Efficacy of fungicides for the control of Cercospora leaf spot in processing table beet, 2015

Article


Pethybridge, S. J., Vaghefi, N. and Kikkert, J.. 2016. "Efficacy of fungicides for the control of Cercospora leaf spot in processing table beet, 2015." Plant Disease Management Reports. 3 (Report No. 10), pp. 1-1.
Article Title

Efficacy of fungicides for the control of Cercospora leaf spot in processing table beet, 2015

Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsPethybridge, S. J. (Author), Vaghefi, N. (Author) and Kikkert, J. (Author)
Journal TitlePlant Disease Management Reports
Journal Citation3 (Report No. 10), pp. 1-1
Number of Pages1
Year2016
Place of PublicationUnited States
Web Address (URL)https://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/pub/trial/pdmr/volume10/abstracts/v003.asp
Abstract

The experiment was conducted at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY. The crop was planted on 22 May using a Monosem planter at the rate of 17 seeds/ft with 30 in. row spacing. Fertilizer (700 lb/A 5-5-15) was applied at planting and the herbicide Dual Magnum (0.67 pt/A) was applied directly following planting. Weed management was conducted using a mixture of machinery cultivation and by hand. On 21 Jun, 8 and 22 Jul, 50 lb/A of 22% nitrogen was applied by hand along the rows. Irrigation was provided as necessary using overhead solid-set sprinklers. Treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with five replications, including a nontreated control. Individual plots consisted of 20-ft sections of two adjacent rows, with a nontreated buffer of 4-ft between plots within rows. Two nontreated rows separated adjacent plots. Treatments were applied with a CO2-pressurized backpack sprayer (21.7 gal/A), with four TJ 8002VS flat fan nozzles spaced 19 in. apart along a 38 in. boom. Fungicide applications were made on 12, 19 and 24 Aug. On 8 Jul, a mycelial suspension (3 × 103 cfu/ml and 0.01% Tween-20) was applied to the two outer rows of each plot using a backpack sprayer. A second inoculation was conducted on 21 Jul during which the entire plot received a mycelial suspension of 1 × 104 cfu/ml and 0.01% Tween-20. Inoculum consisted of a mixture of eight Cercospora beticola isolates collected from diseased table beet fields in NY. Plant density (number of plants/m) was assessed prior to the application of fungicides on 25 Jun by counting the number of plants in two, 0.5 m2 lengths in each of the two inner rows of each plot. Assessments of disease intensity used an individual leaf as the sampling unit. Ten leaves were systematically selected from each of the two inner rows within each plot (n = 20/plot). Disease severity was assessed by counting the number of lesions on each leaf. Disease severity was assessed on 10 (prior to fungicide application) and 31 Aug. The effect of treatment allocation on plant density as a potential covariate and fungicides on disease severity was analyzed using a generalized linear model and means were separated by a Fisher’s protected least significant difference test (Genstat Version 17.1).

ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300409. Crop and pasture protection (incl. pests, diseases and weeds)
Public Notes

This is a report of an ongoing research study. © The American Phytopathological Society. Access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

Byline AffiliationsCornell University, United States
Centre for Crop Health
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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Wingfield, Brenda D., Bills, Gerald F., Dong, Yang, Huang, Wenli, Nel, Wilma J., Swalarsk-Parry, Benedicta S., Vaghefi, Niloofar, Wilken, Markus P., An, Zhiqiang, de Beer, Z. Wilhelm, De Vos, Lieschen, Chen, Li, Duong, Tuan A., Gao, Yun, Hammerbacher, Almuth, Kikkert, Julie R., Li, Yan, Li, Huiying, Li, Kuan, ..., Zhang, Xiaoling. 2018. "Draft genome sequence of Annulohypoxylon stygium, Aspergillus mulundensis, Berkeleyomyces basicola (syn. Thielaviopsis basicola), Ceratocystis smalleyi, two Cercospora beticola strains, Coleophoma cylindrospora, Fusarium fracticaudum, Phialophora cf. hyalina, and Morchella septimelata." IMA Fungus: the global mycological journal. 9 (1), pp. 199-223. https://doi.org/10.5598/imafungus.2018.09.01.13
Summer paddock survey finds fungal and bacterial diseases decreased but not eliminated [GRDC Field Crop Diseases Community of Practice, 1 October 2018 - Online community]
Adorada, Dante, Kelly, Lisa, Vaghefi, Niloofar and Sparks, Adam H,. 2018. "Summer paddock survey finds fungal and bacterial diseases decreased but not eliminated [GRDC Field Crop Diseases Community of Practice, 1 October 2018 - Online community]." GRDC Field Crop Diseases Community of Practice. 1 October 2018, pp. 1-8.
First report of Colletotrichum fioriniae causing anthracnose of elephant garlic (Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum) in New York, USA
Hay, F., Vaghefi, N., Strickland, D., Hadad, R. and Pethybridge, S.. 2018. "First report of Colletotrichum fioriniae causing anthracnose of elephant garlic (Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum) in New York, USA." New Disease Reports. 38 (1), pp. 1-1. https://doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2018.038.001
Re-visiting management options for charcoal rot in sorghum [eXtension AUS Field Crop Diseases, 19 March 2018 - Online community]
Adorada, Dante, Vaghefi, Niloofar and Sparks, Adam. 2018. "Re-visiting management options for charcoal rot in sorghum [eXtension AUS Field Crop Diseases, 19 March 2018 - Online community]." eXtension AUS Field Crop Diseases. 19 March 2018, pp. 1-8.
Cryptic diversity, pathogenicity, and evolutionary species boundaries in Cercospora populations associated with Cercospora leaf spot of Beta vulgaris
Vaghefi, Niloofar, Kikkert, Julie R., Hay, Frank S., Carver, Gavriela D., Koenick, Lori B., Bolton, Melvin D., Hanson, Linda E., Secor, Gary A. and Pethybridge, Sarah J.. 2018. "Cryptic diversity, pathogenicity, and evolutionary species boundaries in Cercospora populations associated with Cercospora leaf spot of Beta vulgaris." Fungal Biology. 122 (4), pp. 264-282. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funbio.2018.01.008
First report of carrot root rot caused by Rhexocercosporidium carotae in the United States - a disease note
Hay, F. S., Vaghefi, N., Ivy, A. and Pethybridge, S. J.. 2017. "First report of carrot root rot caused by Rhexocercosporidium carotae in the United States - a disease note." Plant Disease: an international journal of applied plant pathology. 101 (1), pp. 248-248. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-05-16-0656-PDN
First report of cercospora blight of asparagus officinalis caused by cercospora asparagi in New York
Hay, F. S., Maloney, E., Vaghefi, N., Shivas, R. G and Pethybridge, S. J. 2017. "First report of cercospora blight of asparagus officinalis caused by cercospora asparagi in New York." Plant Disease: an international journal of applied plant pathology. 101 (11), pp. 1953-1953. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-05-17-0648-PDN
Horticultural characteristics and susceptibility of table beet cultivars to Cercospora Leaf Spot in New York
Pethybridge, Sarah J., Vaghefi, Niloofar and Kikkert, Julie R.. 2017. "Horticultural characteristics and susceptibility of table beet cultivars to Cercospora Leaf Spot in New York." Horttechnology. 27 (4), pp. 530-538.
Draft genome sequences of Chrysoporthe austroafricana, Diplodia scrobiculata, Fusarium nygamai, Leptographium lundbergii, Limonomyces culmigenus, Stagonosporopsis tanaceti, and Thielaviopsis punctulata
Wingfield, Brenda D., Ades, Peter K., Al-Naemi, Fatima A., Beirn, Lisa A., Bihon, Wubetu, Crouch, Jo Anne, de Beer, Z. Wilhelm, De Vos, Lieschen, Duong, Tuan A., Fields, Christopher J., Fourie, Gerda, Kanzi, Aquillah M., Malapi-Wight, Martha, Pethybridge, Sarah J., Radwan, Osman, Rendon, Gloria, Slippers, Bernard, Santana, Quentin C., Steenkamp, Emma T., ..., Wingfield, Michael J.. 2015. "Draft genome sequences of Chrysoporthe austroafricana, Diplodia scrobiculata, Fusarium nygamai, Leptographium lundbergii, Limonomyces culmigenus, Stagonosporopsis tanaceti, and Thielaviopsis punctulata." IMA Fungus: the global mycological journal. 6 (1), pp. 233-248. https://doi.org/10.5598/imafungus.2015.06.01.15
Rapid changes in the genetic composition of Stagonosporopsis tanaceti population in Australian pyrethrum fields
Vaghefi, Niloofar, Hay, Frank S., Ades, Peter K., Pethybridge, Sarah Jane, Ford, Rebecca and Taylor, Paul W. J.. 2015. "Rapid changes in the genetic composition of Stagonosporopsis tanaceti population in Australian pyrethrum fields." Phytopathology: International Journal of the American Phytopathological Society. 105 (3), pp. 358-369. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-08-14-0212-R
Global genotype flow in Cercospora beticola populations confirmed through genotyping-by-sequencing
Vaghefi, Niloofar, Kikkert, Julie R., Bolton, Melvin D., Hanson, Linda E., Secor, Gary A., Nelson, Scot C. and Pethybridge, Sarah J.. 2017. "Global genotype flow in Cercospora beticola populations confirmed through genotyping-by-sequencing." PLoS One. 12 (10). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186488
Abscisic acid activates pathogenesis-related defense gene signaling in lentils
Ford, Rebecca, Tan, David, Vaghefi, Niloofar and Mustafa, Barkat. 2017. "Abscisic acid activates pathogenesis-related defense gene signaling in lentils." Pandey, Girdhar K. (ed.) Mechanism of plant hormone signaling under stress. United States. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 243-270
Genetic structure of Cercospora beticola populations on Beta vulgaris in New York and Hawaii
Vaghefi, Niloofar, Nelson, Scot C., Kikkert, Julie R. and Pethybridge, Sarah J.. 2017. "Genetic structure of Cercospora beticola populations on Beta vulgaris in New York and Hawaii." Scientific Reports. 7. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-01929-4
De novo genome assembly of Cercospora beticola for microsatellite marker development and validation
Vaghefi, Niloofar, Kikkert, Julie R., Bolton, Melvin D., Hanson, Linda E., Secor, Gary A. and Pethybridge, Sarah J.. 2017. "De novo genome assembly of Cercospora beticola for microsatellite marker development and validation." Fungal Ecology. 26, pp. 125-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funeco.2017.01.006
Management of cercospora leaf spot in conventional and organic table beet production
Pethybridge, Sarah J., Vaghefi, Niloofar and Kikkert, Julie R.. 2017. "Management of cercospora leaf spot in conventional and organic table beet production." Plant Disease: an international journal of applied plant pathology. 101 (9), pp. 1642-1651. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-04-17-0528-RE
Structure of Cercospora beticola populations in organic and conventional table beet production in New York and implications for disease management
Vaghefi, N., Kikkert, J. and Pethybridge, S.. 2016. "Structure of Cercospora beticola populations in organic and conventional table beet production in New York and implications for disease management." 76th Annual Meeting of the Northeastern Division: The American Phytopathological Society. Ithaca, United States 19 - 21 Oct 2016 United States. American Phytopathological Society. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-107-2-S2.5
Phylogenetic and population genetic analyses of Stagonosporopsis tanaceti, the cause of ray blight of pyrethrum in Australia
Vaghefi, N., Hay, F. S., Ades, P. K., Pethybridge, S. J., Ford, R. and Taylor, P. W. J.. 2014. "Phylogenetic and population genetic analyses of Stagonosporopsis tanaceti, the cause of ray blight of pyrethrum in Australia." 10th International Mycological Congress (IMC10 2014). Bangkok, Thailand 03 - 08 Aug 2014
Taxonomic reassessment of the ray blight pathogen of pyrethrum in Australia
Vaghefi, N., Pethybridge, S. J., Ford, R., Nicolas, M. E., Crous, P. W. and Taylor, P. W.. 2012. "Taxonomic reassessment of the ray blight pathogen of pyrethrum in Australia." 2012 American Phytopathological Society Annual Meeting (APS 2012). Rhode Island, United States of America 04 - 08 Aug 2012 United States. American Phytopathological Society.
Incidence and pathogenicity of Didymella americana on table beet in new york
Vaghefi, Niloofar, Kikkert, Julie R. and Pethybridge, Sarah J.. 2016. "Incidence and pathogenicity of Didymella americana on table beet in new york." Plant Health Progress. 17, pp. 270-272. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHP-BR-16-0064
A novel pathogenesis-related protein (LcPR4a) from lentil, and its involvement in defence against Ascochyta lentis
Vaghefi, Niloofar, Mustafa, Barkat M., Dulal, Nabeen, Selby-Pham, Jamie, Taylor, Paul W. J. and Ford, Rebecca. 2013. "A novel pathogenesis-related protein (LcPR4a) from lentil, and its involvement in defence against Ascochyta lentis." Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 52 (1), pp. 192-201.
A new anthracnose disease of pyrethrum caused by Colletotrichum tanaceti sp. nov.
Barimani, M., Pethybridge, S. J., Vaghefi, N., Hay, F. S. and Taylor, P. W. J.. 2013. "A new anthracnose disease of pyrethrum caused by Colletotrichum tanaceti sp. nov." Plant Pathology. 62 (6), pp. 1248-1257. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.12054
Stagonosporopsis spp. associated with ray blight disease of Asteraceae
Vaghefi, N., Pethybridge, S. J., Ford, R., Nicolas, M. E., Crous, P. W. and Taylor, P. W. J.. 2012. "Stagonosporopsis spp. associated with ray blight disease of Asteraceae." Australasian Plant Pathology. 41 (6), pp. 675-686. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-012-0161-3
Identification of the MAT1 locus in Stagonosporopsis tanaceti, and exploring its potential for sexual reproduction in Australian pyrethrum fields
Vaghefi, Niloofar, Ades, Peter K., Hay, Frank S., Pethybridge, Sarah J., Ford, Rebecca and Taylor, Paul W. J.. 2015. "Identification of the MAT1 locus in Stagonosporopsis tanaceti, and exploring its potential for sexual reproduction in Australian pyrethrum fields." Fungal Biology. 119 (5), pp. 408-419. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funbio.2014.04.004
Revisiting Stagonosporopsis species associated with chrysanthemum and pyrethrum ray blight
Vaghefi, Niloofar, Pethybridge, Sarah J., Hay, Frank S., Ford, Rebecca, Nicolas, Marc E. and Taylor, Paul W. J.. 2016. "Revisiting Stagonosporopsis species associated with chrysanthemum and pyrethrum ray blight." Australasian Plant Pathology. 45 (6), pp. 561-570. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-016-0446-z
Development of a multiplex PCR diagnostic assay for the detection of Stagonosporopsis species associated with ray blight of Asteraceae
Vaghefi, Niloofar, Hay, Frank S., Pethybridge, Sarah J., Ford, Rebecca and Taylor, Paul W. J.. 2016. "Development of a multiplex PCR diagnostic assay for the detection of Stagonosporopsis species associated with ray blight of Asteraceae." European Journal of Plant Pathology. 146 (3), pp. 581-595. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-016-0944-4
Genotypic diversity and resistance to azoxystrobin of Cercospora beticola on processing table beet in New York
Vaghefi, Niloofar, Hay, Frank S., Kikkert, Julie and Pethybridge, Sarah J.. 2016. "Genotypic diversity and resistance to azoxystrobin of Cercospora beticola on processing table beet in New York." Plant Disease: an international journal of applied plant pathology. 100 (7), pp. 1466-1473. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-09-15-1014-RE
One stop shop: backbone trees for important phytopathogenic genera: I (2014)
Hyde, Kevin D., Nilsson, R. Henrik, Alias, S. Aisyah, Ariyawansa, Hiran A., Blair, Jaime E., Cai, Lei, de Cock, Arthur W. A. M., Dissanayake, Asha J., Glockling, Sally L., Goonasekara, Ishani D., Gorczak, Michal, Hahn, Matthias, Jayawardena, Ruvishika S., van Kan, Jan A. L., Lawrence, Matthew H., Levesque, C. Andre, Li, Xinghong, Liu, Jian-Kui, Maharachchikumbura, Sajeewa S. N., ..., Zhou, Nan. 2014. "One stop shop: backbone trees for important phytopathogenic genera: I (2014)." Fungal Diversity. 67 (1), pp. 21-125. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-014-0298-1
Carpogenic germination of sclerotia of Sclerotinia minor and ascosporic infection of pyrethrum flowers
O'Malley, Thomas B., Hay, Frank S., Scott, Jason B., Gent, David H., Shivas, Roger G. and Pethybridge, Sarah J.. 2015. "Carpogenic germination of sclerotia of Sclerotinia minor and ascosporic infection of pyrethrum flowers." Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology. 37 (2), pp. 179-187. https://doi.org/10.1080/07060661.2015.1036122
First report of Didymella americana on baby lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus)
Gorny, Adrienne M., Pethybridge, Sarah J., Kikkert, Julie R. and Shivas, Roger G.. 2016. "First report of Didymella americana on baby lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus)." Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology. 38 (3), pp. 389-394. https://doi.org/10.1080/07060661.2016.1195877
Confirmation of Paracercospora egenula causing leaf spot of eggplant in Hawaii
Vaghefi, Niloofar, Pethybridge, Sarah J., Shivas, Roger G. and Nelson, Scot C.. 2016. "Confirmation of Paracercospora egenula causing leaf spot of eggplant in Hawaii." Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 11 (1), pp. 35-37. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13314-016-0223-4