irrigation non-uniformity on carrot production." Montagu, Kelvin (ed.) Australian Irrigation Conference and Exibition 2010: One Water Many Futures. Sydney, Australia 08 - 10 Jun 2010 Sydney, Australia.
Improving performance of bay irrigation through higher flow rates
Gillies, Malcolm, Smith, Rod, Williamson, Bill and Shanahan, Matthew. 2010. "Improving performance of bay irrigation through higher flow rates." Montagu, Kelvin (ed.) Australian Irrigation Conference and Exibition 2010: One Water Many Futures. Sydney, Australia 08 - 10 Jun 2010 Sydney, Australia.
Inertisation of highwall mining to control methane concentrations at the Moura mine
Mossad, Ruth, Vella, Anthony and Balusu, Rao. 2009. "Inertisation of highwall mining to control methane concentrations at the Moura mine." Witt, P. J. and Schwarz, M. P. (ed.) 7th International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics in the Minerals and Process Industries (CFD 2009). Melbourne, Australia 09 - 11 Dec 2009 Melbourne, Australia.
Numerical modeling of flow in a horizontal sand filter
Mossad, Ruth and Aral, Hal. 2010. "Numerical modeling of flow in a horizontal sand filter." American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 3 (2), pp. 286-292.
The validation of a simple Gaussian dispersion model for determining odour emission rates from area sources
Galvin, Geordie, Lowe, Scott and Smith, Rod. 2004. "The validation of a simple Gaussian dispersion model for determining odour emission rates from area sources." Developments in Chemical Engineering and Mineral Processing. 12 (5/6), pp. 545-558. https://doi.org/10.1002/apj.5500120509
Quantification of odours from piggery effluent ponds using an electronic nose and an artificial neural network
Sohn, Jae Ho, Smith, Rod, Yoong, Ernest, Leis, John W. and Galvin, Geordie. 2003. "Quantification of odours from piggery effluent ponds using an electronic nose and an artificial neural network." Biosystems Engineering. 86 (4), pp. 399-410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2003.09.003
Numerical predictions of air temperature and velocity to assist in the design of free ventilation piggeries
Mossad, R. R.. 2009. "Numerical predictions of air temperature and velocity to assist in the design of free ventilation piggeries ." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 16 Sep 2009 Brisbane, Australia.
An evaluation of a novel wind tunnel design applied to the measurement of the kinetics of odour emissions from piggery effluent
Sohn, Jae Ho, Smith, Rod, Yoong, Ernest, Hudson, Neale A. and Kim, Tae I.. 2004. "An evaluation of a novel wind tunnel design applied to the measurement of the kinetics of odour emissions from piggery effluent." Water Science and Technology. 50 (4), pp. 49-55.
Two dimensional transfer chute analysis using a continuum method
McIlvenna, Paul and Mossad, Ruth. 2003. "Two dimensional transfer chute analysis using a continuum method ." Witt, Peter J. and Schwarz, M. P. (ed.) 3rd International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics in the Minerals and Process Industries (CFD 2003). Melbourne, Australia 10 - 12 Dec 2003 Melbourne, Australia.
Managing spatial and temporal variability in irrigated agriculture through adaptive control
Smith, R. J., Raine, Steven R., McCarthy, Alison and Hancock, Nigel. 2009. "Managing spatial and temporal variability in irrigated agriculture through adaptive control." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 7 (1), pp. 79-90.
Evaluating the performance of bay irrigation in the GMID
Smith, R. J., Gillies, Malcolm H., Shanahan, Matthew, Campbell, B. and Williamson, Bill. 2009. "Evaluating the performance of bay irrigation in the GMID." Irrigation Australia 2009: Irrigation Australia Irrigation and Drainage Conference: Irrigation Today - Meeting the Challenge. Swan Hill, Australia 18 - 21 Oct 2009 Sydney, New South Wales.
Bankless channel irrigation systems: irrigation performance assessment
Grabham, Michael, Hornbuckle, John, Raine, Steven R. and Smith, Rod. 2009. "Bankless channel irrigation systems: irrigation performance assessment." Irrigation Australia 2009: Irrigation Australia Irrigation and Drainage Conference: Irrigation Today - Meeting the Challenge. Swan Hill, Australia 18 - 21 Oct 2009 Sydney, Australia.
Characterisation of the micro-tube emitters used in a novel micro-sprinkler
de Almeida, Ceres Duarte Guedes Cabral, Botrel, Tarlei Arriel and Smith, Rod J.. 2009. "Characterisation of the micro-tube emitters used in a novel micro-sprinkler." Irrigation Science. 27 (3), pp. 209-214. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00271-008-0135-y
Empirical functions for dependent variables in cutback furrow irrigation
Navabian, M., Liaghat, A. M., Smith, R. J. and Abbasi, F.. 2009. "Empirical functions for dependent variables in cutback furrow irrigation." Irrigation Science. 27 (3), pp. 215-222. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00271-008-0138-8
Measurement and management of furrow irrigation at the field scale
Gillies, Malcolm H., Smith, R. J. and Raine, Steven R.. 2008. "Measurement and management of furrow irrigation at the field scale." Irrigation Australia 2008: Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference and Exhibition: Share the Water, Share the Benefits. Melbourne, Australia 20 - 22 May 2008
Managing the effect of infiltration variability on the performance of surface irrigation
Gillies, Malcolm H.. 2008. Managing the effect of infiltration variability on the performance of surface irrigation. PhD Thesis Doctor of Philosophy. University of Southern Queensland.
Toward a simple real-time control system for efficient management of furrow irrigation
Khatri, Kanya L. and Smith, R. J.. 2007. "Toward a simple real-time control system for efficient management of furrow irrigation." Irrigation and Drainage. 56 (4), pp. 463-475. https://doi.org/10.1002/ird.319
Managing spatial and temporal variability in irrigated agriculture through adaptive control
Smith, R. J., Raine, Steven R., McCarthy, Alison and Hancock, Nigel. 2007. "Managing spatial and temporal variability in irrigated agriculture through adaptive control." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2007: Agriculture and Engineering - Challenge Today, Technology Tomorrow. Adelaide, Australia 24 - 26 Sep 2007 Australia.
Errors in predicting furrow irrigation performance using single measures of infiltration
Langat, Philip K., Raine, Steven R. and Smith, R. J.. 2007. "Errors in predicting furrow irrigation performance using single measures of infiltration." Irrigation Science. 25 (4), pp. 339-349. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00271-006-0049-5
Evaporation, seepage and water quality management in storage dams: a review of research methods
Craig, Ian, Aravinthan, Vasantha, Baillie, Craig Peter, Beswick, Alan, Barnes, Geoff, Bradbury, Ron, Connell, Luke, Cooper, Paul, Fellows, Christopher, Fitzmaurice, Li, Foley, Joseph P., Hancock, Nigel, Lamb, David, Morrison, Pippa, Mossad, Ruth, Misra, R. K., Pittaway, Pam, Prime, Emma, Rees, Steve, ..., Turnbull, David. 2007. "Evaporation, seepage and water quality management in storage dams: a review of research methods." Environmental Health. 7 (3), pp. 84-97.
Cooling towers
Mossad, Ruth. 2011. "Cooling towers." Capehart, Barney L. (ed.) Encyclopedia of energy engineering and technology. London, United Kingdom. Informa UK (Taylor & Francis Books). pp. 246-254
Numerical simulation to optimize the design of double glazed doors for closed refrigerated vertical display cabinets
Mossad, Ruth. 2006. "Numerical simulation to optimize the design of double glazed doors for closed refrigerated vertical display cabinets." de Vahl Davis, Graham and Leonardie, Eddie (ed.) 13th International Heat Transfer Conference IHTC-13. Sydney, Australia 13 - 18 Aug 2006 Redding, CT, USA.
A decision support model for travelling gun irrigation machines
Smith, Rod, Gillies, Malcolm H., Newell, Geoffrey and Foley, Joseph P.. 2007. "A decision support model for travelling gun irrigation machines." CIGR 2006: Agricultural Engineering for a Better World. Bonn, Germany 03 - 07 Sep 2006
Real time control of surface irrigation: managing infiltration variations and enhancing furrow irrigation performance
Khatri, K. L., Smith, R. J. and Raine, Steven R.. 2006. "Real time control of surface irrigation: managing infiltration variations and enhancing furrow irrigation performance." Irrigation Australia 2006: Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference and Exhibition. Brisbane, Australia 09 - 11 May 2006 Brisbane.
Is it possible to extract infiltration rates for variable inflow furrow irrigation?
Gillies, Malcolm H., Smith, R. J. and Raine, Steven R.. 2006. "Is it possible to extract infiltration rates for variable inflow furrow irrigation?" Irrigation Australia 2006: Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference and Exhibition. Brisbane, Australia 09 - 11 May 2006 Hornsby, NSW, Australia.
Development of a CFD based dam evaporation model
Craig, I. P., Mossad, R. and Hancock, N.. 2006. "Development of a CFD based dam evaporation model." 11th International Health Summer School. Brisbane, Australia 21 - 22 Nov 2006 Brisbane, Queensland.
Process studies of odour emissions from effluent ponds using machine-based odour measurement
Sohn, Jae Ho, Smith, R. J. and Yoong, Ernest. 2006. "Process studies of odour emissions from effluent ponds using machine-based odour measurement." Atmospheric Environment. 40 (7), pp. 1230-1241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.10.035
Evaluation of methods for determining infiltration parameters from irrigation advance data
Khatri, K. L. and Smith, R. J.. 2005. "Evaluation of methods for determining infiltration parameters from irrigation advance data." Irrigation and Drainage. 54 (4), pp. 467-482. https://doi.org/10.1002/ird.198
Finite element solutions of nonsteady incompressible viscous flow between two rotating concentric spheres
Mossad, Raos Riad. 1993. "Finite element solutions of nonsteady incompressible viscous flow between two rotating concentric spheres." Computers and Fluids. 22 (6), pp. 697-711. https://doi.org/10.1016/0045-7930(93)90034-7
Numerical modelling of air temperature and velocity in a forced ventilation piggery
Mossad, Ruth. 2000. "Numerical modelling of air temperature and velocity in a forced ventilation piggery." Journal of Thermal Science. 9 (2), pp. 211-216. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11630-000-0053-7
Numerical modelling of air temperature and velocity in a forced and free ventilation piggery
Mossad, Ruth. 2001. "Numerical modelling of air temperature and velocity in a forced and free ventilation piggery." 2001 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE 2001). New York, United States of America 11 - 16 Nov 2001 United States.