Prof Bernadette McCabe


Prof Bernadette McCabe
NameProf Bernadette McCabe
Email Addressbernadette.mccabe@unisq.edu.au
Job TitleDirector (Centre for Agricultural Engineering)
QualificationsBSc(Hons) Sydney, GCertTT&L USQ, PhD Western Sydney
DepartmentCentre for Agricultural Engineering (Operations)
ORCIDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4486-2492
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Biography

Professor Bernadette McCabe is currently Director at the University of Southern Queensland's (USQ) Centre for Agricultural Engineering (CAE) and is the Research Program Team Leader for Energy and Bioresource Recycling. Bernadette is Australia's National Team Leader for the International Energy Agency (IEA) Bioenergy program Task 37: Energy from Biogas and is a member of the Australian Research Council (ARC) College of Experts.

Bernadette has a background in agricultural & industrial bioengineering and has over 25 years’ experience as an academic and researcher. Her research investigates technologies to enable intensive Australian farming and food-processing industries to turn their commercial waste into a valuable commodity. She works with these industries to be more profitable by using organic waste to produce biogas, clean recycled water and biofertiliser. Her research has been applied to the livestock and cropping sectors (both on and off farm) and water utilities.

Bernadette extends her science communication beyond high impact journals by regularly contributing to media outlets to boost public awareness of bioenergy and bioresource recycling and has promoted science in schools since 2007 through CSIRO’s STEM Professionals in schools program.

Employment

PositionOrganisationFromTo
Professor and Director Centre for Agricultural EngineeringCentre for Agricultural Engineering, University of Southern Queensland20222023
ProfessorCentre for Agricultural Engineering, University of Southern Queensland20192021
Associate Professor National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture, University of Southern Queensland20152018
Senior Research FellowNational Centre for Engineering in Agriculture, University of Southern Queensland20142015
Senior LecturerFaculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland20092013
LecturerFaculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland20002008
Senior Technical Officer Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation19971999

Expertise

Energy and resource recovery of agro-industrial waste; Biogas; Anaerobic digestion processes; Agricultural energy independence; Biomethane potential testing; Waste water analysis; Activity testing and degradability analysis; Greenhouse gas mitigation; Biosolids and digestate management; regional circular economy

Fields of Research

  • 300199. Agricultural biotechnology not elsewhere classified
  • 310799. Microbiology not elsewhere classified
  • 400499. Chemical engineering not elsewhere classified
  • 401199. Environmental engineering not elsewhere classified

Professional Membership

Professional MembershipYear
Member of Australian Research Council (ARC) College of Experts
National Task Leader for the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Bioenergy Program Task 37: Energy from Biogas
Member of American Society for Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Member Bioenergy Australia
BSc(Hons)
Sydney
1992
GCertTT&L
USQ
2007
PhD
Western Sydney
1999

Current Supervisions

Research TitleSupervisor TypeLevel of StudyCommenced
Development of an automated system to perform localised in-crop replanting of sugarcane gapsAssociate SupervisorDoctoral2024
Feasibility of food organics and garden organics (FOGO) collection in a Queensland regional community and closed-loop processing via smaller-scale aerobic composting.Principal SupervisorDoctoral2023
Techno Economic Assessment of Integrated Processing of Food Organics and Garden Organics in Regional AustraliaPrincipal SupervisorMasters2021
Carbon reduction and resource recovery from on- farm dairy wasteAssociate SupervisorDoctoral2020
Prediction of soil structural stability in an irrigated environmentPrincipal SupervisorDoctoral2018

Completed Supervisions

Research TitleSupervisor TypeLevel of StudyCompleted
Microbial Electrochemical Sensor Systems for rapid measurement of Volatile Fatty Acid IntermediatesPrincipal SupervisorDoctoral2023
Anaerobic digestion of pre-treated slaughterhouse wastePrincipal SupervisorDoctoral2018
Project titleDetailsYear
Recycling and Renewable Energy Commercialisation Hub Trailblazer (Deakin led)2023
Nutrients in a Circular Economy (NiCE) ARC Research Transformation Hub (Canberra, ACT, AU)2022
Advancing Regional Agri-Food Waste ValorisationFight Food Waste CRC (Adelaide, SA, AU)2021
Pilot-scale production of enhanced-value anaerobic digestion waste (digestate) derived bioproducts on the Darling DownsFight Food Waste CRC (Adelaide, SA, AU) 2021
Establishment and commissioning of lab scale granulator to produce granulated organomineral fertilisers and the testing of the organomineral fertiliser in the fieldWaste to Biofutures, Queensland Department of State Development, Tourism and Innovation (Brisbane, QLD, AU)2020
Make Australian Country Choice CircularFight Food Waste CRC (Adelaide, SA, AU) 2019
Wastes to Profits: Value proposition for better management of wastes in animal industry supply chainsRural R&D for Profits (Canberra, ACT, AU)2018
Re-use of agricultural residues for energy production by anaerobic digestionUA-DAAD Australia-Germany joint research co-operation scheme (Canberra ACT, AU)2017
Process Improvement of Energy and Value Extraction from Agro-Industrial WasteQueensland Government (QLD, QLD, AU)2016
Solid Waste Management of Paunch and Inorganic WasteAustralian Meat Processor Corporation (Sydney, AU) 2015
Feasibility of feedlot manure pre-treatment systems for optimal biogas productionMeat and Livestock Australia (Sydney, NSW, AU)2014
Covered anaerobic ponds to treat abattoir waste water, reduce greenhouse gases and generate bioenergyAustralian Meat Processor Corporation and Meat and Livestock Australia (Sydney, NSW, AU)2010

Design and analysis of a low-cost potentiostat for application with microbial electrochemical sensors

Hill, Andrew, Tait, Stephan, Harris, Peter, Baillie, Craig, Virdis, Bernardino and McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2023. "Design and analysis of a low-cost potentiostat for application with microbial electrochemical sensors." Electrochimica Acta. 468. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2023.143201

Land Application of Biosolids-Derived Biochar in Australia: A Review

Sinha, Payel, Marchuk, Serhiy, Harris, Peter, Antille, Diogenes L. and McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2023. "Land Application of Biosolids-Derived Biochar in Australia: A Review." Sustainability. 15 (14). https://doi.org/10.3390/su151410909

Food and Garden Organic Waste Management in Australia: Co-Benefits for Regional Communities and Local Government

Blanchard, Christine, Harris, Peter, Pocock, Celmara and McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2023. "Food and Garden Organic Waste Management in Australia: Co-Benefits for Regional Communities and Local Government." Sustainability. 15 (13). https://doi.org/10.3390/su15139901

Biosolids-derived fertilisers: A review of challenges and opportunities

Marchuk, Serhiy, Tait, Stephan, Sinha, Payel, Harris, Peter, Antille, Diogenes L. and McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2023. "Biosolids-derived fertilisers: A review of challenges and opportunities." Science of the Total Environment. 875, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.162555

Two-phase anaerobic digestion in leach bed reactors coupled to anaerobic filters: A review and the potential of biochar filters

Collins, B.A., Birzer, C.H., Harris, P.W., Kidd, S.P., McCabe, B.K. and Medwell, P.R.. 2023. "Two-phase anaerobic digestion in leach bed reactors coupled to anaerobic filters: A review and the potential of biochar filters ." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 175, pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2023.113187

Resource recovery for environmental management of dilute livestock manure using a solid-liquid separation approach

Grell, Torben, Marchuk, Serhiy, Williams, Ian, McCabe, Bernadette K. and Tait, Stephan. 2023. "Resource recovery for environmental management of dilute livestock manure using a solid-liquid separation approach ." Journal of Environmental Management. 325 (Part A), pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.116254

Field measurements of fugitive methane emissions from three Australian waste management and biogas facilities

Reinelt, Torsten, McCabe, Bernadette K., Hill, Andrew, Harris Peter, Baillie, Craig and Liebetrau, Jan. 2022. "Field measurements of fugitive methane emissions from three Australian waste management and biogas facilities ." Waste Management. 137, pp. 294-303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2021.11.012

Biogas recovery by anaerobic digestion of Australian agro-industry waste: a review

Tait, Stephan, Harris, Peter W. and McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2021. "Biogas recovery by anaerobic digestion of Australian agro-industry waste: a review." Journal of Cleaner Production. 299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.126876

Wastes to profit: a circular economy approach to value-addition in livestock industries

Ramirez, Jerome, McCabe, Bernadette, Jensen, Paul D., Speight, Robert, Harrison, Mark, van den Berg, Lisa and O'Hara, Ian. 2021. "Wastes to profit: a circular economy approach to value-addition in livestock industries." Animal Production Science. 61 (6), pp. 541-550. https://doi.org/10.1071/AN20400

Process optimisation of anaerobic digestion treating high-strength wastewater in the Australian red meat processing industry

Harris, Peter W. and McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2020. "Process optimisation of anaerobic digestion treating high-strength wastewater in the Australian red meat processing industry." Applied Sciences. 10 (21), pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217947

Microbial electrochemical sensors for volatile fatty acid measurement in high strength wastewaters: A review

Hill, Andrew, Tait, Stephan, Baillie, Craig, Virdis, Bernardino and McCabe, Bernadette. 2020. "Microbial electrochemical sensors for volatile fatty acid measurement in high strength wastewaters: A review ." Biosensors and Bioelectronics. 165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2020.112409

Toward profitable and sustainable bioresource management in the Australian red meat processing industry: a critical review and illustrative case study

McCabe, Bernadette K., Harris, Peter W., Antille, Diogenes, Schmidt, Thomas, Lee, Seonmi, Hill, Andrew and Baillie, Craig. 2020. "Toward profitable and sustainable bioresource management in the Australian red meat processing industry: a critical review and illustrative case study." Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology. 50 (22), pp. 2415-2439. https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2020.1712310

Investigating the impact of seasonal temperature variation on biogas production from covered anaerobic lagoons treating slaughterhouse wastewater using lab scale studies

Schmidt, Thomas, Harris, Peter, Lee, Seonmi and McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2019. "Investigating the impact of seasonal temperature variation on biogas production from covered anaerobic lagoons treating slaughterhouse wastewater using lab scale studies." Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. 7 (3), pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2019.103077

Ensiling fermentation reveals pre-treatment effects for anaerobic digestion of sugarcane biomass: an assessment of ensiling additives on methane potential

Janke, Leandro, McCabe, Bernadette Kathleen, Harris, Peter, Hill, Andrew, Lee, Seonmi, Weinrich, Soren, Marchuk, Serhiy and Baillie, Craig. 2019. "Ensiling fermentation reveals pre-treatment effects for anaerobic digestion of sugarcane biomass: an assessment of ensiling additives on methane potential." Bioresource Technology. 279, pp. 398-403. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2019.01.143

Biogas in the suburbs: an untapped source of clean energy?

Alexander, Samuel, Harris, Peter and McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2019. "Biogas in the suburbs: an untapped source of clean energy?" Journal of Cleaner Production. 215, pp. 1025-1035. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.118

Preserving sugarcane trash for year-round biogas production: effects of additives on ensiling properties and methane potential

Janke, L., McCabe, B.K., Hill, A., Lee, S., Harris, P., Marchuk, S. and Baillie, C.. 2019. "Preserving sugarcane trash for year-round biogas production: effects of additives on ensiling properties and methane potential." 41st Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ASSCT 2019). Toowoomba, Australia 30 Apr - 03 May 2019 Mackay, Australia.

Investigation into thin layer drying rates and equilibrium moisture content of abattoir paunch waste

Spence, Jennifer, Buttsworth, David, McCabe, Bernadette K., Baillie, Craig, Antille, Diogenes L. and Carter, Brad. 2018. "Investigation into thin layer drying rates and equilibrium moisture content of abattoir paunch waste." Renewable Energy. 124, pp. 95-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2017.07.082

Bioenergy and bioproducts in the Australian red meat processing industry: a case study

McCabe, Bernadette K., Harris, Peter W., Schmidt, Thomas, Antille, Diogenes L., Lee, Seonmi, Hill, Andrew and Baillie, Craig P.. 2018. "Bioenergy and bioproducts in the Australian red meat processing industry: a case study." 2018 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting (ASABE 2018). Detroit, United States 29 Jul - 01 Aug 2018 St. Joseph, United States. https://doi.org/10.13031/aim.201800980

Effect of trace element addition and increasing organic loading rates on the anaerobic digestion of cattle slaughterhouse wastewater

Schmidt, Thomas, McCabe, Bernadette, Harris, Peter and Lee, Seonmi. 2018. "Effect of trace element addition and increasing organic loading rates on the anaerobic digestion of cattle slaughterhouse wastewater." Bioresource Technology. 264 (September), pp. 51-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2018.05.050

Integrated biogas systems: local applications of anaerobic digestion towards integrated sustainable solutions

McCabe, Bernadette K. and Schmidt, Thomas. 2018. Integrated biogas systems: local applications of anaerobic digestion towards integrated sustainable solutions. IEA Bioenergy.

Impact of thermobaric pre-treatment on the continuous anaerobic digestion of high-fat cattle slaughterhouse waste

Harris, Peter W., Schmidt, Thomas and McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2018. "Impact of thermobaric pre-treatment on the continuous anaerobic digestion of high-fat cattle slaughterhouse waste." Biochemical Engineering Journal. 134, pp. 108-113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2018.03.007

Process Monitoring and Control for an Anaerobic Covered Lagoon Treating Abattoir Wastewater

Schmidt, Thomas, McCabe, Bernadette and Harris, Peter. 2018. "Process Monitoring and Control for an Anaerobic Covered Lagoon Treating Abattoir Wastewater." Chemical Engineering and Technology. 41 (4), pp. 755-760. https://doi.org/10.1002/ceat.201700391

Bovine bile as a bio-surfactant pre-treatment option for anaerobic digestion of high-fat cattle slaughterhouse waste

Harris, Peter W., Schmidt, Thomas and McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2018. "Bovine bile as a bio-surfactant pre-treatment option for anaerobic digestion of high-fat cattle slaughterhouse waste." Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. 6 (1), pp. 444-450. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2017.12.034

An investigation into the fertilizer potential of slaughterhouse cattle paunch

Antille, D. L., McCabe, B. K., Van Der Spek, W. and Baillie, C. P.. 2018. "An investigation into the fertilizer potential of slaughterhouse cattle paunch." Transactions of the ASABE. 61 (1), pp. 87-101. https://doi.org/10.13031/trans.12342

Evaluation of chemical, thermobaric and thermochemical pre-treatment on anaerobic digestion of high-fat cattle slaughterhouse waste

Harris, Peter W., Schmidt, Thomas and McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2017. "Evaluation of chemical, thermobaric and thermochemical pre-treatment on anaerobic digestion of high-fat cattle slaughterhouse waste." Bioresource Technology. 244 (1), pp. 605-610. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.07.179

An investigation into the fertilizer potential of slaughterhouse cattle paunch

McCabe, Bernadette K., Antille, Diogenes L., Birt, Henry W. G., Spence, Jennifer E., Fernana, Jamal M., van der Spek, Wilmer and Baillie, Craig P.. 2016. "An investigation into the fertilizer potential of slaughterhouse cattle paunch." 2016 ASABE Annual International Meeting. Orlando, Florida 17 - 20 Jul 2016 Spokane, Washington. https://doi.org/10.13031/aim.20162460831

Review of pre-treatments used in anaerobic digestion and their potential application in high-fat cattle slaughterhouse wastewater

Harris, Peter W. and McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2015. "Review of pre-treatments used in anaerobic digestion and their potential application in high-fat cattle slaughterhouse wastewater." Applied Energy. 155, pp. 560-575. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.06.026

A case study for biogas generation from covered anaerobic ponds treating abattoir wastewater: investigation of pond performance and potential biogas production

McCabe, Bernadette K., Hamawand, Ihsan, Harris, Peter, Baillie, Craig and Yusaf, Talal. 2014. "A case study for biogas generation from covered anaerobic ponds treating abattoir wastewater: investigation of pond performance and potential biogas production." Applied Energy. 114, pp. 798-808. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.10.020

Investigating wastewater modelling as a tool to predict anaerobic decomposition and biogas yield of abattoir effluent

McCabe, Bernadette K., Hamawand, Ihsan and Baillie, Craig. 2013. "Investigating wastewater modelling as a tool to predict anaerobic decomposition and biogas yield of abattoir effluent." Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. 1 (4), pp. 1375-1379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2013.07.015

Assessing a new approach to covered anaerobic pond design in the treatment of abattoir wastewater

McCabe, B. K., Harris, P., Baillie, C., Pittaway, P. and Yusaf, T.. 2013. "Assessing a new approach to covered anaerobic pond design in the treatment of abattoir wastewater." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 10 (1), pp. 81-93. https://doi.org/10.7158/N12-AE07.2013.10.1.

Promoting asynchronous interactivity of recorded lectures in blended learning environments

McCabe, Bernadette K. and Hobohm, Carola. 2012. "Promoting asynchronous interactivity of recorded lectures in blended learning environments." Brown, M., Hartnett, M. and Stewart, T. M. (ed.) 29th Annual Conference of the Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education (ASCILITE 2012). Wellington, New Zealand 25 - 28 Nov 2012 Gold Coast, Australia.

An integrated approach to the use of complementary visual learning tools in an undergraduate microbiology class

McCabe, Bernadette. 2011. "An integrated approach to the use of complementary visual learning tools in an undergraduate microbiology class." Journal of Biological Education. 45 (4), pp. 236-243. https://doi.org/10.1080/00219266.2010.549496

Monitoring the performance of covered anaerobic ponds in the treatment of abattoir waste

McCabe, B. K., Pittaway, P., Baillie, C. and Harris, P.. 2011. "Monitoring the performance of covered anaerobic ponds in the treatment of abattoir waste." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.

Creating confidence: exploring the effectiveness of a pre-study resource as a 'front loading' strategy in a foundation nursing science course

McCabe, Bernadette K., Kek, Megan and Turner, Joanna. 2011. "Creating confidence: exploring the effectiveness of a pre-study resource as a 'front loading' strategy in a foundation nursing science course." 14th Pacific Rim First Year in Higher Education Conference (FYHE 2011). Perth, Australia 29 Jun - 01 Jul 2011 Brisbane, Australia.

School-scientist partnerships: what makes them tick? A case study from the CSIRO scientists in schools program

McCabe, Bernadette K., Weber, Hellen and Pezaro, Charlotte. 2011. "School-scientist partnerships: what makes them tick? A case study from the CSIRO scientists in schools program." 1st international Conference of STEM in Education. Brisbane, Australia 26 - 27 Nov 2010 Brisbane, Australia.

Growth and characterisation of Chlorella vulgaris under increased lipid culture regimes

Harris, Peter, McCabe, Bernadette K. and Pittaway, Pam. 2010. "Growth and characterisation of Chlorella vulgaris under increased lipid culture regimes." Goh, Steven C. and Wang, Hao (ed.) 2010 Southern Region Engineering Conference (SREC 2010). Toowoomba, Australia 11 - 12 Nov 2010 Toowoomba, Australia.

Microalgae as alternative fuel for compression ignition (CI) Engines

Allwayzy, S. H., Yusaf, T., McCabe, B., Pittaway, P. and Aravinthan, V.. 2010. "Microalgae as alternative fuel for compression ignition (CI) Engines." Goh, Steven C. and Wang, Hao (ed.) 2010 Southern Region Engineering Conference (SREC 2010). Toowoomba, Australia 11 - 12 Nov 2010 Toowoomba, Australia.

Scientists in schools – a case study

McCabe, Bernadette K. and Weber, Hellen. 2010. "Scientists in schools – a case study." The Queensland Science Teacher. 36 (4), pp. 28-31.

Tablet PCs as a catalyst to pedagogical innovation: a case study in microbiology

McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2010. "Tablet PCs as a catalyst to pedagogical innovation: a case study in microbiology." 5th International Inquiring Pedagogies Conference: Conceptualising Impact: Exploring the Effectiveness of Practice Through Pedagogic Research (iPED 2010). Coventry, United Kingdom 15 - 16 Sep 2010 Coventry, United Kingdom.

Identifying threshold concepts specific to science learning in nursing and the development of teaching approaches to facilitate their crossing

McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2010. "Identifying threshold concepts specific to science learning in nursing and the development of teaching approaches to facilitate their crossing." 3rd Biennial Threshold Concepts Symposium: Exploring Transformative Dimensions of Threshold Concepts. Sydney, Australia 01 - 02 Jul 2010 Sydney, Australia.

Ready, set, go...- flexible package supporting the biophysical sciences in first year nursing

McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2009. "Ready, set, go...- flexible package supporting the biophysical sciences in first year nursing." Kift, Sally (ed.) ALTC First Year Experience Curriculum Design Symposium 2009. Brisbane, Australia 05 - 06 Feb 2009 Brisbane, Australia.

Sweetening a bitter pill: educational strategies supporting the foundation sciences in first year nursing

McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2009. "Sweetening a bitter pill: educational strategies supporting the foundation sciences in first year nursing." Mortimer, Kelly (ed.) 12th Pacific Rim First Year in Higher Education Conference (FYHE 2009). Townsville, Australia 29 Jun - 01 Jul 2009 Brisbane, Australia.

Using a tablet PC in bioscience instruction amongst diverse student cohorts

McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2009. "Using a tablet PC in bioscience instruction amongst diverse student cohorts." Franke, Katharina (ed.) 2009 Australasian Tablets in Education Conference. Clayton, Australia 03 - 04 Dec 2009 Melbourne, Australia.

Under the microscope: from bugs to the class room

McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2007. "Under the microscope: from bugs to the class room." Fogarty, Roderick (ed.) 3rd International Conference on Pedagogies and Learning. Brisbane, Australia 26 - 28 Sep 2007 Toowoomba, Australia.

Parallels of lived experiences in learning: a scientist learning qualitative research and nurses learning science

McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2007. "Parallels of lived experiences in learning: a scientist learning qualitative research and nurses learning science." International Journal of Pedagogies and Learning. 3 (1), pp. 13-20.

Introducing wine science in the high school curriculum: a teacher's workshop

McCabe, Bernadette K.. 2007. "Introducing wine science in the high school curriculum: a teacher's workshop." Burton, Tracey (ed.) 9th Biennial Chemical Education Conference (CHEMED 2007): Where Chemical Agents Bond. Auckland, New Zealand 01 - 04 Jul 2007 Auckland, New Zealand.

Production of B-glucosidase using immobilised Piromyces sp. KSX1 and Orpinomyces sp. 478P1 in repeat-batch culture

McCabe, Bernadette K., Kuek, Clem, Gordon, Geoffrey L. R. and Phillips, Michael W.. 2003. "Production of B-glucosidase using immobilised Piromyces sp. KSX1 and Orpinomyces sp. 478P1 in repeat-batch culture." Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. 30 (4), pp. 205-209. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10295-003-0033-5

Immobilization of monocentric and polycentric types of anaerobic chytrid fungi in Ca-alginate

McCabe, Bernadette K., Kuek, Clem, Gordon, Geoffrey L. R. and Phillips, Michael W.. 2001. "Immobilization of monocentric and polycentric types of anaerobic chytrid fungi in Ca-alginate ." Enzyme and Microbial Technology. 29 (2-3), pp. 144-149. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0141-0229(01)00367-2