Socio-cultural influences on Australian adults’ musical identities

Poster


Krause, Amanda E. and Forbes, Melissa. 2021. "Socio-cultural influences on Australian adults’ musical identities." 16th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition jointly organised with the 11th Triennial Conference of ESCOM (ESCOM-ICMPC 2021). Australia 28 - 31 Jul 2021 https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679485.001.0001
Paper/Presentation Title

Socio-cultural influences on Australian adults’ musical identities

Presentation TypePoster
AuthorsKrause, Amanda E. (Author) and Forbes, Melissa (Author)
Number of Pages1
Year2021
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679485.001.0001
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttps://sites.google.com/sheffield.ac.uk/escom2021/home
Conference/Event16th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition jointly organised with the 11th Triennial Conference of ESCOM (ESCOM-ICMPC 2021)
Event Details
16th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition jointly organised with the 11th Triennial Conference of ESCOM (ESCOM-ICMPC 2021)
Delivery
Online
Event Date
28 to end of 31 Jul 2021
Event Location
Australia
Abstract

Background
Within the popular imagination, musical talent or ability is perceived to be genetic or innate (Rickard & Chin, 2017) and Western cultures tend to identify only those who actively create music through playing an instrument or singing as 'musicians' (Hallam, 2017). The conflation of 'musician' with ability and/or active music engagement through singing or playing is reflected in research considering musical identity, which has tended to focus on these connections. Where a broader concept of musical identity is deployed, in, for example, the context of music listening, research has narrowly focused on music genre preferences. Any conception of the “musician” identity, is, however, socially constructed; and little consideration has been given to broader socio-cultural factors at play in musical identity formation, particularly as regards to cultural environment.

Aims
This study aimed to broadly investigate socio-cultural factors that have been hypothesised to contribute to musical identity, asking, 'What socio-cultural factors contribute to the formation of a person’s musical identity, beyond the influence of perceived musical ability and music genre preference?'

Methods
Australian residents were invited to take part in the research. The research design involved completing an online, mixed-methods questionnaire: individuals were asked to complete standardized measures of self (including self-esteem, self-concept clarity, ego strengths, and personality) as well as measures of musical self-image, education, experience, and engagement (including the MUSEBAQ, GOLD-MSI, MSIQ, an amended version of the STOMP, OM-EIS, and author-developed items).

Results
Data collection is currently underway. First, it is anticipated that results will distinguish facets of musical identity and link these to influencing factors predictive of identity development. Second, it is anticipated that analyses will demonstrate significant positive and negative associations between particular influencing factors and (1) the strength of people’s perceived musical identities and (2) people’s level of musical participation. Third, analyses will address how broad psychological measures of self relate to the domain of music identity.

Conclusion and Implications
The present study extends research into musical identity to more fully explore the role of socio-cultural factors on the development and perception of musical identity. Musical identity influences the ways in which people engage in music across the lifespan and musical engagement contributes towards well-being and quality of life. Findings, therefore, have implications for how musical identity development may influence adult participation in music activities and individual well-being.

References
Hallam, S. (2017). Musical identity, learning, and teaching. In MacDonald, R.A.R., Hargreaves, D.J., & Miell, D. (Eds.), Handbook of musical identities (pp. 475-492). DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679485.001.0001
Rickard, N.S., & Chin, T. (2017). Defining the musical identity of 'non-musicians'. In MacDonald, R.A.R., Hargreaves, D.J., & Miell, D. (Eds.), Handbook of musical identities (pp. 288-303).

Keywordsmusic identity; music preferences; musical participation; socio-cultural factors
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020360301. Music cognition
529999. Other psychology not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsJames Cook University
Centre for Heritage and Culture
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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