Trade-off between Type I error and power: a requirement of robust technique for analysing ordinal outcomes

Poster


Biswas, Raaj, King, Rachel and Kabir, Enamul. 2016. "Trade-off between Type I error and power: a requirement of robust technique for analysing ordinal outcomes." Australian Statistical Conference 2016. Canberra, Australia 05 - 09 Dec 2016 Australia.
Paper/Presentation Title

Trade-off between Type I error and power: a requirement of robust technique for analysing ordinal outcomes

Presentation TypePoster
AuthorsBiswas, Raaj (Author), King, Rachel (Author) and Kabir, Enamul (Author)
Number of Pages1
Year2016
Place of PublicationAustralia
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttp://asc2016.com.au/
Conference/EventAustralian Statistical Conference 2016
Event Details
Australian Statistical Conference 2016
Event Date
05 to end of 09 Dec 2016
Event Location
Canberra, Australia
Abstract

Background: A number of statistical models are available for analysing ordinal outcomes. Its application is increasing in all disciplines from clinical trials to various social experiments. A robust model is required as all the models for ordinal outcome variables have some shortcomings. Particularly, in case of detecting the small improvement or decoration of patient’s condition in clinical trials, the current methods have not shown significant promise. Sliding Dichotomy method is best possible model at present for analysing such ordinal outcomes.

Purpose: This study showed the relationship among the three criteria, namely, sample size, type I error and power of the popular models that are frequently used for analysing ordinal outcomes. Phase III trial of traumatic brain injury has a five-point outcome scale which were analysed here using the binary regression model, proportional odds model, continuation ratio model and sliding dichotomy.

Methodology: This study used CRASH dataset, a multicentre randomized controlled trial with sample size of 10,800. Varying sample sizes, number of covariates, treatment effects and band sizes of sliding dichotomy - in total using eight different models, type I error was quantified alongside statistical power. These shows how the models react to different scenarios in terms of maintaining false positive and power.

Results & Conclusion: The results suggest, sliding dichotomy fails to control type I error rate showing high inconsistency. The proportional odds model and conventional dichotomy also showed inconsistency but false positive rate declined as sample size increased. But the power demonstrated by them was lower than the sliding dichotomy. This shows the importance of calculating type I error alongside finding significance of any test especially in case of public health researches. Also more sensitive and robust model is required that can maintain the 5% threshold of type I error and also achieve the best possible power within that range.

Keywordsordinal outcome, clinical trial, sliding dichotomy
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020490501. Applied statistics
Public Notes

Poster presentation. Only Abstract published.

Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Dhaka, Bangladesh
School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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A pilot observational study of environmental summertime health risk behaviour in central Brisbane, Queensland: opportunities to raise sun protection awareness in Australia’s Sunshine State
Dexter, Ben, King, Rachel, Harrison, Simone L., Parisi, Alfio V. and Downs, Nathan J.. 2019. "A pilot observational study of environmental summertime health risk behaviour in central Brisbane, Queensland: opportunities to raise sun protection awareness in Australia’s Sunshine State." Photochemistry and Photobiology. 95 (2), pp. 650-655. https://doi.org/10.1111/php.13011
A New Way of Channel Selection in the Motor Imagery Classification for BCI Applications
Joadder, Md. A. Mannan, Siuly, Siuly and Kabir, Enamul. 2018. "A New Way of Channel Selection in the Motor Imagery Classification for BCI Applications ." Siuly, Siuly, Lee, Ickjai, Huang, Zhisheng, Zhou, Rui, Wang, Hua and Xiang, Wei (ed.) 7th International Conference on Health Information Science (HIS 2018). Cairns, Australia 05 - 07 Oct 2018 Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-01078-2_10
Mental health service use in Australia: the role of family structure and socio-economic status
Vu, Xuan-Binh (Benjamin), Biswas, Raaj Kishore, Khanam, Rasheda and Rahman, Maisha. 2018. "Mental health service use in Australia: the role of family structure and socio-economic status." Children and Youth Services Review. 93, pp. 378-389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.08.001
Investment in research and development compared to military expenditure: is research worthwhile?
Biswas, Raaj Kishore, Kabir, Enamul and Rafi, Refat Bin Reza. 2019. "Investment in research and development compared to military expenditure: is research worthwhile?" Defence and Peace Economics. 30 (7), pp. 846-857. https://doi.org/10.1080/10242694.2018.1477235
A macro-level approach to assess the early developmental vulnerabilities of children in Australia: a local government area-based analysis
Biswas, Raaj Kishore and Kabir, Enamul. 2018. "A macro-level approach to assess the early developmental vulnerabilities of children in Australia: a local government area-based analysis." Children and Youth Services Review. 93, pp. 161-169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.07.005
Socioeconomic transition and its influence on body mass index (BMI) pattern in Bangladesh
Biswas, Raaj Kishore, Kabir, Enamul and Khan, Hafiz T. A.. 2019. "Socioeconomic transition and its influence on body mass index (BMI) pattern in Bangladesh." Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 25 (1), pp. 130-141. https://doi.org/10.1111/jep.13028
Does income inequality matters for accessing health facility? Evidence from Bangladesh
Kabir, Enamul and Biswas, Raaj Kishore. 2018. "Does income inequality matters for accessing health facility? Evidence from Bangladesh." Melbourne International Business and Social Science Research Conference (MIBSRC 2018). Melbourne, Australia 27 - 28 Oct 2018 Australia.
Statistical methodology for analyzing ordinal outcomes of traumatic brain injury
Biswas, Raaj Kishore. 2017. Statistical methodology for analyzing ordinal outcomes of traumatic brain injury. Masters Thesis Master of Science (Research). University of Southern Queensland. https://doi.org/10.26192/5c09d7acf0ccc
Toowoomba escarpment residents’ preparedness for storm and bushfire, and their understanding of bushfire preparedness engagement.
Ryan, Barbara and King, Rachel. 2017. Toowoomba escarpment residents’ preparedness for storm and bushfire, and their understanding of bushfire preparedness engagement. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Does national investment on R&D compared to military expenditure achieve greater development?
Kabir, Enamul, Biswas, Raaj and Rafi, Refat Bin Reza. 2017. "Does national investment on R&D compared to military expenditure achieve greater development?" Melbourne International Business and Social Science Research Conference 2017. Melbourne, Australia 28 - 30 Oct 2017 Australia.
An analysis system detecting epileptic seizure from EEG
Kabir, Enamul and Wang, Hua. 2017. "An analysis system detecting epileptic seizure from EEG." 2017 Young Statisticians Conference: Modelling Our Future. Tweed Heads, Australia 26 - 27 Sep 2017 Australia.
A BCool survey of the magnetic fields of planet-hosting solar-type stars
Mengel, M. W., Marsden, S. C., Carter, B. D., Horner, J., King, R., Fares, R., Jeffers, S. V., Petit, P., Vidotto, A. A. and Morin, J.. 2017. "A BCool survey of the magnetic fields of planet-hosting solar-type stars." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 465 (3), pp. 2734-2747. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw2949
Evidence for a planetary mass third body orbiting the binary star KIC 5095269
Getley, A. K., Carter, B., King, R. and O'Toole, S.. 2017. "Evidence for a planetary mass third body orbiting the binary star KIC 5095269." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 468 (3), pp. 2932-2937. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx604
A computer aided analysis scheme for detecting epileptic seizure from EEG data
Kabir, Enamul, Siuly, Siuly, Cao, Jinli and Wang, Hua. 2018. "A computer aided analysis scheme for detecting epileptic seizure from EEG data." International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems. 11, pp. 663-671. https://doi.org/10.2991/ijcis.11.1.51
BMI transitions in Australian women: amount and causes of weight change associated with progression from healthy to unhealthy BMI over 16 years
Brown, Wendy J., Kabir, Enamul, Gomersall, Sjaan and Clark, Bronwyn. 2017. "BMI transitions in Australian women: amount and causes of weight change associated with progression from healthy to unhealthy BMI over 16 years." 24th European Congress on Obesity (ECO2017). Porto, Portugal 17 - 20 May 2017
Women’s opinion on the justification of physical spousal violence: a quantitative approach to model the most vulnerable households in Bangladesh
Biswas, Raaj Kishore, Rahman, Nusma, Kabir, Enamul and Raihan, Farabi. 2017. "Women’s opinion on the justification of physical spousal violence: a quantitative approach to model the most vulnerable households in Bangladesh." PLoS One. 12 (11). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187884
Effect of sex and age on traumatic brain injury: a geographical comparative study
Biswas, Raaj Kishore, Kabir, Enamul and King, Rachel. 2017. "Effect of sex and age on traumatic brain injury: a geographical comparative study." Archives of Public Health. 75 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13690-017-0211-y
Influence of distance between residence and health facilities on non-communicable diseases: an assessment over hypertension and diabetes in Bangladesh
Biswas, Raaj Kishore and Kabir, Enamul. 2017. "Influence of distance between residence and health facilities on non-communicable diseases: an assessment over hypertension and diabetes in Bangladesh." PLoS One. 12 (5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177027
Comparison of GOME-2 UVA satellite data to ground-based spectroradiometer measurements at a subtropical site
Parisi, Alfio V., Downs, Nathan, Turner, Joanna and King, Rachel. 2017. "Comparison of GOME-2 UVA satellite data to ground-based spectroradiometer measurements at a subtropical site." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. 55 (6), pp. 3145-3149. https://doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2017.2662714
What factors should we focus on to prevent progression from healthy to unhealthy BMI in Australian women?
Brown, Wendy, Kabir, Enamul, Clark, Bronwyn and Gomersall, Sjaan. 2016. "What factors should we focus on to prevent progression from healthy to unhealthy BMI in Australian women?" 6th International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health (ISPAH 2016). Bangkok, Thailand 16 - 19 Nov 2016 Thailand.
Microaggregation sorting framework for k-anonymity statistical disclosure control in cloud computing
Kabir, Md Enamul, Mahmood, Abdun Naser, Mustafa, Abdul K. and Wang, Hua. 2020. "Microaggregation sorting framework for k-anonymity statistical disclosure control in cloud computing." IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing. 8 (2), pp. 408-417. https://doi.org/10.1109/TCC.2015.2469649
Modeling of agricultural drought risk pattern using Markov chain and GIS in the western part of Bangladesh
Kamruzzaman, Md., Kabir, Md Enamul, Rahman, A. T. M. Sakiur, Jahan, Chowdhury Sarwar, Mazumder, Quamrul Hasan and Rahman, M. Sayedur. 2018. "Modeling of agricultural drought risk pattern using Markov chain and GIS in the western part of Bangladesh." Environment, Development and Sustainability: a multidisciplinary approach to the theory and practice of sustainable development. 20 (2), pp. 569-588. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-016-9898-0
Maintaining a healthy BMI: data from a 16-year study of young Australian women
Brown, Wendy J., Kabir, Enamul, Clark, Bronwyn K. and Gomersall, Sjaan R.. 2016. "Maintaining a healthy BMI: data from a 16-year study of young Australian women." American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 51 (6), pp. e165-e178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2016.09.007
Spatio-temporal analysis of climatic variables in the western part of Bangladesh
Kamruzzaman, Md., Rahman, A. T. M. Sakiur, Ahmed, Md. Shakil, Kabir, Md Enamul, Mazumder, Quamrul Hasan, Rahman, M. Sayedur and Jahan, Chowdhury Sarwar. 2018. "Spatio-temporal analysis of climatic variables in the western part of Bangladesh." Environment, Development and Sustainability: a multidisciplinary approach to the theory and practice of sustainable development. 20 (1), pp. 89-108. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-016-9872-x
New multi-dimensional sorting based k-anonymity microaggregation for statistical disclosure control
Mahmood, Abdun Naser, Kabir, Md Enamul and Mustofa, Abdul K.. 2013. "New multi-dimensional sorting based k-anonymity microaggregation for statistical disclosure control." 8th International ICST Conference, SecureComm 2012: Security and Privacy in Communication Networks. Padua, Italy 03 - 05 Sep 2012 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-36883-7_16
Modelling corporate stakeholder orientation: does the relationship between stakeholder background characteristics and corporate social performance matter?
Erdiaw-Kwasie, Michael O., Alam, Khorshed and Kabir, Enamul. 2017. "Modelling corporate stakeholder orientation: does the relationship between stakeholder background characteristics and corporate social performance matter?" Business Strategy and the Environment. 26 (4), pp. 465-479. https://doi.org/10.1002/bse.1930
Current practice in academic workload allocation processes in Australia
Watson, Richard, King, Rachel, Dekeyser, Stijn, Bare, Liz and Baldock, Clive. 2015. "Current practice in academic workload allocation processes in Australia." Dobson, Ian R. and Sharma, Raj (ed.) Tertiary Education and Management Conference 2015: Leading Locally Competing Globally (TEMC 2015). Wollongong, Australia 30 Aug - 02 Sep 2015 Australia.
Broad scale mapping of vegetation cover across Australia from rainfall and temperature data
Pudmenzky, Christa, King, Rachel and Butler, Harry. 2015. "Broad scale mapping of vegetation cover across Australia from rainfall and temperature data." Journal of Arid Environments. 120, pp. 55-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2015.04.010
Solar radiation and the UV index: an application of numerical integration, trigonometric functions, online education and the modelling process
Downs, Nathan, Parisi, Alfio, Galligan, Linda, Turner, Joanna, Amar, Abdurazaq, King, Rachel, Ultra, Filipina and Butler, Harry. 2016. "Solar radiation and the UV index: an application of numerical integration, trigonometric functions, online education and the modelling process." International Journal of Research in Education and Science. 2 (1), pp. 179-189.
Shewhart control chart for individual measurement: an application in a weaving mill
Biswas, Raaj Kishore, Masud, Mohammad Shahed and Kabir, Enamul. 2015. "Shewhart control chart for individual measurement: an application in a weaving mill." Melbourne International Business and Social Science Research Conference 2015. Melbourne, Australia 02 - 04 Oct 2015 Australia.
Epileptic seizure detection from EEG signals using logistic model trees
Kabir, Enamul, Siuly, . and Zhang, Yanchun. 2016. "Epileptic seizure detection from EEG signals using logistic model trees." Brain Informatics. 3 (2), pp. 93-100. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40708-015-0030-2
Cluster analysis of behavioural weight management strategies and associations with weight change in young women: a longitudinal analysis
Madigan, C. D., Daley, A. J., Kabir, E., Aveyard, P. and Brown, W.. 2015. "Cluster analysis of behavioural weight management strategies and associations with weight change in young women: a longitudinal analysis." International Journal of Obesity. 39 (11), pp. 1601-1606. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2015.116
Exploring sampling in the detection of multicategory EEG signals
Siuly, Siuly, Kabir, Enamul, Wang, Hua and Zhang, Yanchun. 2015. "Exploring sampling in the detection of multicategory EEG signals." Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine. 2015. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/576437
K−means clustering microaggregation for statistical disclosure control
Kabir, Md Enamul, Mahmood, Abdur Naser and Mustafa, Abdul K.. 2012. "K−means clustering microaggregation for statistical disclosure control." 2012 International Conference on Advances in Computing (ICADC 2012). Bangalore 04 - 06 Jul 2012 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-0740-5_135
Novel iterative min-max clustering to minimize information loss in statistical disclosure control
Mahmood, Abdun Naser, Kabir, Md Enamul and Mustafa, Abdul K.. 2014. "Novel iterative min-max clustering to minimize information loss in statistical disclosure control." 10th International Conference on Security and Privacy in Communication Networks (SecureComm 2014). Beijing, China 24 - 26 Sep 2014 Germany. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23802-9_14
A statistical framework for intrusion detection system
Kabir, Md Enamul and Hu, Jiankun. 2014. "A statistical framework for intrusion detection system." Zhang, Defu (ed.) 11th International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery (FSKD 2014). Xiamen, China 19 - 21 Aug 2014 Piscataway, NJ. United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/FSKD.2014.6980966
Outcrossing rates and reproductive success in xanthorrhoea johnsonii (xanthorrhoeaceae), in south east Queensland, Australia
Zalucki, Jacinta M., King, Rachel and Hughes, Jane M.. 2013. "Outcrossing rates and reproductive success in xanthorrhoea johnsonii (xanthorrhoeaceae), in south east Queensland, Australia." Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 110 (2), pp. 335-345. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12135
A role-involved purpose-based access control model
Kabir, Md Enamul, Wang, Hua and Bertino, Elisa. 2012. "A role-involved purpose-based access control model." Information Systems Frontiers: a journal of research and innovation. 14 (3), pp. 809-822. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10796-011-9305-1
Microdata protection method through microaggregation: a systematic approach
Kabir, Md Enamul and Wang, Hua. 2012. "Microdata protection method through microaggregation: a systematic approach." Journal of Software. 7 (11), pp. 2415-2422. https://doi.org/10.4304/jsw.7.11.2415-2423
Potential inbreeding in a small population of a mass flowering species, Xanthorrhoea johnsonii (Xanthorrhoaceae): is your mother my father?
King, Rachel and Zalucki, Jacinta M.. 2012. "Potential inbreeding in a small population of a mass flowering species, Xanthorrhoea johnsonii (Xanthorrhoaceae): is your mother my father?" American Journal of Plant Sciences. 3 (3), pp. 303-312. https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2012.33036
A conditional purpose-based access control model with dynamic roles
Kabir, Md Enamul, Wang, Hua and Bertino, Elisa. 2011. "A conditional purpose-based access control model with dynamic roles." Expert Systems with Applications. 38 (3), pp. 1482-1489. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2010.07.057
Efficient systematic clustering method for k-anonymization
Kabir, Md Enamul, Wang, Hua and Bertino, Elisa. 2011. "Efficient systematic clustering method for k-anonymization." Acta Informatica. 48 (1), pp. 51-66. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00236-010-0131-6
Access control management and privacy-preserving
Kabir, Md Enamul. 2010. Access control management and privacy-preserving. PhD Thesis Doctor of Philosophy. University of Southern Queensland.
Estimation of univariate normal mean using p-value
Kabir, Md Enamul and Khan, Shahjahan. 2007. "Estimation of univariate normal mean using p-value." 9th Islamic Countries Conference on Statistical Sciences. Shah Alam, Malaysia 12 - 14 Dec 2007 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Microdata protection method through microaggregation: a median-based approach
Kabir, Md Enamul and Wang, Hua. 2011. "Microdata protection method through microaggregation: a median-based approach." Information Security Journal: a Global Perspective. 20 (1), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/19393555.2010.515288
Systematic clustering-based microaggregation for statistical disclosure control
Kabir, Md Enamul and Wang, Hua. 2010. "Systematic clustering-based microaggregation for statistical disclosure control." NSS 2010: International Conference on Network and System Security. Melbourne, Australia 01 - 03 Sep 2010 Washington, DC, USA. https://doi.org/10.1109/NSS.2010.66
A pairwise systematic microaggregation for statistical disclosure control
Kabir, Md Enamul, Wang, Hua and Zhang, Yanchun. 2010. "A pairwise systematic microaggregation for statistical disclosure control." Webb, Geoffrey I., Liu, Bing, Zhang, Chengqi, Gunopulos, Dimitrios and Wu, Xindong (ed.) 10th IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (ICDM 2010). Sydney, Australia 14 - 17 Dec 2010 Los Alamitos, CA. United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICDM.2010.111
A conditional role-involved purpose-based access control model
Kabir, Md Enamul, Wang, Hua and Bertino, Elisa. 2011. "A conditional role-involved purpose-based access control model." Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce. 21 (1), pp. 71-91. https://doi.org/10.1080/10919392.2011.541007
Systematic clustering method for l-diversity model
Kabir, Md Enamul, Wang, Hua, Bertino, Elisa and Chi, Yunxiang. 2010. "Systematic clustering method for l-diversity model." Shen, Heng Tao and Bouguettaya, Athman (ed.) ADC 2010: 21st Australasian Conference on Database Technologies. Brisbane, Australia 18 - 22 Jan 2010 Sydney, Australia.
Conditional purpose based access control model for privacy protection
Kabir, Md Enamul and Wang, Hua. 2009. "Conditional purpose based access control model for privacy protection." Bouguettaya, Athman and Lin, Xuemin (ed.) ADC 2009: 20th Australasian Conference on Australasian Database. Wellington, New Zealand 20 - 23 Jan 2009 Sydney, Australia.
Distribution of future location vector and residual sum of squares for multivariate location-scale model with spherically contoured errors
Khan, Shahjahan and Kabir, Md Enamul. 2006. "Distribution of future location vector and residual sum of squares for multivariate location-scale model with spherically contoured errors." Journal of Statistical Theory and Applications. 5 (2), pp. 91-104.