Determination of the concentration of carbonic species in natural waters: results from a world-wide proficiency test

Article


Verma, Mahendra P., Portugal, Enrique, Gangloff, Sophie, Armienta, Mana Aurora, Chandrasekharam, Dornadula, Sanchez, Mayela, Renderos, Roberto E., Juanco, Miguel and van Geldern, Robert. 2015. "Determination of the concentration of carbonic species in natural waters: results from a world-wide proficiency test." Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research. 39 (2), pp. 233-255. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-908X.2014.00306.x
Article Title

Determination of the concentration of carbonic species in natural waters: results from a world-wide proficiency test

ERA Journal ID1730
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsVerma, Mahendra P. (Author), Portugal, Enrique (Author), Gangloff, Sophie (Author), Armienta, Mana Aurora (Author), Chandrasekharam, Dornadula (Author), Sanchez, Mayela (Author), Renderos, Roberto E. (Author), Juanco, Miguel (Author) and van Geldern, Robert (Author)
Journal TitleGeostandards and Geoanalytical Research
Journal Citation39 (2), pp. 233-255
Number of Pages23
Year2015
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1639-4488
1751-908X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-908X.2014.00306.x
Web Address (URL)https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1751-908X.2014.00306.x
Abstract

The results of an international interlaboratory proficiency test for the determination of carbonic species are presented. Eight laboratories analysed twelve water samples (four synthetic waters, one lake water, four geothermal waters, one seawater and two petroleum waters) by two methods: (a) individual laboratory analytical procedure and (b) acid-base titration curves in tabular form following a standardised protocol. In case (b), the concentrations of carbonic species were calculated by the organiser using the (1) Hydrologists' method, (2) Geochemists' method and/or (3) initial pH and total alkalinity method. For synthetic waters, the averaged % trueness and precision of measurement of the two methods were (trueness = 7.6, precision = 9.4) and (9.0, 3.4) for total alkalinity, and (6.6, 31.0) and (7.8, 6.1) for carbonic alkalinity, respectively. This indicates that the total alkalinity calculation procedure is in general correct in the individual laboratory method, but the carbonic alkalinity calculation procedure has serious problems. The measurements of total alkalinity for lake and seawaters were in agreement in both the methods; however, the individual laboratory measurement method for geothermal and petroleum waters was conceptually incorrect. Thus, the analytical procedures for the determination of carbonic species were reviewed. To apply the Hydrologists' and/or Geochemists' methods, the location of NaHCO3EP and H2CO3EP is necessary, even for samples with pH lower than that of NaHCO3EP, and a backward titration curve after complete removal of CO2 must be performed. The initial pH and total alkalinity method is appropriate where a complete analysis of species that contribute to the alkalinity is known.

Keywordsacid-base titration, analytical method, interlaboratory comparison, natural waters
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020419999. Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsElectrical Research Institute, Mexico
University of Strasbourg, France
National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico
Indian Institute of Technology, India
Cerro Prieto Geothermal Power Plant, Mexico
University of Valladolid, Spain
Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Spain
University of Erlangen–Nuremberg, Germany
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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