Enhancing the properties of foam concrete 3D printing using porous aggregates

Article


Pasupathy, Kirubajiny, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2022. "Enhancing the properties of foam concrete 3D printing using porous aggregates." Cement and Concrete Composites. 133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2022.104687
Article Title

Enhancing the properties of foam concrete 3D printing using porous aggregates

ERA Journal ID21082
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsPasupathy, Kirubajiny, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay
Journal TitleCement and Concrete Composites
Journal Citation133
Article Number104687
Number of Pages13
Year2022
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0958-9465
1873-393X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2022.104687
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0958946522002803
Abstract

The lightweight concrete (density <1000 kg/m3) is generally attained by introducing a large amount of air voids into fresh concrete for making so-called foam concrete. Such foam concrete is quite challenging in 3D concrete printing due to the high flowability of fresh mixes affecting the printability and foam stability during extrusion process. To overcome these limitations, this study investigates a combination of lightweight aggregates and premade foam in foam concrete to attain a density below 1000 kg/m3 for 3D printing applications. The expanded perlite (EP) aggregate was used as a replacement for fine sand that substantially reduced the foam content in the mix. The effect of EP on the fresh state properties such as rheology and printability as well as hardened properties including, mechanical properties, porosity and pore size distribution were investigated. It was demonstrated that the introduction of combined lightweight aggregate and foam has significantly improved the fresh and hardened properties of produced lightweight concrete. For instance, fresh foam concrete containing EP aggregate displayed high yield strength and apparent viscosity compared to the foam concrete without EP at similar densities. The compressive strength of 3D printed specimens containing EP was determined as 12.95 MPa, 15.5 MPa and 10.6 MPa in the perpendicular, longitudinal, and lateral directions respectively, compared to 5.5 MPa, 8.4 MPa and 4.2 MPa for the sand group at the similar density. Moreover, fine and regular pore size distribution was observed for 3D printed foam concrete with EP aggregate.

KeywordsCompressive strength ; Expanded; Porosity; Rheological properties ; 3D printing ; Foam concrete
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400505. Construction materials
401401. Additive manufacturing
401602. Composite and hybrid materials
Public Notes

Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.

Byline AffiliationsSwinburne University of Technology
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/z1q2y/enhancing-the-properties-of-foam-concrete-3d-printing-using-porous-aggregates

  • 38
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 6
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Printhead mixing of geopolymer and OPC slurries for hybrid alkali-activated cement in 3D concrete printing
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Pasupathy, Kirubajiny, Mechtcherine, Viktor and Sanjayan, Jay. 2024. "Printhead mixing of geopolymer and OPC slurries for hybrid alkali-activated cement in 3D concrete printing." Construction and Building Materials. 430. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2024.136439
Investigating PCM encapsulated NaOH additive for set-on-demand in 3D concrete printing
Kanagasuntharam, Sasitharan, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2024. "Investigating PCM encapsulated NaOH additive for set-on-demand in 3D concrete printing." Cement and Concrete Composites. 145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2023.105313
The ambient and elevated temperature performance of hemp fibre reinforced alkali-activated cement foam: Effects of fibre dosage and alkali treatment
Dhasindrakrishna, K, Pasupathy, Kirubajiny, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2023. "The ambient and elevated temperature performance of hemp fibre reinforced alkali-activated cement foam: Effects of fibre dosage and alkali treatment." Journal of Building Engineering. 76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2023.107131
3D concrete printing of eco-friendly geopolymer containing brick waste
Pasupathy, Kirubajiny, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2023. "3D concrete printing of eco-friendly geopolymer containing brick waste." Cement and Concrete Composites. 138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2023.104943
Rapid early age strength development of in-line activated geopolymer for concrete 3D printing
Muthukrishnan, Shravan, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2023. "Rapid early age strength development of in-line activated geopolymer for concrete 3D printing." Construction and Building Materials. 406. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2023.133312
Effect of Magnetorheological additives on the buildability of 3D concrete printing
Kanagasuntharam, Sasitharan, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Muthukrishnan, Shravan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2023. "Effect of Magnetorheological additives on the buildability of 3D concrete printing." Journal of Building Engineering. 74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2023.106814
Effect of hydrophobic surface-modified fine aggregates on efflorescence control in geopolymer
Pasupathy, Kirubajiny, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2022. "Effect of hydrophobic surface-modified fine aggregates on efflorescence control in geopolymer." Cement and Concrete Composites. 126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2021.104337
Enhancing the chemical foaming process using superplasticizer in aerated geopolymer concrete
Pasupathy, Kirubajiny, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2022. "Enhancing the chemical foaming process using superplasticizer in aerated geopolymer concrete." Construction and Building Materials. 324. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2022.126535
Set on demand geopolymer using print head mixing for 3D concrete printing
Muthukrishnan, Shravan, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2022. "Set on demand geopolymer using print head mixing for 3D concrete printing." Cement and Concrete Composites. 128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2022.104451
Synthesis and performance of intumescent alkali-activated rice husk ash for fire-resistant applications
Dhasindrakrishna, K., Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Pasupathy, Kirubajiny and Sanjayan, Jay. 2022. "Synthesis and performance of intumescent alkali-activated rice husk ash for fire-resistant applications." Journal of Building Engineering. 51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2022.104281
Rheology and elevated temperature performance of geopolymer foam concrete with varying PVA fibre dosage
Dhasindrakrishna, K., Pasupathy, Kirubajiny, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2022. "Rheology and elevated temperature performance of geopolymer foam concrete with varying PVA fibre dosage." Materials Letters. 328. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2022.133122
In-line activation of cementitious materials for 3D concrete printing
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Kanagasuntharam, Sasitharan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2022. "In-line activation of cementitious materials for 3D concrete printing." Cement and Concrete Composites. 131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2022.104598
In-line activation of geopolymer slurry for concrete 3D printing
Muthukrishnan, Shravan, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2022. "In-line activation of geopolymer slurry for concrete 3D printing." Cement and Concrete Research. 162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2022.107008
Synthesis and properties of thermally enhanced aerated geopolymer concrete using form-stable phase change composite
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Pasupathy, Kirubajiny and Sanjayan, Sanjayan. 2021. "Synthesis and properties of thermally enhanced aerated geopolymer concrete using form-stable phase change composite." Journal of Building Engineering. 40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2021.102756
Concrete 3D printing of lightweight elements using hollow-core extrusion of filaments
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Muthukrishnan, Shravan, Sanjayan, Jay and Pasupathy, Kirubajiny. 2021. "Concrete 3D printing of lightweight elements using hollow-core extrusion of filaments." Cement and Concrete Composites. 123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2021.104220
Influence of recycled concrete aggregate on the foam stability of aerated geopolymer concrete
Pasupathy, Kirubajiny, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2021. "Influence of recycled concrete aggregate on the foam stability of aerated geopolymer concrete." Construction and Building Materials. 271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121850
Formulating eco-friendly geopolymer foam concrete by alkali-activation of ground brick waste
Pasupathy, Kirubajiny, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2021. "Formulating eco-friendly geopolymer foam concrete by alkali-activation of ground brick waste." Journal of Cleaner Production. 325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.129180
Technologies for improving buildability in 3D concrete printing
Muthukrishnan, Shravan, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2021. "Technologies for improving buildability in 3D concrete printing." Cement and Concrete Composites. 122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2021.104144
Effect of alkali reactions on the rheology of one-part 3D printable geopolymer concrete
Muthukrishnan, Shravan, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2021. "Effect of alkali reactions on the rheology of one-part 3D printable geopolymer concrete." Cement and Concrete Composites. 116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2020.103899
Collapse of fresh foam concrete: Mechanisms and influencing parameters
Dhasindrakrishna, K., Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Pasupathy, Kirubajiny and Sanjayan, Jay. 2021. "Collapse of fresh foam concrete: Mechanisms and influencing parameters." Cement and Concrete Composites. 122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2021.104151
Progress, current thinking and challenges in geopolymer foam concrete technology
Dhasindrakrishna, K., Pasupathy, Kirubajiny, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2021. "Progress, current thinking and challenges in geopolymer foam concrete technology." Cement and Concrete Composites. 116, p. 103886. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2020.103886
Effect of microwave heating on interlayer bonding and buildability of geopolymer 3D concrete printing
Muthukrishnan, Shravan, Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2020. "Effect of microwave heating on interlayer bonding and buildability of geopolymer 3D concrete printing." Construction and Building Materials. 265. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.120786
Effect of yield stress development on the foam-stability of aerated geopolymer concrete
Dhasindrakrishna, K., Pasupathy, K., Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Sanjayan, Jay. 2020. "Effect of yield stress development on the foam-stability of aerated geopolymer concrete." Cement and Concrete Research. 138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2020.106233
Effects of various carbon additives on the thermal storage performance of form-stable PCM integrated cementitious composites
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Wang, Xiaoming and Sanjayan, Jay. 2019. "Effects of various carbon additives on the thermal storage performance of form-stable PCM integrated cementitious composites." Applied Thermal Engineering. 148, pp. 491-501. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.11.025
Thermal enhancement of paraffin/hydrophobic expanded perlite granular phase change composite using graphene nanoplatelets
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Wang, Xiaoming and Sanjayan, Jay. 2018. "Thermal enhancement of paraffin/hydrophobic expanded perlite granular phase change composite using graphene nanoplatelets ." Energy and Buildings. 169, pp. 206-215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.03.053
Experimental and Numerical Study on Energy Performance of Buildings Integrated with Phase Change Materials
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Wang, Xiaoming, Sanjayan, Jay and Wilson, John. 2017. "Experimental and Numerical Study on Energy Performance of Buildings Integrated with Phase Change Materials." 8th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE 2016) . Beijing, China 08 201 - 11 Oct 2016 Netherlands. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.627
Thermal Energy Storage Enhancement of Lightweight Cement Mortars with the Application of Phase Change Materials
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Wang, Xiaoming, Sanjayan, Jay and Wilson, John. 2017. "Thermal Energy Storage Enhancement of Lightweight Cement Mortars with the Application of Phase Change Materials." Procedia Engineering. 180, pp. 1170-1177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.04.277
Heat Transfer Performance Enhancement of Paraffin/Expanded Perlite Phase Change Composites with Graphene Nano-platelets
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Wang, Xiaoming, Sanjayan, Jay and Wilson, John. 2017. "Heat Transfer Performance Enhancement of Paraffin/Expanded Perlite Phase Change Composites with Graphene Nano-platelets." 8th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE 2016) . Beijing, China 08 201 - 11 Oct 2016 Netherlands. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.964
Thermal performance assessment of phase change material integrated cementitious composites in buildings: Experimental and numerical approach
Ramakrishnan, Applied Energy, Wang, Xiaoming, Sanjayan, Sanjayan and Wilson, John. 2017. "Thermal performance assessment of phase change material integrated cementitious composites in buildings: Experimental and numerical approach." Applied Energy. 207, pp. 654-664. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.05.144
Assessing the feasibility of integrating form-stable phase change material composites with cementitious composites and prevention of PCM leakage
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Wang, Xiaoming, Sanjayan, Jay and Wilson, John. 2017. "Assessing the feasibility of integrating form-stable phase change material composites with cementitious composites and prevention of PCM leakage." Materials Letters. 192, pp. 88-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2016.12.052
Thermal performance of buildings integrated with phase change materials to reduce heat stress risks during extreme heatwave events
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Wang, Xiaoming, Sanjayan, Jay and Wilson, John. 2017. "Thermal performance of buildings integrated with phase change materials to reduce heat stress risks during extreme heatwave events." Applied Energy. 194, pp. 410-421. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.04.084
Development of thermal energy storage cementitious composites (TESC) containing a novel paraffin/hydrophobic expanded perlite composite phase change material
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Wang, Xiaoming, Sanjayan, Jay, Petinakis, Eustathios and Wilson, John. 2017. "Development of thermal energy storage cementitious composites (TESC) containing a novel paraffin/hydrophobic expanded perlite composite phase change material." Solar Energy. 158, pp. 626-635. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2017.09.064
A Comparative Study on the Effectiveness of Passive and Free Cooling Application Methods of Phase Change Materials for Energy Efficient Retrofitting in Residential Buildings
Alam, Morshed, Sanjayan, Jay, Zou, Patrick X.W., Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Wilson, John. 2017. "A Comparative Study on the Effectiveness of Passive and Free Cooling Application Methods of Phase Change Materials for Energy Efficient Retrofitting in Residential Buildings." Procedia Engineering. 180, pp. 993-1002. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.04.259
Evaluating the passive and free cooling application methods of phase change materials in residential buildings: A comparative study
Alam, Morshed, Sanjayan, Jay, Zou, Patrick X.W., Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan and Wilson, John. 2017. "Evaluating the passive and free cooling application methods of phase change materials in residential buildings: A comparative study." Energy and Buildings. 148, pp. 238-256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.05.018
Use of geopolymer concrete in column applications
Lokuge, Weena, Sanjayan, Jay and Setunge, Sujeeva. 2015. "Use of geopolymer concrete in column applications." 27th Biennial National Conference of the Concrete Institute of Australia (Concrete 2015) in conjunction with the 69th RILEM Week: Construction Innovations, Research into Practice. Melbourne, Australia 30 Aug - 02 Sep 2015 Australia.
Application of Phase Change Materials to Reduce Heat Related Risks During Extreme Heat Waves in Australian Dwellings
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Wang, Xiaoming, Sanjayan, Jay and Wilson, John. 2016. "Application of Phase Change Materials to Reduce Heat Related Risks During Extreme Heat Waves in Australian Dwellings." Applied Energy Symposium and Summit 2015 (CUE 2015). Fuzhou, China 15 - 17 Nov 2015 Netherlands. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2016.06.052
A novel paraffin/expanded perlite composite phase change material for prevention of PCM leakage in cementitious composites
Ramakrishnan, Sayanthan, Sanjayan, Jay, Wang, Xiaoming, Alam, Morshed and Wilson, John. 2015. "A novel paraffin/expanded perlite composite phase change material for prevention of PCM leakage in cementitious composites." Applied Energy. 157, pp. 85-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.08.019
Stress-strain model for high strength concrete confined by FRP
Lokuge, W. P., Setunge, S. and Sanjayan, J. G.. 2011. "Stress-strain model for high strength concrete confined by FRP." Fragomeni, Sam, Venkatesan, Srikanth, Lam, Nelson T. K. and Setunge, Sujeeva (ed.) 21st Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM 21). Melbourne, Australia 07 - 10 Dec 2010 Leiden, Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1201/b10571-85
Modelling eccentrically loaded high-strength concrete columns
Lokuge, Weena, Setunge, Sujeeva and Sanjayan, J. G.. 2003. "Modelling eccentrically loaded high-strength concrete columns." Magazine of Concrete Research. 55 (4), pp. 331-341.
Triaxial test results of high-strength concrete subjected to cyclic loading
Lokuge, Weena, Sanjayan, J. G. and Setunge, Sujeeva. 2003. "Triaxial test results of high-strength concrete subjected to cyclic loading." Magazine of Concrete Research. 55 (4), pp. 321-329.
Constitutive model for confined high strength concretes subjected to cyclic loading
Lokuge, Weena, Sanjayan, J. G. and Setunge, Sujeeva. 2004. "Constitutive model for confined high strength concretes subjected to cyclic loading." Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 16 (4), pp. 297-305. https://doi.org/10.1061/~ASCE!0899-1561~2004!16:4~297!
Stress-strain model for laterally confined concrete
Lokuge, Weena P., Sanjayan, J. G. and Setunge, Sujeeva. 2005. "Stress-strain model for laterally confined concrete." Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 17 (6), pp. 607-616. https://doi.org/10.1061/ASCE0899-1561200517:6607