Perceptual underconfidence: a conceptual illusion?

Article


Stankov, Lazar, Pallier, Gerry, Danthiir, Vanessa and Morony, Suzanne. 2012. "Perceptual underconfidence: a conceptual illusion?" European Journal of Psychological Assessment. 28 (3), pp. 190-200. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000126
Article Title

Perceptual underconfidence: a conceptual illusion?

ERA Journal ID6256
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsStankov, Lazar (Author), Pallier, Gerry (Author), Danthiir, Vanessa (Author) and Morony, Suzanne (Author)
Journal TitleEuropean Journal of Psychological Assessment
Journal Citation28 (3), pp. 190-200
Number of Pages11
Year2012
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1015-5759
2151-2426
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000126
Web Address (URL)http://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/abs/10.1027/1015-5759/a000126
Abstract

Experimental interest in human decision making has been fertile in the past two decades. It is generally recognized that answers to questions involving general knowledge tend to produce overconfidence, whereas responses to perceptual tasks often result in underconfidence. While experimental psychologists debated the relative merits of single or dual explanations of these phenomena, differential psychologists suggested that confidence is a trait: Some people have high confidence and others express the opposite, no matter what type of task is undertaken. The current study examined these different perspectives using two complex cognitive and nine perceptual discrimination tasks from different sensory modalities. Findings suggest that underconfidence does not generalize across the perceptual domain, indicating that a more complex account of the miscalibration effect is needed. Such an account should incorporate both task characteristics and individual differences to produce a satisfactory psychological explanation of miscalibration. This point is highlighted by the presence of a strong confidence factor that has loadings from confidence ratings from diverse perceptual and cognitive tasks employed in this study.

Keywordscalibration; cognitive abilities; confidence factor; perceptual tasks
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520406. Sensory processes, perception and performance
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Western Sydney
University of Sydney
University of Adelaide
National Institute of Education, Singapore
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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