Depression and life satisfaction among european and confucian adolescents

Article


Stankov, Lazar. 2013. "Depression and life satisfaction among european and confucian adolescents." Psychological Assessment. 25 (4), pp. 1220-1234. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0033794
Article Title

Depression and life satisfaction among european and confucian adolescents

ERA Journal ID6589
Article CategoryArticle
Authors
AuthorStankov, Lazar
Journal TitlePsychological Assessment
Journal Citation25 (4), pp. 1220-1234
Number of Pages15
Year2013
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1040-3590
1939-134X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1037/a0033794
Web Address (URL)http://doi.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037%2Fa0033794
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare adolescents from Europe and Confucian Asia on measures of psychological constructs that reflect either maladjustment or positive outlook on life. Empirical findings are reported based on N = 7,167 secondary school students (15 years old) from Confucian Asia (Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan) and from Europe (Denmark, Finland, Netherlands, Serbia, and Latvia with 2 nationalities-Latvian and Russian). Participants' responses were used to assess several aspects of personality and psychopathology, in addition to well-being, social attitudes, and parental styles. Exploratory factor analysis of these measures produced 4 factors: Depression, Life Satisfaction, Toughness and Modesty. Adolescents from Confucian countries show higher levels of Depression and lower levels of Life Satisfaction in comparison to their European counterparts. The most potent influences on Depression and Life Satisfaction were found to be Toughness and Parental Warmth variables, both of which are, in turn, linked to differences between regions/cultures.

Keywordsadolescent depression; parental warmth; social attitudes; toughness; well-being personality; adolescent; antisocial personality disorder; anxiety disorders; Asia; Confucianism; cross-cultural comparison; depressive disorder; empathy; Europe; female; humans; male; personal satisfaction; personality assessment; psychometrics; quality of life; religion and psychology; reproducibility of results; resilience, psychological; sex factors; social values; violence; public health, social medicine and epidemiology
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020529999. Other psychology not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsNanyang Technological University, Singapore
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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