Predicting achievement: confidence vs self-efficacy, anxiety, and self-concept in Confucian and European countries

Article


Morony, Suzanne, Kleitman, Sabina, Lee, Yim Ping and Stankov, Lazar. 2013. "Predicting achievement: confidence vs self-efficacy, anxiety, and self-concept in Confucian and European countries." International Journal of Educational Research. 58, pp. 79-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2012.11.002
Article Title

Predicting achievement: confidence vs self-efficacy, anxiety, and self-concept in Confucian and European countries

ERA Journal ID20012
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMorony, Suzanne (Author), Kleitman, Sabina (Author), Lee, Yim Ping (Author) and Stankov, Lazar (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Educational Research
Journal Citation58, pp. 79-96
Number of Pages18
Year2013
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0883-0355
1873-538X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2012.11.002
Web Address (URL)http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0883035512001103/1-s2.0-S0883035512001103-main.pdf?_tid=75de29f4-771e-11e7-94da-00000aab0f27&acdnat=1501636017_6506b4efd41a3d617ce79fc799fba98e
Abstract

This study investigates the structure and cross-cultural (in)variance of mathematical self-beliefs in relation to mathematics achievement in two world regions: Confucian Asia (Singapore, South Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan) and Europe (Denmark, The Netherlands, Finland, Serbia and Latvia). This is done both pan-culturally and at a multigroup-level, employing multiple regression analysis and structural equation modeling on a sample of 7167 students (modal age 15.1) from nine countries in Confucian Asia and Europe. As expected, Confucian Asian countries were lower on self-concept and higher on math anxiety than European countries. In contrast, confidence, a relatively new measure of self-belief, shows little difference between regions, yet is the single most important predictor of math accuracy both within each country and pan-culturally. It accounts for most of the variance explained by the other self-constructs combined, has excellent psychometric properties, and is simple to administer. Self-efficacy adds only a very small amount of incremental validity when confidence is in the equation. There are significant differences between the two world regions in terms of calibration - Europeans are more overconfident - due to lower overall mathematics scores of students from Serbia and Latvia.

Keywordsconfidence; mathematics achievement; metacognitive beliefs; self-concept; self-efficacy
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020529999. Other psychology not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsNational Institute of Education, Singapore
University of Sydney
University of Western Sydney
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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