Unfamiliar allies: Australian cross-cultural communication in Afghanistan and Iraq during the war on terror

Edited book (chapter)


Gehrmann, Richard. 2020. "Unfamiliar allies: Australian cross-cultural communication in Afghanistan and Iraq during the war on terror." Laugesen, Amanda and Gehrmann, Richard (ed.) Communication, Interpreting and Language in Wartime: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Switzerland. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 45-69
Chapter Title

Unfamiliar allies: Australian cross-cultural communication in Afghanistan and Iraq during the war on terror

Book Chapter CategoryEdited book (chapter)
ERA Publisher ID2865
Book TitleCommunication, Interpreting and Language in Wartime: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives
Authors
AuthorGehrmann, Richard
EditorsLaugesen, Amanda and Gehrmann, Richard
Page Range45-69
Chapter Number3
Number of Pages25
Year2020
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISBN9783030270360
9783030270377
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-27037-7_3
Web Address (URL)https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-27037-7_3
Abstract

This chapter explores the social history of Australian military communication with their United States and Dutch allies in Afghanistan and Iraq. In spite of a long history of military association with the United States, challenges emerged both from the management of American expectations and from everyday Australian interactions in an ultra-patriotic American military culture. As subordinate partner Australians understood American military language and communication, frequently adopting lexical aspects of the American military, but despite some differences cross-cultural communication problems were overcome. Australians in Afghanistan worked with the Dutch, a relatively unfamiliar ally with no recent history of shared military cooperation. The open and progressive social culture of the Netherlands was reflected in aspects of Netherlands military communication and practice, and it became apparent that Dutch liberal social values and consensus based military culture differed from Australian military expectations. Despite military cooperation in war and the high levels of English spoken by talented Dutch soldiers, a degree of distance remained between the Dutch and Australian military. Understanding the ways in which ordinary members of the military understand cross-cultural communication with allies will do much to advance understanding and shape future experiences

KeywordsIraq war; Afghanistan war; military allies; Uruzgan province; cross-cultural communication
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020439999. Other history, heritage and archaeology not elsewhere classified
430302. Australian history
440804. Defence studies
Public Notes

File reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher/author.

Byline AffiliationsSchool of Humanities and Communication
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q5735/unfamiliar-allies-australian-cross-cultural-communication-in-afghanistan-and-iraq-during-the-war-on-terror

Download files


Accepted Version
  • 202
    total views
  • 296
    total downloads
  • 5
    views this month
  • 14
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

War against the Slave Trade: The Operations of the Royal Navy’s West Africa Squadron, 1807 – 1867 by Anthony Sullivan
Gehrmann, Richard. 2023. "War against the Slave Trade: The Operations of the Royal Navy’s West Africa Squadron, 1807 – 1867 by Anthony Sullivan." Australasian Journal of Victorian Studies. 27 (1), pp. 70-71.
Inquiry-based learning as an adaptive signature pedagogy in international relations
Carniel, Jessica, Emmerson, Mark and Gehrmann, Richard. 2023. "Inquiry-based learning as an adaptive signature pedagogy in international relations." International Studies Perspectives. https://doi.org/10.1093/isp/ekad015
If these stones could speak: War memorials and contested memory
Kerby, Martin, Baguley, Margaret, Bedford, Alison and Gehrmann, Richard. 2021. "If these stones could speak: War memorials and contested memory." Historical Encounters. 8 (3), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.52289/hej8.301
In the Heart of the Land and the People they Loved: Community responses to commemoration
Kerby, Martin, Maddock, Daniel, Gehrmann, Richard, Baguley, Margaret and Bedford, Alison. 2021. In the Heart of the Land and the People they Loved: Community responses to commemoration. Toowoomba, Australia.
The ethics review and the humanities and social sciences: disciplinary distinctions in ethics review processes
Carniel, Jessica, Hickey, Andrew, Southey, Kim, Bromdal, Annette, Crowley-Cyr, Lynda, Eacersall, Douglas, Farmer, Will, Gehrmann, Richard, Machin, Tanya and Pillay, Yosheen. 2022. "The ethics review and the humanities and social sciences: disciplinary distinctions in ethics review processes." Research Ethics. 19 (2), pp. 139-156. https://doi.org/10.1177/17470161221147202
Conflict and the Australian commemorative landscape
Bedford, Alison, Gehrmann, Richard, Kerby, Martin and Baguley, Margaret. 2021. "Conflict and the Australian commemorative landscape." Historical Encounters. 8 (3), pp. 13-26. https://doi.org/10.52289/hej8.302
A Possession Forever: A Guide to Using Commemorative Memorials and Monuments in the Classroom
Kerby, Martin, Baguley, Margaret, Gehrmann, Richard and Bedford, Alison. Rowling, Samara and Andersen, Nikki (ed.) 2021. A Possession Forever: A Guide to Using Commemorative Memorials and Monuments in the Classroom. Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Beyond criticism of ethics review boards: strategies for engaging research communities and enhancing ethical review processes
Hickey, Andrew, Davis, Samantha, Farmer, Will, Dawidowicz, Julianna, Moloney, Clint, Lamont-Mills, Andrea, Carniel, Jess, Pillay, Yosheen, Akenson, David, Bromdal, Annette, Gehrmann, Richard, Mills, Dean, Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy, Machin, Tanya, Reich, Suzanne, Southey, Kim, Crowley-Cyr, Lynda, Watanabe, Taiji, Davenport, Josh, ..., Maxwell, Jacinta. 2021. "Beyond criticism of ethics review boards: strategies for engaging research communities and enhancing ethical review processes." Journal of Academic Ethics. 20, pp. 549-567. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-021-09430-4
Frontline heroes: bush fires, the Coronavirus (COVID-19) and the Queensland Press
Kerby, Martin, Baguley, Margaret, Gehrmann, Richard and Bedford, Alison. 2023. "Frontline heroes: bush fires, the Coronavirus (COVID-19) and the Queensland Press." Media, War and Conflict. 16 (1), pp. 26-43. https://doi.org/10.1177/1750635221990939
Introduction: understanding communication, interpreting, and language in wartime
Laugesen, Amanda and Gehrmann, Richard. 2020. "Introduction: understanding communication, interpreting, and language in wartime." Laugesen, Amanda and Gehrmann, Richard (ed.) Communication, Interpreting and Language in Wartime: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Cham, Switzerland. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 3-22
Conclusion: cross-cultural communication and language in wartime: reflections and future directions
Gehrmann, Richard and Laugesen, Amanda. 2020. "Conclusion: cross-cultural communication and language in wartime: reflections and future directions." Laugesen, Amanda and Gehrmann, Richard (ed.) Communication, Interpreting and Language in Wartime: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Switzerland. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 255-266
Conflicting Perspectives
Brown, Malcolm and Gehrmann, Richard. 2020. "Conflicting Perspectives." Lautensach, Alexander and Lautensach, Sabina (ed.) Human Security in World Affairs: Problems and Opportunities (2nd ed.). BCcampus. pp. 141-183
Hoodwinked: How Pauline Hanson Fooled a Nation by Kerry-Anne Walsh and The rise of right-populism: Pauline Hanson's One Nation and Australian politics by B Grant, T Moore & T Lynch
Gehrmann, Richard. 2019. "Hoodwinked: How Pauline Hanson Fooled a Nation by Kerry-Anne Walsh and The rise of right-populism: Pauline Hanson's One Nation and Australian politics by B Grant, T Moore & T Lynch." Queensland Review. 26 (2), pp. 290-292. https://doi.org/10.1017/qre.2019.34
War, snipers, and rage from Enemy at the Gates to American Sniper
Gehrmann, Richard. 2019. "War, snipers, and rage from Enemy at the Gates to American Sniper." M/C Journal. 22 (1), pp. 1-3. https://doi.org/10.5204/mcj.1506
Military withdrawal from government responsibility: Indonesia and Mexico
Gehrmann, Richard. 1994. "Military withdrawal from government responsibility: Indonesia and Mexico." Policy, Organisation and Society. Winter (9), pp. 58-65.
Tourism, exploitation and cultural Imperialism: recent observations from Indonesia
Gehrmann, Richard. 1994. "Tourism, exploitation and cultural Imperialism: recent observations from Indonesia." Social Alternatives. 13 (3 & 4), pp. 12-16.
The returned: they left to wage jihad, now they're back by David Thompson
Gehrmann, Richard. 2018. "The returned: they left to wage jihad, now they're back by David Thompson." Journal of Peace Research: an interdisciplinary and international quarterly of scholarly work in peace research. 55 (6).
Men and manliness on the frontier: Queensland and British Columbia in the mid-nineteenth century by Robert Hogg
Gehrmann, Richard. 2013. "Men and manliness on the frontier: Queensland and British Columbia in the mid-nineteenth century by Robert Hogg ." Queensland Review. 20 (2), pp. 231-232. https://doi.org/10.1017/qre.2013.23
Cultural Hybridity by Peter Burke
Gehrmann, Richard. 2012. "Cultural Hybridity by Peter Burke ." Sociological Research Online: an electronic journal. 17 (2).
Enemies of the state(s): cultural memory, cinema, and the Iraq War
Gehrmann, Richard. 2017. "Enemies of the state(s): cultural memory, cinema, and the Iraq War." Gildersleeve, Jessica and Gehrmann, Richard (ed.) Memory and the wars on terror: Australian and British perspectives. Houndmills, United Kingdom. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 69-89
Memory and the wars on terror
Gildersleeve, Jessica and Gehrmann, Richard. 2017. "Memory and the wars on terror." Gildersleeve, Jessica and Gehrmann, Richard (ed.) Memory and the wars on terror: Australian and British perspectives. Houndmills, United Kingdom. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 1-19
PTSD: diagnosis and identity in post-empire America by Jerry Lembcke
Gehrmann, Richard. 2016. "PTSD: diagnosis and identity in post-empire America by Jerry Lembcke." Sociological Research Online: an electronic journal. 21 (1).
Service personnel: Australian experiences of interculturality and violence in British India
Gehrmann, Richard. 2017. "Service personnel: Australian experiences of interculturality and violence in British India." Mason, Robert (ed.) Legacies of violence: rendering the unspeakable past in modern Australia. New York, United States. Berghahn Books. pp. 199-216
Adopted territory: transnational Korean adoptees and the politics of belonging by Elena J. Kim
Gehrmann, Richard. 2015. "Adopted territory: transnational Korean adoptees and the politics of belonging by Elena J. Kim." Intersections: gender and sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. 37.
The People vs the State: Reflections on US Authority, US Power and the Responsibility to Protect by Ramesh Thakur
Gehrmann, Richard. 2014. "The People vs the State: Reflections on US Authority, US Power and the Responsibility to Protect by Ramesh Thakur." Progress in Development Studies. 14 (1), pp. 106-108. https://doi.org/10.1177/1464993413504367
War and migration in the White African tropics: Lauren St John’s 'Rainbow’s End'
Gehrmann, Richard and Hammersley-Mather, Rachel. 2016. "War and migration in the White African tropics: Lauren St John’s 'Rainbow’s End'." eTropic: electronic journal of studies in the tropics. 15 (2), pp. 30-41.
The hidden reality of war in Afghanistan and Iraq: challenges for the fiction film
Gehrmann, Richard. 2015. "The hidden reality of war in Afghanistan and Iraq: challenges for the fiction film." Drummond, Phillip (ed.) The London film and media reader 3: the pleasures of the spectacle. London, United Kingdom. London Symposium. pp. 630-641
A soldier's perspective on serving in Iraq and Afghanistan
Gehrmann, Richard. 2015. "A soldier's perspective on serving in Iraq and Afghanistan." Goodall, Jane and Lee, Christopher (ed.) Trauma and public memory. Houndsmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 193-206
Australian unarmed peacekeepers on Bougainville, 1997-2003
Gehrmann, Richard, Grant, Matt and Rose, Samantha. 2015. "Australian unarmed peacekeepers on Bougainville, 1997-2003." Peace Review: a journal of social justice. 27 (1), pp. 52-60. https://doi.org/10.1080/10402659.2015.1000192
White African migrants in regional Queensland
Gehrmann, Richard. 2014. "White African migrants in regional Queensland." Queensland Review. 21 (2), pp. 191-202. https://doi.org/10.1017/qre.2014.25
Promoting a multiracial Australia: population policy and intercountry adoption
Gehrmann, Richard. 2005. "Promoting a multiracial Australia: population policy and intercountry adoption." AQ (Balmain): Journal of Contemporary Analysis. 77 (4), pp. 13-18, 40.
Entertaining Australian troops at war in Afghanistan and Iraq
Gehrmann, Richard. 2014. "Entertaining Australian troops at war in Afghanistan and Iraq." Popular Entertainment Studies. 5 (1), pp. 128-143.
Branding the muscled male body as military costume
Smith, Heather and Gehrmann, Richard. 2014. "Branding the muscled male body as military costume." Rall, Denise N. (ed.) Fashion and War in Popular Culture. Bristol, United Kingdom. Intellect Press / University of Chicago Press. pp. 57-71
A white African experience of identity, survival and Holocaust memory
Gehrmann, Richard. 2013. "A white African experience of identity, survival and Holocaust memory." Australian Journal of Jewish Studies. 27, pp. 44-65.
Bronzed, buffed and tattooed: the new brand of soldier shaped and shipped by popular culture
Gehrmann, Richard and Smith, Heather. 2013. "Bronzed, buffed and tattooed: the new brand of soldier shaped and shipped by popular culture." Mountfort, Paul (ed.) 4th Annual Popular Culture Association of Australia and New Zealand Conference (PopCAANZ 2013). Brisbane, Australia 24 - 26 Jun 2013 Auckland, New Zealand.
Passages to India: military linkages with Queensland
Gehrmann, Richard. 2013. "Passages to India: military linkages with Queensland." Queensland Historical Atlas. Aug 2013, pp. 1-5.
Ascribing identities and negotiating stereotypes: case study of intercountry adoptees
Gehrmann, Richard. 2012. "Ascribing identities and negotiating stereotypes: case study of intercountry adoptees." Hayes, Anna and Mason, Robert (ed.) Cultures in Refuge: Seeking Sanctuary in Modern Australia. United Kingdom. Ashgate Publishing Limited. pp. 113-129
Filtered nostalgia of the 1920s: representations of the British university ideal
Mason, Andrew and Gehrmann, Richard. 2012. "Filtered nostalgia of the 1920s: representations of the British university ideal." Harmes, Marcus K., Henderson, Lindsay, Harmes, Barbara and Antonio, Amy (ed.) The British World: Religion, Memory, Society, Culture (2012). Toowoomba, Australia 02 - 05 Jul 2012 Toowoomba, Australia.
Colonial subalterns of empire: Australians in India during the movement for Swaraj, 1920-1939
Gehrmann, Richard. 2012. "Colonial subalterns of empire: Australians in India during the movement for Swaraj, 1920-1939." Harmes, Marcus K., Henderson, Lindsay, Harmes, Barbara and Antonio, Amy (ed.) The British World: Religion, Memory, Society, Culture (2012). Toowoomba, Australia 02 - 05 Jul 2012 Toowoomba, Australia.
The forgotten Indian connection: Australian soldiers of the Raj: 1919-1939
Gehrmann, Richard. 2001. "The forgotten Indian connection: Australian soldiers of the Raj: 1919-1939." War, Society and Culture: Approaches and Issues (2001). Callaghan, Australia 02 Nov 2001 Newcastle, Australia.
Australian jungle warfare advisors to the Indian Army in World War Two
Gehrmann, Richard. 2005. "Australian jungle warfare advisors to the Indian Army in World War Two." War and Memory: A Multidisciplinary Conference to Mark the 60th Anniversary of the End of World War Two (2005). Toowoomba, Australia Aug 2005 Toowoomba, Australia.
No Brideshead Revisited, no summer of love in the empty quadrangle: challenges to scholarship in the on-line age
Mason, Andrew and Gehrmann, Richard. 2011. "No Brideshead Revisited, no summer of love in the empty quadrangle: challenges to scholarship in the on-line age." Offord, Baden and Garbutt, Robert (ed.) 2010 Cultural Studies Association of Australasia National Conference: A Scholarly Affair (CSAA 2010). Byron Bay, Australia 07 - 09 Dec 2010 Lismore, NSW.
The blogs of war: narrating the Afghanistan and Iraq wars
Gehrmann, Richard. 2011. "The blogs of war: narrating the Afghanistan and Iraq wars." Offord, Baden and Garbutt, Robert (ed.) 2010 Cultural Studies Association of Australasia National Conference: A Scholarly Affair (CSAA 2010). Byron Bay, Australia 07 - 09 Dec 2010 Lismore, Australia.
The rising sun of Australian Japan bashing? Racism, American cultural imperialism and Australian popular images of Asia
Gehrmann, Richard. 1995. "The rising sun of Australian Japan bashing? Racism, American cultural imperialism and Australian popular images of Asia." Overland.
Postcolonialism? - modern Malaysia by K.S. Maniam
Gehrmann, Richard. 1995. "Postcolonialism? - modern Malaysia by K.S. Maniam." CRNLE Reviews Journal. pp. 211-213.
Migrants between worlds: inclusion, identity and Australian intercountry adoption
Gehrmann, Richard. 2010. "Migrants between worlds: inclusion, identity and Australian intercountry adoption." Hayes, Anna and Mason, Robert (ed.) Migrant Security 2010: Citizenship and Social Inclusion in a Transnational Era. Toowoomba, Australia 15 - 16 Jul 2010 Toowoomba, Australia.
Imagining the 'Oriental' woman: Australian soldiers in Imperial India
Gehrmann, Richard. 2008. "Imagining the 'Oriental' woman: Australian soldiers in Imperial India." 9th International Women in Asia Conference: Transition and Interchange. Brisbane, Australia 29 Sep - 01 Oct 2008 St Lucia, Australia.
Good days at Quetta: Australians at the Indian Army Staff College 1908 - 1942
Gehrmann, Richard. 2006. "Good days at Quetta: Australians at the Indian Army Staff College 1908 - 1942." 2nd Trevenna Conference: Mars and Minerva: Intellectuals and War in Australia and New Zealand. Armidale, Australia 04 - 06 Feb 2006 Armidale, Australia.
Booze and gunshots in a hot dry summer: an African childhood: Don't lets go to the dogs tonight by Alexandra Fuller
Gehrmann, Richard. 2006. "Booze and gunshots in a hot dry summer: an African childhood: Don't lets go to the dogs tonight by Alexandra Fuller." Coppertales: A Journal of Rural Arts. (10), pp. 92-94.
Disarming proposals: controlling nuclear, biological and chemical weapons by Andy Butfoy
Gehrmann, Richard. 2005. "Disarming proposals: controlling nuclear, biological and chemical weapons by Andy Butfoy ." Australian Public Intellectual Network Review of Books.
The People Next Door: Understanding Indonesia by Duncan Graham
Gehrmann, Richard. 2004. "The People Next Door: Understanding Indonesia by Duncan Graham." Journal of Australian Studies. 24 (83), pp. 136-138.
Desert Sands Jungle Lands: A Biography of Major General Ken Eather by Steve Eather
Gehrmann, Richard. 2004. "Desert Sands Jungle Lands: A Biography of Major General Ken Eather by Steve Eather." Journal of Australian Studies. 28 (83), pp. 149-151.
Asian-Australian Relation and Identities: Alter/Asians: Asian-Australian Identities in Art, Media, and Popular Culture by Ien Ang, Sharon chalmers, Lisa Law and Mandy Thomas
Gehrmann, Richard. 2001. "Asian-Australian Relation and Identities: Alter/Asians: Asian-Australian Identities in Art, Media, and Popular Culture by Ien Ang, Sharon chalmers, Lisa Law and Mandy Thomas." Coppertales: A Journal of Rural Arts. (7), pp. 110-111.
More Than Just EFTSUs: Malaysian and Overseas Students in Australia: Educational refugees: Malaysian students in Australia by Curtis Andressen
Gehrmann, Richard. 1995. "More Than Just EFTSUs: Malaysian and Overseas Students in Australia: Educational refugees: Malaysian students in Australia by Curtis Andressen ." Higher Education Research and Development. 14 (1), pp. 135-141. https://doi.org/10.1080/0729436950140111