The potential contribution of geothermal energy to electricity supply in Saudi Arabia

Article


Chandrasekharam, D., Lashin, Aref and Arifi, Nassir Al. 2014. "The potential contribution of geothermal energy to electricity supply in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Sustainable Energy. 35 (9), pp. 824-833. https://doi.org/10.1080/14786451.2014.950966
Article Title

The potential contribution of geothermal energy to electricity supply in Saudi Arabia

ERA Journal ID42027
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsChandrasekharam, D. (Author), Lashin, Aref (Author) and Arifi, Nassir Al (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Sustainable Energy
Journal Citation35 (9), pp. 824-833
Number of Pages10
Year2014
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1478-6451
1478-646X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/14786451.2014.950966
Web Address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14786451.2014.950966
Abstract

With increase in demand for electricity at 7.5% per year, the major concern of Saudi Arabia is the amount of CO2 being emitted. The country has the potential of generating 200 × 106 kWh from hydrothermal sources and 120 × 106 terawatt hour from Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) sources. In addition to electricity generation and desalination, the country has substantial source for direct application such as space cooling and heating, a sector that consumes 80% of the electricity generated from fossil fuels. Geothermal energy can offset easily 17 million kWh of electricity that is being used for desalination. At least a part of 181,000 Gg of CO2 emitted by conventional space cooling units can also be mitigated through ground-source heat pump technology immediately. Future development of EGS sources together with the wet geothermal systems will make the country stronger in terms of oil reserves saved and increase in exports.

Keywordsgeothermal energy, EGS, carbon dioxide, CDM, ground-source heat pump
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020419999. Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified
Public Notes

Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.

Byline AffiliationsKing Saud University, Saudi Arabia
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q5203/the-potential-contribution-of-geothermal-energy-to-electricity-supply-in-saudi-arabia

  • 148
    total views
  • 9
    total downloads
  • 7
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Desalination of Seawater Using Geothermal Energy for Food and Water Security: Arab and Sub-Saharan Countries
Chandrasekharam, Dornadula, Lashin, Arif, Al Arifi, Al Nassir and Al-Bassam, Abdulaziz M.. 2018. "Desalination of Seawater Using Geothermal Energy for Food and Water Security: Arab and Sub-Saharan Countries." Gude, Veera Gnaneswar (ed.) Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook: Application and Thermodynamics. Cambridge, United States. Butterworth-Heinemann. pp. 177-224
New insight into the evolution of India's west coast geothermal province: trace element signature in the thermal waters
Chandrasekhar, Varun, Chandrasekhar, Trupti and Chandrasekharam, D.. 2016. "New insight into the evolution of India's west coast geothermal province: trace element signature in the thermal waters." Geothermal Resources Council 2016 Annual Meeting - Geothermal Energy Here and Now: Sustainable, Clean, Flexible (GRC 2016). Sacramento, United States 23 - 26 Oct 2016 United States.
Geothermometry of West Coast Geothermal Province, Maharashtra, India
Chandrasekhar, Trupti, Chandrasekhar, Varun and Chandrasekharam, D.. 2016. "Geothermometry of West Coast Geothermal Province, Maharashtra, India." Geothermal Resources Council 2016 Annual Meeting - Geothermal Energy Here and Now: Sustainable, Clean, Flexible (GRC 2016). Sacramento, United States 23 - 26 Oct 2016 United States.
A comparative study of arsenic accumulation in agricultural fields
Farooq, S. H., Dhanachandra, W., Chandrasekharam, D., Chandrashekhar, A. K., Norra, S., Berner, Z. and Stuben, D.. 2016. "A comparative study of arsenic accumulation in agricultural fields." Bhattacharya, Prosun, Vahter, Marie, Jarsjo, Jerker, Kumpiene, Jurate, Ahmad, Arslan, Sparrenbom, Charlotte, Jacks, Gunnar, Donselaar, Marinus Eric, Bundschuh, Jochen and Naidu, Ravi (ed.) 6th International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment: Arsenic Research and Global Sustainability (AS 2016). Stockholm, Sweden 19 - 23 Jun 2016 London, United Kingdom.
On the distribution and speciation of arsenic in the soil-plant-system of a rice field in West-Bengal, India: a μ-synchrotron techniques based case study
Kramar, U., Norra, S., Berner, Z., Kiczka, M. and Chandrasekharam, D.. 2017. "On the distribution and speciation of arsenic in the soil-plant-system of a rice field in West-Bengal, India: a μ-synchrotron techniques based case study." Applied Geochemistry. 77 (1), pp. 4-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2015.11.006
Red Sea geothermal provinces
Chandrasekharam, D., Lashin, Aref, Al Arifi, Nassir and Al-Bassam, Abdulaziz. 2016. Red Sea geothermal provinces. London, United Kingdom. CRC Press.
CO2-induced mechanical behaviour of Hawkesbury sandstone in the Gosford basin: an experimental study
Rathnaweera, T. D., Ranjith, P. G., Perera, M. S. A., Haque, A., Lashin, A., Al Arifi, Nassir, Chandrasekharam, D., Yang, S. Q., Xu, T., Wang, S. H. and Yasar, E.. 2015. "CO2-induced mechanical behaviour of Hawkesbury sandstone in the Gosford basin: an experimental study." Materials Science and Engineering A. 641, pp. 123-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2015.05.029
Magnetic anomalies over the Andaman Islands and their geological significance
Rao, Subba, Radhakrishna, M., Haripriya, K., Rao, Someswara and Chandrasekharam, D.. 2016. "Magnetic anomalies over the Andaman Islands and their geological significance." Journal of Earth System Science. 125 (2), pp. 359-368. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12040-016-0660-7
Determination of the concentration of carbonic species in natural waters: results from a world-wide proficiency test
Verma, Mahendra P., Portugal, Enrique, Gangloff, Sophie, Armienta, Mana Aurora, Chandrasekharam, Dornadula, Sanchez, Mayela, Renderos, Roberto E., Juanco, Miguel and van Geldern, Robert. 2015. "Determination of the concentration of carbonic species in natural waters: results from a world-wide proficiency test." Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research. 39 (2), pp. 233-255. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-908X.2014.00306.x
Acidification of shallow groundwater in the unconfined sandy aquifer of the city of Douala, Cameroon, Western Africa: implications for groundwater quality and use
Takem, G. E., Kuitcha, D., Ako, A. A., Mafany, G. T., Takounjou-Fouepe, A., Ndjama, J., Ntchancho, R., Ateba, B. H., Chandrasekharam, D. and Ayonghe, S. N.. 2015. "Acidification of shallow groundwater in the unconfined sandy aquifer of the city of Douala, Cameroon, Western Africa: implications for groundwater quality and use." Environmental Earth Sciences. 74 (9), pp. 6831-6846. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-015-4681-3
Physico-chemical characteristics of Jharkhand and West Bengal thermal springs along SONATA mega lineament, India
Singh, Hemant K., Chandrasekharam, D., Vaselli, O., Trupti, G., Singh, B., Lashin, Aref and Al Arifi, Nassir. 2015. "Physico-chemical characteristics of Jharkhand and West Bengal thermal springs along SONATA mega lineament, India." Journal of Earth System Science. 124 (2), pp. 419-430. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12040-015-0550-4
Major and trace element concentrations in the geothermal springs along the west coast of Maharashtra, India
Gurav, Trupti, Singh, Hemant K. and Chandrasekharam, D.. 2016. "Major and trace element concentrations in the geothermal springs along the west coast of Maharashtra, India." Arabian Journal of Geosciences. 9 (1), pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-015-2139-2
Contamination and mobilization of arsenic in the soil and groundwater and its influence on the irrigated crops, Manipur Valley, India
Chandrashekhar, A. K., Chandrasekharam, D. and Farooq, S. H.. 2016. "Contamination and mobilization of arsenic in the soil and groundwater and its influence on the irrigated crops, Manipur Valley, India." Environmental Earth Sciences. 75 (2), pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-015-5008-0
Geothermal energy potential of eastern desert region, Egypt
Chandrasekharam, D., Lashin, A., Al Arifi, N., Al Bassam, A., Varun, C. and Singh, H. K.. 2016. "Geothermal energy potential of eastern desert region, Egypt." Environmental Earth Sciences. 75 (8). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-016-5534-4
Thermo-mechanical properties of Bundelkhand granite near Jhansi, India
Singh, B., Ranjith, P. G., Chandrasekharam, D., Viete, D., Singh, H. K., Lashin, A. and Al Arifi, N.. 2015. "Thermo-mechanical properties of Bundelkhand granite near Jhansi, India." Geomechanics and Geophysics for Geo-Energy and Geo-Resources. 1 (1), pp. 35-53. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40948-015-0005-z
Hydrogeochemistry and groundwater quality in Champhai, Mizoram, North Eastern India
Thambidurai, P., Chandrasekharam, D. and Chandrashekhar, A. K.. 2014. "Hydrogeochemistry and groundwater quality in Champhai, Mizoram, North Eastern India." International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering. 7 (2), pp. 421-425.
Evolution of geothermal systems around the Red Sea
Chandrasekharam, D., Lashin, A., Al Arifi, N., Al Bassam, A.A. and Varun, C.. 2015. "Evolution of geothermal systems around the Red Sea." Environmental Earth Sciences. 73 (8), pp. 4215-4236. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3710-y
Geothermal energy resources of Jizan, SW Saudi Arabia
Chandrasekharam, D., Lashin, A., Al Arifi, N., Al Bassam, A., Ranjith, P. G., Varun, C. and Singh, H. K.. 2015. "Geothermal energy resources of Jizan, SW Saudi Arabia." Journal of African Earth Sciences. 109, pp. 55-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2015.05.016
The potential of high heat generating granites as EGS source to generate power and reduce CO2 emissions, western Arabian shield, Saudi Arabia
Chandrasekharam, D., Lashin, A., Al Arifi, N., Al Bassam, A., El Alfy, M., Ranjith, P. G., Varun, C. and Singh, H. K.. 2015. "The potential of high heat generating granites as EGS source to generate power and reduce CO2 emissions, western Arabian shield, Saudi Arabia." Journal of African Earth Sciences. 112, pp. 213-233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2015.09.021
High-heat-producing granites of East Dharwar Craton around Gugi, Karnataka, and their possible influence on the evolution of Rajapur thermal springs, Deccan Volcanic Province, India
Singh, Hemant K., Kumar, Yadvendra, Chandrasekharam, Dornadula, Gurav, Trupti and Singh, Banambar. 2014. "High-heat-producing granites of East Dharwar Craton around Gugi, Karnataka, and their possible influence on the evolution of Rajapur thermal springs, Deccan Volcanic Province, India." Geothermal Energy. 2 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40517-014-0002-4
Physicochemical evolution of the thermal springs over the Siwana Ring Complex, western Rajasthan
Singh, Hemant K., Garg, G. C., Chandrasekharam, D., Gurav, Trupti and Singh, B.. 2014. "Physicochemical evolution of the thermal springs over the Siwana Ring Complex, western Rajasthan." Journal of the Geological Society of India. 84 (6), pp. 668-674. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-014-0177-0
Geochemical investigations on thermal and cold springs at Dumka District, Jharkhand, India
Singh, Hemant K., Chandrasekharam, D., Gurav, Trupti and Singh, B.. 2014. "Geochemical investigations on thermal and cold springs at Dumka District, Jharkhand, India." International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering. 7 (1), pp. 190-194.
Geothermal energy resources of wadi Al-Lith, Saudi Arabia
Lashin, A., Chandrasekharam, D., Al Arifi, N., Al Bassam, A. and Varun, C.. 2014. "Geothermal energy resources of wadi Al-Lith, Saudi Arabia." Journal of African Earth Sciences. 97, pp. 357-367. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2014.05.016
Geochemistry of thermal springs around Lake Abhe, Western Djibouti
Houssein, Bouh, Chandrasekharam, D., Chandrasekhar, Varun and Jalludin, M.. 2014. "Geochemistry of thermal springs around Lake Abhe, Western Djibouti." International Journal of Sustainable Energy. 33 (6), pp. 1090-1102. https://doi.org/10.1080/14786451.2013.813027
Arsenic contamination in the groundwater of Thoubal and Bishnupur district of Manipur, India
Chandrashekhar, A. K., Chandrasekharam, D., Thambidurai, P. and Farooq, S. H.. 2014. "Arsenic contamination in the groundwater of Thoubal and Bishnupur district of Manipur, India." International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering. 7 (1), pp. 35-40.
Plagioclase as recorder of magma chamber processes in the Deccan Traps: Sr-isotope zoning and implications for Deccan eruptive event
Borges, Melory R., Sen, Gautam, Hart, Garret L., Wolff, John A. and Chandrasekharam, D.. 2014. "Plagioclase as recorder of magma chamber processes in the Deccan Traps: Sr-isotope zoning and implications for Deccan eruptive event." Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. 84, pp. 95-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2013.10.034
Desalination of seawater using geothermal energy to meet future fresh water demand of Saudi Arabia
Chandrasekharam, D., Lashin, A., Al Arifi, N., Al Bassam, A. and Varun, C.. 2017. "Desalination of seawater using geothermal energy to meet future fresh water demand of Saudi Arabia." Water Resources Management. 31 (3), pp. 781-792. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-016-1419-2
Heavy metal signatures in urban and peri-urban agricultural soils across the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, India
Vazhacharickal, Prem Jose, Gurav, Trupti and Chandrasekharam, D.. 2019. "Heavy metal signatures in urban and peri-urban agricultural soils across the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, India." Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 115 (2), pp. 295-312. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-018-9966-y
Geothermal energy potential of Tulsishyam thermal springs of Gujarat, India
Singh, Hemant Kumar, Thankappan, Aswathi, Mohite, Poonam, Sinha, Satish Kumar, Chandrasekharam, Dornadula and Chandrasekhar, Trupti. 2018. "Geothermal energy potential of Tulsishyam thermal springs of Gujarat, India." Arabian Journal of Geosciences. 11 (6), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-018-3501-y
Fluoride contamination of groundwater and its seasonal variability in parts of Purulia district, West Bengal, India
Farooq, Syed Hilal, Prusty, Pintu, Singh, Raj Kumar, Sen, Subhajit and Chandrasekharam, Dornadula. 2018. "Fluoride contamination of groundwater and its seasonal variability in parts of Purulia district, West Bengal, India." Arabian Journal of Geosciences. 11 (22), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-018-4062-9
An influence of thermally-induced micro-cracking under cooling treatments: mechanical characteristics of Australian granite
Isaka, Badulla Liyanage Avanthi, Ranjith, Pathegama Gamage, Rathnaweera, Tharaka Dilanka, Perera, Mandadige Samintha Anne, Chandrasekharam, Dornadula and Kumari, Wanniarachchige Gnamani Pabasara. 2018. "An influence of thermally-induced micro-cracking under cooling treatments: mechanical characteristics of Australian granite." Energies. 11 (6), pp. 1-24. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061338
Geochemical evolution of geothermal fluids around the western Red Sea and East African Rift geothermal provinces
Chandrasekharam, D., Lashin, A., Al Arifi, N., Al-Bassam, A. M. and Chandrasekhar, V.. 2018. "Geochemical evolution of geothermal fluids around the western Red Sea and East African Rift geothermal provinces." Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. 164, pp. 292-306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2018.06.013
Water resource management using geothermal energy: Eritrea
Chandrasekharam, Dornadula, Lashin, Aref, Al Arifi, Nassir, Al-Bassam, Abdulaziz and Chandrasekhar, Varun. 2018. "Water resource management using geothermal energy: Eritrea." Arabian Journal of Geosciences. 11 (17), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-018-3892-9
Geothermal, wind and solar energy applications in agriculture and aquaculture
Bundschuh, Jochen, Chen, Guangnan, Chandrasekharam, D. and Piechocki, Janusz. 2017. Geothermal, wind and solar energy applications in agriculture and aquaculture. Leiden, Netherlands. CRC Press.
Low-enthalpy geothermal resources for power generation
Chandrasekharam, D. and Bundschuh, Jochen. 2008. Low-enthalpy geothermal resources for power generation. London, United Kingdom. CRC Press.