Nastiness, morality and religiosity in 33 nations

Article


Stankov, Lazar and Lee, Jihyun. 2016. "Nastiness, morality and religiosity in 33 nations." Personality and Individual Differences. 99, pp. 56-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.069
Article Title

Nastiness, morality and religiosity in 33 nations

ERA Journal ID6553
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsStankov, Lazar (Author) and Lee, Jihyun (Author)
Journal TitlePersonality and Individual Differences
Journal Citation99, pp. 56-66
Number of Pages11
Year2016
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0191-8869
1873-3549
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.069
Web Address (URL)http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0191886916303294/1-s2.0-S0191886916303294-main.pdf?_tid=4a721374-7288-11e7-a399-00000aacb361&acdnat=1501131715_a09c9948e4c595f86ce9a2e29e329605
Abstract

This study aimed to identify the main dimensions of social attitudes across 33 countries. Altogether, 20 social attitude scales were administered, mostly to university students (N = 6938). A series of factor analyses showed that three factors exist at the pancultural level: Morality, Nastiness and Religiosity. Furthermore, Morality and Nastiness did not correlate with each other, but Religiosity correlated with both Morality and Nastiness. This suggests that one can be religious and both moral or nasty. Only one factor - Conservatism - emerged at the ecological level (i.e., between-countries analysis). The largest cross-cultural differences were found on the dimension of Religiosity, followed by Nastiness and then by Morality. The clear distinction emerged between South East Asia, South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa on one hand, scoring high on all three factors, and Western Europe, Eastern Europe and Anglo regions on the other, scoring low on all three factors.

Keywordscross-cultural differences; morality; nastiness; religiosity
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020500499. Religious studies not elsewhere classified
449999. Other human society not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Sydney
University of New South Wales
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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