A mixed acid methodology to produce thermally stable cellulose nanocrystal at high yield using phosphoric acid

Article


Amin, Khairatun Najwa, Hosseinmardi, Alireza, Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2022. "A mixed acid methodology to produce thermally stable cellulose nanocrystal at high yield using phosphoric acid." Journal of Bioresources and Bioproducts. 7 (2), pp. 99-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobab.2021.12.002
Article Title

A mixed acid methodology to produce thermally stable cellulose nanocrystal at high yield using phosphoric acid

Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsAmin, Khairatun Najwa, Hosseinmardi, Alireza, Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.
Journal TitleJournal of Bioresources and Bioproducts
Journal Citation7 (2), pp. 99-108
Number of Pages10
Year2022
PublisherElsevier
KeAi Publishing Communications Ltd.
Place of PublicationChina
ISSN2369-9698
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobab.2021.12.002
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2369969821000864
AbstractCellulose nanocrystal (CNC) with distinctive shape-morphology, enhanced thermal stability and dispersibility is essential for overcoming the challenges in processing polymer/CNC nanocomposites through melt compounding at elevated temperatures. This study shows a mixed acid hydrolysis method to produce CNC with improved thermal stability and high productivity. The use of phosphoric acid (H3PO4), as a mild acid, in combination with a strong acid either sulphuric acid (H2SO4) or hydrochloric acid (HCl) leads to reduced use of strong acids and low impact on our environment. The influences of acid combination and sequence of addition on the production yield were investigated by retaining the proportion of H3PO4 to corrosive acid (H2SO4 and HCl) 4 to 1, and solid to liquid ratio 1꞉75. This methodology has enabled to isolate CNC with higher thermal stability, dispersibility and productivity in terms of amount acid used 1 g of CNC, as compared with single acid hydrolysis. The CNC produced using the combination of H3PO4 and HCl exhibits high thermal stability, dispersibility and rod-like shape morphology with length and width of (424 ± 86) and (22 ± 3) nm, respectively. Moreover, this approach has reduced H3PO4 consumption by 54% as compared with single acid hydrolysis method for the production of same amount of CNC.
KeywordsCellulose nanocrystal (CNC); Acid hydrolysis; Thermal stability; Mixed acid; Crystallinity; Production yield
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300705. Forestry biomass and bioproducts
340303. Nanochemistry
401807. Nanomaterials
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Queensland
Universiti Malaysia Pahang Al-Sultan Abdullah, Malaysia
Centre for Future Materials (Research)
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/z239y/a-mixed-acid-methodology-to-produce-thermally-stable-cellulose-nanocrystal-at-high-yield-using-phosphoric-acid

Download files


Published Version
1-s2.0-S2369969821000864-main.pdf
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
File access level: Anyone

  • 26
    total views
  • 11
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 6
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Functionalizing lignin by in situ solid-phase grafting ammonium polyphosphate for enhancing thermal, flame-retardant, mechanical, and UV-resistant properties of polylactic acid
Zhang, Yan, Liu, Linghui, Yao, Miaohong, Feng, Jiabing, Xue, Yijiao, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Chevali, Venkata, Dinh, Toan, Fang, Zhengping, Liu, Hongzhi and Song, Pingan. 2024. "Functionalizing lignin by in situ solid-phase grafting ammonium polyphosphate for enhancing thermal, flame-retardant, mechanical, and UV-resistant properties of polylactic acid." Chemical Engineering Journal. 495. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2024.153429
Achieving ultra-tear resistant high-performance natural rubber nanocomposite via bio-inspired lignocellulosic compatibilization
Hosseinmardi, Alireza, Amiralian, Nasim, Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2024. "Achieving ultra-tear resistant high-performance natural rubber nanocomposite via bio-inspired lignocellulosic compatibilization." Industrial Crops and Products. 207 (Part 1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2023.117729
Dispersion engineering of cellulose nanofibres in polyols: for controlled microstructure of high-performance polyurethane foam
Haridevan, Hima, Evans, David A. C., Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2024. "Dispersion engineering of cellulose nanofibres in polyols: for controlled microstructure of high-performance polyurethane foam." Materials Advances. 5 (4), pp. 1540-1551. https://doi.org/10.1039/d3ma00865g
Enhancement of emulsion stability and functional properties of hemp protein-based dairy alternative by different treatments after cellulase hydrolysis
Rawal, Kirti, Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar, Ningtyas, Dian Widya and Prakash, Sangeeta. 2024. "Enhancement of emulsion stability and functional properties of hemp protein-based dairy alternative by different treatments after cellulase hydrolysis." International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 59 (1), pp. 639-648. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.16735
Tuning the microstructure of polyurethane foam using nanocellulose for improved thermal insulation properties through an efficient dispersion methodology
Septevani, Athanasia A., Evans, David A.C., Martin, Darren J., Song, Pingan and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2023. "Tuning the microstructure of polyurethane foam using nanocellulose for improved thermal insulation properties through an efficient dispersion methodology." Polymer Composites. 44 (12), pp. 8857-8869. https://doi.org/10.1002/pc.27743
N and S co-doped nanosheet-like porous carbon derived from sorghum biomass: mechanical nanoarchitecturing for upgraded potassium ion batteries
Kim, Minjun, Ma, Liang, Li, Zhibin, Mai, Wenjie, Amiralian, Nasim, Rowan, Alan E., Yamauchi, Yusuke, Qin, Aimiao, Afzal, Rana Arslan, Martin, Darren, Nanjundan, Ashok Kumar and Li, Jinliang. 2023. "N and S co-doped nanosheet-like porous carbon derived from sorghum biomass: mechanical nanoarchitecturing for upgraded potassium ion batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 11 (31), pp. 16626-16635. https://doi.org/10.1039/d3ta03215a
X-ray Tomographic Reconstruction for Understanding Lignin-Induced Changes in the Microstructure and Properties of Polyurethane Insulation Foam
Haridevan, Hima, Barkauskas, Deborah, Sokolowski, Kamil A., Evans, David A.C., Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2023. "X-ray Tomographic Reconstruction for Understanding Lignin-Induced Changes in the Microstructure and Properties of Polyurethane Insulation Foam." ACS Applied Polymer Materials. 5 (9), pp. 6772-6780. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsapm.3c00380
Oat flour as a novel stabiliser for designing plant-based Pickering emulsion
Rawal, Kirti, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Bhandari, Bhesh and Prakash, Sangeeta. 2023. "Oat flour as a novel stabiliser for designing plant-based Pickering emulsion." Journal of Food Engineering. 340, p. 111300. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2022.111300
Stress concentration factors in FRP-strengthened steel tubular KT-joints
Hosseini, Alireza Sadat, Zavvar, Esmaeil and Ahmadi, Hamid. 2021. "Stress concentration factors in FRP-strengthened steel tubular KT-joints." Applied Ocean Research. 108, pp. 1-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apor.2021.102525
Innovation in nano-polysaccharides for eco-sustainability: From science to industrial applications
Singh, Preeti, Manzoor, Kaiser, Ikram, Saiqa and Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar. 2022. Innovation in nano-polysaccharides for eco-sustainability: From science to industrial applications. India. Elsevier.
Nanocellulose: a sustainable nanomaterial for controlled drug delivery applications
Pennells, Jordan, Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar. 2022. "Nanocellulose: a sustainable nanomaterial for controlled drug delivery applications." Singh, Preeti and Manzoor, Kaiser (ed.) Innovation in Nano-polysaccharides for Eco-sustainability: From Science to Industrial Applications. India. Elsevier. pp. 217-253
Toxicity assessment of historical aqueous film-forming foams (AFFFs) using cell-based assays
Ojo, Atinuke F., Peng, Cheng, Annamalai, Prasath, Mallavarapu, Mallavarapu and Ng, Jack C.. 2022. "Toxicity assessment of historical aqueous film-forming foams (AFFFs) using cell-based assays." Environmental Pollution. 310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2022.119806
hydrothermal co-liquefaction of biomass and plastic wastes into biofuel: Study on catalyst property, product distribution and synergistic effects
Mukundan, Swathi, Wagner, Jonathan L., Annamalai, Pratheep K., Ravindran, Devika Sudha, Krishnapillai, Girish Kumar and Beltramini, Jorge. 2022. "hydrothermal co-liquefaction of biomass and plastic wastes into biofuel: Study on catalyst property, product distribution and synergistic effects." Fuel Processing Technology. 238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2022.107523
A cleaner processing approach for cellulose reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane nanocomposites
Amin, Khairatun Najwa Mohd, Chaleat, Celine, Edwards, Grant, Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, ratheep Kumar. 2022. "A cleaner processing approach for cellulose reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane nanocomposites." Polymer Engineering and Science. 62 (3), pp. 949-961. https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.25899
Tailored production of lignin-containing cellulose nanofibrils from sugarcane bagasse pretreated by acid-catalyzed alcohol solutions
Liu, Yiting, Li, Wen, Li, Kai, Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar, Pratt, Steven, Hassanpour, Morteza, Lu, Haiqin and Zhang, Zhanying. 2022. "Tailored production of lignin-containing cellulose nanofibrils from sugarcane bagasse pretreated by acid-catalyzed alcohol solutions." Carbohydrate Polymers. 291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2022.119602
Recent Advances in the Nanomaterials, Design, Fabrication Approaches of Thermoelectric Nanogenerators for Various Applications
Kim, Andrew, Kumar, Pawan, Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar and Patel, Rajkumar. 2022. "Recent Advances in the Nanomaterials, Design, Fabrication Approaches of Thermoelectric Nanogenerators for Various Applications." Advanced Materials Interfaces. 9 (35). https://doi.org/10.1002/admi.202201659
Rational analysis of dispersion and solubility of Kraft lignin in polyols for polyurethanes
Haridevan, Hima, Evans, David A.C., Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2022. "Rational analysis of dispersion and solubility of Kraft lignin in polyols for polyurethanes." Industrial Crops and Products. 185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2022.115129
Processing and rheological properties of polyol/cellulose nanofibre dispersions for polyurethanes
Haridevan, Hima, Chaleat, Celine, Pooley, Liam, Evans, David A.C., Halley, Peter J., Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2022. "Processing and rheological properties of polyol/cellulose nanofibre dispersions for polyurethanes." Polymer. 255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2022.125130
High-Resolution R2R-Compatible Printing of Carbon Nanotube Conductive Patterns Enabled by Cellulose Nanocrystals
Corletto, Alexander, Hosseinmardi, Alireza, Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar, Martin, Darren J. and Shapter, Joseph G.. 2022. "High-Resolution R2R-Compatible Printing of Carbon Nanotube Conductive Patterns Enabled by Cellulose Nanocrystals." ACS Applied Nano Materials. 5 (1), pp. 1574-1587. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.1c04320
Efficient lithium-ion storage using a heterostructured porous carbon framework and its
Kim, Minjun, Fernando, Joseph F.S., Wang, Jie, Nanjundan, Ashok Kumar, Na, Jongbeom, Hossain, Md. Shahriar A., Nara, Hiroki, Martin, Darren, Sugahara, Yoshiyuki, Golberg, Dmitri and Yamauchi, Yusuke. 2022. "Efficient lithium-ion storage using a heterostructured porous carbon framework and its." Chemical Communications. 58 (6), pp. 863-866. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1cc05298e
Ultra-stable sodium ion storage of biomass porous carbon derived from sugarcane
Kim, Minjun, Fernando, Joseph F.S., Li, Zhibin, Alowasheeir, Azhar, Ashok, Aditya, Xin, Ruijing, Martin, Darren, Nanjundan, Ashok Kumar, Golberg, Dmitri V., Yamauchi, Yusuke, Amiralian, Nasim and Li, Jinliang. 2022. "Ultra-stable sodium ion storage of biomass porous carbon derived from sugarcane." Chemical Engineering Journal. 445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2022.136344
Lignocellulosic plant cell wall variation influences the structure and properties of hard carbon derived from sorghum biomass
Afzal, Rana Arslan, Pennells, Jordan, Yamauchi, Yusuke, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Nanjundan, Ashok Kumar and Martin, Darren J.. 2022. "Lignocellulosic plant cell wall variation influences the structure and properties of hard carbon derived from sorghum biomass." Carbon Trends. 7, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cartre.2022.100168
Molecularly Engineered Lignin-Derived Additives Enable Fire-Retardant, UV-Shielding, and Mechanically Strong Polylactide Biocomposites
Yang, Haitang, Shi, Bingbing, Xue, Yijiao, Ma, Zhewen, Liu, Lina, Liu, Lei, Yu, Youming, Zhang, Zhanying, Annamalai, Pratheep K. and Song, Pingan. 2021. "Molecularly Engineered Lignin-Derived Additives Enable Fire-Retardant, UV-Shielding, and Mechanically Strong Polylactide Biocomposites." Biomacromolecules. 22 (4), pp. 1432-1444. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.0c01656
Review on Colloidal Quantum Dots Luminescent Solar Concentrators
Kim, Andrew, Hosseinmardi, Alireza, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Kumar, Pawan and Patel, Rajkumar. 2021. "Review on Colloidal Quantum Dots Luminescent Solar Concentrators." Chemistry Select. 6 (20), pp. 4948-4967. https://doi.org/10.1002/slct.202100674
Toughening of natural rubber nanocomposites by the incorporation of nanoscale lignin combined with an industrially relevant leaching process
Hosseinmardi, Alireza, Amiralian, Nasim, Hayati, Amir Nemati, Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2021. "Toughening of natural rubber nanocomposites by the incorporation of nanoscale lignin combined with an industrially relevant leaching process." Industrial Crops and Products. 159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2020.113063
Dispersion Methodology for Technical Lignin into Polyester Polyol for High-Performance Polyurethane Insulation Foam
Haridevan, Hima, McLaggan, Martyn S., Evans, David A.C., Martin, Darren J., Seaby, Trent, Zhang, Zhanying and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2021. "Dispersion Methodology for Technical Lignin into Polyester Polyol for High-Performance Polyurethane Insulation Foam." ACS Applied Polymer Materials. 3 (7), pp. 3528-3537. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsapm.1c00430
Valorisation of technical lignin in rigid polyurethane foam: a critical evaluation on trends, guidelines and future perspectives
Haridevan, Hima, Evans, David A. C., Ragauskas, Arthur J., Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2021. "Valorisation of technical lignin in rigid polyurethane foam: a critical evaluation on trends, guidelines and future perspectives." Green Chemistry. 23 (22), pp. 8725-8753. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1gc02744a
Enhanced dispersion of lignin in pet polyols for improved thermal insulation of polyurethane foams
Haridevan, Hima, Birnie, David, Evans, David A.C., Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2021. "Enhanced dispersion of lignin in pet polyols for improved thermal insulation of polyurethane foams." Annual Technical Conference for Plastic Professionals (ANTEC 2021). Online 10 - 21 May 2021 United States.
3D enabled facile fabrication of substrates with human tongue characteristics for analysing the tribological behaviour of food emulsions
Fan, Juan, Annamalai, Pratheep K. and Prakash, Sangeeta. 2021. "3D enabled facile fabrication of substrates with human tongue characteristics for analysing the tribological behaviour of food emulsions." Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies. 73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifset.2021.102803
An Overview of Cellulose-Based Nanogenerators
Annamalai, Pratheep K., Nanjundan, Ashok Kumar, Dubal, Deepak P. and Baek, Jong-Beom. 2021. "An Overview of Cellulose-Based Nanogenerators." Advanced Materials Technologies. 6 (3). https://doi.org/10.1002/admt.202001164
Sorghum biomass-derived porous carbon electrodes for capacitive deionization and energy storage
Kim, Minjun, Lim, Hyunsoo, Xu, Xingtao, Hossain, Md Shahriar A., Na, Jongbeom, Awaludin, Nur Nadia, Shah, Jagrat, Shrestha, Lok Kumar, Ariga, Katsuhiko, Nanjundan, Ashok Kumar, Martin, Darren J., Shapter, Joseph G. and Yamauchi, Yusuke. 2021. "Sorghum biomass-derived porous carbon electrodes for capacitive deionization and energy storage." Microporous and Mesoporous Materials. 312. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2020.110757
Potassium-Ion Storage in Cellulose-Derived Hard Carbon: The Role of Functional Groups
Nanjundan, Ashok, Gaddam, Rohit Ranganathan, Niaei, Amir H. Farokh, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Dubal, Deepak P., Martin, Darren James, Yamauchi, Yusuke, Searles, Debra J. and Zhao, Xiu Song. 2020. "Potassium-Ion Storage in Cellulose-Derived Hard Carbon: The Role of Functional Groups." Batteries & Supercaps. 3 (9), pp. 953-960. https://doi.org/10.1002/batt.202000116
Pyrolysis of brominated polyethylene as an alternative carbon fibre precursor
Laycock, Bronwyn, Wang, Xiaoyu, Liu, Ru-Fen, Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar, Cork, Jorja, Derstine, Chris, Mills, Michael and McFarland, Eric W.. 2020. "Pyrolysis of brominated polyethylene as an alternative carbon fibre precursor." Polymer Degradation and Stability. 172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2019.109057
Nanocellulose-based carbon as electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries
Ramanujam, B.T.S., Nanjundan, Ashok Kumar and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2020. "Nanocellulose-based carbon as electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries." Thoma, Sabu and Pottathara, Yasir Beeran (ed.) Nanocellulose Based Composites for Electronics. United Kingdom. Elsevier. pp. 295-312
Influence of Different Nanocellulose Additives on Processing and Performance of PAN-Based Carbon Fibers
Jiang, Edward, Maghe, Maxime, Zohdi, Nima, Amiralian, Nasim, Naebe, Minoo, Laycock, Bronwyn, Fox, Bronwyn L., Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2019. "Influence of Different Nanocellulose Additives on Processing and Performance of PAN-Based Carbon Fibers." ACS Omega. 4 (6), pp. 9720-9730. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.9b00266
Electrochemical Characteristics of Cobaltosic Oxide in Organic Electrolyte According to Bode Plots: Double-Layer Capacitance and Pseudocapacitance
Xu, Yinsheng, Wang, Shengping, Peng, Huiling, Yang, Zhigao, Martin, Darren J., Bund, Andreas, Nanjundan, Ashok Kumar and Yamauchi, Yusuke. 2019. "Electrochemical Characteristics of Cobaltosic Oxide in Organic Electrolyte According to Bode Plots: Double-Layer Capacitance and Pseudocapacitance." ChemElectroChem. 6 (9), pp. 2456-2463. https://doi.org/10.1002/celc.201900289
Reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) Prepared by Metal-Induced Reduction of Graphite Oxide: Improved Conductive Behavior of a Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)/rGO Composite
Mallik, Abul K., Habib, Lawshan, Robel, Fataha N., Shahruzzaman, Md., Haque, Papia, Rahman, Mohammed Mizanur, Devanath, Vasudevan, Martin, Darren J., Nanjundan, Ashok Kumar, Yamauchi, Yusuke, Takafuji, Makoto and Ihara, Hirotaka. 2019. "Reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) Prepared by Metal-Induced Reduction of Graphite Oxide: Improved Conductive Behavior of a Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)/rGO Composite." Chemistry Select. 4 (27), pp. 7954-7958. https://doi.org/10.1002/slct.201901281
Double-Layered Modified Separators as Shuttle Suppressing Interlayers for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
Deng, Chao, Wang, Zhuowen, Wang, Shengping, Yu, Jingxian, Martin, Darren J., Nanjundan, Ashok Kumar and Yamauchi, Yusuke. 2019. "Double-Layered Modified Separators as Shuttle Suppressing Interlayers for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries." ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 11 (1), pp. 541-549. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b14196
Soft-Templated Synthesis of Sheet-Like Nanoporous Nitrogen-Doped Carbons for Electrochemical Supercapacitors
Allah, Abeer Enaiet, Yamauchi, Yusuke, Wang, Jie, Bando, Yoshio, Tan, Haibo, Farghali, Ahmed A., Khedr, Mohamed Hamdy, Alshehri, Abdulmohsen, Alghamdi, Yousef Gamaan, Martin, Darren, Wahab, Mohammad A., Hossain, Md. Shahriar A. and Nanjundan, Ashok Kumar. 2019. "Soft-Templated Synthesis of Sheet-Like Nanoporous Nitrogen-Doped Carbons for Electrochemical Supercapacitors." ChemElectroChem. 6 (6), pp. 1901-1907. https://doi.org/10.1002/celc.201900151
Hybrid polyether-palm oil polyester polyol based rigid polyurethane foam reinforced with cellulose nanocrystal
Septevani, Athanasia A., Evans, David A.C., Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2018. "Hybrid polyether-palm oil polyester polyol based rigid polyurethane foam reinforced with cellulose nanocrystal." Industrial Crops and Products. 112, pp. 378-388. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.12.032
Atomic Layer Deposition of Metal Oxide on Nanocellulose for Enabling Microscopic Characterization of Polymer Nanocomposites
Septevani, Athanasia A., Evans, David A. C., Hosseini, Alireza, Martin, Darren J., Simonsen, John, Conley Jr., John F. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2018. "Atomic Layer Deposition of Metal Oxide on Nanocellulose for Enabling Microscopic Characterization of Polymer Nanocomposites." Small. 14 (46). https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201803439
Chitosan-based bionanocomposites for biomedical application
Kumari, Sangeeta, Singh, Raj Pal, Chavan, Nayaku N and Annamalai, Pratheep K. 2018. "Chitosan-based bionanocomposites for biomedical application." Bioinspired, Biomimetic and Nanobiomaterials. 7 (4), pp. 219-227. https://doi.org/10.1680/jbibn.15.00015
Facile Tuning of the Surface Energy of Cellulose Nanofibers for Nanocomposite Reinforcement
Hosseinmardi, Alireza, Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar, Martine, Benoit, Pennells, Jordan, Martin, Darren J. and Amiralian, Nasim. 2018. "Facile Tuning of the Surface Energy of Cellulose Nanofibers for Nanocomposite Reinforcement." ACS Omega. 3 (11), pp. 15933-15942. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.8b02104
A simple methodology for improving the performance and sustainability of rigid polyurethane foam by incorporating industrial lignin
Hayati, Amir Nemati, Evans, David Alwyn Charles, Laycock, Bronwyn, Martin, Darren James and Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar. 2018. "A simple methodology for improving the performance and sustainability of rigid polyurethane foam by incorporating industrial lignin." Industrial Crops and Products. 117, pp. 149-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.03.006
High surface area nanoporous carbon derived from high quality jute from Bangladesh
Khan, Junayet Hossain, Lin, Jianjian, Young, Christine, Matsagar, Babasaheb M., Wu, Kevin C.W., Dhepe, Paresh L., Islam, Md Tofazzal, Rahman, Md Mahbubur, Shrestha, Lok Kumar, Alshehri, Saad M., Ahamad, Tansir, Salunkhe, Rahul R., Kumar, Nanjundan Ashok, Martin, Darren J., Yamauchi, Yusuke and Hossain, Md Shahriar A.. 2018. "High surface area nanoporous carbon derived from high quality jute from Bangladesh." Materials Chemistry and Physics. 216, pp. 491-495. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2018.05.082
Graphene-Wrapped Nanoporous Nickel-Cobalt Oxide Flakes for Electrochemical Supercapacitors
Alowasheeir, Azhar, Zakaria, Mohamed B., Lin, Jianjian, Chikyow, Toyohiro, Martin, Darren J., Alghamdi, Yousef Gamaan, Alshehri, Abdulmohsen Ali, Bando, Yoshio, Hossain, Md. Shahriar A., Wu, Kevin C.-W., Kumar, Nanjundan Ashok and Yamauchi, Yusuke. 2018. "Graphene-Wrapped Nanoporous Nickel-Cobalt Oxide Flakes for Electrochemical Supercapacitors." Chemistry Select. 3 (29), pp. 8505-8510. https://doi.org/10.1002/slct.201801174
The use of cellulose nanocrystals to enhance the thermal insulation properties and sustainability of rigid polyurethane foam
Septevani, Athanasia A., Evans, David A.C., Annamalai, Pratheep K. and Martin, Darren J.. 2017. "The use of cellulose nanocrystals to enhance the thermal insulation properties and sustainability of rigid polyurethane foam." Industrial Crops and Products. 107, pp. 114-121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.05.039
Synthesis and characterization of cellulose nanocrystals as reinforcing agent in solely palm based polyurethane foam
Septevani, Athanasia Amanda, Annamalai, Pratheep K. and Martin, Darren J.. 2017. "Synthesis and characterization of cellulose nanocrystals as reinforcing agent in solely palm based polyurethane foam." 3rd International Symposium on Applied Chemistry (ISAC) 2017. Jakarta, Indonesia 23 - 24 Oct 2017 AIP Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5011899
Conducting polymer–graphite binary and hybrid composites
Ramanujam, B.T.S. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2017. "Conducting polymer–graphite binary and hybrid composites." Thakur, Vijay Kumar, Thakur, Manju Kumari and Pappu, Asokan (ed.) Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials. India. Elsevier. pp. 1-34
Influence of Moisture Dependency of Pressboard on Transformer Winding Clamping Pressure
Naranpanawe, Lakshitha, Ekanayake, Chandima, Saha, Tapan Kumar and Annamalai, Naranpanawe1, Chandima Ekanayake2, Tapan Kumar Saha1 and Pratheep K.. 2017. "Influence of Moisture Dependency of Pressboard on Transformer Winding Clamping Pressure." IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation. 24 (5), pp. 3191-3200. https://doi.org/10.1109/Tdei.2017.006206
Cellulose Nanocrystals with Enhanced Thermal Stability Reinforced Thermoplastic Polyurethane
Amin, Khairatun Najwa, Annamalai, , Pratheep Kumar and Martin, Darren. 2017. "Cellulose Nanocrystals with Enhanced Thermal Stability Reinforced Thermoplastic Polyurethane." Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences. 21 (3), pp. 754-761. https://doi.org/10.17576/mjas-2017-2103-25
Cellulose Nanofibers as Rheology Modifiers and Enhancers of Carbonization Efficiency in Polyacrylonitrile
Jiang, Edward, Amiralian, Nasim, Maghe, Maxime, Laycock, Bronwyn, McFarland, Eric M, Fox, Bronwyn F, Martin, D.J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2017. "Cellulose Nanofibers as Rheology Modifiers and Enhancers of Carbonization Efficiency in Polyacrylonitrile." ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering. 5 (4), pp. 3296-3304. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b03144
Reinforcement of natural rubber latex using lignocellulosic nanofibers isolated from spinifex grass
Hosseinmardi, Alireza, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Wang, Lianzhou, Martin, Darren and Amiralian, Nasim. 2017. "Reinforcement of natural rubber latex using lignocellulosic nanofibers isolated from spinifex grass." Nanoscale. 9 (27), pp. 9510-9519. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7nr02632c
Spinifex nanocellulose derived hard carbon anodes for high-performance sodium-ion batteries
Gaddam, Rohit Ranganathan., Jiang, Edward, Amiralian, Nasim, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Martin, Darren J., Nanjundan, Nanjundan and Zhao, X. S.. 2017. "Spinifex nanocellulose derived hard carbon anodes for high-performance sodium-ion batteries." Sustainable Energy & Fuels. 1 (5), pp. 1090-1097. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7se00169j
High aspect ratio nanocellulose from an extremophile spinifex grass by controlled acid hydrolysis
Amiralian, Nasim, Annamalai, . Pratheep K., Garvey, Christopher J., Jiang, Edward, Memmott, Paul and Martin, Darren J.. 2017. "High aspect ratio nanocellulose from an extremophile spinifex grass by controlled acid hydrolysis." Cellulose. 24 (9), pp. 3753-3766. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-017-1379-6
Effect of pressboard ageing on power transformer mechanical vibration characteristics
Naranpanawe, W. M. L. B., Bandara, K. M. K. S., Saha, T.K., Ekanayake, C. and Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar. 2016. "Effect of pressboard ageing on power transformer mechanical vibration characteristics." 2015 IEEE PES Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC 2015). Brisbane, Australia 15 - 18 Nov 2015 Australia. https://doi.org/10.1109/APPEEC.2015.7380951
Dip-and-Drag Lateral Force Spectroscopy for Measuring Adhesive Forces between Nanofibers
Dolan, Grace K., Yakubov, Gleb E., Greene, George W., Amiralian, NasimNasim, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Martin, Darren J. and Stokes, Jason R.. 2016. "Dip-and-Drag Lateral Force Spectroscopy for Measuring Adhesive Forces between Nanofibers." Langmuir: the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids. 32 (50), pp. 13340-13348. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b03467
Understanding the Ageing Aspects of Natural Ester Based Insulation liquid in Power Transformer
Badana, Kapila, Ekanayake, Chandima, Saha, Tapan Kumar and Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar. 2016. "Understanding the Ageing Aspects of Natural Ester Based Insulation liquid in Power Transformer." IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation. 23 (1), pp. 246-257. https://doi.org/10.1109/Tdei.2015.004744
Systematic production of high quality and low cost cellulose nanofibres and their potential applications
Amiralian, Nasim, Annamalai, Pratheep and Martin, Darren J.. 2016. "Systematic production of high quality and low cost cellulose nanofibres and their potential applications." TAPPI International Conference on Nanotechnology for Renewable Materials 2016. Grenoble, France 13 - 16 Jun 2016 France.
Scalable processing of thermoplastic polyurethane nanocomposites toughened with nanocellulose
Amin, Khairatun Najwa Mohd, Amiralian, Nasim, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Edwards, Grant, Chaleat, Celine and Martin, Darren J.. 2016. "Scalable processing of thermoplastic polyurethane nanocomposites toughened with nanocellulose." Chemical Engineering Journal. 302, pp. 406-416. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.05.067
Cleaner and scalable processing of cellulose nanocrystal reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane nanocomposites
Mohd Amin, Khairatun Najwa, Amin, Mohd, Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar, Edwards, Grant A.B., Chaleat, Celine and Martin, Darren J.. 2016. "Cleaner and scalable processing of cellulose nanocrystal reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane nanocomposites." TAPPI International Conference on Nanotechnology for Renewable Materials 2016. Grenoble, France 13 - 16 Jun 2016 France.
Polymers from Biomass: Characterization, Modification, Degradation, and Applications
Adsul, Mukund, Tuli, Deepak K., Annamalai, Pratheep K., Depan, Dilip and Shankar, Shiv. 2016. "Polymers from Biomass: Characterization, Modification, Degradation, and Applications." International Journal of Polymer Science. 2016. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/1857297
A systematic study substituting polyether polyol with palm kernel oil based polyester polyol in rigid polyurethane foam
Septevani, Athanasia A., Evans, David A.C., Chaleat, Celine, Martin, Darren J. and Annamalai, Pratheep K.. 2015. "A systematic study substituting polyether polyol with palm kernel oil based polyester polyol in rigid polyurethane foam." Industrial Crops and Products. 66, pp. 16-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.11.053
Production of cellulose nanocrystals via a scalable mechanical method
Amin, Khairatun Najwa Mohd, Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar, Morrow, Isabel Catherine and Martin, Darren. 2015. "Production of cellulose nanocrystals via a scalable mechanical method." RSC Advances: an international journal to further the chemical sciences. 5 (70), pp. 57133-57140. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5ra06862b
Easily deconstructed, high aspect ratio cellulose nanofibres from Triodia pungens; an abundant grass of Australia's arid zone
Amiralian, Nasim, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Memmott, Paul, Taran, Elena, Schmidt, Susanne and Martin, Darren J.. 2015. "Easily deconstructed, high aspect ratio cellulose nanofibres from Triodia pungens; an abundant grass of Australia's arid zone." RSC Advances: an international journal to further the chemical sciences. 5 (41), pp. 32124-32132. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5ra02936h
Isolation of cellulose nanofibrils from Triodia pungens via different mechanical methods
Amiralian, Nasim, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Memmott, Paul and Martin, Darren. J.. 2015. "Isolation of cellulose nanofibrils from Triodia pungens via different mechanical methods ." Cellulose. 22 (4), pp. 2483-2498. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-015-0688-x
Erratum to “Optimization of resin extraction from an Australian arid grass ‘Triodia pungens’ and its preliminary evaluation as an anti-termite timber coating” [Ind. Crops Prod. 59 (2014) 241–247]
Amiralian, Nasim, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Fitzgerald, Chris, Memmott, Paul and Martin, Darren J.. 2015. "Erratum to “Optimization of resin extraction from an Australian arid grass ‘Triodia pungens’ and its preliminary evaluation as an anti-termite timber coating” [Ind. Crops Prod. 59 (2014) 241–247]." Industrial Crops and Products. 67, pp. 512-512. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.12.037
Optimisation of resin extraction from an Australian arid grass ‘Triodia pungens’ and its preliminary evaluation as an anti-termite timber coating
Amiralian, Nasim, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Fitzgerald, Chris, Memmott, Paul and Martin, Darren J.. 2014. "Optimisation of resin extraction from an Australian arid grass ‘Triodia pungens’ and its preliminary evaluation as an anti-termite timber coating." Industrial Crops and Products. 59, pp. 241-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.04.045
Stability of chitosan/montmorillonite nanohybrid towards enzymatic degradation on grafting with poly(lactic acid)
Depan, D., Annamalai, A. Pratheep, Singh, R. P. and Misra, R. D. K.. 2014. "Stability of chitosan/montmorillonite nanohybrid towards enzymatic degradation on grafting with poly(lactic acid)." Materials Science and Technology. 30 (5), pp. 587-592. https://doi.org/10.1179/1743284713y.0000000501
Can clay nanoparticles accelerate environmental biodegradation of polyolefins?
Annamalai, P. K. and Martin, D. J.. 2014. "Can clay nanoparticles accelerate environmental biodegradation of polyolefins?" Materials Science and Technology. 30 (5), pp. 593-602. https://doi.org/10.1179/1743284713y.0000000498
Water-Responsive Mechanically Adaptive Nanocomposites Based on Styrene–Butadiene Rubber and Cellulose Nanocrystals—Processing Matters
Annamalai, Pratheep K., Dagnon, Koffi L., Monemian, Seyedali, Foster, E. Johan, Rowan, Stuart J. and Weder, Christoph. 2014. "Water-Responsive Mechanically Adaptive Nanocomposites Based on Styrene–Butadiene Rubber and Cellulose Nanocrystals—Processing Matters ." ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 6 (2), pp. 967-76. https://doi.org/10.1021/am404382x
Studies on the feasibility of recycled polystyrene doped with NLO active meta-Nitroaniline for optoelectronics applications
Sureshkumar, M.S., Goyal, R.L., Negi, Y.s., Pratheepkumar, A., Reddy, K. Raghunatha, Singh, R.P., Dadge, J.W. and Aiyer, R.C.. 2011. "Studies on the feasibility of recycled polystyrene doped with NLO active meta-Nitroaniline for optoelectronics applications ." Polymers for Advanced Technologies. 22 (12), pp. 1865-1871. https://doi.org/10.1002/pat.1685
Bioinspired Mechanically Adaptive Polymer Nanocomposites with Water-Activated Shape-Memory Effect
Mendez, Julie, Annamalai, Pratheep K., Eichhorn, Stephen J., Rusli, Rafeadah, Rowan, Stuart J., Foste, E. Johan and Weder, Christoph. 2011. "Bioinspired Mechanically Adaptive Polymer Nanocomposites with Water-Activated Shape-Memory Effect." Macromolecules. 44 (17), pp. 6827-6835. https://doi.org/10.1021/ma201502k
Commercial aspects associated with bio-nanocomposites
Lonkar, Sunil P., Kumar, A. Pratheep and Singh, R. P.. 2011. "Commercial aspects associated with bio-nanocomposites." Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers: Synthesis, Properties, and Future Perspectives. United Kingdom. Oxford University Press. pp. 400-420
Kinetics of mass transfer during vapour-induced phase separation (VIPS) process and its influence on poly-(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF)membrane structure and surface morphology
Annamalai, Pratheep Kumar, Pochat-Bohatier, Celine, Bouyer, Denis, Li, Chia-Ling, Deratani, André and Wang, Da-Ming. 2011. "Kinetics of mass transfer during vapour-induced phase separation (VIPS) process and its influence on poly-(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF)membrane structure and surface morphology ." Desalination and Water Treatment. 34 (1-3), pp. 204-210. https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2011.2809
Nanoscale particles for polymer degradation and stabilization—Trends and future perspectives
Annamalai, Annamalai Pratheep, Depan, Dilip, Tomer, Namrata Singh and Singh, Raj Pal. 2009. "Nanoscale particles for polymer degradation and stabilization—Trends and future perspectives ." Progress in Polymer Science. 34 (6), pp. 479-515. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2009.01.002
Cell proliferation and controlled drug release studies of nanohybrids based on chitosan-g-lactic acid and montmorillonite
Depan, Dilip, Annamalai, Annamalai Pratheep and Singh, Raj Pal. 2009. "Cell proliferation and controlled drug release studies of nanohybrids based on chitosan-g-lactic acid and montmorillonite." Acta Biomaterialia. 5 (1), pp. 93-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2008.08.007
Single Step Synthesis and Properties of M/MFe2O4 and PVDF/M/MFe2O4 (M = Co, Ni) Magnetic Nanocomposites
Deka, Sasanka, Joy, P. A. and Annamalai, A. Pratheep. 2009. "Single Step Synthesis and Properties of M/MFe2O4 and PVDF/M/MFe2O4 (M = Co, Ni) Magnetic Nanocomposites ." Science of Advanced Materials. 1 (3), pp. 262-268. https://doi.org/10.1166/sam.2009.1053
Effect of γ-dose rate on crystallinity and morphological changes of γ-sterilized biomedical polypropylene
Alariqi, Sameh A.S., Annamalai, A. Pratheep, Rao, B.S.M. and Singh, R.P.. 2009. "Effect of γ-dose rate on crystallinity and morphological changes of γ-sterilized biomedical polypropylene." Polymer Degradation and Stability. 94 (2), pp. 272-277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2008.10.027
Biocomposites of cellulose reinforced starch: improvement of properties by photo-induced crosslinking
Kumar, Annamalai Pratheep and Singh, Raj Pal. 2008. "Biocomposites of cellulose reinforced starch: improvement of properties by photo-induced crosslinking." Bioresource Technology. 99 (18), pp. 8803-8809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2008.04.045
Novel hybrid of clay, cellulose, and thermoplastics. I. Preparation and characterization of composites of ethylene–propylene copolymer
Kumar, Annamalai Pratheep and Singh, Raj Pal. 2007. "Novel hybrid of clay, cellulose, and thermoplastics. I. Preparation and characterization of composites of ethylene–propylene copolymer." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 104 (4), pp. 2672-2682. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.25659
Photo-stabilization of EPDM-clay nanocomposites: effect of antioxidant on the preparation and durability
Lonkar, Sunil P., Annamalai, A. Pratheep and Singh, Raj Pal. 2007. "Photo-stabilization of EPDM-clay nanocomposites: effect of antioxidant on the preparation and durability." Polymers for Advanced Technologies. 18 (11), pp. 891-900. https://doi.org/10.1002/pat.925
Stabilization of γ-sterilized biomedical polyolefins by synergistic mixtures of oligomeric stabilizers. Part II. Polypropylene matrix
Alariqi, Sameh A.S., Kumar, A. Pratheep, Rao, B.S.M. Rao and Singh, R.P.. 2007. "Stabilization of γ-sterilized biomedical polyolefins by synergistic mixtures of oligomeric stabilizers. Part II. Polypropylene matrix ." Polymer Degradation and Stability. 92 (2), pp. 299-309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2006.10.010
Photo-/Bio-degradability of Agro Waste and Ethylene–Propylene Copolymers Composites Under Abiotic and Biotic Environments
Kumar, A. Pratheep, Pandey, Jitendra K., Kumar, Bijendra and Singh, R. P.. 2006. "Photo-/Bio-degradability of Agro Waste and Ethylene–Propylene Copolymers Composites Under Abiotic and Biotic Environments." Journal of Polymers and the Environment. 14 (2), pp. 203-212. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10924-006-0012-9
Preparation and characterization of novel hybrid of chitosan-g-lactic acid and montmorillonite
Depan, Dilip, Annamalai, Annamalai Pratheep and Singh, Raj Pal. 2006. "Preparation and characterization of novel hybrid of chitosan-g-lactic acid and montmorillonite." Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. 78 (2), pp. 372-82. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.30738
Stabilization of γ-sterilized biomedical polyolefins by synergistic mixtures of oligomeric stabilizers
Alariqi, Sameh. A.S., Annamalai, A. Pratheep, Rao, B.S.M., Tevtia, Amit K. and Singh, R.P.. 2006. "Stabilization of γ-sterilized biomedical polyolefins by synergistic mixtures of oligomeric stabilizers ." Polymer Degradation and Stability. 91 (10), pp. 2451-2464. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2006.03.010
Biodegradation of γ-sterilised biomedical polyolefins under composting and fungal culture environments
Alariqi, Sameh A.S., Kumar, A. Pratheep, Rao, B.S.M. and Singh, R.P.. 2006. "Biodegradation of γ-sterilised biomedical polyolefins under composting and fungal culture environments." Polymer Degradation and Stability. 91 (5), pp. 1105-1116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2005.07.004
An overview on the degradability of polymer nanocomposites
Pandey, Jitendra K., Reddy, K. Raghunatha, Kumar, A. Pratheep and Singh, R.P.. 2005. "An overview on the degradability of polymer nanocomposites." Polymer Degradation and Stability. 88 (2), pp. 234-250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2004.09.013
Recent Advances in Biodegradable Nanocomposites
Pandey, Jitendra K., Kumar, A. Pratheep, Misra, Manjusri, Mohanty, Amar K., Drzal, Lawrence T. and Singh, Raj. 2005. "Recent Advances in Biodegradable Nanocomposites ." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. 5 (4), pp. 497-526. https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2005.111
Degradability of composites, prepared from ethylene–propylene copolymer and jute fiber under accelerated aging and biotic environments
Annamalai, Annamalai Pratheep, Singh, Raj Pal and Sarwade, Bhimrao D.. 2005. "Degradability of composites, prepared from ethylene–propylene copolymer and jute fiber under accelerated aging and biotic environments." Materials Chemistry and Physics. 92 (2-3), pp. 458-469. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2005.01.027
Synthesis, characterization, and performance evaluation of novel stabilized TDI-based polyurethane coatings under accelerated weathering
Kumar, A. Pratheep, Reddy, K. Raghunatha, Rana, Sravendra, Lonkar, Sunil P., Raut, K.G. and Singh, Raj Pal. 2005. "Synthesis, characterization, and performance evaluation of novel stabilized TDI-based polyurethane coatings under accelerated weathering." Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology. 11 (1), pp. 13-20. https://doi.org/10.1002/vnl.20032
Biodegradation of packaging materials: Composting of polyolefins
Pandey, Jitendra K., Kumar, A. Pratheep and Singh, R.P.. 2003. "Biodegradation of packaging materials: Composting of polyolefins." Macromolecular Symposia. 197 (1), pp. 411-420. https://doi.org/10.1002/masy.200350735