Photoperiod and metabolic health: evidence, mechanism, and implications

Article


Regmi, Prashant, Young, Morag, Minigo, Gabriela, Milic, Natalie and Gyawali, Prajwal. 2024. "Photoperiod and metabolic health: evidence, mechanism, and implications." Metabolism: clinical and experimental. 152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2023.155770
Article Title

Photoperiod and metabolic health: evidence, mechanism, and implications

ERA Journal ID16595
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsRegmi, Prashant, Young, Morag, Minigo, Gabriela, Milic, Natalie and Gyawali, Prajwal
Journal TitleMetabolism: clinical and experimental
Journal Citation152
Article Number155770
Number of Pages11
Year2024
ISSN0026-0495
1532-8600
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2023.155770
Web Address (URL)https://www.metabolismjournal.com/article/S0026-0495(23)00374-8/fulltext#%20
AbstractCircadian rhythms are evolutionarily programmed biological rhythms that are primarily entrained by the light cycle. Disruption of circadian rhythms is an important risk factor for several metabolic disorders. Photoperiod is defined as total duration of light exposure in a day. With the extended use of indoor/outdoor light, smartphones, television, computers, and social jetlag people are exposed to excessive artificial light at night increasing their photoperiod. Importantly long photoperiod is not limited to any geographical region, season, age, or socioeconomic group, it is pervasive. Long photoperiod is an established disrupter of the circadian rhythm and can induce a range of chronic health conditions including adiposity, altered hormonal signaling and metabolism, premature ageing, and poor psychological health. This review discusses the impact of exposure to long photoperiod on circadian rhythms, metabolic and mental health, hormonal signaling, and ageing and provides a perspective on possible preventive and therapeutic approaches for this pervasive challenge.
Keywordsmetabolic health
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020320905. Neurology and neuromuscular diseases
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