Relating flock activity levels to odour variations in tunnel ventilated broiler sheds - preliminary results

Paper


Atzeni, Michael, Sohn, Jae-Ho, Hancock, Nigel and Banhazi, Thomas. 2011. "Relating flock activity levels to odour variations in tunnel ventilated broiler sheds - preliminary results." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
Paper/Presentation Title

Relating flock activity levels to odour variations in tunnel ventilated broiler sheds - preliminary results

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsAtzeni, Michael (Author), Sohn, Jae-Ho (Author), Hancock, Nigel (Author) and Banhazi, Thomas (Author)
EditorsBanhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R.
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings of the Biennial Conference of the Australian Society for Engineering in Agriculture (SEAg 2011)
Number of Pages10
Year2011
Place of PublicationCanberra, Australia
ISBN9780858259829
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttp://www.engineersaustralia.org.au/society-engineering-agriculture/seag-conference-2011
Conference/EventSEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions
Event Details
SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions
Event Date
29 to end of 30 Sep 2011
Event Location
Gold Coast, Australia
Abstract

Malodorous emissions are an inevitable part of intensive livestock production. Emissions fluctuate and their impacts are subject to the surrounding topography and the vagaries of the weather. When handling odour complaints, regulatory authorities are often faced with the dilemma of assessing situations after the fact and without any supporting data. Recent developments in electronic nose technology have enabled continuous in-shed measurement of odour in broiler sheds which can help identify periods of elevated odour concentration (odour spikes). The issue then is to determine what causes these odour spikes. Increased flock activity is one possible cause. This paper examines the concept of using machine vision-derived activity indices to help characterise these odour spikes and delineate between normal odour emission levels and emissions directly attributable to increased flock activity. The implication of these findings is that odour control should include monitoring flock activity levels and taking action to minimise or prevent hyperactivity in the flock, especially at those critical times of the day when emissions are most likely to impact on neighbours and result in complaints.

Keywordsair quality; odour; ventilation; poultry; broiler sheds; machine vision; activity index; artificial olfaction
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401001. Engineering design
300302. Animal management
409901. Agricultural engineering
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Byline AffiliationsDepartment of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, Queensland
Republic of Korea Embassy, Australia
National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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McCarthy, Alison and Hancock, Nigel. 2013. "Development of a sensing system for automated cotton fruit load and vegetation estimation." Whitehouse, Mary (ed.) Inaugural Australian Cotton Research Conference 2013: Stimulating Science in Cotton. Narrabri, Australia 08 - 11 Sep 2013
Modelling of ammonia emissions from naturally ventilated livestock buildings. Part 3: CFD modelling
Bjerg, Bjarne, Cascone, Giovanni, Lee, In-Bok, Bartzanas, Thomas, Norton, Tomas, Hong, Se-Woon, Seo, Il-Hwan, Banhazi, Thomas, Liberati, Paolo, Marucci, Alvaro and Zhang, Guoqiang. 2013. "Modelling of ammonia emissions from naturally ventilated livestock buildings. Part 3: CFD modelling." Biosystems Engineering. 116 (3), pp. 259-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2013.06.012
Modelling of ammonia emissions from naturally ventilated livestock buildings. Part 1: ammonia release modelling
Bjerg, B., Norton, T., Banhazi, T., Zhang, G., Bartzanas, T., Liberati, P., Cascone, G., Lee, I. -B. and Marucci, A.. 2013. "Modelling of ammonia emissions from naturally ventilated livestock buildings. Part 1: ammonia release modelling." Biosystems Engineering. 116 (3), pp. 232-245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2013.08.001
Airborne pollutant emissions from naturally ventilated buildings: proposed research directions
Takai, Hisamitsu, Nimmermark, Sven, Banhazi, Thomas, Norton, Tomas, Jacobson, Larry D., Calvet, Salvador, Hassouna, Melynda, Bjerg, Bjarne, Zhang, Guo-Qiang, Pedersen, Soeren, Kai, Peter, Wang, Kaiying and Berckmans, Daniel. 2013. "Airborne pollutant emissions from naturally ventilated buildings: proposed research directions." Biosystems Engineering. 116 (3), pp. 214-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2012.12.015
Review of precision livestock farming (PLF) technologies for the Australian pig industry
Banhazi, Thomas, Dunn, Mark, Cook, Peter and Durack, Matthew. 2003. Review of precision livestock farming (PLF) technologies for the Australian pig industry. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Development and application of biofilter systems for intensive livestock operations to minimise odour emissions and nuisance potential
Dunlop, Mark, Hudson, Neale, Sohn, Jae Ho, Yoo, Yong Hee and Schmidt, Erik. 2005. Development and application of biofilter systems for intensive livestock operations to minimise odour emissions and nuisance potential. Brisbane, Australia. Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries.
Modelling and influencing hygiene conditions in Australian livestock buildings
Banhazi, T.. 2013. "Modelling and influencing hygiene conditions in Australian livestock buildings." Aland, Andres and Banhazi, Thomas (ed.) Livestock housing: modern management to ensure optimal health and welfare of farm animals. Wageningen, Netherlands. Wageningen Academic Publishers. pp. 377-390
Practical evaluation of cleaning methods that could be implemented in livestock buildings
Banhazi, T. and Santhanam, B.. 2013. "Practical evaluation of cleaning methods that could be implemented in livestock buildings." Aland, Andres and Banhazi, Thomas (ed.) Livestock housing: modern management to ensure optimal health and welfare of farm animals. Wageningen, Netherlands. Wageningen Academic Publishers. pp. 355-376
Environmental and management effects associated with improved production efficiency in a respiratory disease free pig herd in Australia
Banhazi, T.. 2013. "Environmental and management effects associated with improved production efficiency in a respiratory disease free pig herd in Australia." Aland, Andres and Banhazi, Thomas (ed.) Livestock housing: modern management to ensure optimal health and welfare of farm animals. Wageningen, Netherlands. Wageningen Academic Publishers. pp. 297-314
Constructing better piggery buildings by identifying factors contributing to improved thermal control under hot climatic conditions
Banhazi, T. and Rutley, D.. 2013. "Constructing better piggery buildings by identifying factors contributing to improved thermal control under hot climatic conditions." Aland, Andres and Banhazi, Thomas (ed.) Livestock housing: modern management to ensure optimal health and welfare of farm animals . Wageningen, Netherlands. Wageningen Academic Publishers. pp. 237-257
Factors influencing water temperature on farms and the effect of warm drinking water on pig growth
Banhazi, T. and Rutley, D.. 2013. "Factors influencing water temperature on farms and the effect of warm drinking water on pig growth." Aland, Andres and Banhazi, Thomas (ed.) Livestock housing: modern management to ensure optimal health and welfare of farm animals . Wageningen, Netherlands. Wageningen Academic Publishers. pp. 147-159
Evaporation and sapflow dynamics during sprinkler irrigation of cotton
Uddin, J., Smith, R. J., Hancock, N. H. and Foley, J. P.. 2013. "Evaporation and sapflow dynamics during sprinkler irrigation of cotton." Agricultural Water Management. 125, pp. 35-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2013.04.001
Real-time adaptive control of furrow irrigation: preliminary results of cotton field trial
McCarthy, Alison, Smith, Rod and Hancock, Nigel. 2012. "Real-time adaptive control of furrow irrigation: preliminary results of cotton field trial." Irrigation Australia Conference (IAL 2012). Adelaide, Australia 24 - 29 Jun 2012 Sydney, Australia.
Real-time model predictive control of surface irrigation for cotton: setup of field trial
McCarthy, Alison, Smith, Rod and Hancock, Nigel. 2012. "Real-time model predictive control of surface irrigation for cotton: setup of field trial." 16th Australian Cotton Conference (ACC 2012): Growing Better all the Time. Gold Coast, Australia 14 - 16 Aug 2012 Gold Coast, Australia.
Quantification of environmental conditions in Australian livestock buildings
Banhazi, Thomas M.. 2012. "Quantification of environmental conditions in Australian livestock buildings ." 9th International Livestock Environment Symposium (ILES 2012): Agriculture and Engineering for a Healthier Life. Valencia, Spain 08 - 12 Jul 2012 St. Joseph, MI. United States.
Precision livestock farming: precision feeding technologies and sustainable livestock production
Banhazi, T. M., Babinszky, L., Halas, V. and Tscharke, M.. 2012. "Precision livestock farming: precision feeding technologies and sustainable livestock production." International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering. 5 (4), pp. 54-61. https://doi.org/10.3965/j.ijabe.20120504.006
Measurement of evapotranspiration during sprinkler irrigation using a precision energy budget (Bowen ratio, eddy covariance) methodology
Uddin, J., Hancock, N. H., Smith, R. J. and Foley, J. P.. 2013. "Measurement of evapotranspiration during sprinkler irrigation using a precision energy budget (Bowen ratio, eddy covariance) methodology." Agricultural Water Management. 116, pp. 89-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2012.10.008
New approach to estimate the additional water requirements in sprinkler irrigation: a predictive model
Uddin, Jasim, Smith, Rod, Hancock, Nigel and Foley, Joseph. 2012. "New approach to estimate the additional water requirements in sprinkler irrigation: a predictive model." Currey, Anne (ed.) ICID & Irrigation Australia 2012 Conference and Trade Show. Adelaide, Australia 24 - 29 Jun 2012 Sydney, Australia.
A novel technique to measure the total evaporation and its components during sprinkler irrigation
Uddin, Jasim, Smith, Rod, Hancock, Nigel and Foley, Joseph. 2012. "A novel technique to measure the total evaporation and its components during sprinkler irrigation ." Currey, Anne (ed.) ICID & Irrigation Australia 2012 Conference and Trade Show. Adelaide, Australia 24 - 29 Jun 2012 Sydney, Australia.
Advanced process control of irrigation: the current state and an analysis to aid future development
McCarthy, Alison C., Hancock, Nigel H. and Raine, Steven R.. 2013. "Advanced process control of irrigation: the current state and an analysis to aid future development." Irrigation Science. 31 (3), pp. 183-192. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00271-011-0313-1
The impact of artificial monolayers on water quality: data from tank and field trials
Pittaway, P., Martinez-Alvarez, V., Gallego-Elvira, B. and Hancock, N.. 2012. "The impact of artificial monolayers on water quality: data from tank and field trials." Begbie, D. K., Kenway, S. J., Biermann, S. M. and Wakem, S. L. (ed.) 4th Urban Water Security Research Alliance Science Forum and Stakeholder Engagement. Brisbane, Australia 19 - 20 Jun 2012 Brisbane, Australia.
Precision livestock farming: an international review of scientific and commercial aspects
Banhazi, T. M., Lehr, H., Black, J. L., Crabtree, H., Schofield, P., Tscharke, M. and Berckmans, D.. 2012. "Precision livestock farming: an international review of scientific and commercial aspects." International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering. 5 (3), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3965/j.ijabe.20120503.00
Optimising the design, installation and operation of a monolayer application system on a farm dam via a 'Universal Design Framework'
Brink, Gavin, Wandel, Andrew, Pittaway, Pam, Hancock, Nigel and Schmidt, Erik. 2011. "Optimising the design, installation and operation of a monolayer application system on a farm dam via a 'Universal Design Framework'." Thompson, Chris (ed.) Irrigation 2011: New Horizons, Fresh Ideas Regional Conference and Exhibition. Launceston, Australia 22 - 25 Aug 2011 Sydney, Australia.
Precision livestock farming: scientific concepts and commercial reality
Banhazi, T. M., Lehr, H., Black, J. L., Crabtree, H., Schofield, P., Tscharke, M. and Berckmans, D.. 2011. "Precision livestock farming: scientific concepts and commercial reality." 15th International Congress on Animal Hygiene: Animal Hygiene and Sustainable Livestock Production (ISAH 2011). Vienna, Austria 03 - 07 Jul 2011 Vienna, Austria .
Review of the key results of a large integrated air quality project in Australia
Banhazi, T.. 2011. "Review of the key results of a large integrated air quality project in Australia." 15th International Congress on Animal Hygiene: Animal Hygiene and Sustainable Livestock Production (ISAH 2011). Vienna, Austria 03 - 07 Jul 2011 Vienna, Austria .
The current state of PLF affairs
Banhazi, Thomas. 2011. "The current state of PLF affairs." Lehr, Heiner and Smith, Ian (ed.) Acceptable and practical precision livestock farming. Halifax, UK . European Commission. pp. 11-17
The precision livestock farming journey: from a scientific dream towards commercial reality
Banhazi, T. and Black, J.. 2011. "The precision livestock farming journey: from a scientific dream towards commercial reality." Lehr, Heiner and Smith, Ian G. (ed.) Acceptable and practical precision livestock farming. Halifax, United Kingdom. European Union. pp. 192-207
Improved image analysis based system to reliably predict the live weight of pigs on farm: preliminary results
Banhazi, T. M., Tscharke, M., Ferdous, W. M., Saunders, C. and Lee, S. -H.. 2011. "Improved image analysis based system to reliably predict the live weight of pigs on farm: preliminary results ." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 8 (2), pp. 107-119.
The development and commercialisation aspects of a practical feed intake measurement instrumentation to be used in livestock buildings
Banhazi, T. M., Lewis, B. and Tscharke, M.. 2011. "The development and commercialisation aspects of a practical feed intake measurement instrumentation to be used in livestock buildings ." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 8 (2), pp. 131-138.
Oil spraying as an air quality improvement technique in livestock buildings: development and utilisation of a testing device
Banhazi, T. M., Saunders, C., Nieuwe, N., Lu, V. and Banhazi, A.. 2011. "Oil spraying as an air quality improvement technique in livestock buildings: development and utilisation of a testing device ." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 8 (2), pp. 169-180.
Digital image processing methods for the identification of pigs posture during weight estimation
Ferdous, W. M., Tscharke, M., Saunders, C., Lee, S.-H. and Banhazi, T. M.. 2011. "Digital image processing methods for the identification of pigs posture during weight estimation." Lokhorst, Kees and Berckmans, Daniel (ed.) 5th European Conference on Precision Livestock Farming (ECPLF 2011). Prague 11 - 14 Jul 2011 Prague .
Air exchanges and indoor carbon dioxide concentration in Australian pig buildings: effect of housing and management factors
Banhazi, T. M., Stott, P., Rutley, D., Blanes-Vidal, V. and Pitchford, W.. 2011. "Air exchanges and indoor carbon dioxide concentration in Australian pig buildings: effect of housing and management factors." Biosystems Engineering. 110 (3), pp. 272-279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2011.08.007
Development of a smart monolayer application system for reducing evaporation from farm dams: introductory paper
Brink, G. N., Symes, T. W. and Hancock, N. H.. 2011. "Development of a smart monolayer application system for reducing evaporation from farm dams: introductory paper." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 8 (2), pp. 121-130.
Assessment of the performance of evaporation suppressant films: analysis and limitations of simple trialling methods
Hancock, N. H., Pittaway, P. A. and Symes, T. W.. 2011. "Assessment of the performance of evaporation suppressant films: analysis and limitations of simple trialling methods." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 8 (2), pp. 157-168.
Review of methods to determine weight, size and composition of livestock from images
Tscharke, M. and Banhazi, T. M.. 2011. "Review of methods to determine weight, size and composition of livestock from images." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia .
Growth recorded automatically and continuously by a machine vision system for finisher pigs
Tscharke, M. J. and Banhazi, T. M.. 2011. "Growth recorded automatically and continuously by a machine vision system for finisher pigs." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia .
Spatial, diurnal and seasonal variations in the levels of environmental parameters in Australian livestock buildings
Banhazi, T. M.. 2011. "Spatial, diurnal and seasonal variations in the levels of environmental parameters in Australian livestock buildings." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia .
Treatment of airborne pollutants in livestock buildings with ozone as potential abatement option
Banhazi, T.. 2011. "Treatment of airborne pollutants in livestock buildings with ozone as potential abatement option ." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 8 (2), pp. 147-156.
A low cost portable environmental monitoring system for livestock buildings
Clements, M. S., Watt, A. C., Debono, A. P., Aziz, S. M. and Banhazi, T. M.. 2011. "A low cost portable environmental monitoring system for livestock buildings." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia .
Glossary of terms on animal housing: interconnecting engineering, physical and physiological definitions
Panagakis, P., Blanes-Vidal, V., Banhazi, T., Barbosa, J. C., Maltz, E., da Cruz, V. F. and Berckmans, D.. 2009. "Glossary of terms on animal housing: interconnecting engineering, physical and physiological definitions." Agricultural Engineering International. 11, pp. 1-34.
Evaluation of sap flow sensors to measure the transpiration rate of plants during sprinkler irrigation
Uddin, J., Smith, R. J., Hancock, N. H. and Foley, J.. 2011. "Evaluation of sap flow sensors to measure the transpiration rate of plants during sprinkler irrigation." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
Eddy covariance measurements of the total evaporation during sprinkler irrigation - preliminary results
Uddin, J., Smith, R. J., Hancock, N. H. and Foley, J.. 2011. "Eddy covariance measurements of the total evaporation during sprinkler irrigation - preliminary results." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
Real-time data requirements for model-based adaptive control of irrigation scheduling in cotton
McCarthy, A. C., Hancock, N. H. and Raine, S. R.. 2011. "Real-time data requirements for model-based adaptive control of irrigation scheduling in cotton." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 8 (2), pp. 189-206.
HCL. Trade Mark No.1044991 (as a series in Class 9, Scientific Apparatus, Measuring Apparatus) registered from 07 March 2005 (for ten years)
Hancock, Nigel and Maxwell, Andrew. 2005. HCL. Trade Mark No.1044991 (as a series in Class 9, Scientific Apparatus, Measuring Apparatus) registered from 07 March 2005 (for ten years). 1044991
HCL [Trademark]
Hancock, Nigel and Maxwell, Andrew. 2006. HCL [Trademark].
Method and apparatus for measuring electrical conductivity
Hancock, Nigel Harold, Maxwell, Andrew Douglas and Ah Fock, Antonio Louis. 2005. Method and apparatus for measuring electrical conductivity. 2005205611
Revisiting artificial monolayers as a strategy to reduce evaporative loss from large open water storages
Pittaway, P., Hancock, N., Brink, G., Symes, T. and Schmidt, E.. 2009. "Revisiting artificial monolayers as a strategy to reduce evaporative loss from large open water storages ." Kenway, S. J. and Begbie, D. K. (ed.) 1st Urban Water Security Research Alliance Science Forum (UWSRA 2009). Brisbane, Australia 17 - 18 Aug 2009 Brisbane, Australia.
Method and apparatus for measuring electrical conductivity
Hancock, Nigel H., Maxwell, Andrew D. and Ahfock, Tony L.. 2008. Method and apparatus for measuring electrical conductivity. AG01N2702FI
Automated internode length measurement of cotton plants under field conditions
McCarthy, C. L., Hancock, N. H. and Raine, S. R.. 2009. "Automated internode length measurement of cotton plants under field conditions." Transactions of the ASABE. 52 (6), pp. 2093-2103.
Identifying major contributing sources to odour annoyance using a non-specific gas sensor array
Sohn, Jae Ho, Pioggia, Giovanni, Craig, Ian P., Stuetz, Richard M. and Atzeni, Michael G.. 2009. "Identifying major contributing sources to odour annoyance using a non-specific gas sensor array." Biosystems Engineering. 102 (3), pp. 305-312. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2008.12.010
On-the-go machine vision sensing of cotton plant geometric parameters: first results
McCarthy, Cheryl, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven. 2008. "On-the-go machine vision sensing of cotton plant geometric parameters: first results." Billingsley, John and Bradbeer, Robin (ed.) 13th Annual Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice. (M2VIP 2006). Toowoomba, Australia 05 - 07 Dec 2006 Germany. pp. 305-312 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-74027-8_26
Gas sampling efficiencies and aerodynamic characteristics of a laboratory wind tunnel for odour measurement
Sohn, J. H., Smith, R. J., Hudson, N. A. and Choi, H. L.. 2005. "Gas sampling efficiencies and aerodynamic characteristics of a laboratory wind tunnel for odour measurement." Biosystems Engineering. 92 (1), pp. 37-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2005.05.010
Precision livestock farming and nutrition
Banhazi, Thomas and Babinszky, Laszlo. 2010. "Precision livestock farming and nutrition." Kralik, Gordana (ed.) 17th International Conference on Animal Nutrition (KRMIVA 2010): Innovation in Non-Ruminant Nutrition. Opatija, Croatia 07 - 09 Jun 2010 Zagreb, Croatia.
Applied machine vision of plants: a review with implications for field deployment in automated farming operations
McCarthy, C. L., Hancock, N. H. and Raine, S. R.. 2010. "Applied machine vision of plants: a review with implications for field deployment in automated farming operations." Intelligent Service Robotics. 3 (4), pp. 209-217. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11370-010-0075-2
Controlling the concentrations of airborne particles in broiler buildings
Banhazi, T. M., Currie, E. P. K., Quartararo, M. and Aarnink, A. J. A.. 2009. "Controlling the concentrations of airborne particles in broiler buildings ." Aland, A. and Madec, F. (ed.) Sustainable animal production: the challenges and potential developments for professional farming. Wageningen, Netherlands. Wageningen Academic Publishers. pp. 347-364
Field evaluation of a prototype sensor for measuring feed disappearance in livestock buildings
Banhazi, T. M., Rutley, D., Parkin, B. J. and Lewis, B.. 2009. "Field evaluation of a prototype sensor for measuring feed disappearance in livestock buildings." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 7 (1), pp. 27-38.
Precision livestock farming: a suite of electronic systems to ensure the application of best practice management on livestock farms
Banhazi, Thomas and Black, John L.. 2009. "Precision livestock farming: a suite of electronic systems to ensure the application of best practice management on livestock farms." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 7 (1), pp. 1-13.
Identification of the risk factors for high airborne particle concentrations in broiler buildings using statistical modelling
Banhazi, T. M., Seedorf, J., Laffrique, M. and Rutley, D. L.. 2008. "Identification of the risk factors for high airborne particle concentrations in broiler buildings using statistical modelling ." Biosystems Engineering. 101 (1), pp. 100-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2008.06.007
Potential of using infrared thermography for determination of skin wetness and thus perceived thermal comfort of pigs
Banhazi, T., Kitchen, J. and Tivey, D.. 2009. "Potential of using infrared thermography for determination of skin wetness and thus perceived thermal comfort of pigs." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 7 (1), pp. 47-54.
User-friendly air quality monitoring system
Banhazi, Thomas. 2009. "User-friendly air quality monitoring system ." Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 25 (2), pp. 281-290.
Development and testing of an evaluation procedure for commercial manure additive products
Banhazi, T., Hudson, N., Dunlop, M., Dyson, C. and Thomas, R.. 2009. "Development and testing of an evaluation procedure for commercial manure additive products ." Biosystems Engineering. 103 (3), pp. 321-328. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2009.04.011
Review of the consequences and control of high air temperatures in intensive livestock buildings
Banhazi, T., Aarnink, A., Thuy, H., Pedersen, S., Hartung, J., Payne, H., Mullan, B. and Berckmans, D.. 2009. "Review of the consequences and control of high air temperatures in intensive livestock buildings ." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 7 (1), pp. 63-78.
VARIwise: a general-purpose adaptive control simulation framework for spatially and temporally varied irrigation at sub-field scale
McCarthy, Alison, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2010. "VARIwise: a general-purpose adaptive control simulation framework for spatially and temporally varied irrigation at sub-field scale." Computers and Electronics in Agriculture. 70 (1), pp. 117-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2009.09.011
Apparatus and infield evaluations of a prototype machine vision system for cotton plant internode length measurement
McCarthy, Cheryl, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2010. "Apparatus and infield evaluations of a prototype machine vision system for cotton plant internode length measurement." Journal of Cotton Science. 14 (4), pp. 221-232.
Identification of risk factors for sub-optimal housing conditions in Australian piggeries: part 4. Emission factors and study recommendations
Banhazi, T. M., Rutley, D. L. and Pitchford, W. S.. 2008. "Identification of risk factors for sub-optimal housing conditions in Australian piggeries: part 4. Emission factors and study recommendations." Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health. 14 (1), pp. 53-69.
Identification of risk factors for sub-optimal housing conditions in Australian piggeries: part 2. Airborne pollutants
Banhazi, T. M., Seedorf, J., Rutley, D. L. and Pitchford, W. S.. 2008. "Identification of risk factors for sub-optimal housing conditions in Australian piggeries: part 2. Airborne pollutants ." Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health. 14 (1), pp. 21-39.
Identification of risk factors for sub-optimal housing conditions in Australian piggeries: part 1. Study justification and design
Banhazi, T. M., Seedorf, J., Rutley, D. L. and Pitchford, W. S.. 2008. "Identification of risk factors for sub-optimal housing conditions in Australian piggeries: part 1. Study justification and design." Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health. 14 (1), pp. 5-20.
Identification of risk factors for sub-optimal housing conditions in Australian piggeries: part 3. Environmental parameters
Banhazi, T. M., Seedorf, J., Rutley, D. L. and Pitchford, W. S.. 2008. "Identification of risk factors for sub-optimal housing conditions in Australian piggeries: part 3. Environmental parameters." Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health. 14 (1), pp. 41-52.
Weight estimation using image analysis and statistical modelling: a preliminary study
Kollis, K., Phang, C. S., Banhazi, Thomas and Searle, Stephen J.. 2007. "Weight estimation using image analysis and statistical modelling: a preliminary study ." Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 23 (1), pp. 91-96.
Droplet evaporation losses during sprinkler irrigation: an overview
Uddin, Jasim, Smith, Rod, Hancock, Nigel and Foley, Joseph P.. 2010. "Droplet evaporation losses during sprinkler irrigation: an overview." Montagu, Kelvin (ed.) Australian Irrigation Conference and Exibition 2010: One Water Many Futures. Sydney, Australia 08 - 10 Jun 2010 Sydney, Australia.
Reliable, modest-cost seepage and evaporation measurement for farm dams using 'EvapCalc'
Symes, Troy, Hancock, Nigel and Schmidt, Erik. 2010. "Reliable, modest-cost seepage and evaporation measurement for farm dams using 'EvapCalc'." Montagu, Kelvin (ed.) Australian Irrigation Conference and Exibition 2010: One Water Many Futures. Sydney, Australia 08 - 10 Jun 2010 Sydney,Australia.
Simulation of adaptive site-specific irrigation control performance with spatially variable rainfall
McCarthy, Alison, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2010. "Simulation of adaptive site-specific irrigation control performance with spatially variable rainfall." Montagu, Kelvin (ed.) Australian Irrigation Conference and Exibition 2010: One Water Many Futures. Sydney, Australia 08 - 10 Jun 2010 Sydney, Australia.
Simulation of site-specific irrigation control strategies with sparse input data
McCarthy, Alison, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2010. "Simulation of site-specific irrigation control strategies with sparse input data." 17th World Congress of the International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (CIGR 2010): Sustainable Biosystems Through Engineering. Quebec City, Canada 13 - 17 Jun 2010 Quebec, Canada.
Determining operational requirements to optimise monolayer performance on a farm dam via a 'Universal Design Framework'
Brink, Gavin, Wandel, Andrew P., Pittaway, Pam, Hancock, Nigel and Pather, Selvan. 2010. "Determining operational requirements to optimise monolayer performance on a farm dam via a 'Universal Design Framework'." Montagu, Kelvin (ed.) Australian Irrigation Conference and Exibition 2010: One Water Many Futures. Sydney, Australia 08 - 10 Jun 2010 Sydney, Australia.
A ‘universal design framework’ for installation planning and operational management of evaporation-suppressing films on agricultural reservoirs
Brink, Gavin, Wandel, Andrew P., Pittaway, Pam, Hancock, Nigel and Pather, Selvan. 2010. "A ‘universal design framework’ for installation planning and operational management of evaporation-suppressing films on agricultural reservoirs." Genet, Roger (ed.) International Conference on Agricultural Engineering: Towards Environmental Technologies (2010). Clermont-Ferrand, France 06 - 08 Sep 2010
Holistic control system design for large mobile irrigation machines
McCarthy, Alison, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven. 2010. "Holistic control system design for large mobile irrigation machines." 16th Annual Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (M2VIP 2010). Darussalam, Brunei 22 - 24 Jun 2010 Toowoomba, Australia.
EvapCalc – a modest-cost technique for real-time measurement of evaporation (and seepage) from farm dams
Hancock, Nigel and Symes, Troy. 2009. "EvapCalc – a modest-cost technique for real-time measurement of evaporation (and seepage) from farm dams." IWER 2009: International Workshop on Evaporation from Reservoirs. Gold Coast, Australia 09 - 11 Dec 2009 Gold Coast, Australia.
The combined use of shade-cloth covers and monolayers to prevent evaporation in irrigation reservoirs
Gallego-Elvira, B., Martinez Alvarez, V., Pittaway, Pam, Symes, Troy and Hancock, Nigel. 2010. "The combined use of shade-cloth covers and monolayers to prevent evaporation in irrigation reservoirs." International Conference on Agricultural Engineering: Towards Environmental Technologies (2010). Clermont-Ferrand, France 06 - 08 Sep 2010
Validation and fine-tuning of a predictive model for air quality in livestock buildings
Banhazi, T. M., Rutley, D. L. and Pitchford, W. S.. 2010. "Validation and fine-tuning of a predictive model for air quality in livestock buildings." Biosystems Engineering. 105 (3), pp. 395-401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2009.12.011
Air pollution and livestock production
Watt, A. C., Aziz, S. M. and Banhazi, T. M.. 2010. "Air pollution and livestock production." 17th World Congress of the International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (CIGR 2010): Sustainable Biosystems Through Engineering. Quebec City, Canada 13 - 17 Jun 2010 Quebec City, Canada.
Quantification of odours from piggery effluent ponds using an electronic nose and an artificial neural network
Sohn, Jae Ho, Smith, Rod, Yoong, Ernest, Leis, John W. and Galvin, Geordie. 2003. "Quantification of odours from piggery effluent ponds using an electronic nose and an artificial neural network." Biosystems Engineering. 86 (4), pp. 399-410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2003.09.003
Characterisation of humidity dependence of a metal oxide semiconductor sensor array using partial least squares
Sohn, Jae Ho, Atzeni, Michael, Zeller, Les and Pioggia, Giovanni. 2008. "Characterisation of humidity dependence of a metal oxide semiconductor sensor array using partial least squares." Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical: international journal devoted to research and development of physical and chemical transducers. 131 (1), pp. 230-235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2007.11.009
Implementation of an electronic nose for continuous odour monitoring in a poultry shed
Sohn, Jae Ho, Hudson, Neale, Gallagher, Erin, Dunlop, Mark, Zeller, Les and Atzeni, Michael. 2008. "Implementation of an electronic nose for continuous odour monitoring in a poultry shed." Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical: international journal devoted to research and development of physical and chemical transducers. 133 (1), pp. 60-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2008.01.053
Towards a biophysical understanding of observed performance of evaporation suppressant films applied to agricultural water storages - first analyses
Hancock, Nigel, Pittaway, Pam and Symes, Troy. 2009. "Towards a biophysical understanding of observed performance of evaporation suppressant films applied to agricultural water storages - first analyses ." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 16 Sep 2009 Brisbane, Australia.
Smart monolayer application and management to reduce evaporation on farm dams - formulation of a universal design framework
Brink, Gavin, Symes, Troy, Pittaway, Pam, Hancock, Nigel, Pather, Selvan and Schmidt, Erik. 2009. "Smart monolayer application and management to reduce evaporation on farm dams - formulation of a universal design framework." Venkatraman, K. (ed.) 2009 Environmental Research Event. Noosa, Australia 10 - 13 May 2009
Towards adaptive operational requirements for optimal application of evaporation-suppressing monolayer to reservoirs via a 'universal design framework'
Brink, Gavin, Wandel, Andrew P., Hancock, Nigel and Pather, Selvan. 2009. "Towards adaptive operational requirements for optimal application of evaporation-suppressing monolayer to reservoirs via a 'universal design framework'." IWER 2009: International Workshop on Evaporation from Reservoirs. Gold Coast, Australia 09 - 11 Dec 2009 Gold Coast, Australia.
An evaluation of a novel wind tunnel design applied to the measurement of the kinetics of odour emissions from piggery effluent
Sohn, Jae Ho, Smith, Rod, Yoong, Ernest, Hudson, Neale A. and Kim, Tae I.. 2004. "An evaluation of a novel wind tunnel design applied to the measurement of the kinetics of odour emissions from piggery effluent." Water Science and Technology. 50 (4), pp. 49-55.
A preliminary field evaluation of an automated vision-based plant geometry measurement system
McCarthy, Cheryl, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2007. "A preliminary field evaluation of an automated vision-based plant geometry measurement system." Prusinkiewicz, Przemyslaw, Hanan, Jim S. and Lane, Brendan (ed.) 5th International Workshop on Functional Structural Plant Models (FSPM07). Napier, New Zealand 04 - 09 Nov 2007
Improving the performance of chemical monolayers in reducing farm dam evaporation
Craig, Ian, Schmidt, Erik, Hancock, Nigel, Barnes, Geoff, Turnbull, David J., Pittaway, Pam and Morrison, Pippa. 2006. "Improving the performance of chemical monolayers in reducing farm dam evaporation." 3rd CRC-IF Annual Research Forum. Narrabri, Australia 05 - 06 Dec 2006 Toowoomba, Queensland.
Development of a 'smart' monolayer application system for reducing evaporation from farm dams: introductory paper
Brink, Gavin, Symes, Troy and Hancock, Nigel. 2009. "Development of a 'smart' monolayer application system for reducing evaporation from farm dams: introductory paper." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 16 Sep 2009 Brisbane, Australia.
EvapCalc software for the determination of dam evaporation and seepage
Craig, Ian, Schmidt, Erik and Hancock, Nigel. 2007. "EvapCalc software for the determination of dam evaporation and seepage." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2007: Agriculture and Engineering - Challenge Today, Technology Tomorrow. Adelaide, Australia 24 - 26 Sep 2007 Adelaide, Australia.
Automated machine vision sensing of plant structural parameters
McCarthy, C. L., Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2007. "Automated machine vision sensing of plant structural parameters." Biological Sensorics 2007: Critical Technologies for Future Biosystems. Minneapolis, Australia 15 - 17 Jun 2007 St. Joseph, MI, United States.
Development of a simulation framework for variable-rate irrigation of cotton
McCarthy, Alison, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2008. "Development of a simulation framework for variable-rate irrigation of cotton." 14th Australian Cotton Conference: New Beginnings – Cotton in a Climate of Change. Gold Coast, Australia 12 - 14 Aug 2008 Narrabri, NSW, Australia.
Managing spatial and temporal variability in irrigated agriculture through adaptive control
Smith, R. J., Raine, Steven R., McCarthy, Alison and Hancock, Nigel. 2009. "Managing spatial and temporal variability in irrigated agriculture through adaptive control." Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering. 7 (1), pp. 79-90.
Exploration of data requirements for adaptive control of irrigation scheduling
McCarthy, Alison, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2009. "Exploration of data requirements for adaptive control of irrigation scheduling." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 16 Sep 2009 Brisbane, Australia.
Sensors in, for and by mechatronics: a symbiosis [Introduction]
Hancock, Nigel H.. 2000. "Sensors in, for and by mechatronics: a symbiosis [Introduction]." Billingsley, John (ed.) Mechatronics and machine vision. Baldock, United Kingdom. Research Studies Press. pp. 101-103
Automated carbon dioxide measurement via miniaturised chemical reaction chambers under mechatronic control
Maxwell, Andrew, Hancock, Nigel and Tran-Cong, Thanh. 2000. "Automated carbon dioxide measurement via miniaturised chemical reaction chambers under mechatronic control." Billingsley, John (ed.) Mechatronics and machine vision. Baldock, United Kingdom. Research Studies Press. pp. 135-142
Towards evaluation of adaptive control systems for improved site-specific irrigation of cotton
McCarthy, Alison, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2008. "Towards evaluation of adaptive control systems for improved site-specific irrigation of cotton." Irrigation Australia 2008: Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference and Exhibition: Share the Water, Share the Benefits. Melbourne, Australia 20 - 22 May 2008 Hornsby, NSW, Australia.
Managing spatial and temporal variability in irrigated agriculture through adaptive control
Smith, R. J., Raine, Steven R., McCarthy, Alison and Hancock, Nigel. 2007. "Managing spatial and temporal variability in irrigated agriculture through adaptive control." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2007: Agriculture and Engineering - Challenge Today, Technology Tomorrow. Adelaide, Australia 24 - 26 Sep 2007 Australia.
Evaporation, seepage and water quality management in storage dams: a review of research methods
Craig, Ian, Aravinthan, Vasantha, Baillie, Craig Peter, Beswick, Alan, Barnes, Geoff, Bradbury, Ron, Connell, Luke, Cooper, Paul, Fellows, Christopher, Fitzmaurice, Li, Foley, Joseph P., Hancock, Nigel, Lamb, David, Morrison, Pippa, Mossad, Ruth, Misra, R. K., Pittaway, Pam, Prime, Emma, Rees, Steve, ..., Turnbull, David. 2007. "Evaporation, seepage and water quality management in storage dams: a review of research methods." Environmental Health. 7 (3), pp. 84-97.
Non-contact extrudate profilometer: introductory paper
Taylor, Reginald, Hancock, Nigel and Tran-Cong, Thanh. 1997. "Non-contact extrudate profilometer: introductory paper." Werner, B. (ed.) 4th Annual Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (MViP 1997). Toowoomba, Australia 23 - 25 Sep 1997 USA. https://doi.org/10.1109/MMVIP.1997.625315
Carbon dioxide sensing - a mechatronic approach
Maxwell, Andrew, Hancock, Nigel and Billingsley, John. 1997. "Carbon dioxide sensing - a mechatronic approach." Werner, B. (ed.) 4th Annual Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (MViP 1997). Toowoomba, Australia 23 - 25 Sep 1997 Los Alamitos, CA. United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/MMVIP.1997.625292
Recommended methods for the preconditioning of odourous air prior to treatment in organic biofilters
Craig, Ian, Sohn, Jae Ho and Kim, Tae I.. 2004. Recommended methods for the preconditioning of odourous air prior to treatment in organic biofilters . Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Methods for assessing dam evaporation - an introductory paper
Craig, Ian and Hancock, Nigel. 2004. "Methods for assessing dam evaporation - an introductory paper." Burnett, Jolyon (ed.) Irrigation Australia 2004: Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference and Exhibition. Adelaide, Australia 11 - 13 May 2004 Hornsby, NSW, Australia.
On-the-go machine vision sensing of cotton plant geometric parameters: first results
McCarthy, Cheryl, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2006. "On-the-go machine vision sensing of cotton plant geometric parameters: first results." Billingsley, John (ed.) 13th Annual Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice. (M2VIP 2006). Toowoomba, Australia 05 - 07 Dec 2006 Berlin, Heidelberg.
A preliminary evaluation of machine vision sensing of cotton nodes for automated irrigation control
McCarthy, Cheryl, Hancock, Nigel and Raine, Steven R.. 2006. "A preliminary evaluation of machine vision sensing of cotton nodes for automated irrigation control." Irrigation Australia 2006: Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference and Exhibition. Brisbane, Australia 09 - 11 May 2006 Brisbane.
Development of a CFD based dam evaporation model
Craig, I. P., Mossad, R. and Hancock, N.. 2006. "Development of a CFD based dam evaporation model." 11th International Health Summer School. Brisbane, Australia 21 - 22 Nov 2006 Brisbane, Queensland.
Universal acidity - conductivity relations in commercial bulk starter production
Hancock, N. H., McKinnon, I. and Maxwell, A. D.. 2006. "Universal acidity - conductivity relations in commercial bulk starter production." Australian Journal of Dairy Technology. 61 (2), pp. 189-192.
Process studies of odour emissions from effluent ponds using machine-based odour measurement
Sohn, Jae Ho, Smith, R. J. and Yoong, Ernest. 2006. "Process studies of odour emissions from effluent ponds using machine-based odour measurement." Atmospheric Environment. 40 (7), pp. 1230-1241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.10.035
A scoping study on measuring and monitoring tools and technology for precision irrigation
Misra, R. K., Raine, Steven R., Pezzaniti, David, Charlesworth, Philip and Hancock, Nigel. 2005. A scoping study on measuring and monitoring tools and technology for precision irrigation . Toowoomba, Australia. CRC for Irrigation Futures.