Research priorities for global food security under extreme events

Article


Mehrabi, Zia, Delzeit, Ruth, Ignaciuk, Adriana, Levers, Christian, Braich, Ginni, Bajaj, Kushank, Amo-Aidoo, Araba, Anderson, Weston, Balgah, Roland A., Benton, Tim G., Chari, Martin M., Ellis, Erle C., Gahi, Narcisse, Gaupp, Franziska, Garibaldi, Lucas A., Gerber, James S., Godde, Cecile M., Grass, Ingo, Heimann, Tobias, ..., You, Liangzhi. 2022. "Research priorities for global food security under extreme events." One Earth. 5 (7), pp. 756-766. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2022.06.008
Article Title

Research priorities for global food security under extreme events

ERA Journal ID213842
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMehrabi, Zia (Author), Delzeit, Ruth (Author), Ignaciuk, Adriana (Author), Levers, Christian (Author), Braich, Ginni (Author), Bajaj, Kushank (Author), Amo-Aidoo, Araba (Author), Anderson, Weston (Author), Balgah, Roland A. (Author), Benton, Tim G. (Author), Chari, Martin M. (Author), Ellis, Erle C. (Author), Gahi, Narcisse (Author), Gaupp, Franziska (Author), Garibaldi, Lucas A. (Author), Gerber, James S. (Author), Godde, Cecile M. (Author), Grass, Ingo (Author), Heimann, Tobias (Author), Hirons, Mark (Author), Hoogenboom, Gerrit (Author), Jain, Meha (Author), James, Dana (Author), Makowski, David (Author), Masamha, Blessing (Author), Meng, Sisi (Author), Monprapussorn, Sathaporn (Author), Muller, Daniel (Author), Nelson, Andrew (Author), Newlands, Nathaniel K. (Author), Noack, Frederik (Author), Oronje, MaryLucy (Author), Raymond, Colin (Author), Reichstein, Markus (Author), Rieseberg, Loren H. (Author), Rodriguez-Llanes, Jose M. (Author), Rosenstock, Todd (Author), Rowhani, Pedram (Author), Sarhadi, Ali (Author), Seppelt, Ralf (Author), Sidhu, Balsher S. (Author), Snapp, Sieglinde (Author), Soma, Tammara (Author), Sparks, Adam H. (Author), Teh, Louise (Author), Tigchelaar, Michelle (Author), Vogel, Martha M. (Author), West, Paul C. (Author), Wittman, Hannah (Author) and You, Liangzhi (Author)
Journal TitleOne Earth
Journal Citation5 (7), pp. 756-766
Number of Pages11
Year2022
PublisherCell Press
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN2590-3322
2590-3330
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2022.06.008
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2590332222003293
Abstract

Extreme events, such as those caused by climate change, economic or geopolitical shocks, and pest or disease epidemics, threaten global food security. The complexity of causation, as well as the myriad ways that an event, or a sequence of events, creates cascading and systemic impacts, poses significant challenges to food systems research and policy alike. To identify priority food security risks and research opportunities, we asked experts from a range of fields and geographies to describe key threats to global food security over the next two decades and to suggest key research questions and gaps on this topic. Here, we present a prioritization of threats to global food security from extreme events, as well as emerging research questions that highlight the conceptual and practical challenges that exist in designing, adopting, and governing resilient food systems. We hope that these findings help in directing research funding and resources toward food system transformations needed to help society tackle major food system risks and food insecurity under extreme events.

Keywordsfood security; climate change; economic or geopolitical shocks; pest outbreaks; disease epidemics
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300207. Agricultural systems analysis and modelling
410404. Environmental management
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Colorado Boulder, United States
University of Basel, Switzerland
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Italy
Vrije University Amsterdam, Netherlands
University of British Columbia, Canada
Kassel University, Germany
University of Maryland, United States
University of Bamenda, Cameroon
Royal Institute of International Affairs, United Kingdom
University of Fort Hare, South Africa
Felix Houphouet-Boigny University, Cote d'Ivoire
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria
National University of Rio Negro, Argentina
University of Minnesota, United States
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia
University of Hohenheim, Germany
Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Germany
University of Oxford, United Kingdom
University of Florida, United States
University of Michigan, United States
Paris-Saclay University, France
Africa Institute of South Africa
University of Notre Dame, United States
Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand
Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies, Germany
University of Twente, Netherlands
Agriculture and Agri-Food, Canada
Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI), Kenya
California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States
Max Planck Society, Germany
European Commission Joint Research Centre, Italy
Alliance of Bioversi International and International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Italy
University of Sussex, United Kingdom
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States
Helmholtz Institute for Environmental Research, Germany
Michigan State University, United States
Simon Fraser University, Canada
Centre for Crop Health
Stanford University, United States
UNESCO, France
International Food Policy Research Institute, United States
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Spatial modelling of rice yield losses in Tanzania due to bacterial leaf blight and leaf blast in a changing climate
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Decision tools for bacterial blight resistance gene deployment in rice-based agricultural ecosystems
Dossa, Gerbert S., Sparks, Adam, Vera Cruz, Cassiana and Oliva, Ricardo. 2015. "Decision tools for bacterial blight resistance gene deployment in rice-based agricultural ecosystems." Frontiers in Plant Science. 6, pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.00305
Climate change may have limited effect on global risk of potato late blight
Sparks, Adam H., Forbes, Gregory A., Hijmans, Robert J. and Garrett, Karen A.. 2014. "Climate change may have limited effect on global risk of potato late blight." Global Change Biology. 20 (12), pp. 3621-3631. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12587
A review on crop losses, epidemiology and disease management of rice brown spot to identify research priorities and knowledge gaps
Barnwal, M. K., Kotasthane, A., Magculia, N., Mukherjee, P. K., Savary, S., Sharma, A. K., Singh, H. B., Singh, U. S., Sparks, A. H., Variar, M. and Zaidi, N.. 2013. "A review on crop losses, epidemiology and disease management of rice brown spot to identify research priorities and knowledge gaps." European Journal of Plant Pathology. 136 (3), pp. 443-457. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-013-0195-6
Taking transgenic rice drought screening to the field
Gaudin, Amelie C. M., Henry, Amelia, Sparks, Adam H. and Slamet-Loedin, Inez H.. 2013. "Taking transgenic rice drought screening to the field." Journal of Experimental Botany. 64 (1), pp. 109-117. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ers313
An economic assessment of the impact of mango pulp weevil on the agricultural sector of Palawan, Philippines
McKinley, Justin D., Sparks, Adam H., Pede, Valerien O. and Duff, Bart. 2012. "An economic assessment of the impact of mango pulp weevil on the agricultural sector of Palawan, Philippines." The Philippine Agricultural Scientist: an international journal of tropical agriculture and related sciences. 95 (3), pp. 286-292.
Complexity in climate-change impacts: an analytical framework for effects mediated by plant disease
Garrett, K. A., Forbes, G. A., Savary, S., Skelsey, P., Sparks, A. H., Valdivia, C., van Bruggen, A. H. C., Willocquet, L., Djurle, A., Duveiller, E., Eckersten, H., Pande, S., Vera Cruz, C. and Yuen, J.. 2011. "Complexity in climate-change impacts: an analytical framework for effects mediated by plant disease." Plant Pathology. 60 (1), pp. 15-30. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2010.02409.x
International agricultural research tackling the effects of global and climate changes on plant diseases in the developing world
Savary, Serge, Nelson, Andrew, Sparks, Adam H, Willocquet, Laetitia, Duveiller, Etienne, Mahaku, George, Forbes, Greg, Garrett, Karen A., Hodson, David, Padgham, Jon, Pande, Suresh, Sharma, Mamta, Yuen, Jonathan and Djurle, Annika. 2011. "International agricultural research tackling the effects of global and climate changes on plant diseases in the developing world." Plant Disease: an international journal of applied plant pathology. 95 (10), pp. 1204-1216. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-04-11-0316
A metamodeling framework for extending the application domain of process-based ecological models
Sparks, Adam H., Forbes, Gregory A., Hijmans, Robert and Garrett, Karen A.. 2011. "A metamodeling framework for extending the application domain of process-based ecological models." Ecosphere. 2 (8). https://doi.org/10.1890/ES11-00128.1
Exploring the potential impacts of climate variability on spring wheat yield with the APSIM decision support tool
Kouadio, Louis, Newlands, Nathaniel, Potgieter, Andries, McLean, Greg and Hill, Harvey. 2015. "Exploring the potential impacts of climate variability on spring wheat yield with the APSIM decision support tool." Agricultural Sciences. 6 (7), pp. 686-698. https://doi.org/10.4236/as.2015.67066
Evaluation of the integrated Canadian crop yield forecaster (ICCYF) model for in-season prediction of crop yield across the Canadian agricultural landscape
Chipanshi, Aston, Zhang, Yinsuo, Kouadio, Louis, Newlands, Nathaniel, Davidson, Andrew, Hill, Harvey, Warren, Richard, Qian, Budong, Daneshfar, Bahram, Bedard, Frederic and Reichert, Gordon. 2015. "Evaluation of the integrated Canadian crop yield forecaster (ICCYF) model for in-season prediction of crop yield across the Canadian agricultural landscape." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 206, pp. 137-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.03.007
Building capacity for assessing spatial-based sustainability metrics in agriculture
Kouadio, Louis and Newlands, Nathaniel K.. 2015. "Building capacity for assessing spatial-based sustainability metrics in agriculture." Decision Analytics. 2 (2). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40165-015-0011-9
Assessing the Performance of MODIS NDVI and EVI for Seasonal Crop Yield Forecasting at the Ecodistrict Scale
Kouadio, Louis, Newlands, Nathaniel K., Davidson, Andrew, Zhang, Yinsuo and Chipanshi, Aston. 2014. "Assessing the Performance of MODIS NDVI and EVI for Seasonal Crop Yield Forecasting at the Ecodistrict Scale." Remote Sensing. 6 (10), pp. 10193-10214. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs61010193
Development and application of process-based simulation models for cotton production: a review of past, present, and future directions
Thorp, K. R., Ale, S., Bange, M. P., Barnes, E. M., Hoogenboom, G., Lascano, R. J., McCarthy, A. C., Nair, S., Paz, J. O., Rajan, N., Reddy, K. R., Wall, G. W. and White, J. W.. 2014. "Development and application of process-based simulation models for cotton production: a review of past, present, and future directions." Journal of Cotton Science. 18 (1), pp. 10-47.
An integrated, probabilistic model for improved seasonal forecasting of agricultural crop yield under environmental uncertainty
Newlands, Nathaniel K., Zamar, David S., Kouadio, Louis A., Zhang, Yinsuo, Chipanshi, Aston, Potgieter, Andries, Toure, Souleymane and Hill, Harvey S. J.. 2014. "An integrated, probabilistic model for improved seasonal forecasting of agricultural crop yield under environmental uncertainty." Frontiers in Environmental Science. 2, pp. 1-21. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2014.00017
To close the yield-gap while saving biodiversity will require multiple locally relevant strategies
Cunningham, Saul A., Attwood, Simon J., Bawa, Kamal S., Benton, Tim G., Broadhurst, Linda M., Didham, Raphael K., McIntyre, Sue, Perfecto, Ivette, Samways, Michael J., Tscharntke, Teja, Vandermeer, John, Villard, Marc-Andre, Young, Andrew G. and Lindenmayer, David B.. 2013. "To close the yield-gap while saving biodiversity will require multiple locally relevant strategies ." Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 173, pp. 20-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2013.04.007