Extent, distribution and cause of peanut kernel shrivel (PKS) syndrome in the Bundaberg and Northern Queensland regions

Technical report


Adorada, Dante L. and Neary, Liz. 2018. Extent, distribution and cause of peanut kernel shrivel (PKS) syndrome in the Bundaberg and Northern Queensland regions. Australia. Grains Research and Development Corporation.
Title

Extent, distribution and cause of peanut kernel shrivel (PKS) syndrome in the Bundaberg and Northern Queensland regions

Report TypeTechnical report
AuthorsAdorada, Dante L. (Author) and Neary, Liz (Author)
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Number of Pages19
Year2018
PublisherGrains Research and Development Corporation
Place of PublicationAustralia
Abstract

Peanut Kernel Shrivel (PKS) is a currently undiagnosed condition affecting peanut crops in the Bundaberg and North Queensland growing regions. PKS is currently costing the peanut industry more than $4M+ p.a. and is a potential threat to Australian peanut industry. Previous investigations into the cause of PKS have ruled out nearly all abiotic factors and most biotic factors. The GRDC/USQ/PCA collaborative research project was aimed at investigating the extent, distribution and cause of peanut kernel shrivel (PKS) syndrome. The survey by PCA showed peanut crops to have the PKS symptoms in all regions surveyed. USQ’s investigation, based on culturable microorganisms, showed that there appears to be no clear cut involvement of plant pathogenic bacteria and fungi in the PKS syndrome, but revealed Fusarium spp. as the more prevalent fungal genera in PKS affected plants. Furthermore, the soil metagenomics study aimed at determining the relationship between soil microbial profile and PKS syndrome revealed that Fusarium spp. was the most abundant fungal communities, where Fusarium oxysporum species complex was the most common fungal species and considered as possible suspect in the PKS syndrome. However, this still needs to be validated via pathogenicity testing (Koch’s postulates). Results of this test will assist in developing PKS management strategies.

Keywordspeanut kernel shrivel, PKS, Fusarium oxysporum, PCA, USQ, Koch’s postulates
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020310705. Mycology
300299. Agriculture, land and farm management not elsewhere classified
300409. Crop and pasture protection (incl. pests, diseases and weeds)
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Southern Queensland
Funding source
Grant ID
GRDC 9175402
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