Noncognitive predictors of intelligence and academic achievement: an important role of confidence

Article


Stankov, Lazar. 2013. "Noncognitive predictors of intelligence and academic achievement: an important role of confidence." Personality and Individual Differences. 55 (7), pp. 727-732. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2013.07.006
Article Title

Noncognitive predictors of intelligence and academic achievement: an important role of confidence

ERA Journal ID6553
Article CategoryArticle
Authors
AuthorStankov, Lazar
Journal TitlePersonality and Individual Differences
Journal Citation55 (7), pp. 727-732
Number of Pages6
Year2013
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0191-8869
1873-3549
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2013.07.006
Web Address (URL)http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0191886913002833/1-s2.0-S0191886913002833-main.pdf?_tid=2ad4e14e-78c4-11e7-b4d4-00000aacb35e&acdnat=1501817140_c78e256aaa6a087333848abdf823bad4
Abstract

Recent evidence about the relationship between cognitive tests and psychological noncognitive variables is reviewed. Noncognitive measures can be ordered with respect to their predictive validity. Many are poor predictors of intelligence and achievement. Measures of rationality, self-assessment of intelligence, Openness to Experience and self-concept correlate up to 35 with cognitive performance. Some domain-specific self-beliefs (self-efficacy and anxiety) have correlations with appropriate achievement tests that can reach 45. The best predictors of any kind of cognitive performance are measures of confidence (frequently reported correlations of 45 and above) that can capture a major part of predictive validity of the three self-beliefs. The role of self-beliefs has attracted much interest in education but their role in predicting performance on tests of fluid intelligence is likely to be low. However, self-beliefs and confidence in particular may prove to be the most potent noncognitive influences on the development of acculturated knowledge that is captured by measures of crystallized intelligence.

Keywordsconfidence; noncognitive constructs; predicting achievement; predicting intelligence
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020529999. Other psychology not elsewhere classified
399999. Other education not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Western Sydney
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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