Psychosocial wellbeing in active older adults: a systematic review of qualitative literature

Article


Winterbotham, Sonya and du Preez, Jan. 2016. "Psychosocial wellbeing in active older adults: a systematic review of qualitative literature." International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 9 (1), pp. 96-115. https://doi.org/10.1080/1750984X.2015.1122075
Article Title

Psychosocial wellbeing in active older adults: a systematic review of qualitative literature

ERA Journal ID42040
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsWinterbotham, Sonya (Author) and du Preez, Jan (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Journal Citation9 (1), pp. 96-115
Number of Pages20
Year2016
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1750-984X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/1750984X.2015.1122075
Web Address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1750984X.2015.1122075
Abstract

Physical activity and wellbeing in older adults is a global priority in combating negative economic consequences associated with population aging. Quantitative research using a medicalized model clearly associates physical activity with physiological health benefits. However, it is argued that a review of qualitative literature exploring individual experiences of active older adults can provide important insights into physical activity, aging, and wellbeing – specifically, how discourses of ageing and self-identity may interact with physical activity levels. A literature search on electronic databases PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, and ProQuest was used to identify qualitative studies of older adults who exercise or engage in competitive sport. Findings reveal that both groups tend to resist dominant negative stereotypes of ageing and view physical activity as central to self-identity. Yet approaches to ageing varied with the competitive sport group adopting a more negative view of the ageing process. Whilst results suggest that different levels of physical activity may impact
on the psychosocial wellbeing of older adults, inconsistent
definitions of exercise and competitive sport make it impossible to group these differences according to specific physical activity levels. More precise definitions of physical activity constructs in future research may provide a better understanding of these differences.

Keywordsphysical activity; older adults; psychosocial wellbeing
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520107. Sport and exercise psychology
520599. Social and personality psychology not elsewhere classified
520199. Applied and developmental psychology not elsewhere classified
Public Notes

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Byline AffiliationsSchool of Psychology and Counselling
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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