Climate change adaptation in acid sulfate landscapes

Article


Lin, Chuxia. 2012. "Climate change adaptation in acid sulfate landscapes." American Journal of Environmental Sciences. 8 (4), pp. 433-442. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2012.433.442
Article Title

Climate change adaptation in acid sulfate landscapes

ERA Journal ID44524
Article CategoryArticle
Authors
AuthorLin, Chuxia
Journal TitleAmerican Journal of Environmental Sciences
Journal Citation8 (4), pp. 433-442
Number of Pages10
Year2012
Place of PublicationNew York, NY. United States
ISSN1553-345X
1558-3910
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2012.433.442
Web Address (URL)http://thescipub.com/pdf/10.3844/ajessp.2012.433.442
Abstract

Oxidation of sulfide minerals produces sulfuric acid and consequently creates Acid Sulfate Landscapes (ASLs), which represent one of the most degraded types of land-surface environments. Although acid sulfate-producing weathering is a naturally occurring process, it is markedly facilitated by human intervention. Mining is by far the dominant anthropogenic cause for the creation of inland acid sulfate footprints while land reclamation in coastal lowlands is the driver for the formation of coastal ASLs. The projected climate change highlights the possibility of an increase in the frequency and severity of extreme weather events such as droughts and heavy rains, which is likely to accelerate the acid generation in some circumstances and increase the frequency and magnitude of acid discharge. Sea level rise as a result of global warming will cause additional problems with the coastal ASLs. This is a review article. The following aspects are covered: (a) the overriding biogeochemical processes leading to acid sulfate producing weathering, (b) a brief introduction to the inland acid sulfate landscapes, (c) a brief introduction to the coastal acid sulfate landscapes, (d) the likely impacts of climate change on ASLs and (e) the possible measures to combat climate change-induced environmental degradation in the identified key acid sulfate footprints. The projected climate change is like to significantly affect the acid sulfate landscapes in different ways. Appropriate management strategies and cost-effective technologies need to be developed in order to minimize the climate change-induced ecological degradation.

Keywordsacid mine drainage; AMD; acid sulfate landscapes; ASL; acid sulfate soils; climate change; ecological degradation; pyrite
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020410404. Environmental management
410601. Land capability and soil productivity
410102. Ecological impacts of climate change and ecological adaptation
Public Notes

Open access journal, no copyright restrictions on reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is correctly cited.

Byline AffiliationsAustralian Centre for Sustainable Catchments
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q1694/climate-change-adaptation-in-acid-sulfate-landscapes

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