hydrothermal co-liquefaction of biomass and plastic wastes into biofuel: Study on catalyst property, product distribution and synergistic effects

Article


Mukundan, Swathi, Wagner, Jonathan L., Annamalai, Pratheep K., Ravindran, Devika Sudha, Krishnapillai, Girish Kumar and Beltramini, Jorge. 2022. "hydrothermal co-liquefaction of biomass and plastic wastes into biofuel: Study on catalyst property, product distribution and synergistic effects." Fuel Processing Technology. 238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2022.107523
Article Title

hydrothermal co-liquefaction of biomass and plastic wastes into biofuel: Study on catalyst property, product distribution and synergistic effects

ERA Journal ID3884
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMukundan, Swathi, Wagner, Jonathan L., Annamalai, Pratheep K., Ravindran, Devika Sudha, Krishnapillai, Girish Kumar and Beltramini, Jorge
Journal TitleFuel Processing Technology
Journal Citation238
Article Number107523
Number of Pages9
Year2022
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN0378-3820
1873-7188
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2022.107523
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378382022003630
AbstractThis study reports an efficient conversion route for prosopis juliflora (PJ) biomass into high-quality bio-oil through catalytic hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) process with systematically substituted hydrogen-rich plastic waste ‘polypropylene (PP)’, and using alumina supported metal oxide (Mo, Ni, W, and Nb) catalysts. The HTL treatments of PJ with PP (0-75 wt.%) were investigated in both sub and supercritical water conditions. An excellent synergy between PP and PJ was observed even in subcritical conditions (97.6% synergy at 340 °C at 25% PP to PJ), while efficient liquefaction of PP alone was observed only in the supercritical conditions. The optimum temperature, and PP substitution were found to be 420 °C and 25% respectively, with 46.5% bio-oil yield, high deoxygenation (65.1%), and carbon recovery (78.9%) when using Nb/Al2O3 as the catalyst. An in-depth analysis of physicochemical properties and the bio-oil product distribution with respect to each catalyst and PP/PJ substitution ratio are discussed in detail. Among all, the Nb/Al2O3 catalyst performed well with remarkable recyclability up to 10 cycles. The produced bio-oil mixture due to its low oxygen content is very promising to be upgraded to precursors for chemicals and transportation biofuels.
Keywordshydrothermal liquefaction; Biomass waste ; Plastic waste ; Synergy; Biofuels; Nb2O5
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300705. Forestry biomass and bioproducts
340504. Organic green chemistry
401102. Environmentally sustainable engineering
Byline AffiliationsLoughborough University, United Kingdom
Cochin University of Science and Technology, India
University of Queensland
Queensland University of Technology
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