Overconfidence across world regions

Article


Stankov, Lazar and Lee, Jihyun. 2014. "Overconfidence across world regions." Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 45 (5), pp. 821-837. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022114527345
Article Title

Overconfidence across world regions

ERA Journal ID6386
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsStankov, Lazar (Author) and Lee, Jihyun (Author)
Journal TitleJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Journal Citation45 (5), pp. 821-837
Number of Pages17
Year2014
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN0022-0221
1552-5422
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022114527345
Web Address (URL)http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0022022114527345
Abstract

In this article, nine world regions (based on samples from 33 nations) are compared in their performance on a cognitive ability test and confidence ratings obtained from the items of the same test. Our results indicate that differences between the world regions are greater on cognitive ability than they are on confidence ratings. Consequently, overconfidence-that is, the degree to which people overestimate their performance on cognitive tasks-is pronounced within the world regions that have lower scores on measures of cognitive ability. A less pronounced overconfidence is also present among the high-achieving world regions. Our findings support a cognitive hypothesis according to which individuals suffer from illusory superiority if the task is difficult. Thus, a commonly observed overconfidence can be seen as a self-deceiving, probably unconscious, mechanism that cushions a person (and countries) from experiencing negative feelings due to cognitive failures.

Keywordscross-cultural psychology; decision making; intelligence/abilities
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020529999. Other psychology not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsAustralian Catholic University
University of New South Wales
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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