Geothermal energy potential of eastern desert region, Egypt

Article


Chandrasekharam, D., Lashin, A., Al Arifi, N., Al Bassam, A., Varun, C. and Singh, H. K.. 2016. "Geothermal energy potential of eastern desert region, Egypt." Environmental Earth Sciences. 75 (8). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-016-5534-4
Article Title

Geothermal energy potential of eastern desert region, Egypt

ERA Journal ID200438
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsChandrasekharam, D. (Author), Lashin, A. (Author), Al Arifi, N. (Author), Al Bassam, A. (Author), Varun, C. (Author) and Singh, H. K. (Author)
Journal TitleEnvironmental Earth Sciences
Journal Citation75 (8)
Number of Pages16
Year2016
Place of PublicationGermany
ISSN1866-6280
1866-6299
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-016-5534-4
Web Address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12665-016-5534-4
Abstract

Future energy security and CO2 emissions investigation models indicate that the best option for Egypt is to adopt a mitigation strategy by using geothermal energy as an energy source mix and implement energy efficiency policy. The hydrothermal potential is estimated to be of the order of 158 × 106 kWh while El Faliq high heat-generating granite has the potential to generate billion kWh of electricity. Through these two geothermal energy sources, the country can mitigate CO2 reduction to the order of 20 million tones and provide sustained freshwater to domestic, agricultural and industrial sectors. Egypt in future may have to address two important issues such as guaranteed future electricity supply and freshwater supply to meet the growing population and agriculture demand. The current situation indicates that the Nile River may not be able to sustain the demand due to uncertainties in the monsoon pattern and reduction in storage capacity. A renewable energy (geothermal) source mix and implementing a sound energy efficient policy in agricultural, transport and domestic sectors will help the country to meet the future food and water demand of the country.

KeywordsEgypt, EGS, geothermal, desalination, Red Sea
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020419999. Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsIndian Institute of Technology, India
Benha University, Egypt
King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
GeoSyndicate Power, India
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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